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Encyclopedia > Controversy
For the Wikipedia policy regarding controversial issues in articles, see Wikipedia:Guidelines for controversial articles.
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A controversy or dispute is a matter of opinion over which parties actively disagree, argue, or debate. Controversies can range in size from private disputes between two individuals to large-scale disagreements between societies. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that French Wiktionary be merged into this article or section. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Look up argument in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Debate (North American English) or debating (British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational argument. ... Look up private in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A person is defined by philosophers as a being who is in possession of a range of psychological capacities that are regarded as both necessary and sufficient to fulfill the requirements of personhood. ... A society is a group of people living or working together. ...


Perennial areas of controversy include religion, philosophy and politics. Controversy in matters of theology has traditionally been particularly heated, giving rise to the phrase odium theologicum. Controversial issues are held as potentially divisive in a given society, because they can lead to tension and ill will. Some controversies are considered taboo to many people, unless a society can find a common ground to share and discuss its people's feelings on a certain controversial issue. This article is 58 kilobytes or more in size. ... Politics is the process by which groups make decisions. ... Theology (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογια, logia, words, sayings, or discourse) is reasoned discourse concerning religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... The Latin phrase Odium theologicum, literally meaning theological hatred, is the name given to the particular rancor and hatred generated by disputes over theology. ... Taboo, or people that are considered undesirable by a group, culture, or society. ... Feelings are most generally INFORMATION that biological beings are capable of sensing in the situations they are in, exposed to or depending on. ...


Benford's law of controversy, as expressed by science-fiction author Gregory Benford in 1980, states "Passion is inversely proportional to the amount of real information available." Benfords law of controversy, as established by science fiction author Gregory Benford in 1980, is Passion is inversely proportional to the amount of real information available. ... Science Fiction redirects here. ... Gregory Benford (born January 30, 1941) in Mobile, Alabama is an American science fiction author and physicist who is on the faculty of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of California, Irvine. ... The Passion is the technical term for the suffering and Agony of Jesus that led directly to the Crucifixion, a central Christian event. ... This article is about proportionality, the mathematical relation. ... The ASCII codes for the word Wikipedia represented in binary, the numeral system most commonly used for encoding computer information. ...

Contents

In law

In jurisprudence, a controversy differs from a case.[clarify] While the latter includes all suits, criminal as well as civil, a controversy is a purely civil proceeding. For example, the Constitution of the United States states that "the judicial Power shall extend to ... Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party" (Article 3, Section 2). The meaning to be attached to the word Controversy in the constitution is that given above. Jurisprudence is the theory and philosophy of law. ... A legal case is a dispute between opposing parties resolved by a court, or by some equivalent legal process. ... Crime is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... In the common law, civil law refers to the area of law governing relations between private individuals. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal government. ...


The Case or Controversy Clause of Article III of the USs Constitution ( Art. III, Section 2, Clause 1) has been deemed to impose a requirement that United States federal courts are not permitted to hear cases that do not pose an actual controversy—that is, an actual dispute between adverse parties which is capable of being resolved by the court. The case or controversy clause of Article III of the United States Constitution (found in Art. ...


In propaganda

The term is not always used in a purely noble manner. The use of the word tends itself to create controversy where none may have authentically existed, acting as a self-fulfilling prophecy. Propagandists, therefore, may employ it as a "tar-brush," pejoratively, and thus create a perceived atmosphere of controversy, discrediting the subject: A self-fulfilling prophecy is a prediction that, in being made, actually causes itself to become true. ... An Australian anti-conscription propaganda poster from World War One U.S. propaganda poster, which warns against civilians sharing information on troop movements (National Archives) The much-imitated 1914 Lord Kitchener Wants You! poster Swedish Anti-Euro propaganda for the referendum of 2003. ... A word or phrase is pejorative if it implies contempt or disapproval. ...

"Beatrix Potter's creation, Peter Rabbit..."
vs.
"Beatrix Potter's controversial creation, Peter Rabbit..."

Thus controversy may itself be judged controversial: see list of controversial books. This article or section contains self-references. ...


