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Encyclopedia > Corna
The Corna
The Corna

The corna (Italian for horns, also mano cornuta, horned hand fare le corna, to make the horns, or simply the devil horns) is a hand gesture with a vulgar meaning in Mediterranean countries and a variety of meanings and uses in other cultures. Its origins can be traced to Ancient Greece. It is realized by extending the index and little fingers while holding the middle and ring fingers down with the thumb. gesture_raised_fist_with_index_and_pinky_lifted. ... gesture_raised_fist_with_index_and_pinky_lifted. ... For gestures in computing, see mouse gesture. ... The term vulgar originally meant of the common people, from the Latin vulgus. ... The term ancient Greece refers to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting ca. ... The second digit of a human hand is also referred to as the index finger, pointer finger, forefinger, trigger finger, digitus secundus, or digitus II. It is located between the first and third digits - that is, between the thumb and the middle finger. ... The little finger, often called the pinky in American English and pinkie in Scottish English (from the Dutch word pink, meaning little finger), is the most ulnar and usually smallest finger of the human hand, opposite the thumb, next to the ring finger. ... This article is about the vulgar gesture. ... The ring finger is the fourth digit of the human hand, and the second most ulnar finger, located between the middle finger and the little finger. ... For other uses, see Thumb (disambiguation). ...


It is identical to the Karana mudra of Eastern religions. While the "Hook 'em Horns" sign used by fans of University of Texas athletics is visually similar, it is used in different context. A mudrā (Sanskrit, मुद्रा, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture usually made with the hand or fingers. ... Religions, sects and denominations Note that the classification hereunder is only one of several possible. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mano cornuto. ... University of Texas redirects here. ... For other uses, see Longhorn. ...


The corna is not to be confused as the sign for "I love you" in American Sign Language, which is made by also extending the thumb, or the shaka sign used in Hawaii, which is made by extending just the thumb and little finger. It has been suggested that ASL Grammar be merged into this article or section. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Contents

Terminology

The spelling "mano cornuto" is erroneous, the grammatical gender of the word mano (meaning "hand") is actually feminine (la mano), and the expression should therefore be "mano cornuta", to be pronounced /'mano kor'nuta/. However, the form "mano cornuto" is commonly found in English. In linguistics, grammatical gender is a morphological category associated with the expression of gender through inflection or agreement. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


As a sign of infidelity

In contemporary Italy, the "horns" are placed behind someone's head, or explicitly pointed at a person (in Italian, fare le corna, to make the horns). The conveyed meaning is that this person, usually a man, is a cornuto, a cuckold, bearing the cuckold's horns. The gesture is used with the same meaning in many countries: in Spanish-speaking countries (known as los cuernos), Portugal and Brazil (cornos), Albania (briret), Slovakia and Czech Republic (known as paroháč), and Greece (κέρατα). A cuckold is a married man whose wife has sex with other men. ...


To place corna on someone's head when taking a picture is a common joke (similar to using the V sign as "bunny ears" among Americans), and young Italian tourists in foreign countries might be noticed looking nervously over their shoulders in group pictures. Italian premier Silvio Berlusconi was seen displaying the corna in some mundane happenings, the most famous being a meeting where he put them over the Spanish ex-foreign minister Piqué.[1] The V sign is a hand gesture in which the first and second fingers are raised and parted, whilst the remaining fingers are clenched. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...   (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian politician, entrepreneur, media proprietor, and Prime Minister of Italy (President of the Council of Ministers of Italy), a position he has held three times; 1994-1995, 2001-2006 and since 2008. ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a governmental cabinet minister who helps form the foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ...


The origin of this use of the idea of horns has been said to derive from the legend of the Minotaur, who was born from queen Pasiphaë's infidelity with a white bull, betraying her husband King Minos of Crete; the most prominent proof of the betrayal, the horned offspring, was taken as its symbol[citation needed]. This article is about the mythological monster. ... In Greek mythology, Pasiphaë (Eng. ... For other uses, see Minos (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ...


