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Encyclopedia > Cooperative gameplay
Doom popularised co-op on the PC.
Doom popularised co-op on the PC.

Cooperative gameplay (often abbreviated as co-op) primarily refers to a feature in video games that allows players to work together as teammates with the absence of player-controlled competitors. Cooperative gameplay is usually built around the single player mode of a game, modified to allow additional players. Often the story is modified and the difficulty level ramped up depending on the number of players in the game. Players assist other teammates in many ways: passing weapons or items, healing, and providing cover in a firefight are all advantages over single play. Image File history File links DoomII_coop. ... Image File history File links DoomII_coop. ... Doom (or DOOM)[1] is a 1993 computer game by id Software that is among the landmark titles in the first-person shooter genre. ... “Computer Games” redirects here. ... This article is about computer and video games. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Compared to competitive multiplayer, co-op gameplay has been less popular in video games, as replacing computer AI with the capability for superior human opponents has tended to take priority. Technical limitations also hindered the increased action or graphics required for simultaneous co-op play, notably on early-generation home consoles. As controller and networking technology has developed, allowing for more games to allow more than two players on PCs and consoles, cooperative games gained in popularity, especially in first-person shooters and sports games. Game AI refers to techniques used in computer and video games to produce the illusion of intelligence in the behavior of non-player characters (NPCs). ... The Altair 8800 was among the first microcomputers to be affordable by an individual, although it initially lacked peripherals and memory. ... ... A sports game is a computer or video game that emulates the playing of traditional sports. ...


Since the internet boom, PC game developers have shifted away from cooperative campaigns, instead opting to concentrate on adding competitive and team-based multiplayer modes for online play. Online gaming redirects here. ...


More co-op games were initially developed for the arcade and consoles than for computers. This is mainly because it is quite difficult for two players to use a single mouse and keyboard, while two controllers can easily be connected to one console. A contemporary computer mouse, with the most common standard features — two buttons and a scroll-wheel. ... A computer keyboard is a peripheral partially modeled after the typewriter keyboard. ... Four different video game consoles from different generations. ...

Contents

History

Arcades

Four-player action in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.

The first video games to have a co-op mode were primarily arcade side-scrollers in the beat 'em up genre. One of the earliest famous examples was 4000 B.C. (before we evolved from monkeys)'s Gauntlet, a top-down action game allowing four different players, each an individual class, to work through the game's dungeon together. Image File history File links Arcade_Mousers. ... Image File history File links Arcade_Mousers. ... To meet Wikipedias content policies, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Beat em ups (often called scrolling fighting games, scrolling beat em ups or sometimes brawlers) are video games where close combat fighting against multiple opponents is the main objective. ... Gauntlet is a 1985 arcade game by Atari Games. ...


1989 saw the release of two very popular titles, Capcom's three-player cabinet, Final Fight, and Konami's Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, which allowed four players to fight simultaneously. Upon the release of these titles, the multiplayer beat 'em up became a very popular arcade genre. Many of these games were commercial tie-ins to existing comic book and cartoon franchises. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the original NASA meaning, see capsule communicator. ... Final Fight ) is a beat em up series from Capcom. ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... To meet Wikipedias content policies, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Though other developers would attempt to cash in on the growing craze, both Capcom and Konami would be the forerunners, producing another arcade title almost every year. Capcom followed up their success with games such as Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, Captain Commando, and Aliens vs. Predator, their final title in the genre being 1996's Dungeons & Dragons: Shadow over Mystara. Konami put out a sequel to their TMNT game, an oversized 6-player X-Men cabinet, and a 4-player beat 'em up based on The Simpsons, among others. Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (released in October 2002) is the fourth video game in the hit Grand Theft Auto series. ... Captain Commando is an arcade game produced by Capcom in 1991, featuring the character of the same name. ... Alien vs. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time is an arcade game produced by Konami in 1991. ... X-Men is an arcade game produced by Konami in 1992. ... The Simpsons is an arcade game produced by Konami in 1991. ...


Data East was also a notable producer of co-op beat 'em ups such as Bad Dudes and Captain America and the Avengers. Data East (データイースト dēta īsuto) was a Japanese video game company, also known as DECO (Data East Corporation, データイースト株式会社 dēta īsuto kabushikigaisha). ... Bad Dudes is a 1988 arcade game by Data East. ... Captain America and the Avengers is the title of a side-scrolling coin-op arcade game released by Data East in 1991 and based on the Marvel Comics series The Avengers. ...


