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Encyclopedia > Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King

Speaking in Nigeria in 2003
Born April 27, 1927(1927-04-27)
Heiberger, Alabama, U.S.[1]
Died January 30, 2006 (aged 78)
Playas de Rosarito, Mexico
Occupation Civil rights, human rights, equal rights activist
Spouse The Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Children ______________________ ______________________

Coretta Scott King (April 27, 1927January 30, 2006) was the wife of the civil rights activist Martin Luther King, Jr, author, activist, in Atlanta, Georgia. She is a recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal. She is like the beautiful, lovely wife of Martin Luther King Jr. is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Heiberger, Alabama is a small settlement located near Marion in Perry County, Alabama. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Playas de Rosarito is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California and seat of the municipality of the same name. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Equal Rights redirects here. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action or inaction to bring about social or political change. ... Martin Luther King and MLK redirect here. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... Martin Luther King, III (born October 23, 1957, Montgomery, Alabama) is the first son of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Dexter Scott King (born 30 January 1961) is the second son of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King, Jr. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action or inaction to bring about social or political change. ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... Congressional Gold Medal presented to Navajo Code talkers in 2000 The Congressional Gold Medal should not be confused with the Medal of Honor (commonly called the Congressional Medal of Honor), which is also awarded by Congress, but only to military members as the highest military decoration of the United States. ...

Contents

Childhood and Education

Coretta Scott King was the second of three children born to Obediah "Obie" Scott (1899-1998) and Bernice McMurray Scott (1904-1996) in Perry County, Alabama. She had an older sister named Edythe, born in 1925, and a younger brother named Obediah Leonard, born in 1930. The Scotts owned a farm, which had been in the family since the American Civil War, but were not particularly wealthy. During the Great Depression the Scott children picked cotton with their parents to help support the family.[1] Obie was the first black in their neighborhood to own a truck. He had a barber shop in their home. He also owned a lumber mill, which was burned down by white neighbors. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Though uneducated themselves, King's parents intended for all of their children to be educated. King quoted her mother as having said, "My children are going to college, even if it means I only have but one dress to put on."[2] The Scott children attended a one room elementary school five miles (8 km) from their home and were later bussed to a high school in Marion, Alabama, nine miles (14 km) from their home. The bus was driven by Bernice Scott, who bussed all the local black teenagers to the Marion high school, as it was the closest black high school.[1] Williamson School was a one-room school in Blanch, Caswell County, North Carolina One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries including the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Scotland and Ireland in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... Marion is a city located in Perry County, Alabama. ... Racial segregation in the United States is the racial segregation of facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines. ...


King graduated valedictorian of Lincoln High School in 1945 and enrolled at Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio. Edythe Scott already attended Antioch as part of the Antioch Program for Interracial Education, which recruited non-white students and gave them full scholarships in an attempt to diversify the historically white campus. King said of her first college: Antioch College is a private, independent liberal arts college in Yellow Springs, Ohio and is the founder and flagship institution of the six campus Antioch University system. ... Yellow Springs is a village in Greene County, Ohio, and is the home of Antioch College. ... Note: The term scholarship can mean either the methods employed by scholars (see scholarly method) or an award of access to an institution and/or money for an individual for the purposes of furthering their education. ...

Antioch had envisioned itself as a laboratory in democracy, but had no black students. (Edythe) became the first African American to attend Antioch on a completely integrated basis, and was joined by two other black female students in the fall of 1943. Pioneering is never easy, and all of us who followed my sister at Antioch owe her a great debt of gratitude.[2]