Superstition

President of the Italian Republic Giovanni Leone replies with corna to a jeering crowd in Naples

When confronted with unfortunate events, or just when these are mentioned or suggested, a person wanting to avoid that fate could resort to the corna to ward off bad luck. It is a more vulgar equivalent of knocking on wood. Interestingly, superstitious ones can alternatively "touch iron" (tocca ferro) or touch their noses, which are not considered as vulgar alternatives, or (for males) grab their testicles (the left one with the right hand in Argentina, a country very influenced by the Italian culture), which is considered very vulgar, but is perhaps the most commonplace of the three. All of these gestures are meant to somehow conjure some supernatural power to protect the performer of the gesture. Image File history File links Giovanni Leone shows the corna to a crowd of protesters that had wished him to become ill with cholera. ... Flag of the President of the Italian Republic This is the list of Presidents of the Italian Republic with the title since 1948. ... Giovanni Leone (November 3, 1908 – November 9, 2001) was an Italian politician. ... Look up knock on wood, touch wood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up testes in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Such gestures are typically used when a black cat crosses one's path, when seeing a hearse (whether or not it is loaded), or when encountering any situation, object or person believed to bring about bad luck. It was once thought to prevent or distract the effects of the Evil Eye, that is of intentional or directed curses. Historically the gesture was pointed at people suspected of being witches. For other uses, see Black cat (disambiguation). ... Funeral carriage, Museum of Funeral Customs For the extreme metal band, see Hearse (band) A hearse is a funeral vehicle, a conveyance for the coffin from e. ... John Phillip, The Evil Eye (1859), a self-portrait depicting the artist sketching a Spanish gypsy who thinks she is being given the evil eye The evil eye is a folklore belief that the envy elicited by the good luck of fortunate people may result in their misfortune, whether it... Look up Curse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Witchcraft. ...


President of the Italian Republic Giovanni Leone shocked the country when, visiting Naples during an outbreak of cholera, shook the hands of the patients with one hand, and with the other, behind the back, made the corna. This act was well documented, as all journalists and photographers were right behind him, a fact that had escaped President Leone's mind in that moment. The gesture was interpreted especially as offensive for the patients. Flag of the President of the Italian Republic This is the list of Presidents of the Italian Republic with the title since 1948. ... Giovanni Leone (November 3, 1908 – November 9, 2001) was an Italian politician. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Virus outbreaks occur when a virus bypasses infection control measures and a relatively high number of infections are observed where no cases or sporadic cases occurred in the past. ... Distribution of cholera Cholera, sometimes known as Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera, is an infectious gastroenteritis caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... A patient having his blood pressure taken by a doctor. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ...


Pointing the index and little finger at someone is a common Italian curse as well as an accusation of cuckoldry.


European and North American popular culture

Satanism

Anton LaVey popularized it as a Satanic salute in the 1960s. His image was often in the press, and the sign appears on many of his photos, such as on the back of the Satanic Bible. Anton Szandor LaVey, born Howard Stanton Levey[1][2] (11 April 1930 – 29 October 1997) was the founder and High Priest of the Church of Satan as well as a writer, occultist, musician, and actor. ... Peter H. Gilmore, High Priest of the Church of Satan. ... The Satanic Bible was written by Anton LaVey in 1969. ...


Rock and Heavy Metal

A fan making the sign at a Black Sabbath concert.
A fan making the sign at a Black Sabbath concert.

It also has a variety of meanings in U.S. heavy metal and rock music subcultures, where it is known by a variety of terms: devil sign, devil horns, goat horns, metal horns, metal sign, sticks up, throwing the goat, Sign of the goat, throwing the horns, evil fingers, the horns, forks, metal fist, rock fist, fist of rock, or the "Rock on!" sign. official publicity photo, uploaded under fair use from blacksabbath. ... official publicity photo, uploaded under fair use from blacksabbath. ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Heavy metal is a form of rock music characterized by aggressive, driving rhythms and highly amplified distorted guitars, generally with grandiose lyrics and virtuosic instrumentation. ... This article is about the genre. ... This is an overview of the Devil. ... This is an overview of the Devil. ... This article is about the domestic species. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ...