In advertising

On the other hand, controversy is also used in advertising to try to draw attention to a product or idea by labeling it as controversial, even if the idea has become widely accepted to a given segment of the population. By doing this, the company hopes that people will wish to "see what all the commotion is" and pay to view the medium. This strategy has been known to be especially successful in promoting books, films, and video games. Commercialism redirects here. ... [1]#redirect Book ... Film may refer to: photographic film a motion picture in academics, the study of motion pictures as an art form a thin skin or membrane, or any covering or coating, whether transparent or opaque a thin layer of liquid, either on a solid or liquid surface or free-standing Film... This article is about computer and video games. ...


In early Christianity

Many of the early Christian writers, among them Irenaeus, Athanasius, and Jerome, were famed as "controversialists"; they wrote works against perceived heresy or heretical individuals, works whose titles begin "Adversus..." such as Irenaeus' Adversus haeresis. The Christian writers inherited from the classical rhetors the conviction that controversial confrontations, even over trivial matters, were a demonstration of intellectual superiority. See Christian theological controversy. Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... An engraving of Irenaeus ( 130–202), bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (now Lyon, France). ... Athanasius of Alexandria (also spelled Athanasios) was a Christian bishop of Alexandria in the fourth century. ... “Saint Jerome” redirects here. ... The use of the term heresy in the context of Christianity is less common today, with some notable exceptions: see for example Rudolf Bultmann and the character of debates over ordination of women and gay priests. ... Rhetoric (from Greek ρητωρ, rhêtôr, orator) is one of the three original liberal arts or trivium (the other members are dialectic and grammar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christian theology. ...


See also

Social/political controversy

In this article, Cantors Theory refers to the pre-formal ideas about set theory introduced by Georg Cantor in the latter part of the nineteenth century. ... The capital controversy refers to a debate in economics concerning the nature and role of capital goods (or means of production) that occurred during the 1960s, largely between economists such as Joan Robinson and Piero Sraffa at the University of Cambridge in England and economists such as Paul Samuelson and... Like most other sports, Amateur Radio Contesting has its share of disputes and controversy. ... Isaac Newton began working on a form of the calculus in 1666. ...