She studied music with Walter Anderson, the first non-white chair of an academic department in a historically white college. King also became politically active, due largely to her experience of racial discrimination by the local school board. The board denied her request to perform her second year of required practice teaching at Yellow Springs public schools, for her teaching certificate King appealed to the Antioch College administration, which was unwilling or unable to change the situation in the local school system and instead employed her at the college's associated laboratory school for a second year.[1][2] In her early life King was as well known as a singer as she was as a civil rights activist, and often incorporated music into her civil rights work. In 1964, the Time profile of Martin Luther King, Jr., when he was chosen as Time's "Man of the Year", referred to her as "a talented young soprano."[3] An African-American drinks out of a water fountain marked for colored in 1939 at a street car terminal in Oklahoma City. ... This article or section should be merged with board of education A school board (or school committee) is an elected council that helps determine educational policy in a small regional area, such as a city, state, or province. ... TIME redirects here. ... Person of the Year is an annual issue of United States (U.S.) newsmagazine Time that features a profile on the man, woman, couple, group, idea, place, or machine that [1] // The tradition of selecting a Man of the Year began in 1927, when Time editors contemplated what they could...


Family life

Dr. and Mrs. King in 1964
Dr. and Mrs. King in 1964

Coretta Scott and Martin Luther King, Jr., were married on June 18, 1953, on the lawn of her mothers' house; the ceremony was performed by King's father. After completing her degree in voice and violin at the New England Conservatory, she moved with her husband to Montgomery, Alabama in September 1954. is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coordinates: , Country State County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Government  - Mayor Bobby Bright Area  - City  156. ...


The Kings had four children:

All four children later followed in their parents' footsteps as civil rights activists. Yolanda Denise King (November 17, 1955 – May 15, 2007) was the first-born child and first daughter of Coretta Scott King and civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Coordinates: , Country State County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Government  - Mayor Bobby Bright Area  - City  156. ... Martin Luther King III (born October 23, 1957, Montgomery, Alabama) is the son of Martin Luther King, Jr. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Dexter Scott King (born 30 January 1961) is the second son of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King, Jr. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Atlanta redirects here. ... ge|1963|3|28|mf=y}} |birth_place= Atlanta, Georgia |death_date= |death_place= }} Bernice Albertine King (born March 28, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States) is the second daughter and youngest child of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr and Coretta Scott King. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


Civil Rights Movement

Congressman J. J. Pickle of Texas hands King a promotional "squeaky pickle" at a campaign rally in Austin, Texas, 1976.
Congressman J. J. Pickle of Texas hands King a promotional "squeaky pickle" at a campaign rally in Austin, Texas, 1976.

Coretta Scott King played an extremely important role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Martin wrote of her that, "I am indebted to my wife Coretta, without whose love, sacrifices, and loyalty neither life nor work would bring fulfilment. She has given me words of consolation when I needed them and a well-ordered home where Christian love is a reality." However, Martin and Coretta did conflict over her public role in the movement. Martin wanted Coretta to focus on raising their four children, while Coretta wanted to take a more public leadership role. Jake Pickle hands Coretta Scott King a squeaky pickle at a campaign rally in Austin (1976) James Jarrell Pickle (October 11, 1913 – June 18, 2005) also known as J.J. Jake Pickle, was a United States Representative from the 10th congressional district of Texas from 1963 to 1995. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County. ... Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. ...


Not long after her husband's death, Coretta approached the African-American entertainer and activist Josephine Baker to take her husband's place as leader of The Civil Rights Movement. After many days of thinking it over Baker declined, stating that her twelve adopted children (known as the "rainbow tribe") were " ... too young to lose their mother."[4] Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... For the first female director of Public Health, see Sara Josephine Baker. ...


Coretta Scott King decided to take the helm of the movement herself after her husband's assassination in 1968, although she broadened her focus to include women's rights, GLBT rights, economic issues, world peace, and various other leftist causes. As early as December of 1968, she called for women to "unite and form a solid block of women power to fight the three great evils of racism, poverty and war," during a Solidarity Day speech.[5] The term women’s rights typically refers to freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized or ignored and/or illegitimately suppressed by law or custom in a particular society. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence This box:      LGBT social movements share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality or transgenderism. ...


Coretta Scott King was also under surveillance by the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 1968 until 1972. Her husband's activities had been monitored during his lifetime. Documents obtained by a Houston, Texas television station show that the FBI worried that King would "tie the anti-Vietnam movement to the civil rights movement."[6] A spokesman for the King family said that they were aware of the surveillance, but had not realized how extensive it was. F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... Houston redirects here. ...


