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Encyclopedia > Cortland County, New York
Cortland County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Cortland County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1808
Seat Cortland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,299 km² (502 mi²)
 sq mi ( km²)
5 km² (2 mi²), 0.37%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

48,599
38/km² 
Website: www.cortland-co.org

Cortland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 48,599. The county seat is Cortland. The name is in honor of Pierre Van Cortlandt (despite the difference in spelling), president of the convention at Kingston that wrote the first New York State Constitution in 1777 and first lieutenant governor of the state. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Map_of_New_York_highlighting_Cortland_County. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_NY.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): New York ... Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Cortland is a city in Cortland County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 18,740. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... “NY” redirects here. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Cortland is a city in Cortland County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 18,740. ... Pierre Van Cortlandt (1721 - 1814) was the first Lieutenant Governor of the State of New York in the USA. He was born in New York, the son of Philip Van Cortlandt (1683 -1748) (a son of New York Mayor Stephanus Van Cortlandt) and Catherine DePeyster (a grandaugther of Johannes De... Kingston is a city in Ulster County, New York, United States. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Contents

History

Early history

Located in the glaciated Appalachian Plateau area of Central New York State, midway between Syracuse and Binghamton, this predominantly rural county is the southeastern gateway to the Finger Lakes Region. Scattered archaeological evidence indicates three different aboriginal cultures hunted the area beginning about 1500 A. D. The Appalachian Plateau is the western part of the Appalachian mountain system, stretching from New York to Alabama. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Nickname: The Salt City Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll Area  - City 66. ... Binghamton is a city in upstate New York in the United States. ... The Finger Lakes, a major tourist destination in the west-central section of Upstate New York, are actually eleven in number, but only seven of the largest are commonly identified as such. ...


What was to become Cortland County remained within Indian territory until the American Revolution. It became part of the Military Tract, when in 1781, more than 1¼ million acres (5,100 km²) were set aside by the State's Legislature to compensate two regiments formed to protect the State's western section from the English and their Iroquois allies, at the close of the Revolution. To encourage settlement in the upstate isolated wilderness, the State constructed a road from Oxford through Cortland County to Cayuga Lake in 1792-94. This, and construction of privately financed roads, were the major impetus to settlement. John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that... Cayuga Lake (pronounced either kA-yü-g& or kI-yü-g&) is the longest of western New Yorks glacial Finger Lakes, and is the second largest in surface area (marginally smaller than Seneca Lake) and volume. ...


When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Cortland County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Location in the state of New York Formed November 1, 1683 Seat Albany Area  - Total  - Water 1,381 km² (533 mi²) 25 km² (10 mi²) 1. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Cumberland County, New York was a former county in the Province of New York that became part of the state of Vermont. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ... Gloucester County, New York is a former county in New York that became part of the state of Vermont. ...


On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Tryon County, New York was a county in New York, part of the Province of New York, named after Governor William Tryon. ... Union Colleges Nott Memorial, one of the most recognized buildings in Schenectady Schenectady (IPA ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. ... The Adirondack mountain range is located in the northeastern part of New York that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Lewis, St. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... William Tryon (January 27, 1729 to 1788) was colonial governor of the Province of North Carolina (1765-1771) and the Province of New York (1771-1780, though he did not retain much power in the colony beyond 1777). ...


In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor. Montgomery County was reduced in size in 1789 by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties. Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States (United Colonies prior to July 1776) France Spanish Empire Dutch Republic Polish volunteers Quebec volunteers Prussian volunteers Oneida Tuscarora Great Britain Loyalists Hessian mercenaries Iroquois Confederacy Duchy of Brunswick Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert de La Fayette Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz Ko... An engraving depicting the death of General Montgomery at the Battle of Quebec. ... , Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ontario County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Allegany County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Cattaraugus County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Chautauqua County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Genesee County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Livingston County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1808 Seat Lockport Area  - Total  - Water 2,952 km² (1,140 mi²) 1,598 km² (617 mi²) 54. ... Orleans County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Steuben County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Wyoming County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Yates County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Schuyler County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Wayne County is a county located in the state of New York. ...


In 1791, Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the others being Otsego, and Tioga Counties). 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Herkimer County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Otsego County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Tioga County is a county located in the state of New York. ...


Onondaga County was formed from Herkimer County in 1794. Location in the state of New York Formed 1794 Seat Syracuse Area  - Total  - Water 2,087 km² (806 mi²) 66 km² (25 mi²) 3. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Cortland County was formed by the splitting of Onondaga County in 1808. Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Settlement of the county

Eastern New Yorkers and New Englanders, wanting new land to farm, welcomed the opening of this frontier. The first white settlement in the county was made in 1791 by Amos Todd, Joseph Beebe and Rhoda Todd Beebe, emigrants from Connecticut who paddled up the Tioughnioga River from Windsor, to live near the head of navigation in the Town of Homer. Following them came a flood of settlers who, in 1808, petitioned the State Legislature for county status. Thus, Cortland County was created from the southern half of Onondaga County as part of the Boston Ten Towns on April 8, 1808, and was named in honor of the Pierre Van Cortlandt family - Pierre, Sr. having been the first lieutenant governor of the state. Homer (Greek: ) is the name given to the supposed unitary author of the early Greek poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. ... Pierre Van Cortlandt (1721 - 1814) was the first Lieutenant Governor of the State of New York in the USA. He was born in New York, the son of Philip Van Cortlandt (1683 -1748) (a son of New York Mayor Stephanus Van Cortlandt) and Catherine DePeyster (a grandaugther of Johannes De...


