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Encyclopedia > Copley Medal

The Copley Medal is a scientific award for distinguished achievement in any field of science and it is the highest award granted by the Royal Society of London. It is also the society's oldest award, the first medal being awarded in 1731. A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ...


The award was created after a £100 bequest in 1709 to the Royal Society by Sir Godfrey Copley, a wealthy landowner from Sprotbrough, near Doncaster, South Yorkshire, who was elected to the Society in 1691. // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... The Parish of Sprotbrough and Cusworth lies three miles to the north west of Doncaster town centre in South Yorkshire, England and is split by the A1 motorway. ... For other places with the same name, see Doncaster (disambiguation). ... South Yorkshire is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in the Yorkshire and the Humber Government Office Region of England, in the United Kingdom. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6...


It is one of ten medals that the Society awards (some awards are made annually, others at different intervals according to their terms of reference). The Copley Medal alternates between the physical sciences and the biological sciences, and the winners are selected by Fellows of the Society.


The winner of the award is presented with a silver gilt medal accompanied by £5000.

Contents

Recipients

1700s

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... John Theophilus Desaguliers (13 March 1683 – 29 February 1744) was a natural philosopher born in France. ... John Theophilus Desaguliers (13 March 1683 – 29 February 1744) was a natural philosopher born in France. ... John Belchier (1706 - February 6, 1785) was a British surgeon. ... Stephen Hales (September 17, 1677 - January 4, 1761) was an English physiologist, chemist and inventor. ... John Theophilus Desaguliers (13 March 1683 – 29 February 1744) was a natural philosopher born in France. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... Categories: People stubs | 1710 births | 1784 deaths | Zoologists ... Henry Baker (May 8, 1698–November 25, 1774) was an English naturalist. ... William Watson (3 April 1715 – 10 May 1787) was an English physician and scientist who was born and died in London. ... Benjamin Robins (1707–July 29, 1751), English man of science and engineer. ... James Bradley (March 1693 – July 13, 1762) was an English astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1742. ... John Harrison John Harrison (March 24, 1693–March 24, 1776) was an English clockmaker, who designed and built the worlds first successful chronometer (maritime clock), one whose accuracy was great enough to allow the determination of longitude over long distances. ... George Edwards (April 3, 1693 - July 23, 1773) was an English naturalist and ornithologist, known as the father of British ornithology. Edwards was born at Stratford, Essex. ... John Canton (July 31, 1718 - March 22, 1772) was an English physicist. ... John Pringle. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Lord Charles Cavendish FRS (before 1705—April 28, 1783) was a British nobleman, Whig politician and scientist. ... John Dollond (June 10, 1706 - November 30, 1761) was an English optician. ... Portrait of John Smeaton, with the Eddystone Lighthouse in the background John Smeaton, FRS, (June 8, 1724 – October 28, 1792) was a civil engineer – often regarded as the father of civil engineering – responsible for the design of bridges, canals, harbours and lighthouses. ... John Canton (July 31, 1718 - March 22, 1772) was an English physicist. ... For other persons named Henry Cavendish, see Henry Cavendish (disambiguation). ... John Ellis FRS (c1710 - October 15, 1776) was an British linen merchant and naturalist. ... Peter Woulfe (1727 – 1803) was an Irish chemist and mineralogist who first had the idea that wolframite might contain a previously undiscovered element. ... William Hamilton Sir William Douglas Hamilton (December 13, 1730–April 6, 1803) was a Scottish diplomat, antiquarian, archaeologist and volcanologist. ... Priestley by Ellen Sharples (1794)[1] Joseph Priestley (March 13, 1733 (old style) – February 8, 1804) was an eighteenth-century British natural philosopher, Dissenting clergyman, political theorist, theologian, and educator. ... For other men of this name, see John Walsh (disambiguation) John Walsh (1 July 1726 - 9 March 1795) was a British scientist and Secretary to the Governor of Bengal. ... Nevil Maskelyne. ... This article is about the British explorer. ... John Mudge was an 18th century English physician and amateur creator of telescope mirrors who won the Copley Medal in 1777 for a paper on reflecting telescopes. ... Charles Hutton (August 14, 1737 - January 27, 1823) was an English mathematician. ... Samuel Vince (1749—1821) was an English mathematician and astronomer at the University of Cambridge. ... For other persons named William Herschel, see William Herschel (disambiguation). ... Richard Kirwan (1733 – June 1, 1812) was an Irish scientist. ... John Goodricke (September 17, 1764 – April 20, 1786) was an amateur astronomer. ... Thomas Hutchins (born in 1730 - died in 1789) was a Military Engineer, Cartographer, Geographer and Surveyor. ... Edward Waring (1736 - August 15, 1798) was British mathematician who was born in Old Heath (near Shrewsbury) Shropshire England and died in Pontesbury Shropshire England He was Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge University from 1760 until his death. ... William Roy (1726 - July 1, 1790), was a Scottish surveyor, military draughtsman and antiquary, born in Carluke, South Lanarkshire. ... Engraving of John Hunter (1728 – 1793) taken from the original portrait by Sir Joshua Reynolds, which is in the Royal College of Surgeons. ... Sir Charles Brian Blagden FRS (April 17, 1748–1820) was a British physician and scientist. ... William Morgan, born Bridgend, Glamorganshire, 1750, died 1833. ... James Rennell (December 3, 1742 - March 29, 1830) was a British geographer. ... Jean-André Deluc (8 February 1727 - 7 November 1817) was a Swiss geologist and meteorologist. ... For other persons named Benjamin Thompson, see Benjamin Thompson (disambiguation). ... For the concept car, see Toyota Alessandro Volta. ... Jesse Ramsden (October 6, 1735 - November 5, 1800) was an English astronomical instrument maker. ... George Atwood (1746 - 1807) was an English mathematician. ... Charles Hatchett Charles Hatchett (February 1, 1765 - October 3, 1847) was an English chemist who discovered the element niobium. ... This subject should not be confused with John Hellins, 1829–87, Clergyman and entomologist [1]. John Hellins, (c. ...