Later life

Martin Luther King Day

Coretta Scott King, along with Rosalynn Carter, Andrew Young, Jimmy Carter, and other civil rights leaders during a visit to Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, January 14, 1979.
Coretta Scott King, along with Rosalynn Carter, Andrew Young, Jimmy Carter, and other civil rights leaders during a visit to Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, January 14, 1979.

After her husband was assassinated on April 4, 1968, she began attending a commemorative service at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta to mark her husband's birth every January 15 and fought for years to make it a national holiday. Murray M. Silver, Esq., Atlanta Attorney, made the Appeal at the Services on 1/14/1979. Coretta Scott King later confirmed that it was the "...best, most productive appeal ever..." King was finally successful in this in 1986, when Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was made a federal holiday. Image File history File linksMetadata Coretta_scott_king_ebenezer. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Coretta_scott_king_ebenezer. ... Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter (born August 18, 1927) is the wife of former President Jimmy Carter and was First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981. ... Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Atlanta redirects here. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Martin Luther King redirects here. ... The MLK National Historic Site honors the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... In the United States, a Federal holiday is a holiday recognized by the United States Government. ...


Coretta Scott King attended the state funeral of Lyndon B. Johnson, in 1973, as a very close friend of the former president, himself a contributor to civil rights. She was also present when President Ronald Reagan signed legislation establishing Martin Luther King Day. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... LBJ redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Reagan redirects here. ...


Opposition to apartheid

During the 1980s, King reaffirmed her long-standing opposition to apartheid, participating in a series of sit-in protests in Washington, D.C. that prompted nationwide demonstrations against South African racial policies. The crime of apartheid is defined by the 2002 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court which established the International Criminal Court as inhumane acts of a character similar to other crimes against humanity committed in the context of an institutionalised regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... For the legal definition of apartheid, see the crime of apartheid. ...


In 1986, she traveled to South Africa and met with Winnie Mandela, while Mandela's husband Nelson Mandela was still a political prisoner on Robben Island. She declined invitations from Pik Botha and moderate Zulu chief Buthelezi.[7] Upon her return to the United States, she urged Reagan to approve economic sanctions against South Africa. Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (born September 26, 1934 or 1936), born Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela, is the ex-wife of former South African president (May 1994-June 1999) and African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela. ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... Robben Island (Afrikaans Robben Eiland) is an island in Table Bay, 12 km off the coast from Cape Town, South Africa and is located at . ... Pik Botha in 1984, with (right to left) State President P W Botha, and President Samora Machel of Mozambique and Mrs Graça Machel, at the signing of the Nkomati Accord. ... Languages Zulu Religions Christian, African Traditional Religion Related ethnic groups Bantu Nguni Basotho Xhosa Swazi Matabele Khoisan The Zulu (South African English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are a South African ethnic group of an estimated 17-22 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ... Chief Mangosuthu (Gatsha) Buthelezi (Born August 27, 1928) is a South African Zulu leader, and leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) which he formed in 1975. ... Economic sanctions are economic penalties applied by one country (or group of countries) on another for a variety of reasons. ...


Peace, veganism and other political positions

A long-time advocate for world peace, in 1957, King was one of the founders of The Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy. World peace is an ideal of freedom, peace, and happiness among and within all nations. ... Look up sane in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


King called her adoption of a vegan diet in 1995 a blessing. Her son, Dexter, had been vegan since 1988, saying that an appreciation for animal rights is the "logical extension" of his father's philosophy of non-violence. Vegan redirects here. ...


King was vocal in her opposition to capital punishment and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, thus drawing criticism from conservative groups. She was also an advocate of feminism, LGBT rights and HIV/AIDS prevention. Death penalty, death sentence, and execution redirect here. ... This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... Social conservatism generally refers to a political ideology or personal belief system that advocates the conservation or resurrection of what one, or ones community, considers to be traditional morality and social structure. ... Feminists redirects here. ... LGBT social movements is a collective term for a number of movements that share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality and/or gender variance. ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ...


