Known as the "Garden Province", the island is located in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, east of New Brunswick and north of Nova Scotia from which it is separated by the Northumberland Strait.
Stratford and Cornwall, the third and fourth largest communities, are located immediately east and west of Charlottetown respectively, placing more than a third of the province's population within the capital region.
In September 1864, PrinceEdwardIsland hosted the Charlottetown Conference, which was the first meeting in the process leading to the Articles of Confederation and the creation of Canada in 1867.
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