Ronnie James Dio is known for popularizing the corna sign in heavy metal. His Italian grandmother used it to ward off the evil eye (malocchio or moloch as Dio calls it). Dio began using the sign soon after joining (1979) the metal band Black Sabbath. The previous singer in the band, Ozzy Osbourne, was rather well known at using the "peace" sign at concerts, raising the index and middle finger in the form of a V. Dio, in an attempt to connect with the fans, wanted to similarly use a hand gesture. However, not wanting to copy Osbourne, he chose to use the sign his grandmother always made. Ronnie James Dio (born Ronald James Padavona on July 10, 1942 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA), is an American heavy metal vocalist who has performed with Elf, Rainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own band Dio. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... John Phillip, The Evil Eye (1859), a self-portrait depicting the artist sketching a Spanish gypsy who thinks she is being given the evil eye The evil eye is a folklore belief that the envy elicited by the good luck of fortunate people may result in their misfortune, whether it... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... Ozzy redirects here. ... The V sign is a hand gesture in which the first and second fingers are raised and parted, whilst the remaining fingers are clenched. ...


This account is predated by the Chicago-based psychedelic-pop band Coven, led by singer Jinx Dawson, whose 1969 album for "Witchcraft Destroys Minds and Reaps Souls" included a poster showing band members making the sign. Incidentally, the band also wrote a song called "Black Sabbath," and one of the band members was named Oz Osborne, not to be confused with Ozzy Osbourne of Black Sabbath fame. The horns became famous in metal concerts very soon after Black Sabbath's first tour with Dio. Coven is a pop/rock band, composed of vocalist Jinx Dawson, bassist Oz Osborne (not to be confused with Ozzy Osbourne of Black Sabbath) and drummer Steve Ross. ... Coven is a pop/rock band, composed of vocalist Jinx Dawson, bassist Oz Osborne (not to be confused with Ozzy Osbourne of Black Sabbath) and drummer Steve Ross. ...


Flipping the horns is a serious gesture, and the more serious metal heads insist it may only be used in the appropriate situation, or for an appropriate band. Overall, many within the metal head community feel the gesture is being cheapened and commercialized. Also, many metal heads claim that since flipping the horns originated in heavy metal, using it for rock or any other genre of music is inappropriate.


On the cover of The Beatles' Yellow Submarine album (December 1968), John Lennon's right hand is making the sign above Paul McCartney's head. For many fans, this was one of the many "Paul is dead" clues. The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... For the 1999 release, see Yellow Submarine Songtrack. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ... Paul McCartney Dead: The Great Hoax, a magazine reporting on the rumours concerning McCartney. ...


Frank Zappa can be seen making the gesture in the 1977 film "Baby Snakes". Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... Baby Snakes is the live soundtrack to the 1979 Frank Zappa movie of the same name. ...


From an interview with Ronnie James Dio on Metal-Rules.com:

Metal-Rules.com – "I want to ask you about something people have asked you about before but will no doubt continue to talk about, and that is the sign created by raising your index and little finger. Some call it the "devils hand" or the "evil eye." I would like to know if you were the first one to introduce this to the metal world and what this symbol represents to you?"

R.J. Dio – "I doubt very much if I would be the first one who ever did that. That's like saying I invented the wheel, I'm sure someone did that at some other point. I think you'd have to say that I made it fashionable. I used it so much and all the time and it had become my trademark until the Britney Spears audience decided to do it as well. So it kind of lost its meaning with that. But it was…I was in Sabbath at the time. It was symbol that I thought was reflective of what that band was supposed to be all about. It's NOT the devil's sign like we're here with the devil. It's an Italian thing I got from my Grandmother called the "Malocchio". It's to ward off the Evil Eye or to give the Evil Eye, depending on which way you do it. It's just a symbol but it had magical incantations and attitudes to it and I felt it worked very well with Sabbath. So I became very noted for it and then everybody else started to pick up on it and away it went. But I would never say I take credit for being the first to do it. I say because I did it so much that it became the symbol of rock and roll of some kind." [1]

Whatever its origin in the heavy metal scene, metal fans embraced the gesture as a vague symbol of mysticism, evil, or simply "metal-ness", and it soon became nearly as commonplace at concerts as headbanging. The gesture has since spread beyond metal to all forms of rock music and it is now nearly ubiquitous. In rock situations the gesture is interpreted as a benign gesture for "Rock on." It is also used simply to communicate to the on-stage band (mostly heavy metal bands) that you are enjoying the show and their music. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Evil (disambiguation). ... Headbangers in action, at DarkLights club Omega in Johannesburg, South Africa Headbanging is a type of dance which involves violently shaking the head in time with music, most commonly heavy metal music. ... This article is about the genre. ...


