"Cosimo I de' Medici in Armour" by Agnolo Bronzino
Cosimo I de' Medici ( June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ...June 12, Events March 4 _ Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...1519 – April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ...April 21, Events April 14 _ Battle of Mookerheyde. ...1574) was the first The title of Grand Duke (Latin, Magnus Dux; German, Großherzog, Russian, Великий князь) used in Slavic, Baltic, and Germanic countries, is ranked in honour below King but higher than a sovereign Duke (Herzog) or Prince (Fürst). ...Grand Duke of Tuscany (Italian Toscana) is a region in central Italy, bordering on Latium to the south, Umbria to the east, Emilia_Romagna and Liguria to the north, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ...Tuscany, ruling from Events January 6 _ Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 _ The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ...1537 to Events April 14 _ Battle of Mookerheyde. ...1574, during the waning days of the By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance _French Renaissance _German Renaissance _English Renaissance The Renaissance was a great cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ...Renaissance.
He came to power when Alessandro de' Medici was assassinated in Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ...1537 because Alessandro's only male issue was illegitimate. He was from a different branch of the family, but many of the influential men in Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ...Florence favored him, in some cases perhaps hoping to rule through him, since he was only 17. However, he proved strong_willed and ambitious and was immediately recognized by the The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ...Holy Roman Emperor Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V ( 24 February 1500– 21 September 1558) was effectively (the first) King of Spain from 1516 to 1556 (in principle, he was from 1516 king of Aragon and from 1516 guardian of his insane mother, queen of Castile who died...Charles V. He restored the power of the The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family during the Renaissance, whose wealth and influence initially derived from the textile trade guided by the guild of the Becoming first bankers, and later politicians, clergy and nobles, the Medici attained their greatest prominence during the 15th through 17th centuries...Medici, who thereafter ruled Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ...Florence until the last of the Medici Grand Dukes, Gian Gastone de' Medici ( Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ...1671_ Events 12 February _ The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ...1737). The governmental structures he set up endured beyond that to the time when the grand duchy was absorbed into the Austria_Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...Austro_Hungarian Empire.
When the Florentine exiles heard of the death of Alessandro, they marshaled their forces with support from France _ Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...France and from disgruntled neighbors of Florence. Toward the end of July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...July Events January 6 _ Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 _ The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ...1537, they marched into Tuscany under the leadership of Bernardo Salviati and Piero Strozzi. When Cosimo heard of their approach, he sent his best troops under Alessandro Vitelli to engage the enemy, which they did at Montemurlo, a fortress that belonged to the Nerli. After defeating the exile's army, Vitelli stormed the fortress, where Strozzi and a few of his companions had retreated to safety. It fell after only a few hours, and Cosimo celebrated his first victory. The prominent prisoners were subsequently beheaded on the Piazza or in the Bargello is a type of needlepoint embroidery which consists of upright flat stitches of different lengths. ...Bargello. Strozzi's body was found with a bloody sword next to it and a note quoting For other uses see Virgil (disambiguation). ...Vergil, but many believe that his suicide was faked.
Cosimo next turned on his neighbors of Lucca (population 90,000) is a city in Tuscany, northern central Italy, near (but not on) the Ligurian Sea. ...Lucca and This page is not about the form of limonite clay called sienna. ...Siena. With the support of the Emperor, he laid seige to Siena, even though it was occupied by The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ...Spanish troops. In Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ...1557, after a 15_month siege, he finally took the city, although its population had been diminished from forty thousand to eight thousand.
In Events January 15 _ Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ...1559, he added Mantalcino to his territories and formed the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. He was a despotic ruler and also found it necessary to lay heavy tax burdens on his subjects, thus laying the groundwork for the future dissatisfaction and rebellion that eventually brought about the downfall his successors. Despite his economic difficulties, he was a lavish patron of the arts and also developed the Florentine navy, which eventually took part in the Three battles have been known as the Battle of Lepanto: Battle of Lepanto (1499) during the Turkish_Venetian Wars Battle of Lepanto (1500) during the Turkish_Venetian Wars Battle of Lepanto (1571) defeat of the Turkish fleet This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that...Battle of Lepanto.