1800s

Sir Astley Paston Cooper (August 23, 1768_February 12, 1841) was an English surgeon. ... William Hyde Wollaston William Hyde Wollaston FRS (August 6, 1766 – December 22, 1828) was an English chemist and physicist who is famous for discovering two chemical elements and for developing a way to process platinum ore. ... Smithson Tennant (November 30, 1761 - February 22, 1815) was an English chemist. ... Sir Humphry Davy, 1st Baronet FRS (17 December 1778 – 29 May 1829) was a British chemist and physicist. ... Thomas Andrew Knight (1759-1838) was a horticulturalist and botanist who lived at Downton Castle, Herefordshire. ... Sir Everard Home (b. ... William Henry William Henry (December 12, 1775—September 2, 1836) was an English chemist. ... Edward Troughton (October 1753 – June 12, 1835) was a British instrument maker, who was notable for making telescopes and other astronomical instruments. ... Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Bart. ... William Thomas Brande (January 11, 1788 - February 11, 1866), English chemist, was born in London. ... Sir James Ivory (1765 - September 21, 1842) was a Scottish mathematician. ... Sir David Brewster. ... Henry Kater (April 16, 1777 – April 26, 1835), English physicist of German descent, was born at Bristol. ... Sir Robert Seppings (1767 - September 25, 1840) was an English naval architect. ... “Ørsted” redirects here. ... Sir Edward Sabine (October 14, 1788 – May 26, 1883) was an Irish astronomer, scientist, ornithologist and explorer. ... John Herschel Sir John Frederick William Herschel (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English mathematician and astronomer. ... William Buckland (12 March 1784 - 24 August 1856) was a prominent English geologist and palaeontologist who wrote the first full account of a fossil dinosaur, a proponent of Old Earth creationism and Flood geology who later became convinced by the glaciation theory of Louis Agassiz. ... John Pond (c. ... John Brinkley (1763–September 14, 1835) was the first Royal Astronomer of Ireland and later the Bishop of Cloyne. ... François Arago François Jean Dominique Arago (February 26, 1786 – October 2, 1853) was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and politician. ... Peter Barlow Peter Barlow (1776 - March 1, 1862) was an English writer on pure and applied mathematics. ... Sir James South (October 1785 – October 19, 1867) was a British astronomer. ... William Prout (January 15, 1785 – April 9, 1850) was an English chemist and physician. ... Henry Foster (1796 – February 5, 1831) was a British naval officer who took part in expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic and made various notable scientific observations. ... George Biddell Airy Sir George Biddell Airy FRS (July 27, 1801–January 2, 1892) was an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881. ... Michael Faraday, FRS (September 22, 1791 – August 25, 1867) was an English chemist and physicist (or natural philosopher, in the terminology of that time) who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. ... Simeon Poisson. ... Giovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana (November 6, 1781–January 20, 1864) was an Italian astronomer and mathematician. ... Sir William Snow Harris (April 1, 1791 - January 22, 1867) was an English electrician. ... Friherre Jöns Jakob Berzelius (August 20, 1779 – August 7, 1848) was a Swedish chemist. ... Antoine César Becquerel (March 8, 1788 – January 18, 1878) was a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena. ... John Frederic Daniell (March 12, 1790 - March 13, 1845) was an English chemist and physicist. ... Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (pronounced ,  ; in German usually Gauß, Latin: ) (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, electrostatics, astronomy, and optics. ... Michael Faraday, FRS (September 22, 1791 – August 25, 1867) was an English chemist and physicist (or natural philosopher, in the terminology of that time) who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. ... Robert Brown (1773–1858) Robert Brown (December 21, 1773–June 10, 1858) is acknowledged as the leading British botanist to collect in Australia during the first half of the 19th century. ... Freiherr Justus von Liebig (May 12, 1803 in Darmstadt, Germany - April 18, 1873 in Munich, Germany) was a German chemist. ... Jacques Charles François Sturm (September 29, 1803 - December 15, 1855), French mathematician, of German extraction, was born in Geneva. ... {{Infobox Scientist This guy was gay | name = Georg Simon Ohm | image = Ohm3. ... James MacCullagh (born 1809 in Landahaussy, near Strabane, Ireland; died 24 October 1847 in Dublin) was an Irish mathematician, writer and anthropologist. ... Jean Baptiste André Dumas Jean Baptiste André Dumas (July 14, 1800 - April 10, 1884), French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) by measuring vapor densities. ... Carlo Matteucci (b. ... Theodore Schwann Theodor Schwann (December 7, 1810 in Neuss, Prussia - January 11, 1882, in Cologne) was a German physiologist, histologist and cytologist. ... Urbain Le Verrier. ... John Herschel Sir John Frederick William Herschel (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English mathematician and astronomer. ... John Couch Adams (June 5, 1819 – January 21, 1892), was a British mathematician and astronomer. ... Sir Roderick Murchison Sir Roderick Impey Murchison (February 19, 1792 – October 22, 1871), was an influential Scottish geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian era. ... Peter Andreas Hansen (December 8, 1795 – March 28, 1874), Danish astronomer, was born at Tondern, in the duchy of Schleswig (now Tønder, Denmark). ... Sir Richard Owen KCB (July 20, 1804–December 18, 1892) was an English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist. ... An 1859 portrait of Alexander von Humboldt by the artist Julius Schrader, showing Mount Chimborazo in the background. ... Heinrich Wilhelm Dove (October 6, 1803 – April 4, 1879) was a Prussian physicist and meteorologist. ... Johannes Peter Müller (July 14, 1801, Koblenz – April 28, 1858, Berlin), was a German physiologist, comparative anatomist, and ichthyologist not only known for his discoveries but also for his ability to synthesize knowledge. ... Jean Bernard Léon Foucault (IPA: ) (18 September 1819 – 11 February 1868) was a French physicist best known for the invention of the Foucault pendulum, a device demonstrating the effect of the Earths rotation. ... Henri Milne-Edwards (October 23, 1800 - July 29, 1885) was an eminent French zoologist. ... Michel Eugène Chevreul (August 31, 1786 – April 9, 1889) was an important French chemist whose work with fatty acids led to early applications in the fields of art and science. ... Charles Lyell The frontispiece from Principles of Geology Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet, KT, (November 14, 1797 – February 22, 1875) was a Scottish lawyer, geologist, and populariser of uniformitarianism. ... Wilhelm Eduard Weber (October 24, 1804 - June 23, 1891) was a noted physicist. ... Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (31st March, 1811 – 16th August, 1899) was a German chemist. ... Louis Agassiz After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Stanford President David Starr Jordan wrote, Somebody—Dr. Angell, perhaps—remarked that Agassiz was great in the abstract but not in the concrete. ... Thomas Graham (December 21, 1805 – September 16, 1869) was born in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Adam Sedgwick (March 22nd, 1785–January 27, 1873) was one of the founders of modern geology. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... Michel Chasles (15 November 1793 – 18 December 1880) was a French mathematician. ... Julius Plücker. ... Karl Ernst von Baer (February 17, 1792 - November 26, 1876) was a Baltic German biologist and a founding father of embryology. ... Charles Wheatstone Sir Charles Wheatstone (February 6, 1802 - October 19, 1875) was the British inventor of many innovations including the English concertina the Stereoscope an early form of microphone the Playfair cipher (named for Lord Playfair, the person who publicized it) He was a major figure in the development of... Henri Victor Regnault (July 21, 1810 – January 19, 1878) was a French chemist and physicist best known for his careful measurements of the thermal properties of gases. ... James Prescott Joule, FRS (IPA: ; December 24, 1818 – October 11, 1889) was an English physicist (and brewer), born in Salford, Lancashire. ... Julius Robert von Mayer. ... Friedrich Wöhler Friedrich Wöhler (July 31, 1800 - September 23, 1882) was a German chemist, best-known for his synthesis of urea, but also the first to isolate several of the elements. ... Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist. ... Louis Pasteur (December 27 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist best known for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of disease. ... August Wilhelm von Hofmann (April 8, 1818 _ May 5, 1892) was a German chemist. ... For the 17th Century Roman Catholic priest who popularized the Memorare, see Father Claude Bernard. ... James Dwight Dana (February 12, 1813 - April 14, 1895) was an American geologist, mineralogist and zoologist. ... Jean Baptiste Joseph Dieudonne Boussingault (February 2, 1802 - May 11, 1887) was a French chemist. ... Rudolf Clausius - physicist and mathematician Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius (January 2, 1822 – August 24, 1888), was a German physicist and mathematician. ... James Joseph Sylvester James Joseph Sylvester (September 3, 1814 London - March 15, 1897 Oxford) was an English mathematician. ... Charles Adolphe Wurtz (November 26, 1817 - May 10, 1884) was a French chemist. ... Arthur Cayley (August 16, 1821 - January 26, 1895) was a British mathematician. ... For other persons named William Thomson, see William Thomson (disambiguation). ... Carl F.W. Ludwig (1816-1895) Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig (b. ... Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz (September 7, 1829 – July 13, 1896) was a German organic chemist. ... Franz Ernst Neumann (September 11, 1798 - May 23, 1895) was a German mineralogist, physicist and mathematician. ... Joseph Dalton Hooker Joseph Dalton Hooker Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, GCSI, OM, FRS, MD (June 30, 1817 – December 10, 1911) was an English botanist and traveller. ... Thomas Henry Huxley PC, FRS (4 May 1825 Ealing – 29 June 1895 Eastbourne, Sussex) was an English biologist, known as Darwins Bulldog for his advocacy of Charles Darwins theory of evolution. ... George Salmon (September 25, 1819 - January 22, 1904) was an Irish mathematician. ... Simon Newcomb. ... Stanislao Cannizzaro (July 13, 1826 - May 10, 1910) was an Italian chemist. ... Dr. R.L.K. Virchow Rudolf Ludwig Karl Virchow (October 13, 1821, Schivelbein (Pomerania) - September 5, 1902, Berlin) was a German doctor, anthropologist, public health activist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist and politician. ... Sir George Gabriel Stokes, 1st Baronet FRS (13 August 1819–1 February 1903), was an Irish mathematician and physicist, who at Cambridge made important contributions to fluid dynamics (including the Navier-Stokes equations), optics, and mathematical physics (including Stokes theorem). ... Sir Edward Frankland (January 18, 1825 – August 9, 1899) was an English chemist. ... Karl Theodor Wilhelm Weierstrass (Weierstraß) (October 31, 1815 – February 19, 1897) was a German mathematician who is often cited as the father of modern analysis. // Karl Weierstrass was born in Ostenfelde, Westphalia (today Germany). ... Carl Gegenbaur: photograph Carl Gegenbaur (August 21, 1826 - June 14, 1903), [1] also Karl Gegenbaur, was a German anatomist and professor who demonstrated that the field of comparative anatomy offers important evidence supporting of the theory of evolution. ... Rudolph Albert von Kolliker (July 6, 1817 _ November 2, 1905) was a Swiss anatomist and physiologist. ... William Huggins Sir William Huggins, OM , FRS (February 7, 1824 – May 12, 1910) was a British astronomer. ... See also Rayleigh fading Rayleigh scattering Rayleigh number Rayleigh waves Rayleigh-Jeans law External links Nobel website bio of Rayleigh About John William Strutt MacTutor biography of Lord Rayleigh Categories: People stubs | 1842 births | 1919 deaths | Nobel Prize in Physics winners | Peers | British physicists | Discoverer of a chemical element ...