Rock fans often use the hand gesture in electronic conversations, for group identification. It's usual to express it with the letters "l", "m" and "l" put together (other variations include using "", "m" and "/" to make m/). The formed lml symbol supposedly reminds one of the arrangement of the fingers in the actual gesture. Many variants may be used, all of which represent the index finger and little finger with long vertical characters, with the middle finger and ring finger represented with smaller characters, and sometimes with the addition of a character representing the thumb or even a complete ASCII face.


Other uses

Minnesota Twins pitcher Boof Bonser using the sign to show that there are two outs.
Minnesota Twins pitcher Boof Bonser using the sign to show that there are two outs.
  • The gesture is often used by supporters of sports teams, without evoking vulgar or Satanic associations. The University of Texas, is one such team, where it is known as Hook 'em Horns, an approximation of the shape of the horns of a Texas longhorn steer.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] Longhorn opponents frequently make a similar hand gesture at sporting events with the "horns" pointing downward. Additionally, Northwestern State University in Natchitoches, Louisiana (whose mascot is Vic the Demon), utilizes the Fork 'em Demons, as well as the University of South Florida (with the mascot being a bull) and the New Mexico Lobos.
  • In baseball, the gesture, especially when the forearm is rotated, indicates "two outs." In the common signal for "two" (the index and middle finger raised), the fingers may be too close together for distant outfielders to distinguish the two fingers from one. Elston Howard is commonly credited with originating this use.[citation needed]
  • In volleyball the sign can be used (the fingers often points downwards) by the setter to communicate with the attacker, frequently to signal a double quick-attack play with the middle and right-side attackers.
  • This is also the primary sign for the Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13 street gang found throughout Central America and the U.S. Many of the first generation of MS-13 members had been heavy-metal enthusiasts and fans of Black Sabbath.[10]
  • In 1996 WCW (World Championship Wrestling) begin using the symbol for their nWo heel stable with Hulk Hogan, Scott Hall and Kevin Nash. However taken the middle and ring finger and connecting them to the thumb to give the symbol the look of a "wolf" for their nWo "Wolfpac" symbol.
  • The Blue Man Group, in their Megastar 2.0 Tour performances, posit a comedic false origin of this gesture as a tribute to rock legend Flopsy the Banjo Clown, a character whose hair is arranged with two large vertical protuberances causing his head to resemble the gesture.
  • This is also a part of an unofficial sign for bullshit in American Sign Language. See: Profanity in ASL
  • In WWE, it is the signature taunt of Edge.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 403 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 1904 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 403 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 1904 pixel, file size: 1. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Bonser warming up in Cleveland, 2006 Boof Bonser (born John Paul Bonser on October 14, 1981 in St. ... University of Texas at Austin The University of Texas at Austin (full official name), often UT or Texas for short, is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System, the largest public university system in Texas, established in 1883. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mano cornuto. ... For other uses, see Longhorn. ... Northwestern State University, often called NSU or Northwestern, is a public four-year university primarily situated in Natchitoches, Louisiana, with a nursing campus in Shreveport and general campuses in Leesville/Fort Polk and Alexandria. ... Vic The Demon is the mascot at Northwestern State University. ... The University of South Florida (USF), known within its system as USF Tampa[2][3][4], is a public university system located in Tampa, Florida, USA, with an autonomous campus in St. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... The University of New Mexico (UNM) is a public university in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... This article is about the sport. ... Elston Gene Howard (February 23, 1929-December 14, 1980) was a Major League Baseball player. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Mara Salvatrucha refers to large gangs in Central America and the United States and Canada. ... For the novel by Kin Platt, see The Blue Man. ... Horseshit redirects here. ... It has been suggested that ASL Grammar be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with American Sign Language. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE, is a professional wrestling promotion, currently the largest in North America. ... Adam Joseph Copeland (born October 30, 1973 in Orangeville, Ontario),[5] better known by his ring name Edge, is a Canadian professional wrestler currently signed to World Wrestling Entertainment and wrestling on the SmackDown! brand. ...