LGBT equality

King with President George W. Bush
King with President George W. Bush

On April 1, 1998 at The Palmer House Hilton in Chicago, King called on the civil rights community to join in the struggle against homophobia and anti-gay bias. "Homophobia is like racism and anti-Semitism and other forms of bigotry in that it seeks to dehumanize a large group of people, to deny their humanity, their dignity and personhood", King stated. "This sets the stage for further repression and violence that spread all too easily to victimize the next minority group." Image File history File links Kingbush. ... Image File history File links Kingbush. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


In November 2003 in a speech at the opening session of the 13th annual Creating Change Conference, organized by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, King made her now famous appeal linking the Civil Rights Movement to the LGBT agenda: "I still hear people say that I should not be talking about the rights of lesbian and gay people. ... But I hasten to remind them that Martin Luther King Jr. said, 'Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.' I appeal to everyone who believes in Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream, to make room at the table of brotherhood and sisterhood for lesbian and gay people." The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF) is an organization working for the civil rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people in the United States. ... The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF) is an organization working for the civil rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people in the United States. ... LGBT (also GLBT) is an acronym referring collectively to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender/transsexual people. ...


King's support of LGBT rights was strongly criticized by some black pastors. She called her critics "misinformed" and said that Martin Luther King's message to the world was one of equality and inclusion.


In 2003, she invited the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force to take part in observances of the 40th anniversary of the March on Washington and Martin Luther King's "I Have A Dream" speech. It was the first time that an LGBT rights group had been invited to a major event of the African American community.


On March 23, 2004, she told an audience at Richard Stockton University in Pomona, N.J, that same-sex marriage is a civil rights issue. King denounced a proposed amendment advanced by President George W. Bush to the United States Constitution that would ban equal marriage rights for same-sex couples. In her speech King also criticized a group of black pastors in her home state of Georgia for backing a bill to amend that state's constitution to block gay and lesbian couples from marrying. King is quoted as saying "Gay and lesbian people have families, and their families should have legal protection, whether by marriage or civil union. A constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriages is a form of gay bashing and it would do nothing at all to protect traditional marriage." is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Recognized in some regions Foreign marriages recognized Civil unions and registered partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated Same-sex marriage debated, recognition granted United States (CT, DC, HI, ME, NH, NJ, OR, VT, WA) See also This box:      Same-sex marriage (also referred to as gay... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: The United States Constitution The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ...


The King Center

Established in 1968 by Coretta Scott King, The King Center is the official memorial dedicated to the advancement of the legacy and ideas of Martin Luther King, Jr., leader of a nonviolent movement for justice, equality and peace. She handed the reins as CEO and president of the King Center down to her son, Dexter Scott King, who still runs the center today. [8]


Final days

Coretta Scott King's temporary gravesite, Atlanta, Georgia
Coretta Scott King's temporary gravesite, Atlanta, Georgia

By the end of her 77th year, King began experiencing health problems. Hospitalized in April 2005, she was diagnosed with a heart condition and was discharged on her 78th and final birthday. Later, King suffered several small strokes. On August 16, 2005, she was hospitalized after suffering a stroke and a mild heart attack. Initially, she was unable to speak or move her right side. She was released from Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta on September 22, 2005, after regaining some of her speech and continued physiotherapy at home. Due to continuing health problems, King cancelled a number of speaking and traveling engagements throughout the remainder of 2005. On January 14, 2006, King made her last public appearance in Atlanta at a dinner honoring her husband's memory. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (981x1420, 332 KB) Description: Coretta Scott King Source: page, image Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (981x1420, 332 KB) Description: Coretta Scott King Source: page, image Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... Heart attack redirects here. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Physical therapy can help restore lost functionality in many people. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Death

