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Encyclopedia > Cornerstone
Look up cornerstone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
A fancy cornerstone with bronze relief images
A fancy cornerstone with bronze relief images

A cornerstone (or foundation stone) is a ceremonial masonry stone, or facsimile, set in a prominent location on the outside of a building, with an inscription on the stone indicating the construction dates of the building and the names of architect, builder and other significant individuals. The ceremony of laying a cornerstone is an important cultural component of western architecture (See also foundation stone). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 710 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 710 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Masonry in action; a Mason at work. ... Insert non-formatted text here For the machine that sends, receives, and produces facsimiles, see fax. ... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ... the Stone - south is towards the top of the image The Foundation Stone (Hebrew: אבן השתייה, translit. ...


Some cornerstones include time capsules from the time a particular building was built. The origins of this tradition are vague but its presence in Judeo-Christian countries can be associated with one quotation from the Old Testament (Ps 118:22) cited six times in the New Testament (Mt 21:42,Mk 12:10, Luke 20:17, Act 4:11 , Eph 2:20 and 1Pe 2:7) which portrays a cornerstone as the quintessence of irony. (Catholic Encyclopedia article) A time capsule is a historic cache of goods and/or information, usually intended as a method of communication with people in the future. ... Judeo-Christian (or Judaeo-Christian) is a term used to describe the body of concepts and values which are thought to be held in common by Judaism and Christianity, and typically considered (sometimes along with classical Greco-Roman civilization) a fundamental basis for Western legal codes and moral values. ... Irony is a literary or rhetorical device, in which there is a gap or incongruity between what a speaker or a writer says and what is generally understood (either at the time, or in the later context of history). ...


The cornerstone concept is derived from the first stone set in the construction of a masonry foundation, important since all other stones will be set in reference to this stone, thus determining the position of the entire edifice.

Contents

Modern Practices

In modern practice, normally, a VIP of the organization, or a local celebrity, will be invited to conduct the ceremony of figuratively beginning the foundations of the building, with the person's name and official position and the date being recorded on the stone. This person is usually asked to place their hand on the stone or otherwise signify its laying. A Very Important Person, or VIP (pronouced vee-eye-pee) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to his or her status or importance. ... “Megastar” redirects here. ...


Often still, and certainly until the 1970s, most ceremonies involved the use of a specially manufactured and engraved trowel that had a formal use in laying mortar under the stone. Similarly, a special hammer was often used to ceremonially tap the stone unto place in the mortar. A gardening trowel Trowel used by the Hon. ... Mortar holding weathered bricks. ... A claw hammer For other uses, see Hammer (disambiguation). ...


The foundation stone often has a cavity into which is placed a time capsule containing newspapers of the day or week of the ceremony plus other artifacts that are typical of the period of the construction: Coins of the year may also be entombed in the cavity or time capsule. A time capsule is a historic cache of goods and/or information, usually intended as a method of communication with people in the future. ... In archaeology, an artifact or artefact is any object made or modified by a human culture, and often one later recovered by some archaeological endeavor. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


History

In ancient buildings, the foundation stone was placed at the north-east corner of the structure. This was thought to be an auspicious position.


Often, the ceremony involved the placing of offerings of grain, wine and oil on or under the stone. These were symbolic of the produce and the people of the land and the means of their subsistence. This in turn derived from the practice in still more ancient times of making an animal or human sacrifice that was laid in the foundations. Sacrifice (from a Middle English verb meaning to make sacred, from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacer, sacred; sacred + facere, to make) is commonly known as the practice of offering food, or the lives of animals or people to the gods, as an act of propitiation or worship. ... This article is about cereals in general. ... A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... Synthetic motor oil An oil is any substance that is in a viscous liquid state (oily) at ambient temperatures or slightly warmer, and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally water fearing) and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally fat loving). This general definition includes compound classes with otherwise unrelated...


The Celts/Romans would sacrifice young children to appease the spirits of the river when building a bridge - common folklore of urchin spirits clinging onto bridges is a demonstration of the memory of that rite.


Freemasonry

In Freemasonry, which grew from the practice of stonemasons, the initiate (Entered Apprentice) is placed in the north-east corner of the Lodge as a figurative foundation stone. The Masonic Square and Compasses. ... The art and craft of the stonemason has existed since the dawn of civilization - creating buildings, structures and sculpture using stone and other raw materials from the earth. ... If youre looking for the TV show, see The Apprentice. ... Look up lodge in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The establishment of a new Masonic building is accompanied by a ceremony that perpetuates the formal ceremonies described above.


Other

A cornerstone is also a concept which provides the basic tools for understanding or manipulating a larger intellectual edifice.


See also

Topping out is a ceremony done when the erection of the skin and roof of a building is completed. ... Builders rites are ceremonies attendant on the laying of foundation stones, whether ecclesiastical, masonic or otherwise, and other traditions connected with foundations or other aspects of construction. ... The Phurba (Tib. ... Ex-Virginia and Truckee Railroad No. ... the Stone - south is towards the top of the image The Foundation Stone (Hebrew: אבן השתייה, translit. ...

External Link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cornerstone Initiative (880 words)
Cornerstone believes that vision is shaped with the development of professional knowledge, both practical and theoretical, as it impacts practice and invites reflection, both in the classroom and at home.
Cornerstone believes that the natural extension of a more knowledgeable and inquiring learning community is an increase in shared leadership throughout the school.
Cornerstone consultants spend at least 30 days per school year in each district providing professional learning opportunities for educators and parents, supporting strategic planning and evaluation, and helping to develop a broad base of instructional leadership for each school and district.
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