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Encyclopedia > Cornet (military rank)

Cornet was the third and lowest grade of commissioned officer in a British cavalry troop, after the Captain and Lieutenant. He carried the troop standard, also known as a "cornet". This rank was known as an Ensign in the infantry, and was one of the subaltern ranks (along with Lieutenant). In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... Cavalry is also a common misspelling of the Biblical hill Calvary. ... A troop is a military unit, originally a small force of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron and headed by the troop leader. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... The tricolour flag of France A flag is a piece of coloured cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually for purposes of signalling or identification. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme, First World War. ... A subaltern is a military term for a junior officer. ...

The rank was in use by the time of the English Civil War. It was abolished at the same time that the purchase of commissions in the army was abolished in the Army Reform Act of 1871 and was replaced by Second Lieutenant. In practice, the style Cornet is still used for Second Lieutenants in the Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons). The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between English Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... The Blues and Royals are a British Army armoured regiment and are part of the Household Cavalry. ...

The rank also existed in other nation's cavalry troops, such as those of Sweden (Kornett) and Imperial Russia (корнет). Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start...



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