Social/political controversy: local US interest

After the November 2, 2004 election in the United States, concerns were raised about various aspects of the voting process, including whether voting had been made accessible to all those entitled to vote (and no one else), and whether the votes cast had been correctly counted. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... In July 2005, the Bronx News reported Gloria Wise Boys and Girls Club of Co-op City loaned $480,000 to Progress Media, then owner of Air America Radio. ... American Idol has generated controversy over the years in numerous areas. ... The Biscuit Fire publication controversy refers to an academic scandal which occurred in January 2006, when the U.S. Forest Service and a group of professors (including six at the Oregon State University College of Forestry), wrote a letter to the prestigious scientific journal Science requesting that a controversial forestry... The Boy Scouts of America logo The Boy Scouts of America (BSA), the largest youth organization in the United States (U.S.), has policies which prohibit certain people from membership and participation. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... A controversy in the US state of California concerning the portrayal of Hinduism in history textbooks began in 2005. ... Churchill book cover Historian and ethnic studies professor Ward Churchill wrote an essay in September 2001 entitled Some People Push Back: On the Justice of Roosting Chickens about the September 11, 2001 attacks, in which he argued that American foreign policies provoked the attacks, describing the technocratic corps at the... President Bill Clinton was widely criticized for some pardons and other acts of executive clemency; collectively, this controversy has sometimes been called Pardongate in the press. ... Over the years, Hillary Rodham Clinton has been involved in various controversies. ... The name of the city and county of Derry or Londonderry in Northern Ireland is the subject of a naming dispute between nationalists (mostly Catholic) and unionists (most of whom are Protestant), with nationalists calling it Derry, and unionists, Londonderry. ... The DP World controversy began in February 2006 and rose to prominence as a national security debate in the United States. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fahrenheit 9/11. ... In May 2000, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) contacted Ford and Firestone about the high incidence of tire failure on Ford Explorers fitted with Firestone tires. ... Official portrait 1994 Al Gore, former Vice-President of the United States (1993-2001) and 2000 Democratic Party presidential nominee, has been the subject of some controversies. ... There are many controversies around the claims, products, and businesses related to the use of growth hormone as an anti-aging therapy. ... This is a disambiguation page for controversies involving Michael Jacksons personal life. ... The Kanawha County textbook controversy was one of the most violent book banning struggles in the 20th century United States. ... The John Kerry military service controversy describes a political issue that gained widespread public attention during John Kerrys candidacy in the 2004 U.S. presidential campaign. ... John Kerry, the Democratic candidate for President of the United States in 2004, first came to national prominence through his leadership role in Vietnam Veterans Against the War (VVAW). ... Rush Limbaugh. ... The controversy in relation to the big three United States mortgage government sponsored enterprises was triggered by accounting scandals in two of them, which ugred the US government to consider tightening the control over them. ... The Native American name controversy is an ongoing dispute over the acceptable ways to refer to the indigenous peoples of the Americas and to broad subsets thereof, such as those living in a specific country or sharing certain cultural attributes. ... The NSA telephone records controversy is a political scandal that erupted in the United States on May 11, 2006, when it was revealed that President George W. Bush had been using the NSA to collect data on the phone calls of millions of ordinary American citizens since 2001. ... The NSA warrantless surveillance controversy concerns eavesdropping by the United States National Security Agency (NSA) without court oversight. ... Commentator Bill OReilly has been involved in numerous controversies. ... Protests in Islamabad, Pakistan, following allegations that U.S. military personnel had desecrated the Quran The Quran desecration controversy of 2005 captured international attention in April 2005 when Newsweek published an article containing allegations that U.S. personnel at the Guantánamo Bay prison camp had deliberately damaged... The Redbud Woods controversy was a dispute between protesters and the administration of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York over the demolition of a patch of woodlands known as the Redbud Woods. ... Rick Santorum The Santorum controversy arose over U.S. Senator Rick Santorums statements about homosexuality and the right to privacy in April 2003. ... John Seigenthaler Sr. ... Sternberg peer review controversy arose out of a conflict over whether an article published in a scientific journal that supported of the controversial concept of Intelligent Design was properly peer reviewed. ... Super Bowl XXXVIII, which aired live on February 1, 2004 in Houston, Texas, was noted for a controversial halftime show in which Janet Jackson and Justin Timberlake were performing a medley/duet of their songs Rhythm Nation/Rock Your Body, which featured many suggestive dance moves by both Timberlake and... The following are controversial invocations of the USA PATRIOT Act. ... The White House personnel file controversy of June, 1996 arose around improper access to FBI security-clearance documents. ... The Whitewater Controversy (also called the Whitewater scandal or simply Whitewater) was an American political controversy concerning the real estate dealings of Bill and Hillary Clinton and their associates in the Whitewater Development Agency during the 1970s and 1980s. ...

Social/political controversy: other recent

There are:

