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Encyclopedia > Convention of Kanagawa

On March 31, 1854, the Convention of Kanagawa (Japanese: 神奈川条約, Kanagawa Jōyaku, or 日米和親条約, Nichibei Washin Jōyaku) was used by Commodore Matthew Perry of the U.S. Navy to force the opening of the Japanese ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to American trade and ended Japan's 200 year policy of seclusion (Sakoku). It also guaranteed safety of shipwrecked American whalers and established a permanent American consul. Though he refused to deal with Japanese officials and demanded to speak with the Japanese Head of State, Perry did not realize that he had only spoken with representatives of the Tokugawa Shogun and not the Emperor. However, the Shogun was the de-facto ruler of Japan at that time. For the Emperor to interact in any way with foreigners was out of the question. March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Photograph of Perry Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was the Commodore of the U.S. Navy who forced the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854, under the threat of military force. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Shimoda is the name of several places or a character. ... View of Hakodate from Mountain Hakodate (函館市; -shi) is a city and port located in Oshima, Hokkaido, Japan. ... Sakoku (Japanese 鎖国, literally chained country) is a keyword which explains the foreign relations policy of the Tokugawa shogunate from 1641 to 1853 in the History of Japan. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ... This page is about the Japanese ruler and military rank. ... An emperor is the male head of state of an empire who reigns for life. ... This page is about the Japanese ruler and military rank. ...

After the Treaty of Kanagawa was concluded, similar treaties were negotiated by the Russians and the British.

See History of Japan. History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei Pre-History/The Origin of History Jomon Period Main...

Full text of the treaty can be found here (http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~jobrien/reference/ob25.html).

See also The Treaty of Amity and Commerce Between the United States and Japan, 1858 (The Harris Treaty) (http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~jobrien/reference/ob58.html).

  Results from FactBites:
Kanagawa Prefecture Summary (731 words)
Kanagawa Prefecture is situated in the central region of Japan's island of Honshu, where it occupies an area of 2,403 square kilometers.
Commodore Matthew Perry landed in Kanagawa in 1853 and 1854, and signed the Convention of Kanagawa to force open Japanese ports to the United States.
Kanagawa is a relatively small prefecture wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, and the Pacific Ocean and Tokyo Bay on the south and east.
Convention of Kanagawa: Information from Answers.com (251 words)
On March 31, 1854, the Convention of Kanagawa (日米和親条約, Nichibei Washin Jōyaku
In the end Perry concluded the treaty with representatives of the Shogun and not the Emperor.
The Kanagawa treaty was followed by the United States-Japan Treaty of Amity and Commerce of 1858, another of the Unequal Treaties, which allowed the establishment of foreign concessions, extra-territoriality for foreigners, and minimal import taxes for foreign goods.
  More results at FactBites »



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