King died in the late evening of January 30, 2006[9] at a rehabilitation center in Rosarito Beach, Mexico, where she was undergoing holistic therapy for her stroke and advanced stage ovarian cancer. The main cause of King's death, however, is believed to be respiratory failure due to complications from ovarian cancer, meaning that her lungs didn't work from smoke. Coretta King is African-American (brown-skinned).[10] King was 78 years old. The clinic at which she passed away was called the Hospital Santa Monica, but was licensed as Clinica Santo Tomas. Newspaper reports indicated that it was not legally licensed to "perform surgery, take X-rays, perform laboratory work or run an internal pharmacy, all of which it was doing." It was also founded, owned, and operated by San Diego resident, and highly controversial alternative medicine figure, Kurt Donsbach.[11][12] Days after Mrs. King's death, the Baja California, Mexico state medical commissioner, Dr. Francisco Vera, shut down the clinic.[13] is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Earth seen from Apollo 17. ... Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumor (a kind of neoplasm) located on an ovary. ... In animal physiology, respiration is the transport of oxygen from the ambient air to the tissue cells and the transport of carbon dioxide in the opposite direction. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Alternative medicine has been described as any of various systems of healing or treating disease (as chiropractic, homeopathy, or faith healing) not included in the traditional medical curricula taught in the United States and Britain.[1] Alternative medicine practices are often based in belief systems not derived from modern science. ... Kurt W. Donsbach is a controversial alternative medicine figure. ...


Funeral

Over 14,000 people gathered for King's eight-hour funeral at the New Birth Missionary Baptist Church in Lithonia, Georgia on February 7, 2006 where daughter Bernice King, who is an elder at the church, eulogized her mother. The megachurch, whose sanctuary seats 10,000, was better able to handle the expected massive crowds than Ebenezer Baptist Church, of which King was a member since the early 1960s and which was the site of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s funeral in 1968. The New Birth Missionary Baptist Church, known familiarly as New Birth, is located in Lithonia, Georgia, United States, and led by Bishop Eddie Long. ... Lithonia is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ge|1963|3|28|mf=y}} |birth_place= Atlanta, Georgia |death_date= |death_place= }} Bernice Albertine King (born March 28, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States) is the second daughter and youngest child of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr and Coretta Scott King. ... A religious elder (in Greek, πρεσβυτερος [presbyteros]) is valued for his or her wisdom, in part for their age, on the grounds that the older one is then the more one is likely to know. ... The interior of Rev. ... The MLK National Historic Site honors the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


The current and most living former U.S. Presidents and their wives attended, excepting the Ford family, which was absent due to illness, and Barbara Bush, who had a previous engagement. Numerous other political and prominent civil rights leaders attended the televised service. For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ...


King was interred in a temporary mausoleum on the grounds of the King Center until a permanent place next to her husband's remains could be built. [1] She had expressed to family members and others that she wanted her remains to lie next to her husband's at the King Center. On November 20, 2006 the new mausoleum containing both the bodies of Dr. and Mrs King was unveiled in front of friends and family. It is the third resting place of Martin Luther King. Scott King died on son Dexter's birthday. St. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Controversy surrounding funeral

President Carter and Rev. Joseph Lowery provided funeral orations. With President George W. Bush seated a few feet away, Rev. Lowery, referencing King's vocal opposition to the Iraq war, noted the failure to find weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. President Carter, referencing King's lifelong struggle for civil rights, noted that her family had been the target of secret government wiretapping. Their comments were met with thunderous applause and standing ovations. Joseph Lowery, (born October 6, 1921, in Huntsville, Alabama) is a leader in the American civil rights movement. ... For the related controversy about data-mining of domestic call records see NSA call database. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Recognition and tributes

King was the recipient of various honors and tributes both before and after her death. She received honorary degrees from many institutions, including Princeton University, Duke University, and Bates College. She was honored by both of her alma maters in 2004, receiving a Horace Mann Award from Antioch College[2] and an Outstanding Alumni Award from the New England Conservatory of Music.[14] In 1970, the American Library Association began awarding a medal named for Coretta Scott King to outstanding African American wrtiers and illustrators of children's literature.[15] Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ... Duke University is a private research university located in Durham, North Carolina, United States. ... Bates College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1855 by abolitionists, located in Lewiston, Maine, in the United States. ... Antioch College is a private, independent liberal arts college in Yellow Springs, Ohio and is the founder and flagship institution of the six campus Antioch University system. ... The New England Conservatory of Music (NEC) in Boston, Massachusetts is the oldest independent conservatory in the United States. ... ALA Logo The American Library Association (ALA) is a group based in the United States that promotes libraries and library education internationally. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Childrens books redirects here. ...


