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Encyclopedia > Cork (city)
Cork
Corcaigh
Coat of arms of Cork
Statio Bene Fida Carinis[1]
"A safe harbour for ships"
Location
WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates:
51°53′49″N 8°28′41″W / 51.897, -8.478
Statistics
Province: Munster
County: County Cork
Area: 37.3 km²
Population (2006) 190,384
City: 119,143
Suburbs: 71,241
Website: www.corkcity.ie

Cork (Irish: Corcaigh) is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and Ireland's third most populous city after Dublin and Belfast. It is the principal city and administrative centre[2] of County Cork and the largest city of the province of Munster. Look up cork in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Corkcitycouncil. ... Bullet for locations in Ireland, displays location and not area. ... Demonstration map of County map with location on island of Ireland. ... GPS redirects here. ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... For much of its history, the island of Ireland was divided into 32 counties (Irish language contae or condae, pronounced IPA: ). Two historical counties, County Desmond and County Coleraine, no longer exist, while several county names have changed. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Northern Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ...


The city of Cork has a population of 119,143, while the addition of the suburban areas contained in Cork County brings this total to 190,384.[3] Metropolitan Cork has a population of approximately 274,000, while the Greater Cork area is about 380,000.[4] Metropolitan Cork refers to the city of Cork, its suburbs and the satellite towns that feed into it. ...


The city's name is derived from the Irish word corcach, meaning "marshy place", referring to its situation on the River Lee. Cork has a reputation for rebelliousness dating back to the town's support of the English pretender Perkin Warbeck in 1491 following the Wars of the Roses. Cork County has the nickname of "the Rebel County", and Corkonians often refer to Cork as the "real capital of Ireland". The River Lee flows through the city, an island in the river forming the main part of the city centre just before the Lee flows into Lough Mahon and then to Cork Harbour, the world's second largest natural harbour, after Sydney, Australia. The city is a major Irish seaport — with quays and docks sited along the broad waterway of the Lee on the city's East side. Contemporary painting of Warbeck Perkin Warbeck (c. ... // Events December 6 - King Charles VIII marries Anne de Bretagne, thus incorporating Brittany into the kingdom of France. ... Lancaster York For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). ... The River Lee is a river in the Republic of Ireland, flowing through County Cork and Cork city, before draining into Cork Harbour on Irelands south coast. ... Mahon is an area to the eastern side of Cork City. ... Cork Harbour is the second largest natural harbour in the world by navigational area. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... A quay, pronounced key, kay, is a wharf or bank where ships and other vessels are loaded. ... St Petersburg Docks in the early morning smog. ...

Contents

History

The River Lee flows through the city in two channels and forms a central island
The River Lee flows through the city in two channels and forms a central island
Main article: History of Cork

Cork was originally a monastic settlement founded by St. Finbarr in the sixth century. Its city charter was granted by King John in 1185. The title of Mayor of Cork was established by royal charter in 1318, and the title was changed to Lord Mayor in 1900. Over the centuries, much of the city was destroyed and rebuilt after attacks by Vikings or Norsemen. It has been proposed that, like Dublin, Cork was an important trading centre in the global Scandinavian trade network. The city was once fully walled, and several wall sections and gates remain today. Photograph of the River Lee, Cork, Ireland taken by Michael Rogers 2002. ... Photograph of the River Lee, Cork, Ireland taken by Michael Rogers 2002. ... The River Lee is a river in the Republic of Ireland, flowing through County Cork and Cork city, before draining into Cork Harbour on Irelands south coast. ... Cork, located on Irelands south coast, is the Republic of Irelands second largest city and capital of the province of Munster. ... Saint Finbarr (c. ... This article is about the King of England. ... The Lord Mayor of Cork is the symbolic head of the local government in the city of Cork in the Republic of Ireland. ... For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ... Norseman redirects here; for the town of the same name see Norseman, Western Australia. ...


In the War of Independence, the centre of Cork was gutted by fires started by the British Black and Tans, and the city saw fierce fighting between Irish guerrillas and British forces. During the Irish Civil War, Cork was for a time held by anti-Treaty forces, until it was retaken by the pro-Treaty National Army in an attack from the sea. Combatants Irish Republic United Kingdom Commanders Michael Collins Richard Mulcahy Cathal Brugha Important local IRA leaders Henry Hugh Tudor Strength Irish Republican Army c. ... For other senses of the term, see Black and tan (disambiguation). ... The Irish Civil War (June 28, 1922 – May 24, 1923) was a conflict between supporters and opponents of the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 6, 1921, which established the Irish Free State, precursor of todays Republic of Ireland. ... Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty The Anglo-Irish Treaty, officially called the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland, was a treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and representatives of the extra-judicial Irish Republic that concluded the Irish War of Independence. ... The Irish Army (Irish: Arm na hÉireann) is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces[1] (Óglaigh na hÉireann). ...


Climate

Climate chart for Cork Airport, Ireland (1962-1991)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
138.3
 
8
3
 
 
115.6
 
8
3
 
 
98.7
 
9
3
 
 
67.7
 
11
4
 
 
83.4
 
14
7
 
 
68.8
 
17
9
 
 
66.4
 
19
11
 
 
88.7
 
18
11
 
 
96.4
 
16
9
 
 
125.4
 
13
8
 
 
111.1
 
10
5
 
 
133.8
 
9
4
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm

The climate of Cork, like the rest of Ireland, is mild, moist and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes. Met Éireann maintain a climatological weather station at Cork Airport, a few kilometres south of the city - it should be noted that as the airport is at an altitude of 151m (500ft); temperatures can often differ by a few degrees between the airport and the city itself. There are also smaller synoptic weather stations at University College Cork, Clover Hill and Fota Island. Cork Airport, (IATA: ORK, ICAO: EICK) or Aerfort Chorcaí, in Irish, is one of the three principal international airports in Ireland (Cork, Dublin and Shannon). ... Met Éireann is the national meteorological service in the Republic of Ireland, part of the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government. ... Cork Airport, (IATA: ORK, ICAO: EICK) or Aerfort Chorcaí, in Irish, is one of the three principal international airports in Ireland (Cork, Dublin and Shannon). ... University College Cork - National University of Ireland, Cork - or more commonly University College Cork (UCC) - is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland located in Cork City. ... Fota Island is a small island in Cork harbour, Ireland, just north of the larger island of Cóbh. ...


Temperatures below 0 ºC or above 30 ºC are rare, though not unheard of. Cork Airport records an average of 1194.4mm of precipitation annually, most of which is rain - hail, sleet and snow are rare. The airport records an average of 8 days of hail and 16 days of snow or sleet a year; though it only records lying snow for 6 days of the year. There are 151 'rainy' days a year (over 1mm of rainfall), of which there are 75 days with 'heavy rain' (over 5mm). For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... This article is about the precipitation. ... Sleet is a term used in a variety of ways to describe precipitation intermediate between rain and snow but distinct from hail. ...


