Corporations law or corporate law is the law concerning the creation and regulation of corporations. A corporation is a group of people which are legally treated as a person; the corporation can own property, sign contracts, sue, and be sued.
Corporate law refers to the law governing the relationships among shareholders and management. For example, corporate law can answer the question: under what circumstances may a corporation rent property from a director? Corporate law governs such areas as the duties that directors and officers have to the corporation, the occasions that require a shareholder vote, annual shareholder meetings, the number and type of shares that can be issued by the corporation, and dissolution of the corporation. Corporate law also sometimes includes securities laws, which govern the conditions under which corporations can issue shares and is aimed at preventing fraudulent offering schemes.
In the United States corporations are regulated by both Federal and state governments and must comply with local law where it is applicable. However, they are chartered by the individual states and applicable rules, regulations, and law can vary dramatically from state to state.
Corporatelaw also includes the law governing the relationships among various constituents of a corporation such as shareholders, directors and management.
Corporatelaw is generally considered to be distinct from the fields of law that are principally concerned with the relationship between a corporation and a third party, such as commercial law, antitrust law, and environmental law.
The corporatelaws of the various states differ - in some cases significantly - from state to state, as a result of which corporate lawyers are often consulted in an effort to determine the most appropriate or advantageous state in which to incorporate, and a majority of public companies in the U.S. are Delaware corporations.
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