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Encyclopedia > Corrupt bargain

Three deals cut in connection with the Presidency of the United States, two in contested United States presidential elections and one involving a Presidential appointment of a Vice President, have been described as Corrupt Bargains. United States presidential elections determine who serves as President and Vice President of the United States for four-year terms, starting on Inauguration Day (January 20th of the year after the election). ...


Votes in the Electoral College, 1824.
Votes in the Electoral College, 1824.
The voting by state in the House of Representatives, 1825. Note that all of Clay's states voted for Adams.
The voting by state in the House of Representatives, 1825. Note that all of Clay's states voted for Adams.

In the election of 1824, none of the candidates were able to secure a majority of the electoral vote, thereby putting the outcome in the hands of the House of Representatives, which (to the surprise of many) elected John Quincy Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. Henry Clay was the Speaker of the House at the time, and he convinced Congress to elect Adams. Adams then made Clay his Secretary of State. Some people believe that an agreement was made ahead of time between the two, what was referred to by the defeated Jackson as a Corrupt Bargain. Some people also believe that Henry Clay offered Jackson the corrupt bargain. When he was turned down, he took it to John Quincy Adams. Jackson referred to Clay as "The Judas of the West," and remarked that his end will be the same. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (868x635, 82 KB)Image from http://nationalatlas. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (868x635, 82 KB)Image from http://nationalatlas. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (895x635, 60 KB) Modified from Image:ElectoralCollege1824-Large. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (895x635, 60 KB) Modified from Image:ElectoralCollege1824-Large. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was a diplomat, politician, and President of the United States (March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829). ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ... Henry Clay, Sr. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the... Seal of the United States Department of State. ... For the American black metal band, see Judas Iscariot (band). ...

More recently, analysis by means of game theory mathematics has proposed that, contrary to the assertions of Jackson, his supporters, and countless historians since, the results of the election were consistent with "sincere voting" -- that is, those who were unable to vote for their most-favored candidate apparently voted for their second- (or third-) most-favored candidate. (See, e.g., "The Spatial Theory of Voting and the Presidential Election of 1824", by Jeffrey A. Jenkins and Brian R. Sala, in American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 42, No. 4 (October. 1998), pp. 1157-79.) This suggests that the result was not a consequence of any "corrupt bargain" between Adams and Clay, but was instead a natural consequence of an electoral field that was fundamentally divided between those who supported Jackson and those who would support anyone other than Jackson. The latter prevailed. The persistence of the "corrupt bargain" charge appears, therefore, to be the subject of serious dispute.


The election of 1876 is sometimes considered to be a second Corrupt Bargain. Three Southern states had contested vote counts, and for either candidate to win the election, he would need more electoral votes. In Congress, an agreement was made: Rutherford B. Hayes, the Republican candidate, would be elected under the following conditions: Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Historic Southern United States. ... Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) was an American politician, lawyer, military leader and the 19th President of the United States (1877–1881). ...

With the Union troops gone, there was no security that the South would uphold the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, so African-Americans were not guaranteed to be free. Hence, it was called a Corrupt Bargain. Many historians call this "The Great Compromise of 1877". David Key David McKendree Key (January 27, 1824 – February 3, 1900) was a Democratic U.S. Senator from Tennessee from 1875 to 1877 as well as the U.S. Postmaster General under President Hayes. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... The United States Postmaster General is the executive head of the United States Postal Service. ... Reconstruction was the attempt from 1865 to 1877 in U.S. history to resolve the issues of the American Civil War, when both the Confederacy and slavery were destroyed. ... Amendment XIII in the National Archives The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution officially abolished, and continues to prohibit, slavery, and, with limited exceptions, those convicted of a crime, prohibits involuntary servitude. ... Amendment XIV in the National Archives The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (Amendment XIV) is one of the post-Civil War amendments (known as the Reconstruction Amendments), intended to secure rights for former slaves. ... Amendment XV in the National Archives 1870 celebration of the 15th amendment as a guarantee of African American rights 1867 drawing depicting the first vote by African Americans Amendment XV (the Fifteenth Amendment) of the United States Constitution provides that governments in the United States may not prevent a citizen... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... A drawing by Joseph Keppler depicts Roscoe Conkling as Mephistopheles, as Rutherford B. Hayes strolls off with a woman labeled as Solid South. The caption quotes Goethe: Unto that Power he doth belong / Which only doeth Right while ever willing Wrong. ...

Ford's 1974 Nixon pardon

In addition, Gerald Ford's 1974 pardon of Richard Nixon was widely described as a "corrupt bargain" by critics of the disgraced former president. These critics claim that Ford's pardon was quid pro quo for Nixon's resignation, which elevated Ford to the presidency. Other references are made to these in renowned books like Founding Brothers by Joseph J. Ellis. this guy is awsome i played him in a school play he also has some pretty funky history Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Quid pro quo (Latin for something for something [1]) indicates a more-or-less equal exchange or substitution of goods or services. ...

  Results from FactBites:
The White House Historical Association > Classroom (1192 words)
Those who revered Jackson had been determined that their hero would be elected in 1828, because, to many minds, Jackson had been cheated of the presidency in 1824 by a "corrupt bargain." Indeed, that election had proven one of the most difficult in the nation’s young history.
In terms of political beliefs, Clay was closer politically to Adams than Jackson, finding the Tennessee senator inexperienced in public office, a bit vague on what he called "reform issues," and lacking in restraint as a military commander.
No matter what Clay's motivations, the "corrupt bargain" became a part of the campaign fodder that would put Jackson in the White House in 1828.
  More results at FactBites »



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