In the last 10 years of his reign, he gave up the active rule to his son and successor Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Cosimo and the arts
Among his many accomplishments was the creation of the The Uffizi Gallery (Italian Galleria degli Uffizi) is a palace or palazzo in Florence, holding one of the most famous museums in the world. ...Uffizi, originally intended to house the government, now one of the world's great art galleries. He also finished the The Pitti Palace (Palazzo Pitti in Italian) in Florence was for several centuries the home of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, from the time of the Medicis. ...Pitti Palace as a home for the Medici and created the magnificent The Boboli Gardens is a famous park in Florence, Italy that is home to a small but distinguished collection of sculptures. ...Boboli Gardens behind the Pitti. He was a great patron of the arts, supporting, among others, Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 _ Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. ...Vasari and Benvenuto Cellini (November 1, 1500 - February 13, 1571) was an Italian goldsmith, painter, sculptor, soldier and musician of the Renaissance. ...Cellini.
A large bronze equestrian statue of Cosimo I by Portrait of Giovanni Bologna by Hendrick Goltzius Giambologna, born as Jean Boulogne, also known as Giovanni Da Bologna and Giovanni Bologna (1529 _ 1608) was a sculptor who best known for his marble statuary and works in bronze. ...Giambologna, erected in Events January 7 _ Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother_in_law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 _ Edict of Nantes _ Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ...1598, still stands today in the Piazza della Signoria, the main square of Florence.
Marriage and family
In Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ...1539, he married Eleonora of Toledo ( Events March 4 _ Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...1519_ Events Earliest English slave_trading expedition under John Hawkins. ...1562), the daughter of Don Pedro Alvarez de Toledo, the Spanish A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ...viceroy of Alternate uses: See Naples (disambiguation) Naples (Italian Napoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα_Πόλις, latinised in Neapolis) is the largest town in southern Italy, capital of Campania region. ...Naples. Her face is still familiar to many because of her solemn and distant portraits by Agnolo Bronzino. The most famous of them, with her son Giovanni, hangs in the The Uffizi Gallery (Italian Galleria degli Uffizi) is a palace or palazzo in Florence, holding one of the most famous museums in the world. ...Uffizi Gallery. She provided the Medici with the The Pitti Palace (Palazzo Pitti in Italian) in Florence was for several centuries the home of the ruling families of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, from the time of the Medicis. ...Pitti Palace and eight sons to ensure male succession and three daughters to connect the Medici with noble and ruling houses in Italy. She was a patron of the new The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...Jesuit order, and her private chapel in the Original name of the Palazzo Vecchio, before the government of the Republic of Florence was moved to the Uffizi under Cosimo I de Medici. ...Palazzo della Signoria was decorated by Andrea Doria as Neptune Agnolo di Cosimo ( 1503, Firenze – 1572, Firenze) (also known as Agnolo Bronzino and Agnolo Tori). ...Bronzino, who had originally arrived in Florence to provide festive decor for her wedding. She died, with her sons Giovanni and Garzia, in Events Earliest English slave_trading expedition under John Hawkins. ...1562, when she was only forty; all three of them were struck down by Red blood cell infected with Malaria (Italian: bad air; formerly called ague or marsh fever in English) is an infectious disease which causes about 500 million infections and 2 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics and sub_Saharan Africa. ...malaria while traveling to Pisas coat of arms. ...Pisa.
Their children were:
- Francesco ( March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ...March 25, Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 _ Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ...1541 – October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...October 19, Events February 8 _ Mary, Queen of Scots is executed. ...1587)
- Isabella, who was murdered by her husband Paolo Giordano Orsini because of her infidelity.
- Piero, who murdered his wife for the same reason.
- Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (July 30, 1549 – February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...February 17, Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 _ Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ...1609)
In Events January 23 _ The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 _ Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. ...1570, he married a second time to Camilla Martelli.
- Konrad Eisenbichler, editor, The Cultural World of Eleonora di Toledo
Duchess of Florence and Siena. 2004. Essays.
|Preceded by: |
This article is on the first Duke of Florence. ...Alessandro de' Medici
|Duke of Florence |
|Succeeded by: |
Became Grand Duke of Tuscany
|Preceded by: |
| Unofficial Medici Rulers of Florence, 1434-1531 Cosimo de Medici 1434-1464 Piero I de Medici 1464_1469 (The Gouty) Lorenzo I de Medici 1469_1492 (The Magnificent) Giuliano de Medici 1469_1478 Piero II de Medici 1492_1494 Republic restored 1494_1512 Cardinal Giovanni de Medici 1512-1513 Lorenzo II de Medici...Grand Duke of Tuscany |
|Succeeded by: |
Francesco I de' Medici