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Encyclopedia > Cornelis Jol
"Before the Battle of the Downs" by Reinier Nooms, ca. 1639. Cornelis Jol commanded a squadron of seven ships at the battle.

Cornelis Corneliszoon Jol (Scheveningen, The Netherlands 1597 - São Tomé, October 31, 1641), nicknamed Houtebeen ("pegleg") was an admiral in the Dutch West India Company during the Eighty Year's War between Spain and the fledgling Dutch Republic. Before the Battle of the Downs, 31 October 1639, showing Tromps flagship Amelia by Reinier Nooms, painted c. ... Before the Battle of the Downs, 31 October 1639, showing Tromps flagship Amelia by Reinier Nooms, painted c. ... Scheveningen pier Scheveningen is part of Den Haag, the Netherlands. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Events 17 January - A court case in Guildford recorded evidence that a certain plot of land was used for playing “kreckett” (i. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ...


Jol was really more of a pirate (or rather privateer) who raided Spanish and Portuguese fleets, gathering large amounts of loot. He got his nickname Houtebeen (Pie de Palo in Portuguese and Pata de Palo in Spanish) because he lost a leg during battle and got a wooden leg. The Spanish also nicknamed him El Pirata. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A privateer was a private ship (or its captain) authorized by a countrys government to attack and seize cargo from another countrys ships. ...


Cornelis Jol came from a simple family in the fishing village of Scheveningen, now part of The Hague. He joined the Dutch West India Company in 1626 and quickly climbed the ranks to become admiral. He was renowned for his courage, his skill as a navigator and his humane treatment of prisoners of war. Scheveningen pier Scheveningen is part of Den Haag, the Netherlands. ... Arms of The Hague Flag of The city of The Hague. ... Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... A navigator is the person onboard a ship responsible for the navigation of the vessel. ...


Jol crossed the Atlantic Ocean nine times to attack the Spanish and Portuguese along the coast of Brazil and in the Caribbean. World map depicting Caribbean: West Indies redirects here. ...


In 1635 he was captured near Dunkirk by Dunkirker Raiders but released. He defeated the Spanish at a battle near Cabañas, Cuba in 1638, capturing all five enemy vessels. He also commanded a squadron of seven ships at the Battle of the Downs, a decisive defeat of the Spanish, in 1639. Location of Dunkirk in the arrondissement of Dunkirk Location within France Dunkirks seafront Map of Dunkirk courtesy of the Calgary Highlanders. ... Combatants Spain United Provinces Commanders Antonio de Oquendo Maarten Tromp Strength 77 ships 117 ships Casualties 15,200 dead 60 ships destroyed or captured 100 dead 1 ship burned The naval Battle of the Downs took place on 31 October 1639 during the Eighty Years War and was a decisive...


In 1640, Jol set out from Brazil for the coast of Africa, where he conquered the city of Luanda (in Angola) and the island of São Tomé from the Portuguese. For other uses, see Africa (disambiguation). ... Luanda (formerly called Loanda) is the largest city and capital of Angola. ... Motto: n/a Anthem: Independência total Capital São Tomé Largest city São Tomé Official language(s) Portuguese Government President Prime Minister Republic Fradique de Menezes Tomé Vera Cruz Independence  - Date From Portugal 12 July 1975 Area  - Total    - Water (%)   964 km² (169th) 372 sq mi  0% (islands) Population...


While on São Tomé, he was struck by malaria in 1641 and died. Motto: n/a Anthem: Independência total Capital São Tomé Largest city São Tomé Official language(s) Portuguese Government President Prime Minister Republic Fradique de Menezes Tomé Vera Cruz Independence  - Date From Portugal 12 July 1975 Area  - Total    - Water (%)   964 km² (169th) 372 sq mi  0% (islands) Population... Malaria (from Medieval Italian: mala aria — bad air; formerly called ague or marsh fever) is an infectious disease that is widespread in many tropical and subtropical regions. ...


His son was also called Cornelis Corneliszoon Jol (or Hola), and also served in the Dutch navy. He was captain of the Leiden under admiral Maarten Tromp during the First Anglo-Dutch War (1652-1654). Image:Marten Harpertszoon Tromp. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ...


A street in Scheveningen is named for Jol. Scheveningen pier Scheveningen is part of Den Haag, the Netherlands. ...


Sources

  • De reizen naar de West van Cornelis Cornelisz. Jol, alias Kapitein Houtebeen 1626-1640. Door J.B. van Overeem. 1942.
  • De expeditie van Jol naar Angola en en Sao Thomé. 30 Mei 1641-31 Oct. 1641. Door K Ratelband. 1943.

 
 

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