Many individuals and organizations paid tribute to King following her death, including U.S. President George W. Bush,[16] the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force,[17] the Human Rights Campaign,[18] the National Black Justice Coalition,[19] her alma mater Antioch College.[20] George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF) is an organization working for the civil rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people in the United States. ... HRC logo The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is one of the largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) equal rights organization in the United States. ... Antioch College is a private, independent liberal arts college in Yellow Springs, Ohio and is the founder and flagship institution of the six campus Antioch University system. ...


King's body was returned to Atlanta and carried through the streets on a horse-drawn carriage to the Georgia State Capitol as the crowd threw roses at the casket and a lone bagpiper played "Amazing Grace"; King became the first woman and black person to lie in state at the Georgia State Capitol. (see [2]). King's body also lay at historic Ebenezer Baptist Church (where her husband was pastor). By presidential proclamation, flags were flown half staff on February 7, 2006, the day of King's interrment.[21] Catherine IIs carved, painted and gilded Coronation Coach (Hermitage Museum) George VI and Queen Elizabeth in a landau with footmen and an outrider, Canada 1939 The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century... East side (back) of the The Georgia State Capitol The Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta, Georgia is an architecturally and historically significant building listed on the National Register of Historic Places. ... For other uses, see Rose (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amazing Grace (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amazing Grace (disambiguation). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Lying-in-state is the term used during a major funeral procession when the coffin is placed on public view to allow members of the public to pay their respects to the deceased. ... The MLK National Historic Site honors the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The beginning of Super Bowl XL was marked by a moment of silence in memory of King and Rosa Parks, who died the previous year. Date February 5, 2006 Stadium Ford Field City Detroit, Michigan MVP Hines Ward, wide receiver Favorite Steelers by 4 National anthem Aaron Neville, Aretha Franklin and Dr. John, ASL performed by Angela LaGuardia Coin toss Tom Brady Referee Bill Leavy Halftime show The Rolling Stones Attendance 68,206 TV in... A moment of silence is the expression for a period of silent contemplation, prayer, reflection, or meditation. ... Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African American civil rights activist and seamstress whom the U.S. Congress dubbed the Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement. Parks is famous for her refusal on December 1, 1955 to obey bus driver James Blake...


A proposal before the Atlanta City Council (as of April 2006) would rename Atlanta's Simpson Street/Road after King. [3] The road bisects the Vine City neighborhood, a long time residence of Coretta Scott King and, earlier, the King family.


In the year 2004, Coretta Scott King was awarded the prestegious Gandhi Peace Prize by Government of India. The International Gandhi Peace Prize, named after Mahatma Gandhi, is awarded anually by the government of India for outstanding work and contribution to social, economic and political transformation through non-violence and other Gandhian methods. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ...


Congressional resolutions

Upon the news of her death, moments of reflection, remembrance, and mourning began around the world. In the United States Senate, Majority Leader Bill Frist presented Senate Resolution 362 on behalf of all U.S. Senators, with the afternoon hours filled with respectful tributes throughout the U.S. Capitol. Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders (also called Senate Floor Leaders) are two... William Harrison Bill Frist, Sr. ...


On January 31, 2006 following a moment of silence in memoriam to the death of King, the United States House of Representatives presented House Resolution 655 in honor of King's legacy. In an unusual action, the resolution included a grace period of five days in which further comments could be added to it. is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party...


Criticism

Mrs. King was not without her detractors, particular concerning the King family's handling of her husband's estate. The licensing of Martin Luther King's speeches has caused concern about the reasoning behind limiting their availability.


