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Encyclopedia > Cosplay
Cosplayers
Cosplayers

Cosplay (コスプレ kosupure?), a portmanteau of the English words "costume" and "play", is a Japanese subculture centered on dressing as characters from manga, anime, tokusatsu, and video games, and, less commonly, Japanese live action television shows, fantasy movies, Japanese pop music bands, Visual Kei, fantasy music stories (such as stories by the band Sound Horizon), and novels. However, in some circles, "cosplay" has been expanded to mean simply wearing a costume. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Cosplay. ... Image File history File links Cosplay. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with a set of behaviors and beliefs, culture, which could be distinct or hidden, that differentiate them from the larger culture to which they belong. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Icons of tokusatsu in the late 1970s: Spider-Man, Kamen Rider Stronger, Kamen Rider V3, Battle Fever J, Ultraman Jonias, as well as the manga and anime icon Doraemon Tokusatsu ) is a Japanese word that literally means special effects. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... J-pop (or Jpop) is an abbreviation of Japanese pop. ... Malice Mizer, an example of visual kei during the 1990s. ... Sound Horizon (サウンドホライズン), abbreviated by fans as Sanhora (サンホラ), is a Japanese musical group with composer Revo as the leader. ...


In Japan, "cosplay" as a hobby is usually an end unto itself. Like-minded people gather to see others' costumes, show off their own elaborate handmade creations, take lots of pictures, and possibly participate in best costume contests.


The most specific anecdote about the origin of the word "cosplay" was that Nov Takahashi (from a Japanese studio called Studio Hard) coined the term "cosplay" as a contraction of the English-language words "costume play" while she was attending the 1984 Los Angeles Science Fiction Worldcon. He was so impressed by the hall and masquerade costuming there that he reported about it frequently in Japanese science fiction magazines. This point is debatable, however, as the word fits in with a common Japanese method of abbreviation: combining the first two syllables of one word with the first two syllables of a second word (or, more precisely, the first two moras of each). Other examples of this include Pokémon (ポケモン? short for ポケットモンスター, or "Pocket Monsters") and puroresu (プロレス? short for プロレスリング, or "professional wrestling"). It has been suggested that World Science Fiction Society be merged into this article or section. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Abbreviated and contracted words are a common feature of Japanese. ... Mora (plural moras or morae) is a unit of sound used in phonology that determines syllable weight (which in turn determines stress or timing) in some languages. ... The official Pokémon logo. ... The official Pokémon logo. ... For the video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ...

Contents

Cosplay venues

Bridge of Harajuku, Tokyo, a famous place for cosplayers
Bridge of Harajuku, Tokyo, a famous place for cosplayers

Cosplay can be seen at public events such as video game shows, as well as at dedicated cosplay parties at nightclubs or amusement parks. It is not unusual for Japanese teenagers to gather with like-minded friends in places like Tokyo's Harajuku district to engage in cosplay. Since 1998, Tokyo's Akihabara district has contained a large number of cosplay cafés, catering to devoted anime and cosplay fans. The waitresses at such cafés dress as game or anime characters; maid (or meido) costumes are particularly popular. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1018x784, 238 KB) Cosplay on Harajuku bridge Photo by Chris 73 14:00, 20 Dec 2004 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Harajuku User:Chris 73/Gallery 001 ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1018x784, 238 KB) Cosplay on Harajuku bridge Photo by Chris 73 14:00, 20 Dec 2004 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Harajuku User:Chris 73/Gallery 001 ... For other uses of Harajuku, see the disambiguation page Harajuku Station at night Harajuku (原宿 meadow lodging)   is the common name for the area around Harajuku Station on the Yamanote Line in the Shibuya ward of Tokyo, Japan. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England A nightclub (or night club or club) is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... Theme park redirects here. ... For other uses of Harajuku, see the disambiguation page Harajuku Station at night Harajuku (原宿 meadow lodging)   is the common name for the area around Harajuku Station on the Yamanote Line in the Shibuya ward of Tokyo, Japan. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Akihabara in 2007 Akihabara ), also known as Akihabara Electric Town ), is a neighborhood in Tokyo, Japan. ... Cafe redirects here. ... A maidservant or in current usage maid is a female employed in domestic service. ...


Possibly the single largest and most famous event attended by cosplayers is the semiannual doujinshi market, Comiket. This event, held in summer and winter, attracts hundreds of thousands of manga otaku and many thousands of cosplayers who congregate on the roof of the exhibition center, often in unbearably hot or cold conditions. Dōjinshi (; also romanized as doujinshi) are self-published Japanese works, including but not limited to comic books (manga), novels, fan guides, art collections, and games. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Otaku ) is a derisive Japanese term used to refer to people with obsessive interests in manga, anime or hentai. ...


