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Encyclopedia > Converse accident

The logical fallacy of converse accident (also called reverse accident, destroying the exception or a dicto secundum quid ad dictum simpliciter) is a deductive fallacy that can occur in a statistical syllogism when an exception to a generalization is wrongly called for.

For example:

If we allow people with glaucoma to use medical marijuana
then everyone should be allowed to use marijuana.

People who suffer from glaucoma are an exception to the general rule that does not overlap with everyone else.

The inductive version of this fallacy is called hasty generalization. See faulty generalization.

The opposing kind of dicto simpliciter is accident.

Results from FactBites:

 Converse Accident (453 words) Abstract: Converse Accident or hasty generalization is the fallacy of drawing a general conclusion based on one or several atypical instances. Converse Accident: (hasty generalization) the fallacy of considering certain exceptional cases and generalizing to a rule that fits them alone. Note that the fallacy of converse accident is the opposite of accident.
 The Autonomist - Logic Fallacies (14595 words) Accident fallacy - (See Converse accident fallacy) Applying a general rule or principle to particular cases the generality does not cover or applying a general statement to cases it was not intended to include. (This is the converse of the Division fallacy.) Converse accident fallacy - (See Accident fallacy) Applying as a general rule or principle, qualities or characteristics of some particulars which are unusual or exceptional.
More results at FactBites »

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