Though popular for several years, cooperative beat 'em ups would eventually become less popular as one-on-one fighting games such as Street Fighter II and Mortal Kombat grew in popularity. One of the last arcade beat 'em ups to be released was Sega's Zombie Revenge in 1999. This article describes fighting games in which opponents face off in a battle. ... Street Fighter II: The World Warrior is a 1991 competitive fighting game by Capcom. ... Mortal Kombat may refer to: Mortal Kombat (series) is a series of fighting, beatem up and platform video games: Mortal Kombat (video game) (1992) Mortal Kombat II (1993) Mortal Kombat 3 (1995) Ultimate Mortal Kombat 3 (1995) Mortal Kombat Trilogy (1996) Mortal Kombat Mythologies: Sub-Zero (1997) Mortal Kombat... Sega Corporation ) is an international video game software and hardware developing company, and a former home computer and console manufacturer. ... Zombie Revenge is an arcade and Dreamcast video game released in 1999, one that falls squarely in the beat em up genre. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...


Cooperative scrolling shooters such as U.N. Squadron were also well known in arcades. U.N. Squadron (Area 88 in Japan), is a shooting/action arcade game by Capcom. ...


Sports games were also popular co-op games, as they were easily suited to have more than one player play together against the computer, or more often on 4-player cabinet setups for 2-on-2 play. NBA Jam was one of the most popular arcade sports titles of the early 1990s. Several WWF wrestling arcade games were also produced, as well as Capcom's Saturday Night Slam Masters. However, cooperative sports gameplay would not become more widespread until later generations of home consoles with multitaps and four controller ports became standard. NBA Jam is a basketball arcade game created by Midway in 1993. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... Saturday Night Slam Masters (Muscle Bomber: The Body Explosion in Japan) is a series of pro wrestling games by Capcom. ... PlayStation 2 Multitap Hudson Soft released a Super Famicom Multitap in the shape of Bombermans face. ...


Home consoles

Though consoles from the second generation of video games onward typically had controller ports for two-player games, most systems did not have the computing or graphical power for simultaneous play, leading most games that billed "2-player gameplay" as feature to merely be the single player game, alternating players, with competitive multiplayer being less common. The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ...


Many arcade beat 'em ups, such as Double Dragon, were ported to home systems with worse graphics than the arcade original. Alternating play replaced the arcade's co-op play in the NES version. Most other titles featuring 2-player were head-to-head sports titles. Though most of the console beat 'em ups were arcade ports, original franchises such as Streets of Rage and River City Ransom also became popular. Billy and Jimmy Lee, the protagonists of the Double Dragon series. ... “NES” redirects here. ... Streets of Rage is a side-scrolling beat em up released by Sega in 1991. ... River City Ransom , Downtown Nekketsu Story) in Japan and Street Gangs in PAL regions) is a video game for the Nintendo Family Computer and the Nintendo Entertainment System from the now defunct Technos Japan Corporation, originally released in 1989. ...


The run and gun genre was also popular for co-op games. Contra, for instance, was far more successful in its NES incarnation than it was in the arcade, and is famous for being one of the most popular co-op games ever, and was followed up with several sequels. Gunstar Heroes for the Sega Genesis and the Metal Slug series for the Neo Geo were also well-received titles. A run and gun (also known as run n gun or for some variants, overhead shooter) is a sub-genre of video games that incorporates elements from shoot em up games and platform games. ... Contra ) is an arcade game released in 1987 by the Konami corporation. ... Gunstar Heroes ) is a run and gun video game released in 1993 by Treasure Co. ... The Mega Drive/Genesis was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world as the Mega Drive. ... Metal Slug is a series of shoot em up video games first released on the Neo-Geo game console created by SNK. It was also ported to other consoles, such as the PlayStation, the Sega Saturn, the Neo-Geo Pocket Color and more recently, the Game Boy Advance and Xbox. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ...

Ratchet: Deadlocked features split-screen co-op.
Ratchet: Deadlocked features split-screen co-op.

