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Encyclopedia > Convent of the Order of Christ

The Convent of the Order of Christ and Templar Castle, in Tomar was built in 1160 by Dom Gualdim Pais, provincial Master of the Order of the Temple in Portugal. The Templar order was extinct in 1312, but its members, assets, and partly its vocation, were transmitted in Portugal to the Order of Christ, created in 1319. The maritime discoveries the XV century started with their inspiration and support. Their headquarters in Portugal were located here, with Henry the Navigator their Master. Coat of Arms Renaissance Manuelina style Window at the Convent of Christ Tomar, also known in English as Thomar, is a city of some 20,000 and also a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 351. ... The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. ... The Seal of the Grand-Masters Evrard de Barres and Regnaud de Vichier depict the Dome of the ROCK. The Order of Christ was the heritage of the Templar Knights. ... Infante Dom Henrique, duke of Viseu, generally known in English as Henry the Navigator, (March 4, 1394 – November 13, 1460), a prince of Portugal, looms large as an important figure in the early days of European colonial expansion. ...


Of the architectural structure of the Convent, apart from the constructions around the Templar church, it is worth seeing the four great clusters articulated in two axles in Latin cross, and also an aqueduct with 6 km of extension, made by Philip II of Portugal. It also includes the forest known by Bush of Seven Mounts, seven hills of accented relief. Philip III (April 14, 1578 - March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II), from 1598 until his death. ...


The original convent was a 16-sided polygon, based on the design of the Temple of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the outer walls of the Convento de Cristo are a mirror image of a stellar constellation, with the Charola or Rotunda (an inner octagonal church modelled on the Holy Sepulchre) taking Orion's position. Dome of the Rock in center of Temple Mount The Dome of the Rock (Arabic: قبة الصخرة Qubbat As-Sakhrah) is a famous Islamic shrine in Jerusalem. ... Jerusalem (31°46′ N 35°14′ E; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushalayim; Arabic: القدس al-Quds; see also names of Jerusalem) is an ancient Middle Eastern city of key importance to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. ... Main Entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, called Church of the Resurrection (Anastasis) by Eastern Christians, is a Christian church now within the walled Old City of Jerusalem. ... Orion, a constellation often referred to as The Hunter, is a prominent constellation, perhaps the best-known in the sky. ...


World-wide UNESCO preserve since 1983. UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ...


Images of Medieval Templars HQ in Portugal

Templars Round Church in Tomar
Templars Round Church in Tomar
The Chapter Window
The Chapter Window
One of the courtyards
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One of the courtyards
A medieval Clock
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A medieval Clock
One detail
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One detail
The Kitchen
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The Kitchen
Tomar Castle
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Tomar Castle
Plan of the castle
Plan of the castle

Download high resolution version (768x1024, 216 KB)((templarplaces ) Photo by Cristian Chirita 2004 Contact Info: Cristian. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 216 KB)((templarplaces ) Photo by Cristian Chirita 2004 Contact Info: Cristian. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 206 KB)Tomar Convento de Cristo Chapter Window Photo by Cristian Chirita Submited By Cristian Chirita File links The following pages link to this file: Order of Christ Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 206 KB)Tomar Convento de Cristo Chapter Window Photo by Cristian Chirita Submited By Cristian Chirita File links The following pages link to this file: Order of Christ Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (944x492, 60 KB)Drawing of Tomar Church Floor plan Drawing By Cristian Chirita Submited By Cristian Chirita File links The following pages link to this file: Convento de Cristo Order of Christ Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (944x492, 60 KB)Drawing of Tomar Church Floor plan Drawing By Cristian Chirita Submited By Cristian Chirita File links The following pages link to this file: Convento de Cristo Order of Christ Categories: GFDL images ...

See also


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REFEIT├ôRIO on Flickr - Photo Sharing! (1130 words)
The Order of Christ expanded as the Christian faith and the kingdom itself expanded too..
The Convent of Christ displays in its architectural ensemble art several testimonies: the Romanesque art, with the Templars; the Gothic and Manueline style, with the Discoveries; the Renaissance, during the Reform of the Order; the Mannerism, in its various aspects; and eventually the Baroque, in several architectural details.
In the architectural structure of the Convent, besides the buildings constructed around the Templar Church, it is worth pointing out the ensemble of four large cloisters framed in Latin cross by two axes, and also an aqueduct 6 km long, constructed by King Philip II.
Convent of the Order of Christ - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1688 words)
The Convent of the Order of Christ (Portuguese: Convento de Cristo), in Tomar, Portugal, was originally a Templar stronghold built in the 12th century.
After the Order of the Knights Templar was dissolved in the 14th century, the Portuguese branch of the order was turned into the Knights of the Order of Christ, which supported Portugal's maritime discoveries of the 15th century.
Floorplan of the church of the Convent of Christ.
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