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Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster frigidus foliage and fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Maloideae
Genus: Cotoneaster
Species

See text Download high resolution version (799x1094, 162 KB)Cotoneaster () foliage and fruit - photo User:MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jump to: navigation, search Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Jump to: navigation, search Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Hepaticophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants... Jump to: navigation, search Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families Rosaceae (rose family) Elaeagnaceae Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Celtidaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Urticaceae (nettle family) Cecropiaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Barbeyaceae Dirachmaceae Rosales is an order of flowering plants, including the rose family, Rosaceae. ... Subfamilies Rosoideae Spiraeoideae Maloideae Amygdaloideae or Prunoideae The Rosaceae or rose family is a large family of plants, with about 3,000-4,000 species in 100-120 genera. ... Genera Amelanchier - serviceberry, juneberry Aronia - chokeberry Chaenomeles - Japanese quince Cotoneaster - cotoneaster Crataegus - hawthorn Cydonia - quince Eriobotrya - loquat Eriolobus (Malus pro parte) Heteromeles - Toyon Malus - apple, crabapple Mespilus - medlar Osteomeles Photinia Pyracantha - firethorn Pyrus - pear Rhaphiolepis - Indian hawthorn Sorbus - rowan, whitebeam, service tree Stranvaesia - (Photinia pro parte) The Maloideae, or the...

Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster) is a genus of woody plants in the rose family Rosaceae, native to the Palaearctic region (temperate Asia, Europe, north Africa), with a high diversity found in the mountains of southwestern China and the Himalaya. They are related to hawthorns (Crataegus), firethorns (Pyracantha), photinias (Photinia) and rowans (Sorbus). A woody plant is any vascular plant that has a perennial woody stem -- that is, one that supports continued vegetative growth above ground from year to year. ... Subfamilies Rosoideae Spiraeoideae Maloideae Amygdaloideae or Prunoideae The Rosaceae or rose family is a large family of plants, with about 3,000-4,000 species in 100-120 genera. ... The Palearctic or Palaearctic is one of the eight ecozones dividing the Earth surface (see map). ... Jump to: navigation, search World map showing Asia (geographically) Asia is the central and eastern part of Eurasia and worlds largest continent. ... World map showing Europe (geographically) When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... // Etymology World map showing Africa (geographically) The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra — land of the Afri (plural, or Afer singular) — for the northern part of the continent, as the province of Africa with its capital Carthage, corresponding to... The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. ... Species See text. ... Species See text Firethorn (Pyracantha) is a genus of thorny evergreen large shrubs in the family Rosaceae, subfamily Maloideae. ... Species About 50; see text Photinia is a genus if about 40-60 species of small trees and large shrubs in the Rosaceae. ... Subgenera Sorbus Aria Micromeles Cormus Torminaria Chamaemespilus The genus Sorbus, or the Whitebeams, Rowans, and Service Trees, is a genus of about 100-200 species trees and shrubs in the subfamily Maloideae of the Rose family Rosaceae. ...

Cotoneaster integrifolius branch form showing long shoot with numerous short shoots
Cotoneaster integrifolius branch form showing long shoot with numerous short shoots

There are between 70 and 300 species of cotoneaster, with many apomictic microspecies treated as species by some authors, but only as varieties by others. Download high resolution version (968x262, 39 KB)Cotoneaster integrifolius shoot with fruit - photo MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (968x262, 39 KB)Cotoneaster integrifolius shoot with fruit - photo MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In botany, apomixis is biological reproduction without fertilization, meiosis or production of gametes, with the result that the seeds are genetically identical to the parent plant. ...


The majority of species are shrubs from 0.5-5 m tall, varying from ground-hugging prostrate plants to erect shrubs; a few, notably C. frigidus, are small trees up to 15 m tall and 75 cm trunk diameter. The prostrate species are mostly alpine plants growing at high altitude (for example, C. integrifolius, which grows at 3000-4000 m in the Himalaya), while the larger species occur in scrub and woodland gaps at lower altitudes. A willow shrub A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Jump to: navigation, search The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth A tree can be defined as a large, perennial, woody plant. ... The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. ...