Cosplayers in Japan refer to themselves as reyazu; pronounced layers (by writing the word cosplayers in Katakana, it is possible to shorten it in this way). Those who photograph players are called cameko, short for "Camera Kozo" or "Camera Boy". The cameko give prints of their photos to the players as gifts. Tensions between players and cameko have increased due to perceived stalker-like behaviour among some obsessive males who push female cosplayers to exchange personal email addresses or do private photo sessions. One result of this has been a tightening of restrictions on photography at events such as Comiket. Katakana ) is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin alphabet. ... For other uses, see Stalking (disambiguation). ...


Cosplay trends

A recent trend at Japanese cosplay events is an increase in the popularity of non-Japanese fantasy and science fiction movie characters, perhaps due to the international success of such films as The Matrix, Star Wars and Lord of the Rings. Characters from the Harry Potter films have a particularly high number of female fans in Japan, with female cosplayers playing either male or female characters, Draco Malfoy being an extremely popular choice. For other uses, see Fantasy (disambiguation). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... This article is about the 1999 film. ... This article is about the series. ... This article is about the Peter Jackson films. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Draco Malfoy is a fictional character in J.K. Rowlings Harry Potter series. ...


The act of cosplaying as characters of the opposite sex is called "crossplay", whereas the act of cosplaying as characters who dress as the opposite sex as the cosplayer is called "cross-dressing". Crossplaying and cross-dressing may be the same in some cases; however, they could be different. For example, a female cosplayer cosplaying as a male character who dresses as a normal male (such as Kira Yamato from Gundam SEED) would be cross-dressing and crossplaying; a male cosplayer cosplaying as a female character who dresses as a normal female (such as Lacus Clyne from Gundam SEED) would also be cross-dressing and crossplaying. However, a female cosplayer cosplaying as someone like Mana (male artist from the Visual Kei band Malice Mizer known for dressing in female clothes) would be crossplaying, but not cross-dressing (since the cosplayer is cosplaying someone of the opposite sex but is wearing clothes of her own sex); a male cosplayer also cosplaying as Mana would be cross-dressing, but not cross-playing (since the cosplayer is cosplaying someone of the same sex but is wearing clothes of the opposite sex). Crossplay is cosplay in which the person dresses up as a character of the opposite sex. ... This articles is about cross-dressing in general, that is the act of wearing the clothing of another gender for any reason. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long. ... Title of the series Mobile Suit Gundam SEED (or Gundam Seed) is an anime television series from Japan. ... Lacus Clyne ) is a fictional character from the anime series Gundam SEED and Gundam SEED Destiny. ... Mana is a traditional term that refers to a concept among the speakers of Oceanic languages, including Melanesians, Polynesians, and Micronesians. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


A small niche group in the crossplaying field are dollers, a subset of kigurumi cosplayers; usually male, they wear bodysuits and masks to fully transform into female characters. Miharu Nakashima, an original Kigurumi character. ... Animegao style Kigurumi Kigurumi is the Japanese name for costumed animal characters. ... A bodysuit is a leotard-like undergarment, sometimes used to provide support and shaping, sometimes simply as a top that cannot become untucked from ones trousers or skirt. ... This article is about masks fitted on the face as an article of clothing or equipment. ...


Another recent trend in cosplay is a blurring of the distinction between costumes based on characters from games and anime, and "original" costumes based upon a general theme or existing fashions. In particular, the Tokyo teen-fashion trend of Gothic Lolita has attracted some cosplayers who might not have the inclination (or possibly courage) to wear such distinctive clothes around town, but who would like to dress in such a manner on some occasions. Other popular trends include the "original Visual Kei cosplaying", "original punk cosplaying", "original Super Dollfie cosplaying", etcetera. Two girls in frilly, somewhat extreme Lolita dress that was popular around 2002 in Takeshita Street, Tokyo Gothic Lolita or GothLoli , sometimes alternatively (though incorrectly) Loli-Goth) has two definitions. ... Malice Mizer, an example of visual kei during the 1990s. ... Super Dollfie is a ball-jointed doll (BJD) first manufactured by Volks, a Japanese doll company. ...