1900s

Marcellin Berthelot Marcellin (or Marcelin) Pierre Eugène Berthelot (October 25, 1827 - March 18, 1907) was a French chemist and politician noted in thermochemistry for the Thomsen-Berthelot principle. ... Josiah Willard Gibbs (February 11, 1839 – April 28, 1903) was an American mathematical physicist who contributed much of the theoretical foundation that led to the development of chemical thermodynamics and was one of the founders of vector analysis. ... Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister (April 5, 1827-February 10, 1912) was a famous British surgeon who promoted the idea of sterile surgery while working at the Glasgow Infirmary. ... Eduard Suess (August 20, 1831 – April 26, 1914) was a 19th century geologist who was an expert on the geography of the Alps. ... Sir William Crookes, OM, FRS (17 June 1832 – 4 April 1919) was an English chemist and physicist. ... Portrait of Dmitri Mendeleev by Ilya Repin (Russian: , Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev  ) (8 February [O.S. 27 January] 1834 in Tobolsk – 2 February [O.S. 20 January] 1907 in Saint Petersburg), was a Russian chemist and inventor. ... Categories: Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine winners | Microbiologists | People stubs ... His signature. ... For the Cornish painter, see Alfred Wallis. ... George William Hill (March 3, 1838 – April 16, 1914), was a U.S. astronomer and mathematician. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... George Howard Darwin Sir George Howard Darwin, F.R.S. (July 9, 1845 – December 7, 1912) was a British astronomer and mathematician, the second son and fifth child of Charles and Emma Darwin. ... Felix Christian Klein (April 25, 1849, Düsseldorf, Germany – June 22, 1925, Göttingen) was a German mathematician, known for his work in group theory, function theory, non-Euclidean geometry, and on the connections between geometry and group theory. ... Ray Lankester, by Leslie Ward, 1905. ... Sir Joseph John Thomson Sir Joseph John Thomson (18 December 1856 – 30 August 1940), often known as J. J. Thomson, was an English physicist, the discoverer of the electron. ... For other uses, see Pavlov (disambiguation). ... For other persons named James Dewar, see James Dewar (disambiguation). ... Emile Roux Pierre Paul Emile Roux (b. ... Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (July 18, 1853, Arnhem – February 4, 1928, Haarlem) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and elucidation of the Zeeman effect. ... William Maddock Bayliss(May 2, 1860-August 27, 1924) was an English physician. ... Sir Joseph Larmor (11 July 1857 – 19 May 1942), an Northern Irish physicist, mathematician and politician, researched electricity, dynamics, and thermodynamics. ... Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson OM PC FRS (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937), widely referred to as Lord Rutherford, was a chemist (B.Sc. ... Sir Horace Lamb FRS (November 29, 1849 - December 4, 1934) was a British applied mathematician and author of several influential texts on classical physics, among them Hydrodynamics (1895) and Dynamical Theory of Sound (1910). ... Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer (1850-1935) coined the word insulin after theorising that a single substance from the pancreas was responsible for diabetes mellitus. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins (June 20, 1861 – May 16, 1947) was an English biochemist, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1929 with Christiaan Eijkman for the discovery of vitamins. ... Sherrington is considered one of the fathers of neuroscience. ... Charles Algernon Parsons Compund Steam Turbine, circa 1887 Sir Charles Algernon Parsons, O.M. (June 13, 1854 – February 11, 1931) was a British engineer, best known for his invention of the steam turbine. ... “Planck” redirects here. ... Sir William Henry Bragg OM, Cantab, OKW (Westward, Cumbria, England July 2, 1862 – March 10, 1942) was an English physicist and chemist, educated at King Williams College, Isle of Man, and Trinity College, Cambridge. ... Sir (Franz) Arthur (Friedrich) Schuster FRS (September 12, 1851 - October 17, 1934) was a versatile physicist known for his work in spectroscopy, electrochemistry, optics, X-radiography and the application of harmonic