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Encyclopedia > Corazon C. Aquino
Corazón Aquino
Order 11th President of the Philippines
(1st President of the 5th Republic)
Term of Office February 25, 1986
June 30, 1992
Vice President Salvador Laurel
Predecessor Ferdinand Marcos
Successor Fidel V. Ramos
Born January 25, 1933
Manila, Philippines

María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. She was the wife of the popular opposition senator Benigno Aquino Jr., and when he was assassinated at Manila airport on his return from exile in 1983, Cory Aquino became the focus of the opposition to the autocratic rule of President Ferdinand Marcos. Official portrait of Philippine president Corazon Aquino. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, and the last day of June. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Salvador Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004) was vice-president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under Corazon Aquino. ... Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917–September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital city of the Philippines. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Benigno Ninoy Simeon Aquino Jr. ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Autocracy is a form of government where unlimited power is held by a single individual. ... Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917–September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ...

Contents


Early life and career

Maria Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco was born in Manila into one of the richest families in the Philippines, the powerful Cojuangcos of Tarlac province. Her mother's family, the Sumulongs, also belong to a political family in Rizal. She has Malay, Chinese, and Spanish roots. This work is copyrighted. ... Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital city of the Philippines. ... Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Three-quarter scale bronze sculptures 19th C. Malay people, Indonesia, Borneo. ...


She grew up privileged, sent overseas to study in Ravenhill Academy in Philadelphia, the Notre Dame Convent School in New York, and Mount St. Vincent College, also in New York. She studied mathematics and graduated with a degree in French in 1953. Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki (R) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


She returned to the Philippines to study law at Far Eastern University, but in 1955 she married Benigno Aquino Jr., who had just been elected mayor of Concepción in Tarlac province at the age of 22. She eventually bore him five children: a son, Benigno III, and four daughters, Maria Elena, Aurora, Victoria, and Kristina. He rose to be governor and senator, then under the Marcos regime was arrested, sentenced to death, and exiled. He was later assasinated in the Manila Airport. She accompanied him into exile in 1980. After his death she entered politics as head of the Laban coalition. Far Eastern University is an educational institution in Manila. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Benigno Ninoy Simeon Aquino Jr. ... Concepcion is a 1st class municipality in the province of Tarlac, Philippines. ... Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III (born 1960), also known by his nickname, Noynoy, is a Philippine politician and son of Benigno Aquino Jr. ... Kris Aquino Kristina Bernadette Cojuangco Aquino (born February 14, 1971 in Quezon City) is a prominent television and movie personality in the Philippines. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Laban party of the Philippines, Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP), was formed in 1988 to back the presidency of Corazon Aquino. ...


When Ferdinand Marcos unexpectedly called for a presidential election in February 1986, the opposition united behind Aquino to oppose the Marcos regime. Although she was officially reported to have lost the election to Marcos, the elections were widely believed to be fraudulent. Both Marcos and Aquino claimed to have won, and held rival inaugurations on February 25, but Marcos then fled in the face of huge popular demonstrations and the refusal of the military to intervene against them. Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917–September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Presidency

Despite the euphoria following the overthrow of the Marcos government, Aquino faced the massive challenge of restoring the nation. She established a revolutionary government under the terms of a provisional "Freedom Constitution", legally establishing the structure of the government pending the adoption of a permanent, democratically-drafted constitution. In late 1986, the Aquino administration appointed a Constitutional Commission to draft the new constitution. It was ratified on February 7, 1987. Congressional and local elections soon followed, setting up a government based on popular and democratic mandate. 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Aquino drew praise for her support for democracy, and was selected as Time Magazine's Person of the Year in 1986. Despite her enormous personal popularity and that of the new constitution, Aquino continued to face repeated military coup attempts and communist insurrection. Marcos loyalists continued to oppose the government, culminating in a failed July 1986 attempt to establish a rival government at the Manila Hotel, with Arturo Tolentino as temporary president. A more serious threat came from an attempted coup in August 1987 which was repeated in December 1989. Both military coups were led by Col. Gregorio Honasan. The Aquino administration was continually plauged by rumors of coup attempts. (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... Person of the Year is an annual issue of U.S. newsmagazine TIME that features a profile ostensibly on the man, woman, couple, group, idea, place, or machine that for better or worse, has most influenced events in the preceding year. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A coup détat (pronounced /ku de ta/), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arturo M. Tolentino (1910 – August 3, 2004) was a prominent political figure in the Philippines. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the 1992 Philippine elections, Aquino backed Fidel V. Ramos, Marcos' army chief-of-staff whose defection to the Aquino party proved crucial to the popular revolution. This decision was unpopular among many of her core supporters, including the Catholic Church (Ramos is a Protestant). Ramos narrowly won with just 23.5 percent of the vote, and succeeded Aquino as president on June 30, 1992. 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... The Roman Catholic Church believes its founding was based on Jesus appointment of Saint Peter as the primary church leader, later Bishop of Rome. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, and the last day of June. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Post-presidency