Cosplay and the sex industry

In Japanese, the term can also mean — and may originate from — the use of costumes for sexual purposes, in which case the "play" refers not to dressing up, but sexual play while dressed up. The term hence overlaps what would usually be known in English as sexual roleplaying or sexual fetishism: for example, wearing a schoolgirl uniform before or during sex would be known as seifuku cosplay (制服コスプレ?), and many Japanese love hotels offer costume rental services. This article is about sexual practices (i. ... Sexual roleplaying is a sexual behavior between two or more people in which they take on erotic roles to carry out a sexual fantasy. ... Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops - Latex and PVC fetishism Wikinews has related news: Dr. Joseph Merlino on sexuality, insanity, Freud, fetishes and apathy Sexual fetishism is the sexual attraction for material and terrestrial objects while in reality the essence of the object is inanimate and sexless. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A love hotel sign in Ikebukuro Tokyo A love hotel sign in Shinjuku, Tokyo A love hotel (ラブホテル rabu hoteru) is an originally Japanese type of hotel offering privacy for a couple to have sex. ...


In the Japanese sex industry, sex clubs that specialize in sexual cosplay are known as image clubs. In addition to standard fetishistic standbys (schoolgirl, nurse, policewoman, etc), an increasing number, pioneered by the now defunct Wedding Bell chain, cater to otaku with staff dressing up as anime characters. Prostitution in Japan has a long and varied history. ... An image club, イメージクラブ, or ime-kura, are a type of brothel in Japan similar to fashion health parlors. ... Otaku ) is a derisive Japanese term used to refer to people with obsessive interests in manga, anime or hentai. ...


International cosplay

Cosplayer Heung Ying Ching at the University of Hong Kong dressed as Wikipedia's anime mascot, Wikipe-tan.
Cosplayer Heung Ying Ching at the University of Hong Kong dressed as Wikipedia's anime mascot, Wikipe-tan.

Most features of cosplay have spread first to the other parts of Asia, then around the globe, and finally fused with costuming at science fiction conventions in North America and Europe. It is also a common sight at anime conventions. Cosplayers at anime conventions in North America often find themselves on the receiving ends of glomps. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 1. ... The University of Hong Kong (commonly abbreviated as HKU, pronounced as Hong Kong U) is the oldest and most prestigious tertiary institution in Hong Kong. ... Yarkand ladies summer fashions. ... Science fiction conventions are gatherings of the community of fans (called science fiction fandom) of various forms of speculative fiction including science fiction and fantasy. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 2004 No Brand Con flyer depicting glomping as one of the cons features. ...


Cosplay in the United States and the United Kingdom differs from Japanese cosplay culture in some ways. Cosplay concerning Star Trek, Star Wars, other science fiction worlds, Renaissance-era characters, and historical re-enactments (e.g. Civil War battles), especially at science fiction conventions, are far more popular in America than they are in Japan. Alternatively, some costumes that might be seen as in bad taste in America (such as Nazi uniforms from certain comics or games) may be seen at events in Japan. This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... This article is about the series. ... A Renaissance Fair or Renaissance Festival is an outdoor weekend gathering ostensibly focused on recreating life as it was during the Renaissance. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ...


An issue with cosplaying anime and manga characters is that these characters generally do not have bodily proportions that can easily be mimicked by many typical cosplayers (e.g. incredibly long legs, huge muscles or giant breasts), and there is debate among fans about how important or not this element is when cosplaying.


In Mexico, cosplay is commonly seen inside conventions that can be video game, science fiction or anime themed. It is common that cosplayers will also organize their own reunions which can be themed or free for the sake of taking pictures together. Cosplay in Mexico is competitive in a healthy level, with well established representatives. This phenomenon also can be viewed in other Latin American countries, like Brazil, Argentina and Chile.


In Australia, the trend mirrors the American in that the subject costumes may be selected from sources other than manga or anime. Sources include American comics, computer games, science fiction/fantasy movies and TV shows, animation shorts or features, period drama, novels - any source that provides vivid and graphic inspiration of a character and their costume. Usually the term "cosplay" is not used to cover historical recreation as the focus is on representational accuracy, not historical accuracy. In general, Australian cosplay is most commonly seen in the larger population centres such as the capital cities and major regional centres, as these have the population base to support the diversity among fringe interests. The display of the costumes is not limited to conventions, although it is not unusual for dedicated cosplayers to travel extensively throughout Australia following the convention trail during the year. In addition to the social convening at conventions, many smaller social groupings exist, hosting their own local events.[1]

Filipina cosplayer as a Priston Tale priestess.
Filipina cosplayer as a Priston Tale priestess.