analysis to physics. ... George Ellery Hale, Sc. ... Theobald Smith (July 31, 1859 – December 10, 1934) was an American pathologist. ... John Scott Haldane (May 3, 1860 - March 15/March 14, 1936) was a Scottish medical doctor. ... Charles Thomson Rees Wilson CH (February 14, 1869 – November 15, 1959) was a Scottish physicist. ... Sir Arthur John Evans (July 8, 1851 – July 11, 1941) was an English archaeologist. ... Sir Henry Hallett Dale (June 9, 1875 - July 23, 1968) was an English scientist. ... Niels Henrik David Bohr (October 7, 1885 – November 18, 1962) was a Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. ... Thomas Hunt Morgan (September 25, 1866 – December 4, 1945) was an American geneticist and embryologist. ... Paul Langevin (January 23, 1872 â€“ December 19, 1946) was a prominent French physicist who developed Langevin dynamics and the Langevin equation. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Sir Robert Robinson, (13 September 1886 – 8 February 1975), won the 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry [1] for his research on plant dyestuffs (anthocyanins) and alkaloids. ... Sir Geoffrey Ingram Taylor (7 March 1886 - 27 June 1975) was a physicist, mathematician and expert on fluid dynamics and wave theory. ... Oswald Avery in 1937 Oswald Theodore Avery ( 1877- 1955) was a physician, medical researcher and early molecular biologist. ... Edgar Douglas Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian (born London, 30 November 1889, died London, 4 August 1977) was a British electrophysiologist and recipient of the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology, won jointly with Sir Charles Sherrington for work on the function of neurons. ... G. H. Hardy Godfrey Harold Hardy (February 7, 1877 – December 1, 1947) was a prominent British mathematician, known for his achievements in number theory and mathematical analysis. ... Archibald Vivian Hill CH CBE (September 26, 1886–June 3, 1977) was a British physiologist, one of the founders of the diverse disciplines of biophysics and operations research. ... Sir James Chadwick, CH (20 October 1891 – 24 July 1974) was an English physicist and Nobel laureate who is best known for discovering the neutron. ... David Keilin(1887-1963) was an entomologist, among other things, born in Moscow on March 21 1887. ... Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, OM, FRS (IPA: [dɪræk]) (August 8, 1902 – October 20, 1984) was a British theoretical physicist and a founder of the field of quantum physics. ... Edmund Taylor Whittaker (24 October 1873 - 24 March 1956) was an English mathematician, who contributed widely to applied mathematics, mathematical physics and the theory of special functions. ... Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher, FRS (17 February 1890 – 29 July 1962) was an English statistician, evolutionary biologist, and geneticist. ... Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, Baron Blackett, OM , CH , FRS (November 18, 1897–July 13, 1974) was a British experimental physicist known for his work on cloud chambers, cosmic rays, and paleomagnetism. ... Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey, OM, FRS, (September 24, 1898 – February 21, 1968) was a pharmacologist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Ernst Boris Chain and Sir Alexander Fleming for his role in the extraction of penicillin. ... John Edensor Littlewood (June 9, 1885 – September 6, 1977) was a British mathematician. ... Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet OM, AK, KBE (3 September 1899 – 31 August 1985), usually known as Macfarlane or Mac Burnet, was an Australian virologist best known for his contributions to immunology. ... Sir Harold Jeffreys (22 April 1891 – 18 March 1989) was a mathematician, statistician, geophysicist, and astronomer. ... Sir Hans Adolf Krebs (August 25, 1900 – November 22, 1981) was a German, later British medical doctor and biochemist. ... Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood was an English physical chemist. ... Sir Paul Fildes (1882-1971) was a pathologist and microbiologist who worked at Porton Down during the Second World War. ... Sydney Chapman (January 29, 1888 – June 16, 1970) was a British astronomer and geophysicist. ... Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (February 5, 1914 _ December 20, 1998) was a British physiologist and biophysicist, who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with Andrew Fielding Huxley on the basis of nerve action potentials, the electrical impulses that enable the activity of an... Sir William Lawrence Bragg CH, FRS, (31 March 1890 – 1 July 1971) was an Australian physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1915 with his father Sir William Henry Bragg. ... Sir Bernard Katz, FRS (March 26, 1911 – April 20, 2003) was a German-born biophysicist, noted for his work on nerve biochemistry. ... Tadeus Reichstein (July 20, 1897 - August 1, 1996) was a Polish Nobel Prize-winning chemist. ... Sir Peter Brian Medawar (February 28, 1915 – October 2, 1987) was a Brazilian-born English scientist best known for his work on how the immune system rejects or accepts organ transplants. ... Alexander Robertus Todd, Baron Todd (October 2, 1907 - January 10, 1997) was the 1957 Nobel Laureate in chemistry for his work on nucleotides and nucleotide co_enzymes. ... Norman Wingate Pirie FRS (1 July 1907 - 29 March 1997)-was a British biochemist and virologist who, along with Frederick Bawden, discovered that a virus can be crystallized by isolating tobacco mosaic virus in 1936. ... Sir Nevill Francis Mott (September 30, 1905 – August 8, 1996) was a British physicist. ... Andrew Huxley at Trinity College, Cambridge, July 2005 Family tree Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley, OM, FRS (born 22 November 1917, Hampstead, London) is an English physiologist and biophysicist, who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with Alan Lloyd Hodgkin on the basis of nerve... This article is about a mathematician. ... Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004), (Ph. ... Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, OM , FRS (12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994) was a British founder of protein crystallography. ... Frederick Sanger, OM, CH, CBE, FRS (born 13 August 1918) is an English biochemist and a two time Nobel laureate in chemistry. ... Robert Burns Woodward (April 10, 1917–July 8, 1979) was an American organic chemist. ... Max Ferdinand Perutz, OM (May 19, 1914 – February 6, 2002) was an Austrian-British molecular biologist. ... Sir Derek Harold Richard Barton was a British physical chemist and Nobel Prize Laureate. ... Peter Dennis Mitchell (September 29, 1920–April 10, 1992)[1] was a British biochemist who was awarded the 1978 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the chemiosmotic mechanism of ATP synthesis. ... Sir John Warcup Kappa Cornforth FRS (born 7 September 1917), is a scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1975 for his work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions. ... Rodney Robert Porter (1917 - 1985) was a British physiologist. ... Chandrasekhar redirects here. ... Sir Aaron Klug, OM, FRS (born 11 August 1926 in Zelvas, Lithuania) is a Lithuanian-born British chemist and biophysicist, and winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes. ... Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, (June 5, 1907, Berlin – September 19, 1995, Oxford), was a German-Born British physicist. ... Sir Robert Robin Hill, (1899 — 1991), British biochemist. ... Sir Michael Francis Atiyah, OM, FRS (b. ... César Milstein was born in Bahia Blanca, Argentina, in 1927. ... For other uses, see Abdus Salam (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Right Honourable George Porter, Baron Porter of Luddenham, OM, FRS (6 December 1920–31 August 2002) was an English chemist. ... For other people named James Watson, see James Watson (disambiguation). ... Sir Charles Frank (1911-1998) was a British physicist. ... Dr Frank Fenner (born 1914) is an Australian scientist with a distinguished career in the field of virology. ... Sir Alan Howard Cottrell (born 1919) is a British metallurgist and physicist. ... Hugh Esmor Huxley(born February 25, 1924)-is a professor of biology at Brandeis University. ... Sir Michael James Lighthill FRS (23 January 1924 - 17 July 1998) was a British applied mathematician, known for his pioneering work in the field of Aeroacoustics. ... Professor John Maynard Smith[1], F.R.S. (6 January 1920 – 19 April 2004) was a British evolutionary biologist and geneticist. ...