Co-op games in the RPG genre have generally been less common on console systems. The 1993 action-RPG, Secret of Mana for the Super Nintendo offered two- and three-player action, once the main character had acquired his party members. Final Fantasy VI offered a form of alternating co-op play for its battles, with the second player taking control of half of the characters in the party. Namco's Tales series allowed multiple players to take control of individual members in its real-time battles in some of the titles, such as Tales of Symphonia, while the Baldur's Gate: Dark Alliance games replicated the Diablo formula for consoles, offering 4-player simultaneous play through the game's campaign. Image File history File links Ratched_deadlocked_coop. ... Image File history File links Ratched_deadlocked_coop. ... Depending on context, the term split screen may mean one of the following: a motion picture technique; see split screen (film) a computer graphics and video game technique; see split screen (computer graphics) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Role-playing game (video games). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Secret of Mana, known in Japan as Seiken Densetsu 2 , lit. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... Final Fantasy VI ) is a console role-playing game developed and published by Square Co. ... Namco Ltd ) is a amusement company based in Japan, best known overseas for video games development. ... The Tales series is a franchise of role-playing games published by Namco. ... Tales of Symphonia ) is a video game first released for the Nintendo GameCube and later for the PlayStation 2. ... Diablo is a dark fantasy-themed hack and slash action role-playing game developed by Blizzard North and released by Blizzard Entertainment on January 2, 1997. ...


Electronic Arts has arguably probably produced the most successful co-op titles in history, as their various sports franchises have been consistent best-sellers worldwide for nearly over a decade. The original NHL Hockey and Madden NFL installments on the Sega Genesis were key games, allowing two players or more to play against the CPU. Installments of both series, among other official sports franchises developed by EA, are published annually. EA redirects here. ... NHL Hockey is a video game for the Sega Genesis first released in 1991 by Electronic Arts, before EA opened its EA Sports division. ... Madden NFL is a American football video game series developed by Electronic Arts Tiburon for EA Sports. ...


Many console games support split screen displays in order to show 2 or more players in different regions of the game. Split screen displays would usually split the main screen into either 2 or 4 sub-regions so that 2-4 players could roam freely within the game world. Many first-person and third-person shooter games use this technique when played in multiplayer co-op mode, such as the console versions of games in the Rainbow Six series. Various methods to display multiple signals on a 16:9 screen: 1+3, 3+1 (4:3), 2×2, 3×3, 4×4 (16:9), 1+1 (8:9 vertical, 16:4½ horizontal), 4×3 (4:3), 1 in 12 (16:9). ... Doom is considered a landmark in the first-person shooter genre. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Rainbow Six is a successful computer and video game series created by author Tom Clancy, based on his novel of the same name. ...


With the Nintendo 64, having four controller ports started to become a standard feature in consoles, as the Dreamcast, GameCube and Xbox all featured them. As larger multiplayer games became feasible, cooperative gameplay also became more available. The latest generation of video game consoles all feature wireless controllers, removing the past local player limits. However, its effect on multiplayer is probably less pronounced than the advancement of console internet capabilities. The Nintendo 64 ) is Nintendos third home video game console, and its third home video game console for the international market. ... The Dreamcast , code-named Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Shark and Katana during development) is Segas fifth and final video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... The Nintendo GameCube (Japanese: ゲームキューブ; originally code-named Dolphin during development; abbreviated as GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the 128-bit era; the same generation as Segas Dreamcast, Sonys PlayStation 2, and Microsofts Xbox. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... In the history of computer and video games, the seventh generation began on November 22, 2005 with the release of Microsofts Xbox 360, and continued a year later with the release of Sonys PlayStation 3 on November 11, 2006 and Nintendos Wii on November 19, 2006. ...


Online services

The rise of online services like Xbox Live has allowed cooperative gameplay on consoles to become available on more games. Games like Gears of War and Crackdown now feature cooperative gameplay online. The game offers the ability to invite players on the users’ friends list and have them instantly pop in (known as "Drop in, Drop out" gameplay) the player’s game to help them out. Cooperative Play differs from the single-player game in some ways. On the sections of levels that offer multiple paths, the first player chooses their own path and effectively sends the other player onto the other. Both players are separated and each tackle separate parts of the level. Xbox Live is a subscription-based online gaming service for Microsofts Xbox and Xbox 360 video game consoles. ... Gears of War (usually shortened Gears or GoW) is a tactical third-person shooter video game developed by Epic Games (the creators of the Unreal Tournament series) using Unreal Engine 3. ... Crackdown (titled as Riot Act in Japan) is a free-form urban action video game released on February 20, 2007 for the Xbox 360 console. ...


