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Convention has at least two very distinct but related meanings.


With the original meaning of "to come together" or "to assemble", the term may refer to the physical meeting together in one place of a group of people for some common, specific purpose. Both the physical location and the act of coming together may constitute "a convention".


The term may also refer to a set of widely agreed or accepted rules or customs. In this latter sense, certain types of rules or customs may become law, and regulatory legislation may be introduced to formalise or enforce the convention (eg. laws which determine which side of the road vehicles must be driven). In a social context, a convention may retain the character of an "unwritten" law of custom (eg. the manner in which people greet each other, such as by shaking each other's hands). Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Letter versus Spirit List of legal abbreviations Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Find more information on Law by searching one of Wikipedias sibling projects: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School... Jump to: navigation, search Legislation refers to the process of enacting statutory laws, or to the set of statutory laws in a state. ... Jump to: navigation, search A typical rural county road in Indiana, USA, where traffic drives on the right. ... // Latin root meaning The term social is derived from the Latin word socius, which as a noun means an associate, ally, companion, business partner or comrade and in the adjectival form socialis refers to a bond between people (such as marriage) or to their collective or connected existence. ...

Contents


A "convention" as a meeting place

Metro Toronto Convention Centre, late 2004.
Metro Toronto Convention Centre, late 2004.
Main article: Convention center

Generally, a convention is a gathering of individuals who meet at a pre-arranged place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest. The most common conventions are based upon fandom, industry, and profession. Fan conventions usually feature sales, people dressed up as their favorite characters, and guest celebrities. Trade conventions typically focus on a particular industry or industry segment, and feature keynote speakers, vendor displays, and other information and activities of interest to the event organizers and attendees. Professional conventions focus on issues of concern to the profession and advancements in the profession. Such conventions are generally organized by societies dedicated to promotion of the topic of interest. Conventions also exist for various hobbies, such as gaming or model railroads. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Jump to: navigation, search {{Hide = {{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: {{Unhide = {{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Diversity Our Strength {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|center|250px|City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada location. ... A convention center is a large, cavernous public building with enough open space to host public and private business and social events for the surrounding municipal and metropolitan areas. ... A community of keen aficionados who share a common interest in any phenomenon, such as authors, hobbies, genres or fashions, can be a fandom. ... A profession is a specialized work function within society, generally performed by a professional. ... A fan convention, or con, is an event in which the fans of a particular TV show, comic book, or actor, or an entire style of entertainment such as science fiction or anime, gather together to meet famous personalities (and each other) face-to-face. ... A trade fair (or trade show) is an exhibition organised so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their new products and services. ... A professional works to receive payment for an activity (as a profession), which usually requires expertise and carries with it socially significant mores and folkways. ... Gaming is an umbrella term that includes a number of special hobby game types: Board games Collectible card games Computer and video games Tabletop wargaming (i. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


In the technical sense, a convention is a meeting of delegates or representatives. Often times organizations which are made up of smaller units, chapters, or lodges, such as labor unions, honorary societies, and fraternities and sororities, meet as a whole in convention by sending delegates of the units to deliberate on the organization's common issues. This also applies to a political convention, though in modern times the common issues are limited to selecting a party candidate or party chairman. In this technical sense, a congress, when it consists of representatives, is a convention. The British House of Commons is a convention, as are most other houses of a modern representative legislature. The National Convention or Convention, in France, comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which sat from September 20, 1792 to October 26, 1795. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... This is a list of honorary societies to which individuals are elected based on meritorious conduct. ... Jump to: navigation, search While the terms fraternity and sorority may be used to describe any number of social and charitable organizations, including the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, International, and the Shriners, in the United States and Canada fraternities and sororities are most commonly known as social organizations of... In politics, a political convention is a meeting of a political party, typically to select party candidates. ... Common may refer to : A common - an area of common land The rapper, Common (aka Common Sense) Commonness, the property possessed by those who are vulgar, especially those who are working class. ... Jump to: navigation, search A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... Jump to: navigation, search A party is a social gathering intended primarily for celebration and recreation. ... A technical is a fighting vehicle. ... Jump to: navigation, search Senses are the physiological methods of perception. ... Jump to: navigation, search A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ... Jump to: navigation, search The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and is now the dominant branch of Parliament. ... Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. ... This article is about a legislative body and constitutional convention during the French Revolution. ... Assembly may refer to the following things: In politics, any body meeting together to discuss matters, a parliament or a legislative assembly such as the French revolutionary Legislative Assembly, or a body more designed to mediate between otherwise independent bodies, such as the United Nations General Assembly. ... Jump to: navigation, search September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Many sovereign states have provisions for conventions besides their permanent legislature. The Constitution of the United States of America has a provision for the calling of a constitutional convention, whereby delegates of the states are summoned to a special meeting to amend or draft the constitution. This process has never occurred, save for the original drafting of the constitution, although it almost happened in several cases. The US Constitution also has provisions for constitutional amendments to be approved by state conventions of the people. This occurred to ratify the original constitution and to adopt the twenty-first amendment, which ended prohibition. Jump to: navigation, search A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... A constitutional convention is a gathering of delegates for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. ... Amendment XXI (the Twenty-first Amendment) to the United States Constitution repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition. ... Jump to: navigation, search Prohibition agents destroying barrels of alcohol. ...