Following the end of her term, Aquino retired to private life. When she rode away from the inauguration of her successor, she chose to go in a simple white Toyota Crown she had purchased (rather than the government-issue Mercedes), to make the point that she was once again an ordinary citizen. She has directed a number of projects that aim at furthering the spread of democracy in Asia. Toyota redirects here. ...


In 2002, Aquino received an honorary doctorate from the University of Washington in Seattle. 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a major public research university in the Seattle metropolitan area. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ...


Quotation

Holding a grandchild feels better than being president.—Corazon Aquino


See also

// Prehistoric Times Main Article: Pre-colonial Philippines Various Austronesian groups settled in what is now the Philippine islands by traversing land bridges coming from Taiwan and Borneo by 200,000 BCE (late Pleistocene). ... The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. ...

References

Teodoro A. Agoncillo is a prominent Filipino historian. ...

External link

  • The Philippine Presidency Project


Preceded by:
Ferdinand E. Marcos
President of the Philippines
1986–1992
Succeeded by:
Fidel V. Ramos


PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Seal of the President of the Philippines The President is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ...



Presidents of the Philippines

  Aguinaldo | Quezon | Osmeña | Laurel | Roxas | Quirino | Magsaysay | Garcia | Macapagal | Marcos | Aquino | Ramos | Estrada | Arroyo    Seal of the President of the Philippines The President is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Order 1st President of the Philippines (President of the 1st Republic) Term of Office January 23, 1899 – April 1, 1901 Vice President Mariano Trias (1897) Predecessor None Successor Manuel Quezon Born March 22, 1869 Cavite El Viejo (Kawit), Cavite, Philippines Died February 6, 1964 Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines Emilio... Manuel L. Quezón The Quezón Memorial Monument Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878—October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... José P. Laurel José Paciano Laurel y García (March 9, 1891 - November 6, 1959) was the president of the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines from 1943 to 1945. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel Roxas Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892—April 15, 1948) was a Philippine political figure. ... Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino (November 16, 1890—February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Ramón Magsaysay Ramón Magsaysay (August 31, 1907 - March 17, 1957) was the third President of the Third Republic of the Philippines from December 30, 1953 until his death. ... Carlos P. Garcia Carlos Polestico Garcia (November 4, 1896–June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). ... Diosdado Macapagal Diosdado Pangan Macapagal (September 28, 1910–April 21, 1997) was the 9th President of the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917–September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... Order 11th President of the Philippines (1st President of the 5th Republic) Term of Office February 25, 1986 – June 30, 1992 Vice President Salvador Laurel Predecessor Ferdinand Marcos Successor Fidel V. Ramos Born January 25, 1933 Manila, Philippines María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... Joseph Estrada Joseph Estrada, original name Joseph Marcelo Ejército, and widely known as Erap (born April 19, 1937) is a popular film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Republic of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is a politician and the current (14th) president of the Philippines. ...

Seal of the President of the Philippines

  Results from FactBites:
 
Corazon Aquino - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (977 words)
María Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco–Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992.
Corazon Cojuangco was born in Manila into one of the richest Chinese-mestizo families in the Philippines, the powerful Cojuangcos of Tarlac province.
Aquino was the recipient of the 1998 Ramon Magsaysay Award for International Understanding with President Joseph Estrada as the guest-of-honor.
Benigno Aquino, Jr. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3828 words)
Aquino was one of the first to be arrested and imprisoned on trumped-up charges of murder, illegal possession of firearms and subversion.
Aquino was operated on at a hospital in Dallas, Texas.
Aquino's funeral procession on August 31 lasted from 9 a.m.--with a funeral mass officiated by the Catholic Archbishop of Manila, His Eminence Jaime Cardinal Sin, and held at Santo Domingo Church--to 9 p.m., when his body was interred at the Manila Memorial Park.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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