Cork is also a generally foggy city, with an average of 100 days of fog a year - most common during mornings at times of high pressure or else during winter. Despite this, however, Cork is also one of Ireland's sunniest cities, with an average of 3.8 hours of sunshine every day and only having 69 days where there is no 'recordable sunshine', mostly during and around winter.


Like the rest of Ireland, Cork is consistently humid, with humidity usually ranging between 70% and 100% every day. There are only 4 days where thunder is recorded during the year on average as well, mostly during late summer and early autumn. Humidity is the quantity of moisture in the air. ...


Places of interest

Shandon Steeple
Shandon Steeple
St Finbarre's Cathedral
St Finbarre's Cathedral

Cork features architecturally notable buildings originating from the medieval (only the Red Abbey survives from medieval Cork) to modern periods. St. Patrick's Street, a main street that has been recently remodelled, is known for the architecture of the buildings along its pedestrian-friendly route through a major shopping district. The adjacent Grand Parade is a tree-lined avenue, home to offices and financial institutions. The old financial centre is the South Mall, with several banks whose interior derive from the 19th century, such as the Allied Irish Banks which was once an exchange. Many of the city's buildings are in the Georgian style, although the modern County Hall tower is the tallest building in the Republic of Ireland. Across the river is Ireland's longest building, formerly St. Annes Psychiatric Institute; built in Victorian times, which has now been renovated and converted into a residential housing complex called Atkins Hall, after its architect William Atkins. Download high resolution version (1242x1326, 826 KB) This is the pepperpot steeple tower containing the famous carillion of the bells of Shandon, in Cork City, Ireland. ... Download high resolution version (1242x1326, 826 KB) This is the pepperpot steeple tower containing the famous carillion of the bells of Shandon, in Cork City, Ireland. ... Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 358 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 358 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... St Patricks Street in English or Sráid Naomh Pádraig in Irish, and affectionately called Pana by Corkonians, is the main shopping street in Cork and is the heart of the city. ... Allied Irish Banks plc (AIB),ISEQ: ALBK, LSE: ALBK, NYSE: AIB, FWB:AIB is a commercial bank based in Ireland not to be mistaken for Anglo Irish Bank. ... A Georgian house in Salisbury For the unrelated architecture of the country Georgia, see Architecture of Georgia (country). ... The County Hall in Cork city is a 16-storey office block owned by Cork County Council and housing its administrative headquarters. ... A list of the tallest structures in Ireland. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... William Atkins (1811 – 1887), was an Irish architect of the Victorian era. ...


Cork's most famous building is the church tower of Shandon, which dominates the North side of the city. The North and East sides are faced in red sandstone, and the West and South sides are clad in the predominant stone of the region, white limestone. At the top sits a weather vane in the shape of an eleven-foot salmon. The clock tower on the church is known by locals as The Four-faced Liar, as from the base of the building, each clock face appears to show a different time. Shandon is accessible to the public, and the bells may be rung by visitors.

Cork City Hall is illuminated at night, reflecting off the River Lee, which it fronts
Cork City Hall is illuminated at night, reflecting off the River Lee, which it fronts

The City Hall, another notable building of limestone, replaced the previous one destroyed by British forces on December 11, 1920 during the War of Independence in an event known as the "Burning of Cork". The cost of this new building was provided by the British Government in the 1930s as a gesture of reconciliation. There are two cathedrals in the city: The Roman Catholic St Mary's Cathedral (commonly called the North Cathedral), and the Church of Ireland St Finbarre's Cathedral. Download high resolution version (1010x522, 135 KB) Cork City Hall At Night by Adam Beecher File links The following pages link to this file: Cork Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1010x522, 135 KB) Cork City Hall At Night by Adam Beecher File links The following pages link to this file: Cork Categories: GFDL images ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Church of Ireland (Irish: ) is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating seamlessly across the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... St Finbarres Cathedral Saint Finbarres Cathedral, also spelled Saint Fin Barres Cathedral (Irish: Ardeaglais Naomh Fionnbarra) is a Church of Ireland cathedral located in Cork City, Republic of Ireland. ...


Other notable places include the Cork Opera House is one of the few modern opera houses in Ireland. Fitzgerald's Park, to the west of the city, and the grounds of University College Cork, through which the River Lee flows are also tourist destinations. The English Market, accessible from Grand Parade, Patrick Street, Oliver Plunkett Street and Princes Street, is a covered market for fish, fruit, meat, spices and luxury foods. The origins of the market can be traced back to 1610, and the present building dates from 1786. Cork Opera house was originally built in 1855, although its existence has not been continuous; having survived the burning of much of Cork city by British forces in reprisal for an ambush of a military convoy in 1920 by Irish rebels, the Opera House nevertheless was burned down in its... University College Cork - National University of Ireland, Cork - or more commonly University College Cork (UCC) - is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland and is located in Cork. ...


The cross-continent European walking route E8 trail passes through Cork, ending 4700 km away in Istanbul, Turkey. Map of european long-distance paths The European long-distance paths are a network of extremely long distance footpaths across Europe. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ...


Culture

The Glucksman Gallery at UCC.
The Glucksman Gallery at UCC.

Music, theatre, dance, film and poetry all play a prominent role in Cork city life. The Cork School of Music and the Crawford College of Art and Design provide a constant throughput of new blood, as do the active theatre components of many courses at University College Cork (UCC). Highlights include: Corcadorca Theatre Company, where Cillian Murphy attended prior to his fame; Cork Film Festival, a major supporter of the art of the short film; The Institute for Choreography and Dance, a national contemporary dance resource; the Triskel Arts Centre; Cork Jazz Festival; the Cork Academy of Dramatic Art (CADA). The Everyman Palace Theatre and the Granary Theatre both play host to large amounts of dramatic plays throughout the year. Cork is home to the RTÉ Vanbrugh String Quartet,[5] and to many musical acts, including John Spillane, The Frank And Walters, Sultans Of Ping, and the late Rory Gallagher. Singer songwriter Cathal Coughlan and Sean O'Hagan of The High Llamas also both hail from Cork. The opera singers Cara O'Sullivan, Mary Hegarty, Brendan Collins, and Sam McElroy are also Cork born. The short story writers Frank O'Connor and Sean O'Faoláin haled from Cork. Contemporary writers of national and international status include poets Greg Delanty, Sean Dunne, Thomas McCarthy, Gerry Murphy (poet), and Maurice O'Riordan; novelist Conal Creedon and novelist and poet William Wall. There is a thriving literary community centring on The Munster Literature Centre and the Triskel Arts Centre. Image File history File links Glucksman_gallery. ... Image File history File links Glucksman_gallery. ... The Cork School of Music is located in the centre of Cork city in Ireland. ... Crawford College of Art and Design is one of the leading colleges of art and design in Ireland. ... The Corcadorca Theatre Company was founded in Cork in 1991 and is one of Irelands leading independent theatre companies . ... Cillian Murphy[1] (born 25 May 1976) is an Irish film and theatre actor active since 1996. ... The Cork Jazz Festival is an annual festival held in Cork City, Ireland in late October every year since 1978. ... The Everyman Palace Theatre is a 630-seat Victorian theatre on MacCurtain Street in Cork, Ireland. ... John Spillane (19??-present) is a singer/songwriter from Cork, Ireland. ... The Frank and Walters are a Pop punk band from Cork, Ireland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into The Sultans Of Ping FC. (Discuss) The Sultans Of Ping (FC) are a Rock band from Cork, Ireland. ... Rory Gallagher (2 March 1948–14 June 1995) was an Irish blues/rock guitarist, born in Ballyshannon, County Donegal, grew up in Cork City in the south of Ireland. ... Cathal Coughlan is an Irish singer songwriter, formerly of Microdisney, and Fatima Mansions. ... Sean OHagan was a founder-member of the Irish indie band, Microdisney. ... High Llamas is a London-based musical project created by Irish-English guitarist and songwriter Sean OHagan after the demise of his group Microdisney. ... For the actor, husband of Ayn Rand, see Frank OConnor (actor). ... Seán Proinsias Ó Faoláin (b. ... Thomas McCarthy (b. ... William Wall is an Irish novelist, poet and short story writer. ...