Con is a common slang for convention (as in "DEF CON" a hacker gathering similar to Hackers on Planet earth). Jump to: navigation, search DEF CON is the worlds largest annual hacker convention, held every year in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... Jump to: navigation, search Hacker is a term used to describe people who use computers. ... Hackers on Planet Earth or HOPE is a conference series sponsored by the hacker magazine 2600 The Hacker Quarterly. ...


A "convention" as a shared rule or custom

General

A convention is a rule or a selection from among two or more alternatives, where the rule or alternative is agreed upon among participants. Often the word refers to unwritten customs shared throughout a community. For instance, it is conventional in many societies that strangers being introduced shake hands. Some conventions are explicitly legislated; for example, it is conventional in America and Germany that motorists drive on the right side of the road, whereas in England and Barbados they drive on the left. The extent to which justice is conventional (as opposed to natural or objective) is historically an important debate among philosophers. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article covers only rules of highways. ... Jump to: navigation, search Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK... Jump to: navigation, search Allegory of Justice as woman with sword and with book - statue at court building. ... Naturalism is any of several philosophical stances, typically those descended from materialism and pragmatism, that does not distinguish between the supernatural and the natural. ... The word objectivity admits at least two related meanings in philosophy. ... Jump to: navigation, search A philosopher is a person devoted to studying and producing results in philosophy. ...


The very nature of conventions in philosophy has raised long-lasting discussion. Quine, Davidson and David Lewis published influential writings on the subject. Jump to: navigation, search W. V. Quine Willard Van Orman Quine (June 25, 1908 – December 25, 2000) was one of the most influential American philosophers and logicians of the 20th century. ... Donald Davidson (March 6, 1917 – August 30, 2003) was an American philosopher and the Willis S. and Marion Slusser Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley. ... David K. Lewis David Kellogg Lewis (September 28, 1941 – October 14, 2001) is considered to have been one of the leading analytic philosophers of the latter half of the 20th century. ...


Customary or social conventions

In every field of art, science, or other human endeavor, there are conventions that may simply be expectations (strangers being introduced shake hands, paintings are rectangular) or stock devices (a comedy ends with a marriage, but a cowboy film can end with the hero riding off into the sunset). There are generic conventions which are very closely tied to a particular artistic genre, and may even help to define what that genre is. Prominent examples include fan conventions, particularly science fiction conventions, however this sense of the term also invokes the meaning of "convention" as a gathering or the physical location of a gathering. Resources ArtLex. ... // What is science? There are different theories of what science is. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Mona Lisa is perhaps the best-known artistic painting in the Western world. ... Comedy is the use of humor in the performing arts. ... A cowboy (Spanish vaquero) tends cattle and horses on cattle ranches in North and South America. ... Jump to: navigation, search Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... Jump to: navigation, search A genre is a division of a particular form of art according to criteria particular to that form. ... A fan convention, or con, is an event in which the fans of a particular TV show, comic book, or actor, or an entire style of entertainment such as science fiction or anime, gather together to meet famous personalities (and each other) face-to-face. ... Science fiction conventions are gatherings of the community of fans (called science fiction fandom) of various forms of science fiction and fantasy. ...


Government

In government, convention is a set of unwritten rules which the participants in the government are expected to follow. These rules can be ignored only if justification is clear, or can be provided. Otherwise, consequences are sure to follow. Consequences may include ignoring some other convention that has until now been followed. According to the traditional doctrine (Dicey), conventions cannot be enforced in courts, because they are non-legal sets of rules. Convention is particularly important in the United Kingdom and other governments using the Westminster System of government (e g Canada and Australia) where many of the rules of government are unwritten. Jump to: navigation, search The Westminster System is a democratic system of government modeled after that of the United Kingdom system, as used in the Palace of Westminster, the location of the UK parliament. ...


International law

The term convention is also used in international law to refer to certain formal statements of principle such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Conventions are adopted by international bodies such as the International Labour Organization and the United Nations. Conventions so adopted usually apply only to countries that ratify them, and do not automatically apply to member states of such bodies. These conventions are generally seen as having the force of international treaties for the ratifying countries. Jump to: navigation, search International law, is the body of law that regulates the activities of entities possessing international personality. Traditionally, that meant the conduct and relationships of states. ... Jump to: navigation, search The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international convention setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. ... For other meanings of the ILO abbreviation, see ILO (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945. ... Jump to: navigation, search A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands (392 words)
The Convention on Wetlands, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
Mission Statement: "The Convention's mission is the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local, regional and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world" (Ramsar COP8, 2002).
Les langues de travail officielles de la Convention de Ramsar sont l'anglais, le fran├žais et l'espagnol.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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