Use outside North America

  • In Israel, (in addition to the usual metal usage) the gesture is known as "Shabi" for its similarity to a snail from a children's TV show, Parpar Nehmad.
  • In Turkey the sign is popular as a nationalist symbol for the Turkish people. It signifies wolf's ears, because of many legends that state wolves were guardians of ancient Turkish tribes near Western China. The tips of the thumb and middle fingers are pressed together to symbolize the wolf's face.
  • In Hinduism and Buddhism, this gesture is known as the Karana Mudra. Its use in dispelling evil or negative influences is a noticeable juxtaposition to the contemporary uses of this sign.

An Israeli childrens program first screened in the mid 1980s featuring two main puppet charecters, a little fluffy chick named Uzza and a turtle called Shabbi. ... For other uses of Turkish, see Turkish (disambiguation). ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Buddhism is a variety of teachings, sometimes described as a religion[1] or way of life that attempts to identify the causes of human suffering and offer various ways that are claimed to end, or ease suffering. ... A mudrā (Sanskrit, मुद्रा, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture usually made with the hand or fingers. ...

Variations

Existing most often within the metal subculture is a variation in which both hands are used. All digits, with the exception of the little fingers, are closed and the hands are then brought together; thumb on thumb. This form has been referred to as "too much metal for one hand" or "too much rock for one hand".[citation needed] This technique is often employed by Kirk Hammett of Metallica, Butch Walker and other musicians. Kirk Lee Hammett (born on November 18, 1962) is the lead guitarist and songwriter in the band Metallica and has been a member of the band since 1983. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Butch Walker (born Bradley Glenn Walker III on November 14, 1969) is a recording artist, songwriter, and record producer. ...


Another form used by the metal subculture (such as the Brazilian band Angra) is similar to the version depicted above, except that all digits except the index finger are closed and the hands are brought together with thumbs pointing in opposite directions. One form features the forearms crossed, the pinkies interlocked, and both thumbs and index fingers extended (sometimes referred to as the "Super Ozzy"). These forms require somewhat more coordinated arm placement and do not allow a free hand for a cold beverage, so most metal concert attendees usually select the the more common single-handed incarnation of the horns. This article is about the heavy metal band Angra. ...


There is a two-person gesture known as the "rock lock", where a second person makes a hand with the second and third finger extended (rather than the first and fourth), and grabs the first person's metal gesture from the front in an interlocking fashion. The meaning is essentially an affirmation or reply to the original gesture made by the first person, something like a heavy metal high five. A high five is a celebratory gesture made by two people, each raising one hand to slap the raised hand of the other - usually meant to communicate to spectators mutual self-satisfaction or to extend congratulations from one person to another. ...


Comedian Dane Cook has formulated two variations, One, "Rock n' Roll quotes," involves forming the devil horns and moving the index and little fingers in the manner of air quotes. The other, the "superfinger," is inverted devil horns, with the thumb, middle finger, and ring finger extended and other fingers retracted, displayed with the back of the hand to the audience as if giving them the finger. Dane Jeffrey Cook (born March 18, 1972) is an American stand-up comedian and actor. ... AIR QUOTES ARE ANNOYING! SAYS WHO? SAYS ME! FUCK AIR QUOTES! I HATE THEM! THEYRE JUST SICK VARIANTS OF THE PEACE SIGN! ...


Guitarist Olliver Kirby is known to play with his strumming hand as a Corna, using his thumb to strum. Angus Young holds both his hands to the sides of his head with index fingers extended to create "Devil Horns". Aleister Crowley made the 'horns of Pan' sign by placing both hands on either side of his head, palms in, thumbs out. Angus Young (born on 31 March 1955) is a guitarist, songwriter, and co-founder of the Australian hard rock band AC/DC, known for his wild stage energy and schoolboy-uniform stage outfits. ... Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947, pronounced ) was a British occultist, writer, mountaineer, philosopher, poet, and yogi. ...


See also

This article is about the gesture. ... The V sign is a hand gesture in which the first and second fingers are raised and parted, whilst the remaining fingers are clenched. ...