Cork has been gaining cultural diversity for many years as a result of immigration, from Western Europe (particularly France and Spain) in the mid to late nineties, and more recently from Eastern European countries such Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and various African and Asian nations. This is reflected in the recent growth of multi-cultural restaurants and shops, including specialist shops for East-European or Middle-Eastern food, Chinese and Thai restaurants, French patisseries, Indian buffets, and Middle Eastern kebab houses. Cork saw significant Jewish immigration from Lithuania and Russia in the late 19th century. Jewish citizens such as Gerald Goldberg (several times Lord Mayor), David Marcus (novelist) and Louis Marcus (documentary maker) played important roles in 20th century Cork. Today, the Jewish community is relatively small in population, although the city still has a Jewish quarter and local synagogue. Cork also features various Christian churches, as well as a mosque. Some Catholic masses around the city are said in Polish, in addition to the traditional Latin and local Irish and English languages. Gerald Yael Goldberg, lawyer, art collector, music lover and politician was born in Cork, Ireland in 1912 and died on December 31, 2003 at the age of 91 at Corks Marymount Hospice, receiving a Civic Funeral on January 4, 2004. ... David Marcus is an Irish Jewish editor who has been a lifelong advocate and editor of Irish fiction. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


Recent additions to the arts infrastructure include modern additions to Cork Opera House and the Crawford Municipal Art Gallery. The new Lewis Glucksman Gallery opened in the Autumn of 2004 at UCC, was nominated for the prestigious Stirling Prize in the United Kingdom, and the building of a new 60 million School of Music was completed in September 2007. Construction of the 50 million Brookfield UCC Medical School complex was completed in 2005. The Crawford Municipal Art Gallery is a public art gallery in Cork city. ... The Lewis Gluskman Gallery is a public art gallery in University College, Cork. ... 30 St Mary Axe (London, England). ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ...


Cork was the European Capital of Culture for 2005. One of the key projects was the Cork Caucus. The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ... Cork Caucus is an official Cork 2005 European Capital of Culture project and is also generously supported by the Arts Councils Projects Award, The European Cultural Foundation, The Mondriaan Foundation, the Prins Claus Fund, The British Council, The Kingdom of the Netherlands, The I.F.A.(Institut fuer Auslandsbeziehungen...


There is a rivalry between Cork and Dublin, similar to the rivalry between Madrid and Barcelona, but Corkonians will sometimes view themselves as different from much the rest of Ireland also, and refer to themselves as "rebels" (The county is known as the Rebel County). This distinctly Corkonian view has in recent years manifested itself in humorous references to the region as The People's Republic of Cork. Citizens of the True Capital adorn themselves with t-shirts and other items which celebrate The People's Republic of Cork printed in various languages such as English, Irish, Polish, Spanish and Italian. The Cork bicolour is flown at public and civic buildings (including city's main courthouse, bus station, railway station and major department stores). It is flown along with the Irish tricolour, or on its own. This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2002) 447,829 Website: www. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Irish tricolour (flag ratio: 1:2). ...

Statue of Father Matthew - a landmark in St. Patrick's Street
Statue of Father Matthew - a landmark in St. Patrick's Street

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 239 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1368 × 3432 pixel, file size: 418 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Statue of Fr. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 239 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1368 × 3432 pixel, file size: 418 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Statue of Fr. ... Father Mathew Theobald Mathew (1790-1856) was an Irish temperance reformer, popularly known as Father Mathew was born at Thomastown, near Cashel, County Tipperary, on October 10, 1790. ...

Traditions

The city has many local traditions in food and customs. Traditional Cork foods include Crubeens and Tripe and Drisheen. Crubeens (crúibíní in Irish) are an Irish food composed of salted pig feet or trotters, cooked boiled or eaten with cabbage. ... Tripe in an Italian market Look up tripe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Drisheen is an Irish food, which is the main intestine of animals (such as sheep, goats, etc) usually filled with foodstuff and cooked as pudding. ...


Accent and dialect

The Cork accent has a tone which sets it apart from its neighbouring counties. Cork accents also differ significantly on opposite sides of the River Lee. Characteristics include:

  • The consonant sound θ (represented by the digraph th) is rarely pronounced.
  • Redundant use of the words "like" or "so" to terminate a sentence: e.g. "I don't know him at all, like"
  • Use of the words "boy" (often pronounced "by") and girl, to address each other, even into adulthood, e.g. "Come here to me, boy"
  • Patterns of tone and intonation rise and fall often, in a way different from other Irish accents, with the overall tone tending to be more high-pitched than the standard Irish accent.
  • There is a similarity between the Cork accent and the Liverpudlian ('Scouser') accent in north-west England - owing to the high rate of immigration to Liverpool (especially the Bootle area) from Cork.[6]

English spoken in Cork also has a large number of dialect words that are peculiar to the city and environs. Unlike standard Hiberno-English, most of these dialect words originate not from the Irish language, but through other languages Cork's inhabitants encountered at home and abroad. These include "feen", "beor" and "stella" meaning man, woman, and young woman (derogatory), and "langer" (vulgar) used to describe a penis or an undesirable person. The latter has been gained notoriety throughout Ireland thanks to various comedy skits, notably Gift Grub, and has become strongly associated with the Cork accent. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Gift Grub is the title of a series of short comic pieces broadcast on weekdays on the breakfast show of Irish commercial radio station Today FM since 1999. ...