The Nineteenth Century

The 76th New York Volunteer Infantry was one of the most famous of the New York units in the Civil War. It was raised in 1861 primarily from Cortland County and the surrounding areas (about a third of the men were from the Cherry Valley area). The 76th was in most of the major battles the Army of the Potomac fought from Second Bull Run through Petersburg, at which time the three-year enlistment of most of the men ran out and the 300 or so men remaining from the 1,100 who left Cortland either returned home or transferred to other units. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


At the Battle of Gettysburg, the 76th New York was one of the first infantry regiments on the field, holding down the extreme right of the Union line on the first day. The regiment took huge casualties in that battle - nearly one-third of its strength - including its commander Major Andrew J. Grover, the first infantry officer killed in the battle. Gettysburg may refer to: Battle of Gettysburg, a battle during the American Civil War that took place at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on July 1-3 in 1863. ...


Modern Cortland County

Today, Cortland county is noted for the production of CNC milling machines; hospitality supplies; medical instruments and components; textiles; electrical components; plastic consumer goods; components for NASA and a variety of other goods and services. International exporting is an integral part of many of the corporations in the area.


The county's present reflects its past. Agri-business flourishes yet, consistent with the pattern elsewhere in New York State, the number of farms has declined while farm size and yield have increased. Continued growth in the service and light industry sectors is contributing to the growing strength of the Central New York region.


The proximity to major highways, a diverse workforce and the influx of technological research and other resources from nearby Universities and Colleges contribute to the economic strength and potential of the region. Cornell University, Syracuse University, SUNY Binghamton and Ithaca College are all within an easy 35 minute drive of the City of Cortland. In addition the State University College at Cortland and local Community Colleges contribute to the cultural and economic fabric of central New York. Cornell University is a university located in Ithaca, New York, USA. Its two medical campuses are in New York City and Education City, Qatar. ... Syracuse University (SU) is a private nonsectarian research university located in Syracuse, New York. ... Ithaca College is a private institution of higher education located on the South Hill of Ithaca, New York. ...


Cortland County has been home to many notable figures including Hall of Fame Baseball Manager John J. McGraw (Truxton) Syracuse news personality and founder of the Syracuse St. Patrick's day parade Nancy Duffy and former frontman for Black Sabbath Ronnie James Dio as well as former New York State Governor Nathan Miller.


Geography

Cortland County is somewhat to the west of the center of New York State, south of Syracuse and north of Binghamton. Nickname: The Salt City Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll Area  - City 66. ... Binghamton is a city located in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. ...


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,299 km² (502 mi²). 1,294 km² (500 mi²) of it is land and 5 km² (2 mi²) of it (0.37%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...

Location in the state of New York Formed 1794 Seat Syracuse Area  - Total  - Water 2,087 km² (806 mi²) 66 km² (25 mi²) 3. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Chenango County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Broome County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Tompkins County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York, and comprises the whole of the Ithaca metropolitan area. ... Tioga County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1799 Seat Auburn Area  - Total  - Water 2,237 km² (864 mi²) 441 km² (170 mi²) 19. ...

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 48,599 people, 18,210 households, and 11,617 families residing in the county. The population density was 38/km² (97/mi²). There were 20,116 housing units at an average density of 16/km² (40/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.95% White, 0.86% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 18,210 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.20% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 15.50% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $34,364, and the median income for a family was $42,204. Males had a median income of $30,814 versus $22,166 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,622. About 9.30% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cities and towns

=> Label in parentheses is official political designation.

Cincinnatus is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Cortland West is a census-designated place and region in Cortland County, New York. ... Cortland is a city in Cortland County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 18,740. ... Cortlandville is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Cuyler is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Freetown is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Harford is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Homer is a town located in Cortland County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 6,363. ... Homer is a village located in Cortland County, New York, USA . ... Lapeer is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Marathon is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Marathon is a village located in Cortland County, New York. ... McGraw is a village located in Cortland County, New York. ... Munsons Corners is a hamlet (and census-designated place) located in Cortland County, New York. ... Preble is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... bababababa Demographics As of the census2 of 2000, there are 1,193 people, 417 households, and 321 families residing in the town. ... Solon is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Taylor is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Truxton is a town located in Cortland County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 1,225. ... Virgil is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ... Willet is a town located in Cortland County, New York. ...

Education

The State University of New York College at Cortland, also called SUNY Cortland, is located in Cortland, New York. ... Tompkins-Cortland Community College is a public two-year college supported by Tompkins and Cortland Counties and SUNY. The main college campus is located in Dryden (town), New York. ...

External links

Coordinates: 42°36′N 76°04′W / 42.60, -76.07 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cortland County, About NY – New York Birth Injury Attorneys, Finger Lakes Region, Cortlandville (483 words)
Cortland County, New York's motto is “The Gateway to the scenic Finger Lakes region.”; A mostly rural county, it lies situated between Ithaca, Binghamton and Syracuse.
Spring brings the Central New York Maple Festival in the town of Marathon, where there the tradition of tapping the trees for syrup has been practiced since the days when Indians inhabited the region.
The Cortland County Business Development Corporation, founded in 1982, plays a large role in bringing new corporations and firms into the area.
Cortland County, New York - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1389 words)
This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean.
The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River.
Cortland County is somewhat to the west of the center of New York State, south of Syracuse and north of Binghamton.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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