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Encyclopedia > Corleone

Corleone is a small town of approximately 12,000 inhabitants in the province of Palermo in Sicily, Italy. It is known primarily as the birthplace of Mafia bosses Michele Navarra, Luciano Leggio, Leoluca Bagarella, Salvatore Riina and Bernardo Provenzano. The Mafia has dominated the local community for decades, and only recently have segments of the population begun to rebel against this influence. Nickname: Palermu Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq. ... The Mafia, also referred to in Italian as La Cosa Nostra (which translates as this thing of ours), is an organized criminal secret society which evolved in mid-19th century Sicily. ... Dr. Michele Navarra (1905 - August 2, 1958) was a powerful member of the Sicilan Mafia. ... Luciano Leggio at his murder trial in 1974 Luciano Leggio (some sources spell his surname Liggio) (1925–January 16, 1993) was a powerful member of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Leoluca Bagarella (born 1941) is an Italian criminal and member of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Salvatore Riina Salvatore Riina, also known as Totò Riina (born November 16, 1930) is one of the most infamous members of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Bernardo Provenzano in 1959, aged 26. ...

Contents


History

The town was once dominated by the Arabs, who brought about remarkable economic and political growth and gave it the name Qurlayun; later the Normans achieved prominence.


A lookout tower built between the 11th and 12th century, known as Saracena, still stands. The view from the tower includes the Cascata delle Due Rocche, a sheer drop following the path of the Corleone river.


At one time the town was surrounded by defensive walls that connected the Castello Soprano and Castello Sottano. The Castello Sottano is better preserved than the Soprano, but it cannot be visited since it serves as a Franciscan retreat.


Corleone was known as “Courageous Civitas” because of its position on the front line in all wars fought in Sicily. Halfway between Palermo and Agrigento, the town controlled one of the main arteries and was therefore one of the most strategic locations on the island.


Corleone became a royal property around the end of the 14th century, and later passed into the feudal holdings of Federico Ventimiglia.


Remarkable demographic growth was reported in the 15th and 16th centuries, following the arrival of several religious orders.


Churches

The Chiesa Madre (“Mother Church”), dedicated to St. Martin Bishop, was started in the late 1300’s. Its appearance today has been influenced by numerous changes and renovations. Its interior has a nave and aisles divided into various chapels containing precious artwork, including a wooden statue representing San Filippo d’Agira from the 1600s, a statue representing San Biagio from the 1500s, and a fine marble panel depicting the Baptism of Christ from this same period. Categories: 1600s ... ---- Events and Trends Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa Spanish arrive in present-day Gulf of Mexico External links 1500-1524 Events 1500-1509 Events Categories: 1500s ...


The Chiesa dell'Addolorata church of the 1700s, dedicated to the Basilian abbot and patron saint San Leoluca, the Chiesa di Santa Rosalia, and the small Sant’Andrea (the latter two from the 1600s), all with important frescoes and paintings, are notable landmarks. The Santuario della Madonna del Rosario di Tagliavia, a religious building from the 19th century, is now a destination for pilgrims on Ascension Day. Events and trends The Bonneville Slide blocks the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet (60 m) high. ...


Corleone is also a center of Sicilian Pentecostalism.


Corleone today

Beginning in the 1960s, the town became famous (or perhaps infamous) for its Mafia, being the town in which some well-known clans had their headquarters (the Clan dei Corleonesi). One of the known mafiosi is Toto Riina. The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... The Mafia, also referred to in Italian as La Cosa Nostra (which translates as this thing of ours), is an organized criminal secret society which evolved in mid-19th century Sicily. ... This article is about the organized crime groups. ... Salvatore Riina - also known as Toto Riina or The Beast - (born 1930) is an infamous member of the Sicilian Mafia. ...


The most notable event in Corleone is the arrest of Bernardo Provenzano "Boss of Bosses" for more than 40 years. This has created much celebration. "Liberation Day" on April 11 (the date which Provenzano was caught) and naming a street "11 aprile" show how much the arrest has effected Corleone. [1] Bernardo Provenzano in 1959, aged 26. ... Capo di tutti capi is Italian for Boss of all bosses. It is a phrase used in the Italian and American Cosa Nostra (Mafia). ...


In literature and film

The name of the town was used as the adopted surname of the title character in Mario Puzo's book and Francis Ford Coppola's film, The Godfather. In both the book and theatrical release of The Godfather, Part II, young Vito Andolini, from Corleone, was assigned the Corleone surname while passing through emmigration at Ellis Island. Shy and unable to speak English, Andolini was unable to respond when asked for his proper name. Mario Puzo Mario Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his fictional books about the Mafia. ... Francis Ford Coppola at Cannes 2001 Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is an American film director, screenwriter, vintner, magazine publisher, and hotelier, most renowned for directing the highly regarded Godfather trilogy and the Vietnam War epic Apocalypse Now. ... The Godfather is a film adaptation of the novel of the same name (see The Godfather (novel)) written by the late Mario Puzo, directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Marlon Brando and Al Pacino. ... Al Pacino as Don Michael Corleone in The Godfather Part II The Godfather, Part II is the 1974 sequel to The Godfather. ... Marlon Brando as Don Vito Corleone in The Godfather Vito Corleone (Born: Vito Andolini), aka The Godfather, is the fictional head of one of the five New York Mafia families in Mario Puzos novel The Godfather and its 1972 film adaptation. ... Ellis Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor, was at one time the main immigration port for immigrants entering the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...


Coincidentally, in real life, the grandparents of Al Pacino (who played Michael Corleone in The Godfather), emigrated from the town of Corleone in the same generation as Don Vito Corleone from the film. Pacino (right) with Robert Duvall in The Godfather. ... -1... The Godfather is a film adaptation of the novel of the same name (see The Godfather (novel)) written by the late Mario Puzo, directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Marlon Brando and Al Pacino. ...


See also

Category:Natives of Corleone


References

  • Corleone city homepage((Italian))

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Corleone is a small town of approximately 12,000 inhabitants in the province of Palermo in Sicily, Italy.
Corleone was known as “Courageous Civitas” because of its position on the front line in all wars fought in Sicily.
Corleone became a royal property around the end of the 14th century, and later passed into the feudal holdings of Federico Ventimiglia.
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