The 2006 rugby union handbag controversy began on the night of the 2006 Super 14 Final, 27 May 2006, but at time of writing, is still a current event. ... The controversial throat-slitting gesture In 2006, Kapa o Pango, the new haka of the New Zealand rugby union team, the All Blacks, created much controversy with the throat-slitting gesture at the end. ... Since the September 11, 2001 attacks, a variety of conspiracy theories have emerged about the attacks which contradict the mainstream account of events that day. ... The Israeli 10 agorot coin A coin issued by Mattathias Antigonus in c. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The AFL siren controversy of 2006 (dubbed Sirengate) was the controversy surrounding the conclusion and result of an Australian rules football match played on 30 April 2006 during Round 5 of the Australian Football Leagues 2006 season. ... On June 29, 2005, shortly after Mahmoud Ahmadinejad won the Iranian presidential election, several major western news outlets publicized various allegations against him. ... PET scans show which parts of the brain are being used at a particular moment. ... There is considerable disagreement over the exact nature of autism, however it is generally considered to be a neurodevelopmental condition which manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests, and patterns of behavior. ... The BBC has been the subject of many controversies that have been widely reported elsewhere which can be documented as to their source within this article. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... The use of breast implants has created some controversy in medical circles. ... The Dental amalgam controversy is a debate over the use of amalgams, which contain mercury, as a dental filling. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fahrenheit 9/11. ... Free trade is one of the most controversial topics of the 20th and 21th century. ... The homosexual agenda (or the gay agenda) is a term used by some social conservatives to describe the goal of increasing LGBT acceptance through public policies, media exposure, and cultural change. ... The global warming controversy is a debate about the causes of observed global warming since the mid-20th century, as well as the expected magnitude and consequences of future warming. ... Quite possibly the gayest image ever made by anyone, ever. ... In 1867, some Hindus began to demand that Hindi should be made an official language in place of Urdu 1. ... The terms hacker and hacking have controversial definitions. ... There are many controversies around the claims, products, and businesses related to the use of growth hormone as an anti-aging therapy. ... In October 2005, The Indian Institute of Planning and Management (IIPM) was involved in a controversy regarding the veracity of its claims in print advertisements. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... // Muslim women in France are the party most directly concerned with the laws concerning the veil. ... The Japanese history textbook controversies is a series of controversies over government-approved history textbooks used in the secondary education (junior high schools and high schools) of Japan. ... The Japanese Imperial succession controversy refers to the question of whether Japans laws of succession under the The Imperial Household Law of 1947 should be changed from male-only primogeniture to equal primogeniture. ... The controversial cartoons of Muhammad, as they were first published in Jyllands-Posten in September 2005. ... The crisis first became public on June 6, 2005 with the press conference held by Presidential Press Secretary Ignacio Bunye. ... Media controversy is controversy involving forms of media, especially electronic media. ... The New Zealand foreshore and seabed controversy is a debate in the politics of New Zealand. ... A nuclear power station. ... Protests in Islamabad, Pakistan, following allegations that U.S. military personnel had desecrated the Quran The Quran desecration controversy of 2005 captured international attention in April 2005 when Newsweek published an article containing allegations that U.S. personnel at the Guantánamo Bay prison camp had deliberately damaged... The race and intelligence controversy is a decades-old dispute about research which examines the nature, origins, and practical consequences of possible racial and ethnic group differences in intelligence. ... Original cartoon The Rakyat Merdeka Dingo cartoon controversy began after a front page editorial cartoon depicting the Australian Prime Minister John Howard and Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer as dingoes were published in the Indonesian newspaper Rakyat Merdeka on 27 March 2006 to protest the acceptance by Australia of refugees... The SCO-Linux controversies are a series of legal and public disputes between the software company SCO Group (SCO) and various Linux vendors and users. ... This article examines controversial issues involving Scientology and its affiliated organizations. ... There is widespread controversy over stem cell research due to the techniques used in the creation and usage of embryonic stem cells. ... Thaksin Shinawatra $1. ... // Thimerosal controversy In recent years, it has been suggested that thimerosal in childhood vaccines could contribute to or cause neurodevelopmental disorders in children (most notably autism, but also other disorders on the PDD spectrum, such as ADHD). ... The vaccine controversy encompasses many issues over the benefits and risks of vaccines. ... Computer and video games have been the subject of frequent controversy and censorship, due to the depiction of graphic violence, sexual themes, racism, advertising, eavesdropping, consumption of illegal drugs, consumption of alcohol or tobacco, propaganda or profanity in some games. ... Water fluoridation controversy refers to the debate surrounding the health benefits of public authorities fluoridating water supplies. ...