References

  1. ^ a b c d Coretta Scott King. Women's History. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
  2. ^ a b c d King, Coretta Scott. "Address, Antioch Reunion 2004", The Antiochian, Fall 2004. Retrieved on 2007-09-10. 
  3. ^ "Never Again Where He Was", Time Magazine, January 3, 1964. Retrieved on 2007-09-10. 
  4. ^ Josephine Baker and Joe Bouillon, Josephine. Harper & Row Publishers, New York, 1977
  5. ^ Pappas, Heather. Coretta Scott King. Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  6. ^ "FBI spied on Coretta Scott King, files show", The Los Angeles Times, August 31, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-11. 
  7. ^ Coretta Scott King. The Daily Telegraph (January 31, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  8. ^ Welcome. The King Center (no date). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  9. ^ "Coretta Scott King dead at 78", The Associated Press, January 31, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-09-11. 
  10. ^ "King had Paralysis and Cancer", The Associated Press, January 31, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-09-11. 
  11. ^ "Clinic, founder operate outside norm", The Atlanta-Journal Constitution, February 1, 2006. 
  12. ^ Barrett, Stephen. "The Shady Activities of Kurt Donbach", Quackwatch, last revised September 10, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-11. 
  13. ^ McKinley, James C.. "Mexico Closes Alternative Care Clinic Where Mrs. King Died", The New York Times, February 4, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-09-11. 
  14. ^ Alumni Profile: Coretta Scott King '54, '71 hon. D.M.. New England Conservatory of Music (no date). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  15. ^ The Coretta Scott King Book Awards for Authors and Illustrators. American Library Association (no date). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  16. ^ Bush, George W. (January 31, 2006). State of the Union. The White House. Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  17. ^ Task Force mourns death of Coretta Scott King. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (January 31, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  18. ^ Coretta Scott King Leaves Behind Legacy of the Everlasting Pursuit of Justice. Human Rights Campaign (January 31, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  19. ^ Leader Passes Quietly into the Night: Coretta Scott King Dies at 78. National Black Justice Coalition (January 31, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  20. ^ "We have lost a great American and a great Antiochian....": Coretta Scott King’s death mourned by the Antioch Community. Antioch College (January 31, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-10.
  21. ^ Bush, George W. (February 6, 2006). A Proclamation by the President: Death of Coretta Scott King. The White House. Retrieved on 2007-09-10.

