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Encyclopedia > Coromandel Coast
Districts along the Coromandel Coast
Districts along the Coromandel Coast
Map of the coast (French)
Map of the coast (French)

The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. It is generally thought to be derived from the Tamil phrase Chola Mandalam, or the region (mandalam) of the Chola, an ancient dynasty of southern India. It could also be derived from Karai Mandalam or the coastal region. Historically the Coromandel Coast generally referred to the stretch of coast between Point Calimere (Kodikkarai), near the delta of the Kaveri River, north to the mouths of the Krishna River. Presently the Coromandel Coast is shared by the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and the union territory of Pondicherry. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 313 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (3070 × 5870 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 313 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (3070 × 5870 pixel, file size: 3. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ... Point Calimere, also called Cape Calimere and Kodikkarai, is a low headland on the Coromandel Coast, in Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu state, India. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Krishna in Vijayawada in 2007 The River Krishna (meaning dark (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni, is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Andhra Pradesh (Telugu: , Urdu: ), the Rice Bowl of India, is a state in southern India. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ...


Description

The coast is generally low, and punctuated by the deltas of several large rivers, including the Kaveri (Cauvery), Palar, Penner, and Krishna, which rise in the highlands of the Western Ghats and flow across the Deccan Plateau to drain into the Bay of Bengal. The alluvial plains created by these rivers are fertile and favour agriculture. The coast is also known for its ports and harbours, Pulicat,Chennai (Madras), Sadras, Pondicherry, Karaikal, Cuddalore, Tranquebar, Nagore, and Nagapattinam, which take advantage of their close proximity with regions rich in natural and mineral resources (like the Chhattisgarh belt and the mines of Golconda and Kolar) and/or good transport infrastructure. The planar geography of the region also favours urban growth and agglomerations. The Palar is a river of southern India. ... The Penner (also Pennar or Penneru) is a river of southern India. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An alluvial plain is a relatively flat and gently sloping landform found at the base of a range of hills. ... Pulicat is a town which lies in the nellore District, in the state of andhra Pradesh, India. ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... Sadras is a fortress town located on Indias Coromandel Coast, 70 km south of Chennai in Tamil Nadu state. ... Karaikal, also Karikal, is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry. ... Cuddalore is a large industrial city in the Tamil Nadu state of southern India. ... Tranquebar, 1600. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Nagapattinam (formerly known as Negapatam and also as Shiva Rajadhani) is a small city with a population of about 100,000, located in coastal Tamil Nadu, India. ... Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... Golconda is a ruined city and fortress 11 km west of the city of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh state, India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The Coromandel Coast falls in the rain shadow of the Western Ghats, and receives a good deal less rainfall during the summer southwest monsoon, which contributes heavily to rainfall in the rest of India. The region averages 800 mm/year, most of which falls between October and December. The topography of the Bay of Bengal, and the staggered weather pattern prevalent during the season favours northeast monsoon, which has a tendency to cause cyclones and hurricanes rather than a steady precipitation. As a result, the coast is hit by inclement weather almost every year between October to January. The high variability of rainfall patterns are also responsible for water scarcity and famine in most areas not served by the great rivers. For example, the city of Chennai is one of the driest cities in the country in terms of potable water availability, despite high percentage of moisture in the air, due to the unpredictable, seasonal nature of the monsoon. For the television series see Rain Shadow. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a periodic wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. ... The climate of India is difficult to lay due to the countrys large geographic size and varied topography. ... Radar image of a tropical cyclone in the northern hemisphere. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ...


The Coromandel Coast is home to the East Deccan dry evergreen forests ecoregion, which runs in a narrow strip along the coast. Unlike most of the other tropical dry forest regions of India, where the trees lose their leaves during the dry season, the East Deccan dry evergreen forests retain their leathery leaves year round. The Coromandel coast is also home to extensive mangrove forests along the low-lying coast and river deltas, and several important wetlands, notably Kaliveli Lake and Pulicat Lake, that provide habitat to thousands of migrating and resident birds. The East Deccan dry evergreen forests are an ecoregion of southeastern India. ... An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Trinidad and Tobago dry forest on Chacachacare showing the dry-season deciduous nature of the vegetation The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome, also known as tropical dry forest, is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Kaliveli Lake is a brackish-water coastal lake in Viluppuram District of Tamil Nadu, India. ... Pulicat Lake (Pazhaverkaadu in Tamil) is a brackish-water lake on the Coromandel Coast of southeastern India. ... “Aves” redirects here. ...


History

The Coromandel Coast was the scene of rivalries among European powers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries for control of the India trade. The British established themselves at Fort St George (Madras) and Masulipatnam, the Dutch at Pulicat and Sadras, the French at Pondicherry, Karaikal and Nizampatnam, and the Danish in Dansborg at Tranquebar. Fort St George is the name of the first British fortress in India, built in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras (modern city of Chennai. ... Machilipatnam, also known as Masulipatnam or Bandar, is a city on the southeastern or Coromandel Coast of India. ... Nizampatnam, also known as Petapolly, is a seaport city in Andhra Pradesh state of southern India. ...