In France, cosplay is a widespread activity in anime and manga conventions. Large conventions like Japan Expo can attract more than 500 cosplayers. While the majority of French cosplayers choose anime and manga for inspiration, many people like to dress like movie characters, famous singers or even TV show actors even if it's not directly related to the theme of the convention. Unlike the Japanese, French cosplayers use almost exclusively hand made costumes which are often used only once. Buying or reusing costumes is seen as unfair competition ( in some contests they can't compete). French cosplayers are mainly focused on the cosplay contest, which take place in nearly all manga, science fiction, fantasy or role playing game conventions. They are not really competitive, they're more of an occasion to show off the costume and appear as good as possible instead (e.g. scene, lighting, soundtrack, etc.). Acting and singing skills are highly valued in contests, and some groups reenact fighting or musical comedy scenes also. For example being able to do a cartwheel stunt in costume is part of the Japan expo tradition and one of the most valued figures in the contest. Image File history File links Jerrypolence. ... Image File history File links Jerrypolence. ... Filipino is a term originating and relating to the Philippines. ... Screenshot from Priston Tale Priston Tale is a 3D fantasy MMORPG that centres on action-based role-playing. ... Japan Expo is a convention on all things Japanese, taking place in Paris, France. ...


In Belgium, cosplay plays an increasingly important role in the F.A.C.T.S. convention with hundreds of people dressed up in costume from different anime series. F.A.C.T.S. is an acronym for Fantasy Anime Comics Toys Space, the biggest science fiction, fantasy, comics, and anime convention in Benelux, Belgium. ... “Animé” redirects here. ...


Cosplay is rapidly entering the mainstream in the Philippines[2][3] , where cosplay events are often held within an anime, manga, gaming, or sci-fi convention. More often than not, these conventions and events are sponsored, and debates have raged on whether or not judges' perspectives are influenced by the organizers of a cosplay event. Also Filipino cosplay rules overlook and allow professional fully commissioned costumes to participate in competitions.


Cosplay also has followers in other parts of Asia such as South Korea, China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan. As well as attending comic festivals and events, cosplayers there also frequent districts popular with teenagers.


Cosplay in North America

Costumed participants at the 2006 Bristol Renaissance Faire.
Costumed participants at the 2006 Bristol Renaissance Faire.

Convention activity in the United States and Canada has become a much larger and much more popular trend in the 2000's. Larger conventions such as Anime Boston, Otakon and Anime North have become renowned internationally. With the added public attention coming from such popular animated series imported from Japan (see anime) including Naruto, Fullmetal Alchemist, Inuyasha and now the popular Bleach, cosplayers and the anime world have peeked their heads into the world of mainstream pop-culture, on at least a relatively underground scale. More and more convention goers cosplay as their favorite characters from their favorite anime, and thus, the cosplay and anime subcultures have been able to have enough influence to further the creation of anime conventions to accommodate for the increasing number of cosplayers. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Costumed performers from the 2006 Bristol Renaissance Faire. ... This article is about the decade starting at the beginning of 2000 and ending at the end of 2009. ... Cosplayers at Anime Boston 2004 Anime Boston is an annual three-day anime fan convention held in the spring in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Otakon is a fan convention focusing on the art of anime and manga, East Asian culture, and its fandom. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Weekly Comic Original run November 1999 – Ongoing No. ... “Fullmetal” redirects here. ... Inuyasha redirects here. ... BLEACH redirects here. ... // The following is a list of articles of anime conventions from around the world. ...


Conventions in America often include both cosplay and costume contests.[4] The cosplay or "masque" (masquerade) is a skit contest done in cosplay costume. The costume contest is often a test of skill, design, and audience reaction. The contestants are judged either before hand or on stage and then walk across said stage while the audience cheers. The increased popularity of convention costuming has led to the addition of several relatively new cosplay-based events, adding to the traditional masquerade and hall costume contests. Such events include the Anime Dating Game, and Cosplay Human Chess, where participating cosplayers act out their characters' role in the game accordingly. A masquerade ball (or masque) is an event which the participants attend in costume, usually including a mask. ... A masquerade ball (or masque) is an event which the participants attend in costume, usually including a mask. ...


Competition has led to the development of many cosplay groups that plan for conventions months in advance.


Non-competitive cosplay can often be seen at opening nights for science-fiction and fantasy movies, especially those with an established following. Even in small towns, some cosplayers wait in line for hours before showings of movies in franchises like Star Wars, Harry Potter and Lord of the Rings. Even cult hits like Serenity have drawn opening night cosplay. This article is about the series. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... This article is about the Peter Jackson films. ... Serenity is a 2005 science fiction space western/epic film written and directed by Joss Whedon. ...


