The Cook Partisan Voting Index indicates how much more Democratic or Republican a district performs compared to the nation as a whole. The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ...
It was originally developed in 1997 by the Cook Political Report, a nonpartisan review of national and state races, working with Polidata, a political statistic analysis firm. They derive their analysis by averaging the presidential results in each congressional district from the 2000 and 2004 elections and comparing it to how the nation voted as a whole. Founded in 1984, [The Cook Political Report] is an independent, non-partisan newsletter that analyzes elections and campaigns for the US House of Representatives, US Senate, Governors and President as well as American political trends. ...
The choice between exploiting these opportunities and showing mercy depends almost entirely upon the partisan composition of the state legislature at the time of redistricting and has little or nothing to do with the extent to which voters actually approve of the job their congressional representatives are doing.
partisan gerrymandering is its upset of the balance of federalism: through redistricting, state legislatures have essentially replevied the power they once had to choose their respective states' delegates to the national government.
partisan gerrymandering of congressional districts, when a single party has unilateral control of the process and uses that control to advance the interests of the party rather than the people, is a clear abuse of that power.
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