Media

Broadcast

The city's FM radio band features RTÉ Radio 1, RTÉ 2fm, Lyric FM, RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta, Today FM, and Newstalk. There are also local stations such as Cork's Red FM, Cork's 96FM, 103FM County Sound, CUH FM, Cork Campus Radio and christian radio station Life FM.[7] Cork has also been home to pirate radio stations, most notably South Coast Radio and ERI in the 1980s. Today some small inconsistent pirates prevail but because of a recent clampdown by Ireland's communications regulator, Comreg, has closed a number of higher profile pirate stations during 2005-2006.A number of neighbouring counties radio stations can be heard in parts of Cork City including Radio Kerry, WLR FM most powerful. FM broadcasting is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation (FM) to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... RTÉ Radio 1 (Irish: RTÉ Raidió 1) is the principal radio channel of Irish public-service broadcaster Radio Telefís Éireann and is the direct descendant of Dublin radio station 2RN, which began broadcasting on a regular basis on 1 January 1926. ... RTÉ 2fm, or 2FM as it is commonly referred to, is RTÉs second national radio station. ... RTÉ Lyric FM, part of Radio Telefís Éireann, is an Irish radio station. ... RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta (RnaG; Irish for Radio of the Gaeltacht) is the Irish-language radio service of Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ) in Ireland, and is available on 92-94FM in Ireland and via the Internet. ... 100-102 Today FM, formerly called Radio Ireland, is Irelands only independent national commercial radio station (there are many other independent local commercial stations, however). ... Newstalk (formerly called NewsTalk 106) is an Independent Radio station in the Republic of Ireland. ... Red FM is an Irish radio station which broadcasts to Cork and the surrounding area, and is aimed at a youth audience. ... 96FM is a Cork-based radio station owned by UTV Radio. ... 103FM is a Cork-based Radio station owned by UTV Radio. ... The Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg) is the general communications regulator for Ireland, covering almost all possible types of communications. ...


Cork is home to two television stations; RTÉ Cork and South Coast TV. RTÉ broadcasts from its centre in Fr. Matthew Street in the city centre. South Coast TV provides a regional television station for the South of Ireland. Radio Telefís Éireann[1] (RTÉ; IPA: ,  ) is the Public Service Broadcaster of the Republic of Ireland. ...


Print

Cork is home to one of Ireland's main national newspapers, the Irish Examiner (formerly the Cork Examiner). The Examiner's headquarters are situated on Lapp's Quay in the city centre, and were originally located on Academy Street. It also prints the Evening Echo, which for decades has been connected to the Echo Boys, who were poor and often homeless children who sold the newspaper. Today, the shouts of the vendors selling the Echo can still be heard all over the city. The Irish Examiner (Formerly: Cork Examiner, The Examiner) is an Irish national daily newspaper which primarily circulates in the Munster region surrounding its base in Cork, though it is available throughout the country. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Economy

Retail

The retail trade in Cork City is developing quickly with a mix of both modern, state of the art shopping centres and family owned local shops providing unique and often hand-made crafts. Department Stores can cater for all budgets, with expensive boutiques for one end of the market with many high street stores also available. Shopping centres can be found in many of Cork's suburbs, including Blackpool, Ballincollig, Douglas, Wilton and Mahon. Others are available in the city centre, with plans and excavation work on-going for the development of three more large malls (The Cornmarket Centre on Cornmarket Street); The Opera Avenue proposal off St. Patrick's Street/Academy Street and the Grand Parade scheme planned for the site of the former Capitol Cineplex, the first multiplex outside of Dublin in Ireland), expanding the capacity of the city centre, to rival that of the suburbs. Cork's main shopping street is St. Patrick's Street and is the most expensive street in the country per sq. metre after Dublin's Grafton Street. Other shopping areas in the city centre include Oliver Plunkett St. and Grand Parade. Cork is also home to some of the country's leading department stores with the foundations of shops such as Dunnes Stores and Roches Stores being laid in Cork City, the latter having sold its core business in 2006 to UK store chain Debenhams. Blackpool is a suburb of Cork city in County Cork, Ireland. ... Ballincollig (Irish: Baile an Chollaigh) is a town about 8 km west of Cork in County Cork, Province of Munster, Ireland. ... Douglas (Irish: Dúglas) is a suburb of Cork City that is situated 4 km south of Cork City in Ireland. ... St Patricks Street in English or Sráid Naomh Pádraig in Irish, and affectionately called Pana by Corkonians, is the main shopping street in Cork and is the heart of the city. ... Dunnes Stores is a supermarket and clothing retail chain based in the Republic of Ireland. ... Roches Stores Logo - More Value, More Choice, More Service Roches Stores is a chain of department stores in the Republic of Ireland. ...


Industry

Murphys Stout, 1919 advert for the famous Cork brewery
Murphys Stout, 1919 advert for the famous Cork brewery

Cork City is at the heart of industry in the south of Ireland. Its main area of industry is pharmaceuticals, with Pfizer Inc. and Swiss company Novartis being big employers in the region. The most famous product of the Cork pharmaceutical industry is Viagra. Cork is also the European headquarters of Apple Inc. where their high end computers are manufactured and their European call centre, R&D and AppleCare is hosted. In total, they currently employ over 1,800 staff. EMC Corporation is another large I.T. employer with over 1,600 staff in their 52,000 sq metre (560,000 sq. ft.) engineering, manufacturing, and technical services facility. It is also home to the Heineken Brewery which also brews Murphy's Irish Stout and the Beamish and Crawford brewery which have been in the city for generations. And for many years, Cork was the home to Ford Motor Company, which manufactured cars in the docklands area before the plant was closed. Henry Ford's grandfather was from West Cork, which was a main reason for opening up the manufacturing facility in Cork. But technology has replaced the old manufacturing businesses of the 1970s and 1980s, with people now working in the many I.T. centres of the city. Much of Cork's economic success is due to its strategic location near a Harbour, a well educated workforce from two third level universities/ Institute of Technology and a pro business Government policy. Cork's deep harbour allows ships of any size to enter, bringing trade and easy import/export of products. Cork Airport also allows easy access to continental Europe and Kent Station in the city centre provides good rail links for domestic trade. Also, Cork's suburbs have a number of modern industrial estates, with good road links and modern telecommunications to attract both local and foreign investment from Europe, the United States, and Japan. More recently Amazon.com, the online retailer, has set up in Cork Airport Business Park. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pfizer, Incorporated (NYSE: PFE), is a global pharmaceutical company based in New York City. ... Novartis headquarters in Basel Suffern, New York: the sole Novartis pharmaceutical production facility in the United States. ... // ... Apple Inc. ... EMC Corporation (NYSE: EMC) is an American manufacturer of software and systems for information management and storage. ... A glass of Murphys Red Ale Murphys is a stout ale. ... Beamish Stout, 1919 advert for the famous Cork brewers The Beamish and Crawford brewery was founded in Cork, Ireland in 1792 by William Beamish and William Crawford. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ... West Cork (Irish: Iarthar Chorcaí) in south-west Ireland, lies in Irelands largest county, County Cork. ... Cork Airport, (IATA: ORK, ICAO: EICK) or Aerfort Chorcaí, in Irish, is one of the three principal international airports in Ireland (Cork, Dublin and Shannon). ... An industrial park is an area of land set aside for industrial development. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Amazon. ...