In the UK, US and elsewhere, fans of The Rocky Horror Picture Show attend screenings of the cult film in the costumes of its characters. This tradition began soon after the film's release in 1975. The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a 1975 musical comedy film that parodies horror films. ...


The annual Bay to Breakers footrace in San Francisco has been a favorite cosplay venue for decades. A large number of cosplayers run or walk in their favorite costume amongst serious competitive runners. The Bay to Breakers is an annual footrace which takes place in San Francisco, California. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Cosplay by notable persons

Australian notes sourced from: *Kirstin McLean (2004). [4]. Retrieved October 20, 2005. Forrest J Ackerman (born November 24, 1916 in Los Angeles, California) is a legendary science fiction fan and collector of science fiction-related memorabilia. ... Lee Teng-hui (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) born January 15, 1923) is a politician of Taiwan. ... The Presidential Building is located in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City. ... Heihachi Edajima is a fictional character in the very popular Japanese anime series Sakigake!! Otokojuku. Edajima is a bull-headed kendo master teaching troubled youths to be warriors. ... Sakigake!! Otokojuku ) by Akira Miyashita ) is a Japanese manga later made into an anime series. ... Daisuke Enomoto (榎本大輔 Enomoto Daisuke, born April 22, 1971, nicknamed Dice-K) is a Japanese businessman and former Livedoor executive who is in line to become the fifthspace tourist. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the anime series. ... Char Aznable ) is a fictional character, and often one of the main antagonists from the anime series Mobile Suit Gundam, its sequels Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam and Chars Counterattack, voiced by Shuichi Ikeda (Japanese), Michael Kopsa (English dub of original series and Chars Counterattack), David Lucas (Mobile Suit... Victor Joseph Mignogna (Italian Name: Vittorio Giuseppe Mignogna) is a prolific voice actor who has done voice work for dozens of anime series, movies, and video games. ... FUNimation Entertainment (previously known as FUNimation Productions) is an American entertainment company formed by Gen Fukunaga in the early 1990s to produce, merchandise and distribute anime and other entertainment properties in the United States and international markets. ... Tiffany Grant is a voice actor who is best-known for her English-dubbing work with ADV Films on such anime movies and television series as Neon Genesis Evangelion, in which she voiced the character Asuka Langley Sohryu (reportedly her favorite role). ... Asuka Langley Soryu ) is a 14 year old[2] fictional character and one of the three primary protagonists from the anime and manga Neon Genesis Evangelion and the movies Evangelion: Death and Rebirth and The End of Evangelion. ... Original run October 4, 1995 – March 27, 1996 No. ... Yuri Lowenthal (born on March 5, 1971 in Alliance, Ohio) is a voice actor that has voiced several anime and video game characters. ... Sasuke Uchiha ) is a fictional character in the anime and manga series Naruto created by Masashi Kishimoto. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Weekly Comic Original run November 1999 – Ongoing No. ... Anime Expo, abbreviated AX, is an anime convention that usually takes place on the July 4th weekend for 4 days each year in Southern California. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Haseo is a fictional character from . ... .hack is a Japanese multimedia franchise that encompasses two multimedia projects: Project . ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cosplay

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Two girls in frilly, somewhat extreme Lolita dress that was popular around 2002 in Takeshita Street, Tokyo Gothic Lolita or GothLoli , sometimes alternatively (though incorrectly) Loli-Goth) has two definitions. ... The Society for Creative Anachronism (usually shortened to SCA) is a historical reenactment and living history group approximating mainly pre-17th century Western European history and culture. ... “Larp” redirects here. ... Cosplay restaurants ), are theme restaurants and pubs that originated in Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan around the year 2000. ...

References

  1. ^ McLean, Kirstin. "Screaming Lord Byron resources", Screaming Lord Byron, 2004. Retrieved on 2005-10-20. 
  2. ^ Alarilla, Joey. "Cosplay away!", CNet, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-07-25. 
  3. ^ Consunji, Bianca. "Not just child's play", Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-16. 
  4. ^ Kelts, Roland. "Japanamerica", Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-10-24. 
  5. ^ See [1]. See also [2]

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cosplay UK (349 words)
Cosplay has a couple of meanings, but the most relevant is the merging of the words costume and play.
Cosplay (コスプレ kosupure), a contraction (or portmanteau) of the English words "costume" and "play", is a Japanese subculture centered on dressing as characters from manga, anime, and video games, and, less commonly, Japanese live action television shows, Japanese movies, or Japanese pop music bands.
It also mentions that another recent trend in cosplay is a blurring of the distinction between costumes based on characters from games and anime, and "original" costumes based upon a general theme or existing fashions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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