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Encyclopedia > Corazón Aquino
Corazón Aquino
Order 11th President of the Philippines
(1st President of the 5th Republic)
Term of Office February 25, 1986
June 30, 1992
Vice President Salvador Laurel
Predecessor Ferdinand Marcos
Successor Fidel V. Ramos
Born January 25, 1933
Manila, Philippines

Maria Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. She was the wife of the popular opposition senator Benigno Aquino Jr., and when he was assassinated at Manila airport on his return from exile in 1983, Cory Aquino became the focus of the opposition to the autocratic rule of President Ferdinand Marcos. Official portrait of Philippine president Corazon Aquino. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, as the last day in June. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928), military hero of the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled the authoritarian regime of Ferdinand Marcos, became the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 1992. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Manila (Maynila in Filipino) is the capital city of the Philippines. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Benigno Ninoy Simeon Aquino Jr. ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Autocracy is a form of government where unlimited power is held by a single individual. ... Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Maria Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco was born in Manila into one of the richest families in the Philippines, the powerful Cojuangcos of Tarlac province. Her mother's family, the Sumulongs, also belong to a political family in Rizal. She has Spanish, Chinese, and Malay roots. This work is copyrighted. ... Manila (Maynila in Filipino) is the capital city of the Philippines. ... Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Three-quarter scale bronze sculptures 19th C. Malay people, Indonesia, Borneo. ...


She grew up privileged, sent overseas to study in Ravenhill Academy in Philadelphia, the Notre Dame Convent School in New York, and Mount St. Vincent College, also in New York. She studied mathematics and graduated with a degree in French in 1953. Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


She returned to the Philippines to study law at Far Eastern University, but in 1955 she married Benigno Aquino Jr., who had just been elected mayor of Concepción in Tarlac province at the age of 22. She eventually bore him five children: a son, Benigno III, and four daughters, Maria Elena, Aurora, Victoria, and Kristina. He rose to be governor and senator, then under the Marcos regime was arrested, sentenced to death, and exiled. She accompanied him into exile in 1980. After his death she entered politics as head of the Laban coalition. Far Eastern University is an educational institution in Manila. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Benigno Ninoy Simeon Aquino Jr. ... Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III (born 1960), also known by his nickname, Noynoy, is a Philippine politician and son of Benigno Aquino Jr. ... Kris Aquino Kristina Bernadette Cojuangco Aquino (born February 14, 1971 in Quezon City) is a television and movie personality in the Philippines. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Laban party of the Philippines, Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP), was formed in 1988 to back the presidency of Corazon Aquino. ...


When Ferdinand Marcos unexpectedly called for a presidential election in February 1986, the opposition united behind Aquino to oppose the Marcos regime. Although she was officially reported to have lost the election to Marcos, the elections were widely believed to be fraudulent. Both Marcos and Aquino claimed to have won, and held rival inaugurations on February 25, but Marcos then fled in the face of huge popular demonstrations and the refusal of the military to intervene against them. Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines. ... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Presidency

Despite the euphoria following the overthrow of the Marcos government, Aquino faced the massive challenge of restoring the nation. She established a revolutionary government under the terms of a provisional "Freedom Constitution", legally establishing the structure of the government pending the adoption of a permanent, democratically-drafted constitution. In late 1986, the Aquino administration appointed a Constitutional Commission to draft the new constitution. It was ratified on February 7, 1987. Congressional and local elections soon followed, setting up a government based on popular and democratic mandate. 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Aquino drew praise for her support for democracy, and was selected as Time Magazine's Person of the Year in 1986. Despite her enormous personal popularity and that of the new constitution, Aquino continued to face repeated military coup attempts and communist insurrection. Marcos loyalists continued to oppose the government, culminating in a failed July 1986 attempt to establish a rival government at the Manila Hotel, with Arturo Tolentino as temporary president. A more serious threat came from an attempted coup in August 1987 and another, more serious attempt in December 1989, both led by Col. Gregorio Honasan. Rumors of coup attempts continued to plague the Aquino administration. (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... Person of the Year is an annual issue of U.S. newsmagazine TIME that features a profile ostensibly on the man, woman, couple, group, idea, place, or machine that for better or worse, has most influenced events in the preceding year. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A coup détat (pronounced kū dā ta), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arturo M. Tolentino (1910 - August 3, 2004) was a prominent political figure in the Philippines. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the 1992 Philippine elections, Aquino backed Fidel V. Ramos, Marcos' army chief-of-staff whose defection to the Aquino party proved crucial to the popular revolution. This decision was unpopular among many of her core supporters, including the Catholic Church (Ramos is a Protestant). Ramos narrowly won with just 23.5 percent of the vote, and succeeded Aquino as president on June 30, 1992. 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928), military hero of the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled the authoritarian regime of Ferdinand Marcos, became the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 1992. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, as the last day in June. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Post-presidency

Following the end of her term, Aquino retired to private life. When she rode away from the inauguration of her successor, she chose to go in a simple white Toyota Crown she had purchased (rather than the government-issue Mercedes), to make the point that she was once again an ordinary citizen. She has directed a number of projects that aim at furthering the spread of Asian democracy.


In 2002, Aquino received an honorary doctorate from the University of Washington in Seattle. lol 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Quotation

Holding a grandchild feels better than being president.—Corazon Aquino


See also

Prehistoric Times Main Article: Pre-colonial Philippines Various Austronesian groups settled in what is now the Philippine islands by traversing land bridges coming from Taiwan and Borneo by 200,000 BCE (late Pleistocene). ... The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. ...

References

  • History of the Filipino People, by Teodoro Agoncillo, 1990.

External link

  • The Philippine Presidency Project (http://www.pangulo.ph)


Preceded by:
Ferdinand Marcos
President of the Philippines
1986–1992
Succeeded by:
Fidel V. Ramos


Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Philippines. ... The President is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928), military hero of the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled the authoritarian regime of Ferdinand Marcos, became the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 1992. ...

Presidents of the Philippines
Aguinaldo | Quezon | Osmeña | Laurel | Roxas | Quirino | Magsaysay | Garcia | Macapagal | Marcos | Aquino | Ramos | Estrada | Arroyo

 
 

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