PC

The release of Doom in 1994 was a breakthrough in network gaming. Though arguably deathmatch was both the most influential and most popular mode, Doom's co-op gameplay was also significant. Up to four players could travel through the entire game together, playing on separate computers over a LAN. Unlike many co-op games, the game's campaign mode was designed primarily for single player, but the difficulty was tweaked to compensate for extra human players. The following three games produced by id Software (Doom II, Quake and Quake II) all featured co-op modes. Doom (or DOOM)[1] is a 1993 computer game by id Software that is among the landmark titles in the first-person shooter genre. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Deathmatch (abbreviated DM) is a widely-used gameplay mode very well integrated into first-person shooter computer games. ... Lan can stand for several things: A local area network Lan (airline) formerly LanChile Lan Peru Län, a kind of administrative division used in Sweden Lan Mandragoran, a fictional character in the Wheel of Time fantasy series by Robert Jordan. ... In computer games and video games, single-player refers to the variant of a particular game where input from only one player is expected throughout the course of the gaming session. ... id Software (IPA: officially, though originally ) is an American computer game developer based in Mesquite, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. ... Doom II: Hell on Earth is a first-person shooter video game created by id Software. ... Zombies attacking the player at the starting of Episode 1, Mission 3: The Necropolis. ... Quake II, released on December 6, 1997, is a first person shooter computer game developed by id Software and distributed by Activision. ...


Since around the year 2000, most FPS developers have forsaken co-op campaign play, opting to focus more purely on either a more detailed and in-depth single player experience or a purely multiplayer game. Epic's Unreal Tournament series has practically eschewed single player altogether, and the most significant releases of Doom 3, Quake 4, and both Half-Life titles shipped without cooperative gameplay modes. The modability of these titles has enabled fan-created add-ons which enable co-op play in many of these cases, though. Unreal Tournament, UT, (sometimes referred to as UT99, UT Classic, UT1, or UT:GOTY to differentiate from Unreal Tournament 2003, Unreal Tournament 2004, and Unreal Tournament 3) is a popular first-person shooter video game. ... Doom 3 is a science fiction horror first-person shooter computer game developed by id Software and published by id Software on August 3, 2004. ... Quake 4 is the fourth title in the series of Quake FPS computer games. ... Half-Life For a quantity subject to exponential decay, the half-life is the time required for the quantity to fall to half of its initial value. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Baldur's Gate is an in-depth D&D simulation supporting up to six cooperative players.

Co-op still exists in the form of competitive teamplay, which has generally overtaken deathmatch as the dominant form of online FPS multiplayer, with titles such as Counter-Strike, Battlefield 1942 , Medal of Honor and Call of Duty gaining dominance in the early to mid-2000s. Image File history File links Baldursgate1. ... Image File history File links Baldursgate1. ... Baldurs Gate is a computer role-playing game in a high fantasy setting, developed by BioWare and released in 1998 by Interplay Entertainment. ... Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&D or DnD) is a fantasy role-playing game (RPG) currently published by Wizards of the Coast. ... Counter-Strike (CS) is a popular team-based mod of Valves first-person shooter (FPS) Half-Life. ... Battlefield 1942 is an expansive first-person shooter (FPS), set in World War II, developed by Digital Illusions CE and published by Electronic Arts for Microsoft Windows (2002) and Apple Macintosh (2004). ... This article is about the Medal of Honor video game and series, for information on the American Medal of Honor see, Medal of Honor. ... Call of Duty (released October 29, 2003) is a first-person shooter video game based on the Quake III engine. ...


Blizzard Entertainment's Diablo was immensely successful, largely due to being the flagship title of Blizzard's online matchmaking service, battle.net. Though local network play was an option, the game's popularity came from its internet play, allowing many players to fight through the entire single player campaign together. Blizzard Entertainment is an American based computer game developer and publisher. ... Diablo is a dark fantasy-themed hack and slash action role-playing game developed by Blizzard North and released by Blizzard Entertainment on January 2, 1997. ... Battle. ...


Most early computer role-playing games were inspired by Dungeons & Dragons, but restricted to single player due to technical restrictions. The earliest RPGs featuring co-op were MUDs which would eventually became the MMOG genre, though it is debatable and variable if and how much these online worlds are designed around cooperative gameplay, depending on the rules of the virtual space. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&D or DnD) is a fantasy role-playing game (RPG) currently published by Wizards of the Coast. ... Some dried mud with windblown stones. ... A massive multiplayer online game (MMOG) is a type of computer game that enables hundreds or thousands of players to simultaneously interact in a game world they are connected to via the Internet. ...


Later PC RPGs became more powerful and flexible in simulating the shared real life RPG experience, allowing players to collaborate in games over the internet. The D&D-sanctioned Baldur's Gate and Icewind Dale games allowed up to 6 players to play through the campaign mode over network. Baldurs Gate is a computer role-playing game in a high fantasy setting, developed by BioWare and released in 1998 by Interplay Entertainment. ... Icewind Dale is a computer role-playing game (CRPG) developed by Black Isle Studios. ...