Eventually the British won out, although France retained the tiny enclaves of Pondicherry and Karaikal until 1954. Chinese lacquer goods, including boxes, screens, and chests, became known as "Coromandel" goods in the eighteenth century, because many Chinese exports were consolidated at the Coromandel ports. In a general sense, lacquer is a clear or coloured coating, that dries by solvent evaporation only and that produces a hard, durable finish that can be polished to a very high gloss, and gives the illusion of depth. ...


On December 26, 2004, one of the deadliest natural disasters in modern history, the Indian Ocean earthquake, struck off the western coast of Sumatra (Indonesia). The earthquake and subsequent tsunami reportedly killed over 220,000 people around the rim of the Indian Ocean. The tsunami devastated the Coromandel Coast, killing many and sweeping away many coastal communities. is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) on December 26, 2004. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... An earthquake is the result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ...

     Geography of South Asia     
Himalaya | Western Ghats | Eastern Ghats | Aravalli Range | The Nilgiris | Vindhya Range | Satpura Range | Garo Hills | Shivalik Hills | Khasi Hills | Annamalai Hills | Cardamom Hills | Sulaiman Mountains | Karakoram | Hindu Kush | Chittagong Hill Tracts | Deccan Plateau | Thar Desert | Makran | Chota Nagpur | Naga Hills | Mysore Plateau | Ladakh Plateau
Indo-Gangetic plain | Indus River Delta | Ganga basin | Ganges Delta | Atolls of Maldives | Coromandel Coast | Konkan | Lakshadweep | Andaman and Nicobar Islands | Sundarbans | Rann of Kutch | Protected areas of Tamil Nadu |
Main India | Pakistan | Nepal | Bhutan | Sri Lanka | Bangladesh | The Maldives | Portal:Himalaya region

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3042x2933, 2736 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x958, 167 KB) India This is a NASA World Wind screenshot. ... Download high resolution version (1000x662, 258 KB)The Himalayan mountain range with Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station looking south-south-east over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains, eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. ... The Aravali Range The Aravali Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... A teapicker at work in the Nilgiris Nigiris Hills It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into The Nilgiris District. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... The Garo Hills are part of the Garo-Khasi range in Meghalaya, India. ... The Siwalik Hills (sometimes spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are a sub-Himalayan mountain range running 1,600 km long from the Tista River, Sikkim, through Nepal and India, into northern Pakistan. ... The Khasi Hills are part of the Garo-Khasi range in Meghalaya, India. ... Anaimalai hills are a trekking destination in the Western Ghats located in the southern indian state of Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore district, and is known for its abundant wildlife. ... The Cardamom Hills are elevated regions in Kerala, India. ... sorry guys it is unavailable and happens to be deleted--212. ... Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders between Pakistan, China, and India, located in the regions of Gilgit, Ladakh and Baltistan. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Deccan Plateau // Main article: Geography of India So anyway,The Deccan Plateau (Marathi: डेक्कन), also known as The Great Country, is a vast elevated tableland area with widely varying terrain features making up the majority of the southern India located between three ranges and extending over eight states. ... A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh. ... Naga hills, reaching a height of around 3825 meters, lie on the border of India and Myanmar. ... The Mysore Plateau, also known as the South Karnataka Plateau, is one of the four geographically unique regions of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Ladakh (Tibetan script: ལ་དྭགས་, Ladakhi IPA: , Hindi: लद्दाख़, Hindi IPA: , Urdu: لدّاخ; land of high passes) is a region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India sandwiched between the Karakoram mountain range to the north and the Himalayas to the south. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1023x505, 196 KB) Summary Dabhol beach as seen from the ferry when crossing over from Guhaghar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Indus River Delta The Indus River Delta occurs where the Indus River flows into the Arabian Sea in Pakistan. ... The Ganga basin is a part of the composite Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, which drains an area of 1,086,000 square kilometres. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Ganges Delta (or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. ... Each administrative atoll is marked, along with the thaana letter used to identify the atoll. ... It has been suggested that History of the Konkan be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Sundarbans delta is the largest mangrove forest in the world. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ... // Tamil Nadu, India Tamil Nadu State in South India covers an area of 130,058 km 2 (50,215 mi2). ... Maldives is a country of South Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. ...

Sources and references

(incomplete)

  • WorldStatesmen- India

  Results from FactBites:
 
Coromandel Coast - LoveToKnow 1911 (147 words)
COROMANDEL COAST, a name formerly applied officially to the eastern seaboard of India approximately between Cape Calimere, in io 17' N., 79° 56' E., and the mouths of the Kistna river.
The shore, which is low, is without a single good natural harbour, and is at all times beaten by a heavy sea.
The name Coromandel is said to be derived from Cholamandal, the mandal or region of the ancient dynasty of the Chola.
Coromandel Lodge Accommodation New Zealand, Coromandel Retreat Accommodation New Zealand (1074 words)
Coromandel, New Zealand, lodges and retreats offer restful accommodation in a relaxing atmosphere so you can absorb the peace and beauty of secluded surroundings.
Lodge accommodation and retreat accommodation in Coromandel, New Zealand.
Set in the tranquil beauty of the Coromandel Coast, we are a gracefully elegant South Carolina-style lodge, with wide verandahs, native timbers and 'turn of the century' character.
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