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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Coretta Scott King
  • Coretta Scott King - A Civil Rights Leader
  • Coretta Scott King's political donations
  • About.com Profile of Coretta Scott King, Human Rights Advocate
  • Coretta Scott King entry from African American Lives - OUP Blog
  • A King Among Men (King family vegetarianism)
  • Coretta Scott King Center at Antioch College
  • King Center Founder’s Message
  • Find a Grave - Coretta Scott King
  • Coretta Scott King Funeral Program (PDF)
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  • Complete text, audio, video of Oprah Winfrey's Eulogy for Coretta Scott King
  • Coretta Scott King biography and video interview excerpts by The National Visionary Leadership Project
Persondata
NAME King, Coretta Scott
ALTERNATIVE NAMES King, Coretta; Scott, Coretta
SHORT DESCRIPTION civil rights figure
DATE OF BIRTH April 27, 1927
PLACE OF BIRTH near Marion, Alabama, United States of America
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH Rosarito Beach, Mexico
Martin Luther King redirects here. ... John Lewis (on right in trench coat) and Hosea Williams (on the left) lead marchers across the Edmund Pettus Bridge, March 7, 1965 How Long, Not Long is the the popular name given to the public speech delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Martin Luther King Jr The Letter from Birmingham Jail or Letter from Birmingham City Jail, commonly but incorrectly rendered Letter from a Birmingham Jail, was an open letter on April 16, 1963 written by Martin Luther King, Jr. ... The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, intended to oppose the citys policy of racial segregation on its public transit system. ... The Nashville sit-ins were part of a nonviolent direct action campaign to end racial segregation at lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee. ... The Albany Movement was a desegregation group formed in Albany, Georgia on November 17, 1961. ... The Albany movement proved to be an important education for the SCLC, however, when it undertook the Birmingham campaign in 1963. ... March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. ... John Lewis (on right in trench coat) and Hosea Williams (on the left) lead marchers across the Edmund Pettus Bridge, March 7, 1965 The Selma to Montgomery marches, which included Bloody Sunday, were three marches that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement. ... History The Chicago Freedom Movement, the most ambitious civil rights campaign in the North, lasted from mid-1965 to early 1967. ... In 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (586x872, 75 KB) kjk Martin Luther King, 1964. ... Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. ... Alberta Christine Williams King (September 13, 1904 – June 30, 1974) was Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Yolanda Denise King (November 17, 1955 – May 15, 2007) was the first-born child and first daughter of Coretta Scott King and civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Martin Luther King III (born October 23, 1957, Montgomery, Alabama) is the son of Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Dexter Scott King (born 30 January 1961) is the second son of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King, Jr. ... ge|1963|3|28|mf=y}} |birth_place= Atlanta, Georgia |death_date= |death_place= }} Bernice Albertine King (born March 28, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States) is the second daughter and youngest child of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr and Coretta Scott King. ... Dr. Alveda C. King-Tookes is the niece of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Dr. Benjamin Elijah Mays ( August 1, 1894 (?) – March 28, 1984) was an African-American minister, educator, scholar, social activist and the president of Morehouse College in Atlanta. ... Bayard Rustin at news briefing on the Civil Rights March on Washington, August 27, 1963 Bayard Rustin (March 17, 1912 – August 24, 1987) was an African-American civil rights activist, important largely behind the scenes in the civil rights movement of the 1960s and earlier and principal organizer of the... Ralph David Abernathy (March 11, 1926 – April 17, 1990) was an American civil rights activist and leader. ... The person who killed Martin Luther King Jr. ... This article is about the lawyer. ... Loyd Jowers was the owner of a restaurant, (Jims Grill) near the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. ... King is a 1978 television film miniseries based on the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Return of the King is the ninth episode of the Adult Swim animated television series The Boondocks. ... This article is about an animated television series. ... Happy Birthday is a 1980 single written, produced, and performed by Stevie Wonder for the Motown label. ... Stevie Wonder (born Stevland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Stevland Hardaway Morris)[1] is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer. ... Pride (In the Name of Love) is the second song on U2s 1984 album, The Unforgettable Fire and was released as the albums first single. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... MLK is a song on U2s 1984 album The Unforgettable Fire. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... James Vernon Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Belmont, Massachusetts. ... The Southern Christian Leadership Conference Logo. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... Lee-Jackson-King Day was a holiday celebrated in the Commonwealth of Virginia from 1984 to 2000. ... Interior of Ebenezer Baptist Church, view from behind the pulpit. ... The Martin Luther King Jr. ... It has been suggested that Lorraine Motel be merged into this article or section. ... Streets named after Martin Luther King, Jr. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Martin Luther King, Jr. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marion is a city located in Perry County, Alabama. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Playas de Rosarito is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California and seat of the municipality of the same name. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
King Encyclopedia (933 words)
Coretta King put her musical training to use throughout the fl freedom struggle, participating in "freedom concerts," which included poetry recitation, singing, and lectures related to the history of the civil rights movement.
Coretta King accompanied her husband on many of his trips, traveling to Ghana in 1957 and India in 1959.
Coretta Scott King has supported nonviolent freedom struggles around the world and has served as an advocate for racial and economic justice, religious freedom, and dignity and human rights for women and children, gays and lesbians, and people with disabilities.
Coretta Scott King - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2917 words)
Coretta Scott was born on a farm in Heiberger, Alabama.
King was vocal in her opposition to capital punishment and the 2003 invasion of Iraq, thus drawing criticism from conservative groups.
King's body was returned to Atlanta and carried through the streets on a horse-drawn carriage to the Georgia State Capitol as the crowd threw roses at the casket and a lone bagpiper played "Amazing Grace"; King became the first woman and fl person to lie in state at the Georgia State Capitol.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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