2000's Vampire: The Masquerade - Redemption was the earliest CRPG to feature an online mode where a "storyteller" controlled a campaign much like a Dungeon Master, shaping and altering the game world against a party of human-controlled players. Atari's Neverwinter Nights was an official and comprehensive D&D simulator, featuring even more robust game-creation tools and developing a sizable online community. Besides an active modding community providing many fan-developed campaigns, the game was officially followed up with several commercial expansion packs. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... This article is about the 2002 computer role-playing game. ...


Gameplay characteristics

Resource management

A common concept in cooperative games is the sharing of resources between players. For example, two players managing one team in a real-time strategy game, such as StarCraft, will often have to draw off the same pool of resources to build and upgrade their units and buildings. The sharing of resources, however, can be as simple as the system used in the Contra games (and other shoot-'em-up/beat-'em-up games) where a player who is out of spare lives could "steal" a life from the other player so both players could continue to play at the same time. Real-Time Strategy, often abbreviated RTS, is a genre of computer games characterized by being wargames which take place in real-time, where resource gathering, base building, technology development and direct control over individual units are key components. ... StarCraft is a real-time strategy game by Blizzard Entertainment. ... Contra, NES version 1988 The Contra series (é­‚æ–—ç¾… in Japanese) is a well-known line of run and gun shoot em up games created by Konami from 1987 through 2004. ...


Platform games

In cooperative platform games or games that use similar elements, both players occupy the same screen and must coordinate their actions, particularly in respect of the scrolling. If the scrolling is limited to forward directions only, players can potentially cause the death of each other. For example, one player lagging behind could cause problems for his partner, as the screen will not scroll onward. A slow player could be fatal to his partner's attempt to complete a jump over a chasm, if say the chasm appeared on the screen but the ending surface however did not. In the vertical levels, one player can scroll up far too quickly and inadvertently kill the other player in the process, as the other player would literally have the ground beneath him disappear. A simple platform sequence from the game Wonder Boy Platform game, or platformer, is a video game genre characterized by jumping to and from suspended platforms or over obstacles. ...


Sports games

Local & Network Co-op mode

Co-op video games feature a multiplayer co-op mode which allow multiple local or network players to team up while playing the single player story. Local players either share input devices or use multiple controllers connected to a single console. Network co-op players join an existing game running on a game server via a computer network. These networks can vary from local area networks to wide area networks. Local area network scheme A local area network is a computer network covering a small geographic area, like a home, office, or group of buildings. ... A wide area network or WAN is a computer network covering a broad geographical area. ...


Due to the complexity of video game coding, co-op games rarely allowed network players and local players from mixing. If there were 2 local players playing a co-op game, a network player would not be able to join that game in progress.


Game Ending

Many co-op games feature a different ending when completed with multiple players. These games would sometimes not show the full ending, but rather a subset or short ending. The player would be required to complete the game in single player mode to view the complete ending.


Some co-op games even feature a new ending when completed in co-op mode. This new ending is unlocked only when players work as a team to complete the game. This ending is sometimes customised to suit the characters which were used to complete the game. This increases the replay value of the game. Many beat 'em up games on console employ this method to increase replay value. One such game, Streets of Rage, even allowed co-op players to fight to the death at the end of the game. Beat em ups (often called scrolling fighting games, scrolling beat em ups or sometimes brawlers) are video games where close combat fighting against multiple opponents is the main objective. ...


Other games, such as Unreal, are modified by server administrators to restart after the single-player ending sequence; in some cases, the contents of the inventory of the players are also retained. Unreal is a first-person shooter computer game developed by Epic Games and published by GT Interactive (now owned by Atari) on May 22, 1998. ...


Video games with Co-op mode

For a full list of games, see Category:Cooperative video games.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cooperative Gameplay - Video Games - Gamewad (838 words)
Again, this is a style of multiplayer gameplay that has decreased in frequency over the years.
A cooperative game doesn't suffer the same fate because the two players work together to accomplish common goals, with the better player picking up the slack for the less skilled.
Cooperative play is a great way to get non-gamers converted over to OUR side, as well.
Cooperative gameplay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2146 words)
Cooperative gameplay (often abbreviated as co-op) primarily refers to a feature in video games that allows players to work together as teammates with the absence of player-controlled competitors.
Cooperative gameplay is usually built around the single player mode of a game, modified to allow additional players.
In cooperative platform games or games that use similar elements, both players occupy the same screen and must coordinate their actions, particularly in respect of the scrolling.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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