Cotoneaster horizontalis, flowering shrub
Cotoneaster horizontalis, flowering shrub
Cotoneaster integrifolius leaf and fruit (8 mm diameter) detail
Cotoneaster integrifolius leaf and fruit (8 mm diameter) detail

The shoots are dimorphic, with long shoots (10-40 cm long) producing structural branches, and short shoots (0.5-5 cm long) bearing the flowers; this pattern often developing a 'herringbone' form of branching. The leaves are arranged alternately, 0.5-15 cm long, ovate to lanceolate, entire; both evergreen and deciduous species occur. The flowers are produced in late spring, solitary or in corymbs of up to 100 together; they are 5-10 mm diameter, and have five petals, creamy white to light pink, 10-20 stamens and up to five styles. The fruit is a small pome 5-12 mm diameter, bright red when mature, containing one to three (rarely up to five) seeds. Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Download high resolution version (517x607, 123 KB) Cotoneaster horizontalis, flowering shrub. ... Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Download high resolution version (517x607, 123 KB) Cotoneaster horizontalis, flowering shrub. ... Cotoneaster integrifolius shoot with fruit (detail, enlarged) - photo MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cotoneaster integrifolius shoot with fruit (detail, enlarged) - photo MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jump to: navigation, search In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... Jump to: navigation, search Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... // Flower Anatomy Flowering plants are heterosporangiate (producing two types of reproductive spores) and the pollen (male spores) and ovules (female spores) are produced in different organs, but these are together in a bisporangiate strobilus that is the typical flower. ... White-fruited Rowan (Sorbus glabrescens) corymb; note the branched structure A panicle is a compound raceme; a branched, indeterminate inflorescence with pedicellate flowers (and fruit) attached along the secondary branches (in another words, a branched cluster of flowers in which the branches are racemes). ... A petal is one member or part of the corolla of a flower. ... Jump to: navigation, search Fruit stall in Barcelona, Catalonia. ... Jump to: navigation, search An apple is an example of a pome fruit. ... A seed is the ripened ovule of gymnosperm or angiosperm plants. ...


Cotoneasters are larval food for some Lepidoptera species including Mottled Umber, Short-cloaked Moth and Winter Moth. Jump to: navigation, search A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Jump to: navigation, search Super Families Butterflies Hesperioidea Papilionoidea Moths Micropterigoidea Heterobathmioidea Eriocranioidea Acanthopteroctetoidea Lophocoronoidea Neopseustoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Hepialoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Palaephatoidea Tischeriodea Simaethistoidea Tineoidea Gracillarioidea Yponomeutoidea Gelechioidea Zygaenoidea Sesioidea Cossoidea Tortricoidea Choreutoida Urodoidea Galacticoidea Schreckensteinioidea Epermenioidea Pterophoroidea Aluctoidea Immoidea Axioidea Hyblaeoidea Thyridoidea Whalleyanoidea Pyraloidea Mimallonoidea Lasiocampoidea Geometroidea Drepanoidea Bombycoidea Calliduloidae... Binomial name Erannis defoliaria Clerck, 1759 The Mottled Umber (Erannis defoliaria) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ... Binomial name Nola cucullatella Linnaeus, 1758 The Short-cloaked Moth (Nola cucullatella) is a moth of the family Nolidae. ... Binomial name Operophtera brumata Linnaeus, 1758 The Winter Moth (Operophtera brumata) is a moth of the family Geometridae. ...


Species

The species are divided into two or more sections:

  • Cotoneaster sect. Cotoneaster. Flowers solitary or up to 5 together; petals forward-pointing, often tinged pink. Mostly smaller shrubs.
    • C. horizontalis
    • C. integrifolius (syn. C. microphyllus var. thymifolius)
    • C. intergerrimus
    • C. microphyllus
  • Flowers 5-15 together in corymbs. Mostly larger shrubs.
    • C. bullatus
  • Cotoneaster sect. Chaenopetalum. Flowers more than 20 together in corymbs; petals opening flat, creamy white. Mostly larger shrubs.
    • C. affinis
    • C. coriaceus
    • C. frigidus - Himalayan Tree Cotoneaster
    • C. glabratus
    • C. glaucophyllus
    • C. harrovianus
    • C. rhytidophyllus
    • C. salicifolius
    • C. turbinatus

Cultivation

Cotoneasters are popular garden shrubs, grown for their attractive habit and decorative fruit. Many of the garden shrubs are cultivars, some of hybrid origin; some of known parentage, others not. Part of a garden in Bristol, England A flower bed in the gardens of Bristol Zoo, England Checkered flower bed in Tours, France A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ...


External link

Cotoneaster in the Flora of China Online (includes most of the world's Cotoneaster species)


  Results from FactBites:
 
botany/cotoneaster (431 words)
Cotoneasters are natives of the temperate regions of Europe, northern Africa and Asia.
Cotoneasters are mainly grown for their dazzling autumn colors and vivid berries, though some produce an abundance of white or pink-tinted flowers, in early summer.
Cotoneasters are quite easily grown and they tolerate air pollution, however, they are susceptible to spider mites and fireblight.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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