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Encyclopedia > Conventional war

Conventional warfare means a form of warfare conducted by using conventional military weapons and battlefield tactics between two or more nation-states in open confrontation. The forces on each side are well-defined, and fight each other using weapons that primarily target the opposing army. It is normally fought means other than with chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons. In other words without the use of weapons of mass destruction. Wars are often illustrated by arrows representing the movement of armies. ... Dressing the wounded during a gas attack by Austin O. Spare, 1918. ... Biological warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of any organism ( bacteria, virus or other disease-causing organism) or toxin found in nature, as a weapon of war. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) are weapons designed to kill large numbers of people, typically targeting civilians and military personnel alike. ...


The general purpose of conventional warfare is to destroy the opponent's military force, thereby negating his ability to engage in conventional warfare. Without a conventional force, the defender is then unable to prevent devastating attacks upon his nation-state, and can thus be forced to capitulate. However the defender may be willing to accept the consequences of such attacks, and resort to unconventional warfare in order to ultimately achieve his goals. Unconventional warfare is warfare in a manner differing from that of conventional warfare; in many cases, such unconventional means have been deemed terrorism or war crimes. ...


The overwhelming majority of wars have been conducted using the means of conventional warfare. Biological warfare has not been used since the 19th century (though it is possible that the recent anthrax attacks in the United States were bioterrorism), and chemical warfare has been used only a few times. Nuclear warfare has only occurred once with the United States bombing the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end World War II in the Pacific. Bioterrorism is terrorism using germ warfare, an intentional human release of a naturally_occurring or human_modified toxin or biological agent. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Citizens of Hiroshima walk by the A-Bomb Dome, the closest building to have survived the citys atomic bombing. ... Citizens of Hiroshima walk by the A-Bomb Dome, the closest building to have survived the citys atomic bombing. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Army Hustles to Train Soldiers for Both Conventional War, Counterinsurgency (1644 words)
The 1st Armored Division is training for the possibility that a war on a conventional battlefield could follow the anti-insurgency war in Iraq.
Army officials are trying their best to make sure soldiers are proficient at both conventional and anti-insurgency warfare, said Jonathan Grossman, a senior researcher specializing in military technology and military training at the Santa Monica, Calif.-base RAND Corp., a nonprofit think tank that often helps shape public policy.
“War changes things, and we’re at war,” Ralph Peters, a retired Army lieutenant colonel and author of “Beyond Baghdad: Postmodern War and Peace,” said in an e-mail interview.
Policy Equations War (586 words)
Analysis of conventional war requires that the user specify a "baseline" probability of war in any dyad (actor-target pair) in any given year (CWARBASE), a parameter that is set at "0" in the base case and that normally will be very small.
The threat term posits that probability of war increases with either the threat that an actor poses to a target (aggressive war) or that a target poses to an actor (defensive or pre-emptive war), dependent on parameters that specific the impact of actor threat (WPTHRACT) and target threat (WPTHRTAR).
Civilian damage for the acting alliance depends on the existence and severity of a conventional war, modified by the ratio of the conventional power of the reacting alliance and the GDP of the acting alliance, and controlled by an exogenous civilian damage multiplier (CDMF).
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