2000s

Sir Alan Rushton Battersby FRS (b. ... Jacques Francis Albert Pierre Miller is a distinguished research scientist. ... Sir John Anthony Pople, FRS, (October 31, 1925 – March 15, 2004) was a theoretical chemist. ... John Gurdon is a controversial British biologist. ... Harold Kroto Sir Harold Walter Kroto, FRS (born 7 October 1939) is an English chemist and one of the winners of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. ... Sir Paul M. Nurse, FRS, (b. ... Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA, (born 8 January 1942) is a British theoretical physicist. ... Robert McCredie Bob May, Baron May of Oxford, OM, AC, FRS (born 8 January 1936 in Australia) is a cross-bench member of the British House of Lords and was President of the Royal Society from 2000 to 2005. ...

See also

A list of famous prizes, medals, and awards including cups, trophies, bowls, badges, state decorations etc. ... This is a list of prizes that are named after people. ...

External links

  • Royal Society: Copley Medal
For other uses, see Royal Society (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Royal Society (disambiguation). ... The Buchanan Medal is a medal of the Royal Society awarded for achievements in medicine. ... The Darwin Medal is given by the Royal Society on even years to a biologist or a husband and wife team of biologists. ... The Davy Medal is a bronze medal that has been awarded annually by the Royal Society in London since 1887. ... The Gabor Medal is a medal of the Royal Society, normally awarded for acknowledged distinction of work in biology, especially in genetic engineering and molecular biology. ... The Hughes Medal, named after microphone inventor David Edward Hughes, is one of several medals awarded by the Royal Society, Englands reigning academy of science. ... The Leverhulme Medal of the Royal Society first awarded in 1960 to mark the tricentenary of the society at the instigation of the Leverhulme Trust. ... The Royal Medals of the Royal Society of London were established by King George IV. They were further supported with certain changes to their conditions, by King William IV and Queen Victoria. ... In 1796, Benjamin Thompson, known as Count Rumford, gave $5000 separately to the Royal Society of London and the other by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences to give awards every two years for outstanding scientific research on heat or light. ... The Sylvester Medal is a bronze medal awarded every three years by the Royal Society for the encouragement of mathematical research. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Copley Medal - encyclopedia article about Copley Medal. (1978 words)
The Copley Medal is a scientific award for work in any field of science Science refers to either:
He is remembered mainly because he provided a bequest to the Royal Society in London in 1709, which provided the funding for an annual award, the Copley Medal, the Society's premier award for scientific achievement.
He was presented with the Royal Society's highest honor, the Copley Medal, in 1734, 1736 and 1741, the 1741 award being for his "discovery of the properties of Electricity".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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