Secular controversy: intellectual and historical

The Abraham-Minkowski controversy is a physics debate concerning electromagnetic momentum within dielectric media. ... Amount in controversy (sometimes called jurisdictional amount) is a term used in United States civil procedure to denote a requirement that persons seeking to bring a lawsuit in a particular court must be suing for a certain minimum amount before that court may hear the case. ... The Great Devonian Controversy was the result of differences in interpretation of rock formations in Devon, England that was eventually resolved in 1839. ... The names for the chemical elements 104 to 108 have been the subject of a major controversy starting in the 1960s which was only finally resolved in 1997. ... The Rites Controversy took place in 1524 in China. ... Hay-Schild controversy In 1960, a dispute arose in the physics community over the correct way to interpret the application of the equivalence principle to the case of centrifuged clocks. ... The History wars are an ongoing public debate over the interpretation of the history of the white colonisation of Australia and its influence on responses to the current situation of the original inhabitants of the land. ... The Indian renaming controversy is a result of a movement to rename cities and other locations to regional or Indian names from their anglicised British names. ... // Nobel Prize Medals (front and back). ... Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is the current name of a condition formerly listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as multiple personality disorder (MPD) and multiple personality syndrome. ... The Pinchot-Ballinger Controversy was a dispute between Richard A. Ballinger and Gifford Pinchot that helped lead to the split of the Republican Party. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... West Florida Controversy refers to the dispute over the possession of West Florida. ...

Christian controversy

The Bangorian Controversy was a theological argument within the Church of England in the 18th century. ... The Chinese Rites controversy was a dispute within the Roman Catholic Church in the early 18th century about whether Chinese folk religion rites and offerings to the emperor constituted idolatry or not. ... The creation-evolution controversy (also termed the creation vs. ... In Seventh-day Adventist theology the Great Controversy theme refers to the cosmic battle between Jesus Christ and Satan, of which our lives are also a part. ... The Investiture Controversy was the most significant conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. ... Jehovahs Witnesses have beliefs and practices that are commonly regarded as controversial; by governments for the Witnesses complete refusal to participate in patriotic activities, by some scientists for their belief in creation and by members of Christendom for their doctrines that differ from mainstream Christianity, and by the Christian... King James Only Controversy may refer to: King James Only Controversy, a book by theologian James White about the controversy over the King-James-Only movement. ... The Marprelate Controversy was a war of pamphlets waged in England and Wales in 1588 and 1589, between a puritan writer who employed the pseudonym Martin Marprelate, and defenders of the Established Church. ... Quinquarticular Controversy refers to the theological Calvinist-Arminian controversy that was addressed by Dutch Reformed churches at the Synod of Dort in 1618–1619. ... The Three Chapters (trîa kephálaia), a phase in the Monophysite controversy, was an attempt to reconcile the Christians of Syria and Egypt with Western Christendom, following the failure of the Henotikon. ... The vestments controversy arose in the English Reformation, ostensibly concerning vestments, but more fundamentally concerned with English Protestant identity, doctrine, and various church practices. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Criticism of Mormonism. ...

Other religious controversy

Almah (עלמה) or plural: alamot (עלמות) is a Hebrew feminine noun, for a girl who has reached puberty but is still under the shielding protection of her family; she is a young, marriageable (i. ... The Karmapa lineage is the most ancient tulku lineage in Tibetan Buddhism, pre-dating the Dalai Lama lineage by more than two centuries. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... This is a list of controversial books of poetry. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Controversy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (369 words)
A controversy is an opinion or opinions over which parties are actively arguing.
Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party" (Article 3, Section 2).
On the other hand, controversy is also used in advertising to try to draw attention to a product or idea by labeling it as controversial, even if the idea has become widely accepted to a given segment of the population.
Video game controversy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6644 words)
The ESRB silenced many critics, or at least reduced the exposure of the controversy in the media for about four years, until games such as Postal, Carmageddon and the afore-mentioned Grand Theft Auto were suddenly released in 1997, attracting the attention of the general media to the issue again.
Controversy of speeding and evading the authority in racing games has surfaced when a title from the Need for Speed series was found on one of the street racer's car in Toronto in January 26, 2006, when two street racers were involved in an accident resulting a taxi-driver's death.
Response to controversies over sexuality is generally in the form of indignation that video games are singled out where movies, books, and television shows are not (despite the fact that Hollywood exercised the Hays code to ban any movie which violated its strict moral sense in the early half of the century).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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