References

  1. ^ Berlusconi making la corna gesture
  2. ^ "Lady Bird Johnson Funeral - The Eyes of Texas". Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 
  3. ^ Proud Traditions: Hook 'em Horns Mack Brown-Texas Football.
  4. ^ Hook 'em Horns Texas Traditions.
  5. ^ Burka, Paul. Football Hand Signals. Texas Monthly. Retrieved on 2007-03-29.
  6. ^ Clark, Noelene. 50 years of 'Hook 'em Horns' The Daily Texan. October 21, 2005.
  7. ^ "No. 1 - Hook 'em Horns!" (1973-09-10). Sports Illustrated. 
  8. ^ What Starts Here Changes the World: TV Spots Inside UT.
  9. ^ The Definitive Book of Body Language, p. 123, Allan Pease, ISBN 0-7528-6118-2
  10. ^ "Salvadoran gang said to span the nation". Retrieved on 2007-08-03. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Daily Texan is the student newspaper of The University of Texas at Austin. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Los Angeles CityBeat is a free alternative weekly founded in June of 2003. ... For gestures in computing, see mouse gesture. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The air kiss is a ritual or social gesture whose meaning is basically the same as that of many forms of kissing. ... A hand gesture similar to that of a hand shake which is exhibited between friends and even acquaintances. ... Cheek kissing is a ritual or social gesture to indicate friendship, perform a greeting, to confer congratulations, to comfort someone, or to show respect. ... Eskimo kissing, named for its prevalence among the Inuit, consists of two people rubbing noses together. ... Dap is a form of handshake that originated in the 1960s among African Americans. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A human hand with an upright thumb, literally a Thumb Up. A young man showing the thumbs up gesture. ... A fist pound, pound it, respect knuckles, bones, or props is a type of social interaction commonly used by teenagers. ... A high five is a celebratory gesture made by two people, each raising one hand to slap the raised hand of the other - usually meant to communicate to spectators mutual self-satisfaction or to extend congratulations from one person to another. ... The Thai greeting referred to as the wai (Thai: ไหว้) Or in Lao as Kub consists of a slight bow, with the palms pressed together in a prayer-like fashion. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 421 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (758 × 1078 pixel, file size: 411 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A curtsey (also spelled curtsy) is a traditional gesture of greeting, predominantly done by women, in which the woman bends her knees while bowing forwards. ... Hand-kissing is a ritual of greeting and respect. ... Look up Genuflection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Kowtowing Kowtow, from the Chinese term kòu tóu (Cantonese: kau tàuh) (叩頭), is the act of deep respect shown by kneeling and bowing so low as to touch the head to the ground. ... Woman performing namaste gesture. ... This article is about the gesture. ... This article is about the gesture. ... Students reciting the pledge using the Bellamy salute. ... Adolf Hitler and others at a Nazi party rally in Nuremberg, Germany, performing the salute. ... The Oath of the Horatii (1784), by Jacques-Louis David The Roman salute is a gesture in which the arm is held out forward straight, with palm down. ... The Royal Salute is one of the two salutes given by the Guard of Honor, second being the general salute. ... Scouts using the three-finger salute as the Scout Sign. ... This article is about a salute used by some Serbs. ... Note: This article is about the custom of saluting with two fingers. ... Applause (Latin applaudere, to strike upon, clap) is primarily the expression of approval by the act of clapping, or striking the palms of the hands together, in order to create noise; generally any expression of approval. ... A fist pumper The fist pump is a celebratory gesture in which a closed fist is raised before the torso and subsequently drawn down and nearer to the body in a vigorous, swift motion. ... The Gator Chomp is a nationally recognized gesture made by fans of the University of Florida to show their support of the Florida Gators. ... Gig em Aggies is a tradition of Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, United States. ... A high five is a celebratory gesture made by two people, each raising one hand to slap the raised hand of the other - usually meant to communicate to spectators mutual self-satisfaction or to extend congratulations from one person to another. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mano cornuto. ... The war chant is a traditional melody and gesture associated with the Florida State University, specifically its athletic teams the Seminoles, since approximately 1984. ... The V sign is a hand gesture in which the first and second fingers are raised and parted, whilst the remaining fingers are clenched. ... The finger In Western cultures, the finger (as in giving someone the finger) is a well-known obscene hand gesture made by extending the middle finger of the hand while bending the other fingers into the palm. ... Mooning is the act of displaying ones bare buttocks by removing clothing, e. ... Example of the Shocker. ... A moutza (μούντζα) is the most traditional gesture of insult among Greeks which consists of extending all fingers and presenting the palm towards the to-be-insulted person. ... Finger counting, or dactylonomy, is the art of counting along ones fingers. ... Chinese number gestures refers to the Chinese method of using one hand to signify the natural numbers one through ten. ... Chisanbop or chisenbop (from Korean chi finger + sanpŏp calculation [1] ) is an abacus-like finger counting method used to perform basic mathematical operations. ... Finger binary is a system for counting and displaying binary numbers on the fingers of one or more hands. ... AIR QUOTES ARE ANNOYING! SAYS WHO? SAYS ME! FUCK AIR QUOTES! I HATE THEM! THEYRE JUST SICK VARIANTS OF THE PEACE SIGN! ... Anasyrma is a ritual exposing of ones genitals. ... Articulatory gestures are the actions necessary to enunciate language. ... To cross ones fingers is a hand gesture used to wish for good luck or to nullify a promise. ... // Street gangs can identify through various verbalizations, for example, the Bloods in some cities use brrrat or blat or some other form of the sound to indicate the sound of a gun. ... Hand gestures, are gestures performed by one or two hands. ... The head bobble or head wobble refers to a common gesture found in South Asian cultures, most notably in India and Pakistan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Pupils in a traditional classroom situation signal to their teacher that they want to be heard Manual communication systems use articulation of the hands (hand signs), gestures, body language and facial expressions in place of the voice to mediate a message between persons. ... A mudrā (Sanskrit, मुद्रा, literally seal) is a symbolic gesture usually made with the hand or fingers. ... A nod of the head is a gesture used in many cultures that is most commonly, but not universally, used to indicate agreement, acceptance, or acknowledgement. ... Poking is an action of tapping and/or softly jabbing another person with the tip of your finger or a pointy object. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... A Puppy face or a Puppy dog face is a facial expression that humans make that is based on canine expressions. ... The raised fist (also closed fist or clenched fist) is a symbol and salute most often used by communists, anarchists, socialists, leftists, pacifists, trade unionists and others in opposition to oppressive regimes. ... Rock, Paper, Scissors chart Listen to this article ( info/dl) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2006-07-13, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... A shrug is a form of nonverbal communication that is performed by lifting both shoulders up, and is an indication of an individual either not knowing an answer to a question, or not caring about a result. ... For other uses, see Sign of the cross (disambiguation). ... People often use gestures during heated or tense arguments, such as at this political demonstration. ... Varadamudra is a mudra, and it indicates a gesture by the hand and symbolizes dispensing of favors. ... The V sign is a hand gesture in which the first and second fingers are raised and parted, whilst the remaining fingers are clenched. ... Blessing gesture that was the inspiration for the Vulcan salute. ... Fans do the Tomahawk Chop at a Braves Game The war chant is a traditional melody and gesture associated with the Florida State University, specifically its Florida State Seminoles athletic teams. ... This is a list of gestures. ...

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corna corna (287 words)
To place corna on someone's head when taking a picture is a common joke, and young Italian tourists in foreign countries might be noticed looking nervously Instruments Of Classical Music 4: Horn and corna / V Instruments of Classical Music Vol 4 - The Horn Of 4 and corna
Robert corna Imagine working alongside some of the biggest corna stars in Hollywood — people like To place corna on someone's head corna when taking a picture is a corna common joke, and young Italian tourists in foreign countries might be noticed
corna Kitchen, Bath and Tile Showroon 2134 N. Harlem Avenue, Elmwood Park, IL 60707 corna "Horns" The corna (Italian for horns, also mano cornuta, horned hand) is a gesture with a vulgar meaning in
Corna at AllExperts (1906 words)
In that context, it is used to approximate the shape of the horns of a Texas longhorn steer.
The corna is not to be confused as the sign for "I love you" in American Sign Language, which is made by also extending the thumb, or the shaka sign used in Hawaii, which is made by extending just the thumb and little finger.
The origin is traced by some as far as the legend of the Minotaur, who was born from queen Pasiphae and a white bull, betraying king Minos of Crete; the most prominent proof of the betrayal, the horned offspring, was taken as its symbol.
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