On 6 March 2008, developers announced a 1bn euro plan to create an Atlantic Quarter in Cork's docklands area to rival that of the International Financial Services Centre in Dublin making, it one of the biggest and most ambitious plans undertaken in the history of the state.[8] is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Famine sculpture in front of the International Financial Services Centre, Dublin. ...

The Elysian under construction in December 2007
The Elysian under construction in December 2007
Cork County Hall
Cork County Hall

Utilities

The headquarters of Bord Gáis Éireann, the Irish Gas Board, are on Gasworks Road, Cork.[9] BG Energy Supply logo Bord Gáis or Bord Gáis Éireann - The Irish Gas Board (BGE) is the main supplier and distributer of pipeline natural gas in the Republic of Ireland. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ...


Twinned cities

Cork City Corporation began its first twin/sister city programme with Coventry in 1969. Since then, Cork has developed links with several other cities in the areas of culture, education, tourism, science and economics: Cork City Council (previously known as Cork Corporation) is a local government organisation in Cork City, responsible for providing services to citizens in the areas of : Housing & Community, Roads & Transportation, Planning & Development, Amenity & Culture, and Environment. ... Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ...

Twinning with Shanghai has led to controversy, as the Green Party called on Cork's local, national and European elected representatives to withdraw the city's twinning with Shanghai due to reports of human rights violations in China.[10] Since then, parties from both Cork and Shanghai have visited their counterparts on trade related missions. For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... For other uses, see Rennes (disambiguation). ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... The Green Party (Irish: ; lit. ...


Transportation

Air

Main article: Cork Airport

Cork Airport is one of Ireland's main airports and gateway to the South of Ireland. It is situated on the south side of Cork City in an area known as Ballygarvan. More than 10 scheduled airlines fly to over 50 destinations with over 50 flights a day. The airport continues to grow and a total of 2.730 million passengers used the airport in 2005, and passed the 3 million mark in 2006, which makes it the third busiest airport in the Republic of Ireland (after Dublin and Shannon). The airport recently opened a second terminal able to handle up to three million passengers annually, and allowing for a pier extension which will boost capacity to 5 million. The airport plays a vital role in the development of Cork City, County and other surrounding areas and increased services to mainland Europe continue to develop. However, the national policy of requiring transatlantic flights to stop in Shannon in addition to Cork Airport's relatively short runway have hampered efforts to develop transatlantic services. Recent controversy regarding the new Cork terminal has come to the forefront, with a massive 180 million debt preceding the opening of the terminal, which opened on August 1, 2006. Cork Airport, (IATA: ORK, ICAO: EICK) or Aerfort Chorcaí, in Irish, is one of the three principal international airports in Ireland (Cork, Dublin and Shannon). ... Ballygarvan (Irish: Baile Garbháin) is a village south of Cork City, in County Cork, Ireland. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Private spiral ramp access to the main terminal building of Dublin (Áth Cliath) Airport Dublin Airport (IATA: DUB, ICAO: EIDW), or Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath in Irish, is operated by the Dublin Airport Authority plc. ... Shannon Airport (IATA: SNN, ICAO: EINN), or Aerfort na Sionna in Irish is one of Irelands primary three airports (Dublin, Shannon, Cork). ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bus

City

Cork City's public transportation is provided by the national bus operator Bus Éireann. Routes connect the city centre to the principal suburbs, colleges, shopping centres and places of interest. There are also two city bus routes, Route Numbers 1 and 19 that provide orbital services across the Northern and Southern districts of the city respectively. They run 7 days a week from 06:30 until 23:00. Bus Éireann, or Irish Bus, provides bus services in the Republic of Ireland with the exception of those operated entirely within the Dublin Region, which are provided by Dublin Bus. ...

Suburban

Buses to the outer suburbs, such as Ballincollig, Glanmire and Carrigaline are provided from the city's bus terminal at Parnell Place in the city centre. These suburban services include the Cork Airport shuttle bus (Route Numbers 226 and 249). There is also a park and ride facility in the south suburbs that allow easy access into the city centre. This is especially popular with students and commuters from not just the far suburbs but also the surrounding towns in County Cork. Ballincollig (Irish: Baile an Chollaigh) is a town about 8 km west of Cork in County Cork, Province of Munster, Ireland. ... Glanmire (Gleann Maghair in Irish) is a town located just outside Cork city in County Cork, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W727625 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 8 m Population (2006) 12,835  Website: www. ... Cork Airport, (IATA: ORK, ICAO: EICK) or Aerfort Chorcaí, in Irish, is one of the three principal international airports in Ireland (Cork, Dublin and Shannon). ... a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ...

Long Distance

Long distance buses depart from the bus terminal in Parnell Place to destinations throughout Ireland. Hourly services run to Killarney/Tralee, Waterford and Shannon Airport/Limerick/Galway and there are six services daily to Dublin. There is also a daily Eurolines bus service that connects Cork to Victoria Coach Station in London via South Wales and Bristol on an overnight sailing from Rosslare. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference Q828141 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 37 m Population (2006)  - Town:  - Rural:   20,258  1,932 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ... For other uses, see Limerick (disambiguation). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... Eurolines is a coach (long distance bus) company operating international routes within Europe. ... Victoria Coach Station is the largest and most significant coach station in London, and is operated by Victoria Coach Station Ltd. ... Approximate extent of South East Wales. ... This article is about the English city. ... Rosslare Europort is a modern seaport located at Rosslare Harbour in County Wexford, at the southeasternmost point of Irelands coastline, handling passenger and freight ferries to and from the United Kingdom and France. ...


Ferry

The Cross River Ferry, from Rushbrooke to Passage West, links the R624 to R610. This service is useful when trying to avoid traffic on the Great Island (Cobh). Cork Ferry port is situated at Ringaskiddy, 16 km SE via the N28. A direct sea link is available to Roscoff (France) with Brittany Ferries. A long-established link with Swansea in Wales is currently out of service but it is widely hoped will be reinstated in 2008. A connecting bus service is available from the ferryport to the city centre. Plans for a water taxi service are being finalised to provide traffic free connections for both commuters and tourists alike. Rushbrooke Station is a stop on the Great Island in Cork harbour on the Cork Suburban Railway Line. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 51. ... Ringaskiddy (Irish: Rinn an Scidígh) is a village south of Cork city, in County Cork, Ireland. ... Roscoff (whose name in Breton is Rosko) is a commune in the district of Morlaix in the département of Finistère, in Frances Bretagne région. ... Current Brittany Ferries logo Brittany Ferries is a French ferry company that runs ships between France, the UK, Ireland and Spain. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... A New York Water Taxi docks at Pier 11 near Wall Street. ...


