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Encyclopedia > Cosmas of Prague

Cosmas of Prague (c. 1045 - October 21, 1125) was a Bohemian priest, writer and historian born in a noble family in Bohemia. Between 1075 and 1081, he studied in Liège. After his return to Bohemia, he became a priest and married Božetěcha, with whom he probably had a son. In 1086 Cosmas was appointed prebendary (canonicus) of Prague, which was quite a prestigious position. As prebendary he also travelled through Europe in official matters. Image File history File links picture of cosmas from an old chronique File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Events Emperor Go-Reizei ascends the throne of Japan. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ... Bohemia Bohemia is also a place in the State of New York in the USA, see: Bohemia, New York. ... Liège (Dutch: Luik, German: Lüttich) is a major city located in the Belgian province of Liège, of which it is the capital. ... A prebendary is a post connected to a cathedral or collegiate church and is a type of canon. ... Prague (Czech: Praha, see also other names) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. ...

His magnum opus written in Latin is called Chronica Bohemorum ("Chronicle of Bohemians"). Chronica is divided into 3 books: Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...

  • First book, completed in 1119, starts with the creation of the world and ends in year 1038. It describes the foundation of Bohemian state by the oldest Bohemians around year 600 (Duke Bohemus, Duke Krok and his three daughters), Queen Libuše and foundation of Přemyslid dynasty by her marriage with Přemysl, old bloody wars, Duke Bořivoj and introduction of Christianity in Bohemia, Saint Wenceslaus and his grandmother Saint Ludmila, reign of three Boleslavs, life of Saint Adalbert and bloody wars after year 1000.
  • Second book describes Bohemian history of years 1038 - 1092. Book starts with heroical deeds of Duke Bretislav, known as "Bohemian Achilles", for example with his victory over Poland. Chronica also describes long and great reign of King Vratislav, who was a strong ruler but brave and good man. There is also a reflection on his wars in Italy; this second book ends with Vratislav's death.
  • Third book (1092 - 1125) starts with a description of time of instability and bloody civil wars after Vratislav's death between years 1092 and 1109. Chronica ends with reign of Vladislav between 1109 and 1125. In same year, 1125, Cosmas died.

  Results from FactBites:
Cosmas of Prague (408 words)
With the Bishops of Prague, Gebhard, Cosmas, and Hermann, he was on terms of great intimacy, and often accompanied them on their travels; he likewise enjoyed the esteem and the confidence of the rulers of Bohemia.
Cosmas wrote in Latin a "Chronica Bohemorum", or historia of Bohemia from the earliest times to 1125.
As an historian, Cosmas is generally truthful and conscientious; he distinguishes between what is certain and what is based only on rumours or tradition.
  More results at FactBites »



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