Road

St. Patrick's Bridge
St. Patrick's Bridge

The Cork area has seen improvements in road infrastructure in recent years, especially with regards to National Primary roads. The Cork South Link road (a dual carriageway), built in the early 1980s, linking the Kinsale road roundabout with the city centre was the first of many improvements. Shortly afterwards, the first sections of the South Ring Road (dual carriageway) were opened. Work continued through the 1990s on extending the South Ring Road with the opening of the Jack Lynch Tunnel under the River Lee being the most significant addition. The Kinsale Road flyover opened in August 2006 to remove a major bottleneck for traffic heading to the Airport or Killarney. Also in the 1990s work progressed on the Cork to Midleton dual carriageway and the N8 Glanmire bypass dual carriageway. Other projects completed at this time include the N20 Blackpool bypass and the N20 Cork to Mallow road projects. The N8 Glanmire to Watergrasshill dual carriageway bypass was opened in 2002. The N22 Ballincollig dual carriageway bypass, which links to the Western end of the Cork Southern Ring road was opened in 2004. City Centre road improvements include the Patrick St. project which reconstructed the street with a pedestrian focus. The M8 Rathcormac to Fermoy tolled motorway bypass (17.5 kilometres) has recently been completed and opened in October 2006. Download high resolution version (2269x1149, 1574 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2269x1149, 1574 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Jack Lynch Tunnel (named after former the Taoiseach, Jack Lynch) is an integral part of the N25 road southern ring road of Cork in Ireland. ... The River Lee is a river in the Republic of Ireland, flowing through County Cork and Cork city, before draining into Cork Harbour on Irelands south coast. ... The N8 road is a National Primary Route in the Republic of Ireland connecting Cork with Dublin (via the N7). ... The N20 road is a National Primary Route in Ireland, connecting the cities of Limerick and Cork. ... The N22 is a road in Ireland through Kerry and Cork counties, from Tralee in the west through Killarney, Macroom and Ballincollig to Cork City in the east. ... The N8 road is a National Primary Route in the Republic of Ireland connecting Cork with Dublin (via the N7). ...


Rail

Railway and tramway heritage

Cork was one of the most rail oriented cities in Ireland, featuring 8 stations at various times. The main route, still much the same today, is from Dublin. Originally terminating on the city's outskirts at Blackpool, the Glanmire tunnel connects it to the city centre terminus of Kent Station. Now a through station, the line through Kent connects the town of Cóbh east of the city. This also connected to the seaside town of Youghal, until the 1980s. Blackpool is a suburb of Cork city in County Cork, Ireland. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... Kent Station, Cork is an Iarnród Éireann train station, named after Thomas Kent. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W793666 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft} Population (2006)  - Town:  - Rural:   6,517  6,370 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 51. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...

Planned Cork Suburban Railway
Planned Cork Suburban Railway

Other rail routes terminating or traversing Cork city were the Cork, Blackrock and Passage Railway, a line to Macroom, the Cork and Muskerry Light Railway to Blarney, Coachford and Donoughmore, as well as the Cork, Bandon and South Coast Railway connecting Bantry, Skibbereen, Clonakilty and many other West Cork towns. West Cork trains terminated at Albert Quay, across the river from Kent Station (though an on-street rail 'system' connected the two for rolling stock and cargo movement). All that remains of the once-extensive public transport system is the line to Dublin and that to Cobh. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 51. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 51. ... Coachford (Irish: Áth an Chóiste) is a village west of Cork City, in County Cork, Province of Munster, Ireland. ... Donoughmore is a parish which lies 25 km west north west of Cork city in the Republic of Ireland. ... The Cork, Bandon and South Coast Railway (CBSCR) was one of the major Irish railways. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference V997488 Statistics Province: Munster County: Population (2006)  - Town:  - Rural:   3,309  8 Website: www. ... Skibbereen (Irish: An Sciobairín) in Ireland is known as the capital of West Cork. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W381417 Statistics Province: Munster County: Population (2002) 3,698  Website: www. ... West Cork (Irish: Iarthar Chorcaí) in south-west Ireland, lies in Irelands largest county, County Cork. ...


Within the city there have been two tram networks in operation. A proposal to develop a horse-drawn tram (linking the city's railway termini) was made by American George Francis Train in the 1860s, and implemented in 1872 by the Cork Tramway Company. However, the company ceased trading in 1875 after Cork Corporation refused permission to extend the line. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... George Francis Train (1829 - 1904) was a businessman and an eccentric figure in American history. ...


In December 1898, an electric tram system began operating on the Blackpool-Douglas, Summerhill-Sunday's Well and Tivoli-Blackrock routes. The gauge of the tramway was (90.2cm) (2' 11½"), and designed to be the same as the Cork and Muskerry Light Railway. Increased usage of cars and buses in the 1920s led to a reduction in the use of trams, which discontinued operations permanently on September 30, 1931. Place names today still tell of the routes, such as Tramway Terrace in Douglas. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... The dominant rail gauge in each country shown Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... A narrow gauge railway (or narrow gauge railroad) is a railway that has a track gauge narrower than the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) of standard gauge railways. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Douglas (Irish: Dúglas) is a suburb of Cork City that is situated 4 km south of Cork City in Ireland. ...


Current routes

  • National

Cork's Kent Station is the main train station in the city. From here, services to all over Ireland can be reached. The main line from Cork to Dublin, which is Ireland's busiest rail line, has eight direct departures daily and a number of connecting services. Irish Rail plans to upgrade this line to an hourly service in 2006. Direct InterCity services are also available to Kerry, with direct services to Killarney and Tralee, although most services to Kerry involve a change at Mallow. Kent Station, Cork is an Iarnród Éireann train station, named after Thomas Kent. ... Iarnród Éireann (IÉ; in English Irish Rail), is the largest passenger railway system in Ireland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference Q828141 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 37 m Population (2006)  - Town:  - Rural:   20,258  1,932 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W549982 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 74 m (242 ft) Population (2006) 7,864  Website: www. ...

  • Suburban

The Cork Suburban Rail system also departs from Kent Station and provides frequent connections to most areas of Metropolitan Cork with services to the north and east of the city including Little Island, Mallow, Fota and Cobh. This railway line provides essential transport for the thousands of commuters to the city every day from the city's suburbs. The east of the city is also a scenic route connecting several islands in Cork harbour with the city centre. The train is recommended for travel to Fota Island wildlife park, arboretum, golf club and Cobh Heritage Centre. The Cork Suburban Rail network serves the Metropolitan Cork area in County Cork, Ireland. ... Metropolitan Cork refers to the city of Cork, its suburbs and the satellite towns that feed into it. ... Little Island is an industrial and residential area to the east of Cork City. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W549982 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 74 m (242 ft) Population (2006) 7,864  Website: www. ... Fota Island is a small island in Cork harbour, Ireland, just north of the larger island of Cóbh. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W793666 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft} Population (2006)  - Town:  - Rural:   6,517  6,370 Website: www. ... Tells the story of the Titanic through the eyes of an emigrant. ...


In November 2005, the Irish government announced the reopening of the railway line between Glounthaune (on the Cobh line) and Midleton as part of the country's 10 year development plan. New stations will be provided at Carrigtohill on the Midleton branch and at Kilbarry, Monard and Blarney on the Dublin line as part of the plan, along with the already operational Mallow station. The Midleton branch is scheduled to be reopened in 2008. Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone... Glounthaune (Gleanntán in Irish) is a village just east of Cork city, in County Cork, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference W793666 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft} Population (2006)  - Town:  - Rural:   6,517  6,370 Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish grid reference W879736 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft) Population (2006)  - Town:  - Environs:   3,914  6,422 Website: www. ... Carrigtwohill (Carraig Tuathaill in Irish) is a village in County Cork, Republic of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish grid reference W879736 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft) Population (2006)  - Town:  - Environs:   3,914  6,422 Website: www. ... Kilbarry Station is in the northern suburbs of Cork City on the main Cork-Dublin line and is part of the extended Cork Suburban Rail due to open in 2008. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 51. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish grid reference W879736 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 47 m (154 ft) Population (2006)  - Town:  - Environs:   3,914  6,422 Website: www. ...


In April 2007, it was announced that the government was to carry out a feasibility study on bringing light rail to Cork. April 2007 is the fourth month of the year. ...


Education

Quadrangle at UCC - Irish University of the Year 2005–2006
Quadrangle at UCC - Irish University of the Year 2005–2006
Main article: Education in Cork

Cork is an important educational centre in Ireland. University College Cork (UCC), a constituent university of the National University of Ireland, offers a wide variety of courses in Arts, Commerce, Engineering, Law, Medicine and Science. The university was named "Irish University of the Year" in 20032004 and 20052006 by The Sunday Times. Cork Institute of Technology (CIT) was named Irish "Institute of Technology of the Year" in 2006–2007 and offers a variety of third level courses in Mathematics, Computing and IT, Business, Humanities and Engineering (Mechanical, Electronic, Electrical, and Chemical). The National Maritime College of Ireland also located in Cork and is the only college in Ireland in which Nautical Studies and Marine Engineering can be undertaken. CIT also incorporates the Cork School of Music and Crawford College of Art and Design as constituent schools. The Cork College of Commerce is the largest post-Leaving Certificate College in Ireland and is also the biggest provider of Vocational Preparation and Training courses in the country. Other 3rd level institutions include Griffith College Cork which has been offering courses since 1884 and various other colleges. There is also a very large community of students from abroad, especially countries where Cork has twinned cities. The largest group of foreign students comes from China, Shanghai in particular. This is due to the exchange programmes on offer for Chinese students in universities in China. Other non-nationals come from Poland, India, United States and Latvia, as well as "the old EU" countries such as France, Germany and the United Kingdom. Image File history File links Quadrangle at University College Cork File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Quadrangle at University College Cork File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A city, such as Cork, with a high number of primary, post-primary and third level education institutes is automatically seen as a city of learning. ... University College Cork - National University of Ireland, Cork - or more commonly University College Cork (UCC) - is a constituent university of the National University of Ireland and is located in Cork. ... The National University of Ireland (NUI) is a federal university system of constituent universities, previously called constituent colleges, and recognised colleges set up under the Irish Universities Act, 1908, and significantly amended by the Universities Act, 1997. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see The Sunday Times (disambiguation). ... Cork Institute of Technology (CIT), formerly Regional Technical College, Cork, is a college located in Cork, Ireland opened in 1973. ... The National Maritime College of Ireland (NMCI) is a joint project between Cork Institute of Technology and the Irish Naval Service and is located in Ringashity, County Cork, Ireland. ... The Cork School of Music is located in the centre of Cork city in Ireland. ... Crawford College of Art and Design is one of the leading colleges of art and design in Ireland. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... The Leaving Certificate (Irish: Ardteistiméireacht), commonly referred to as the Leaving Cert (Irish: Ardteist) is the final course in the Irish secondary school system and culminates with the Leaving Certificate Examination. ... The college logo Griffith College Dublin (GCD) is a private college located on South Circular Road in Dublin, Ireland. ...

See also: Category:Secondary schools in County Cork

Sport

See also: List of Cork people - Sports

Gaelic football, hurling and association football are popular sporting pastimes for Corkonians. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Gaelic Football (Irish: Peil, Peil Gaelach or Caid ), commonly referred to as football, or Gaelic , is a form of football played mainly in Ireland. ... For the Cornish sport, see Cornish Hurling. ... Soccer redirects here. ...


Gaelic games

Main article: Cork GAA

Cork are the record holders for hurling titles, holding 30 titles on the roll of honour. Kilkenny (the current All-Ireland Champions) also hold 30. Hurling is the most popular spectator sport in the city, and has a strong identity with city and county. The Cork County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (or Cork GAA) is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic Games in County Cork. ...


Cork has also won 6 Gaelic football titles. There are many Gaelic Athletic Association clubs in Cork City, including Na Piarsaigh GAA and Nemo Rangers GAA. The main public venues are Páirc Uí Chaoimh and Páirc Uí Rinn (named for Christy Ring). For other uses, see GAA (disambiguation). ... Senior Club Championships Na Piarsaigh are a Hurling and Gaeilic football club based in the north side of Cork. ... Nemo Rangers is a Cork Hurling and Gaelic Football club. ... Páirc Uí Chaoimh is a GAA stadium in Cork City in Ireland, where major hurling and Gaelic football matches are played. ... Originally Flower Lodge, home to several Cork soccer teams, the old stadium was aquired by the GAA, and, to give a false air of tradition and Irish-ness, renamed Páirc Uí Rinn (Ring Park in the near-extinct Irish language). ... Nicholas Christopher Christy Ring (12 October 1920 - 2 March 1979) was a famous Irish sportsman who played hurling for Cork in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. ...


Association football

Cork City F.C. won the Eircom League in 2005 and also reached the Carlsberg FAI Cup final. They finished 4th in the 2006 season, qualifying for the UEFA Intertoto Cup. They play their home games at Turners Cross stadium on the south side of the city, and regularly attract the largest crowds in the league. Cork is Irelands second largest city. ... Cork City F.C. is an Irish football (soccer) club playing in the Football League of Ireland. ... The Football League of Ireland, usually known simply as the League of Ireland or later the eircom League (from the leagues sponsorship by Irish telecommunications company eircom), was the old league of football clubs in Ireland that existed from 1921 until 2006. ... The FAI Cup is a knock-out football competition contested annually by teams from the Republic of Ireland. ... The UEFA Intertoto Cup, also abbreviated as UI Cup is a summer football competition for European clubs that have not qualified for one of the two major UEFA competitions, the Champions League and the UEFA Cup. ... Turners Cross is a football ground located in and synonymous with the district of Turners Cross, Cork, Ireland. ...


Rugby

Rugby is played at various levels, from school to senior league level. There are two first division clubs in Cork city. Cork Constitution (2 time All Ireland League Champions) play their home games in Ballintemple and Dolphin R.F.C. play at home in Musgrave Park, Pearse Road and Ballyphehane. Other notable rugby clubs in the city include, Highfield, Sunday's Well and UCC. At schools level, Christian Brothers College and Presentation Brothers College are two of the country's better known rugby nurseries. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Cork Constitution is a Rugby Union club, based in Cork. ... Ballintemple (from the Irish Gaelic ’Baile an Teampaill’, the town of the church) is a suburb of Cork City, Ireland. ... Dolphin Rugby Football Club is a rugby union club in Cork. ... // Christian Brothers College, Cork (CBC Cork) is a fee-paying Catholic school under the trusteeship of the Christian Brothers in Cork, Ireland. ... Presentation Brothers College is a Catholic, boys-only, fee-paying college based in Cork, Ireland. ...


Munster Rugby plays half of its home matches in the Celtic League at Musgrave Park in Ballyphehane. In the past Heineken Cup matches have also been played at Musgrave Park but now, due to capacity issues these are now played at Thomond Park in Limerick, although matches will be played at Musgrave Park again during the refurbishment of Thomond Park. In May 2006 Munster became the Heineken Cup Champions with many players hailing from Cork city and county. Official website www. ... The Celtic League, currently known as the Magners League for sponsorship reasons, is an annual rugby union competition involving regional sides from Ireland, Scotland and Wales. ... Musgrave Park is a stadium in Cork, Ireland. ... Ballyphehane (Population: 1622) is a suburb in the south of Cork in Ireland. ... The Heineken Cup sponsored by Heineken (known as the H Cup in France due to alcohol advertising laws) is an annual rugby union competition involving leading club, regional and provincial teams from England, France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ... Thomond Park is a stadium in Limerick, Ireland. ... For other uses, see Limerick (disambiguation). ... The Heineken Cup sponsored by Heineken (known as the H Cup in France due to alcohol advertising laws) is an annual rugby union competition involving leading club, regional and provincial teams from England, France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ...


Water sports

There are a variety of water sports in Cork. Rowing and Sailing have recently grown in popularity. There are five rowing clubs training on the river Lee (UCC Rowing Club UCCRC, Cork Boat Club CBC, Pres Rowing Club PBC, Shandon Boat Club SBC and Lee Rowing Club LRC) and a recently revived coastal rowing club (Blackrock Rowing Club). Naomhóga Chorcaí is a rowing club whose members row traditional naomhóga on the Lee in occasional competitions. The Ocean to City race, held in 2005 and again in 2007, saw teams and boats from many local and visiting clubs race for 24 km (15 mi) from Crosshaven to Cork city centre. The decision to move the National Rowing Center to Inniscarra has boosted numbers involved in the sport. Cork's maritime sailing heritage is maintained through its sailing clubs. The Royal Cork Yacht Club located in Crosshaven (outside the city) is the world's oldest yacht club, and Cork Week is a notable sailing event. A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... A Currach or Curach is a type of boat with a wooden frame, over which is stretched animal skins or hides. ... The Royal Cork Yacht Club is the worlds oldest[1] yacht club and was founded in 1720. ... Crosshaven (Bun an Tabhairne in Irish) is a village in County Cork, Republic of Ireland. ...

Cork Racing - Formula Ford
Cork Racing - Formula Ford

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 543 × 200 pixelsFull resolution (543 × 200 pixel, file size: 118 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fitzgerald,www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 543 × 200 pixelsFull resolution (543 × 200 pixel, file size: 118 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fitzgerald,www. ...

Other sports

There are Cork clubs active nationally in basketball (Neptune and UCC Demons) and golf, pitch and putt, hockey, tennis and athletics clubs in the Cork area. The city is also the home of road bowling, which is played in the north-side and south-west suburbs. Boxing and Martial arts, such as Karate and Taekwondo, also command a high level of practise within the city. Cork Racing races in the Irish Formula Ford Championship. This article is about the sport. ... This article is about the sport. ... Pitch and putt is a short form of golf played by people of all ages. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ... Irish road bowling is an ancient sport. ... Formula Ford is a single seater, open wheel class in motorsport which exists in some form in many countries around the world. ...


Further reading

  • Merchants, Mystics and Philanthropists - 350 Years of Cork Quakers Richard S. Harrison Published by Cork Monthly Meeting, Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) 2006

The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. ^ A play on statio male fida carinis, "an unsafe harbour for ships", the description of Tenedos in the Aeneid, Book II, line 22
  2. ^ County Hall (Cork County Council)
  3. ^ Census 2006PDF (4.22 MiB), Government of Ireland
  4. ^ Cork County Council population report
  5. ^ RTÉ Vanbrugh Quartet's Official website
  6. ^ Robinson, Peter (1996). Liverpool Accents: Seven Poets and a City. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0853236712. 
  7. ^ Cork Campus Radio
  8. ^ Ralph Riegel. "IFSC to get €1bn rival in Cork", The Irish Independent, 7 March 2008. Retrieved on 2008-03-28. 
  9. ^ Bord Gáis. About Bord Gáis. Retrieved on 2007-05-27.
  10. ^ Green Councillor calls for Cork's twinning with Shanghai to be scrapped - greenviews.eu

Tenedos, known as Bozcaada officially and by its Turkish inhabitants, (Greek: , Tenedhos), is a small island in the Aegean Sea, part of the Bozcaada district of Çanakkale province in Turkey. ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story... “PDF” redirects here. ... MiB redirects here. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BG Energy Supply logo Bord Gáis or Bord Gáis Éireann - The Irish Gas Board (BGE) is the main supplier and distributer of pipeline natural gas in the Republic of Ireland. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cork
  • Cork (city) travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Cork City Council site (including strategic plan and housing strategy)
  • The Peoples Republic Of Cork
  • Architecture of Cork
  • Port of Cork
  • A Dictionary of Cork Slang
  • Cork's War of Independence
  • corkspace - community generated images of Cork City
  • ENFO Publications - Medieval Cork

Coordinates: 51°53′50″N 8°28′12″W / 51.897222, -8.47
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cork - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2590 words)
The principal city, too, of County Cork and of the province of Munster, it is situated slightly inland from the southern coast proper, located at 51°54′ N 8°28′ W.
Cork is a historic city, with the city charter being granted over 800 years ago by King John in 1185.
Cork's most famous building, also accessible to the public, is the church tower of Shandon dominating the North side of the city, with the North and East sides faced in red sandstone, and the West and South sides in the predominant stone of the region, white limestone.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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