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Encyclopedia > Consumption
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with consumption (economics). (Discuss)
"Consumption" is also an archaic name for the disease tuberculosis.

Consumption is the using up of a resource. Discussions of human consumption of resources play an important role in both economics and environmentalism. In Keynesian economics, "consumption" is short-hand for personal consumption expenditure and is determined by the consumption function, especially by the marginal propensity to consume. It is part of aggregate demand or effective demand. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In Keynesian economics consumption refers to personal consumption expenditure, i. ... Tuberculosis (commonly shortened to TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (Miliary tuberculosis), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ... Resources comprise the base material for an activity or industry: factors of production, the economics term human capital, human resources (HR) and innovation natural resources resource (computer science) resource (Web) resource (Windows) resource (Macintosh) resource (political) resource (project management) Resource Distribution, human influence and the effects of trade. ... Keynesian economics, or Keynesianism, is an economic theory based on the ideas of John Maynard Keynes, as put forward in his book The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, published in 1936 in response to the Great Depression of the 1930s. ... In Keynesian economics consumption refers to personal consumption expenditure, i. ... In economics, the consumption fuction calculates the amount of total consumption in an economy. ... The marginal propensity to consume (MPC) refers to the increase in personal consumer spending (consumption) that occurs with an increase in disposable income (income after taxes and transfers). ... In economics, aggregate demand is the total demand for goods and services in the economy (Y) during a specific time period. ... Effective demand (in macroeconomics often seen as synonymous with aggregate demand), refers to the very simple economic idea that says that its not enough to want something such as food or luxuries. ...


Consumption can also be defined as "the selection, adoption, use, disposal and recycling of goods and services", as opposed to their design, production and marketing.


Studies of consumption investigate how and why society and individuals consume goods and services, and how this affects society and human relationships. Contemporary studies focus on meanings, role of consumption in indentity making, and the 'consumer' society. Traditionally, consumption was seen as rather unimportant compared to production, and the political and economic issues surrounding it. With the development of a consumer society, increasing consumer power in the market place, the growth in marketing, advertising, sophisticated consumers, ethical consumption etc, it is recognised as central to modern life. Sociology of consumption has moved well beyond Veblen's early work on 'conspicuous' consumption. Current theories investigate the role of economic and cultural factors in constraining consumption, as development of an approach that sees consumers as 'victims' of producers and their social situation. A counter theory highlights the subversive aspects of consumption, with consumers buying and using goods, places etc in ways unintended by the producers. Examples include city squares turned to skateboard parks, and music sharing on the internet. Social interactions of people and their consequences are the subject of sociology studies. ... Norwegian-American economist and sociologist Thorstein Veblen Thorstein Bunde Veblen (July 30, 1857 – August 3, 1929) was a Norwegian-American economist and sociologist. ... Conspicuous consumption is a term introduced by the American economist Thorstein Veblen, in The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899). ...


Studies of consumption come from a variety of backgrounds. Consumer studies attempt to help marketing. User research aims to improve product design. Feminist studies highlights the importance of women as consumers, and particularly the role of the domestic arena in consumption. Media studies try to understand the consumption of media products such as television and video games. Critical Theory is an important influence on contemporary studies, as consumption is central to contemporary culture. Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... Media studies is a social science that studies the nature and effects of mass media upon individuals and society, as well as analysing actual media content and representations. ... In the humanities and social sciences, critical theory has two quite different meanings with different origins and histories, one originating in social theory and the other in literary criticism. ...


Studying consumption can be done through traditional survey methods, or various ethnographic techniques. Consumption studies are difficult because they involve investigating everyday life situations, bringing research into the private domain, rather than formalised settings such as the workplace. Ethnography (from the Greek ethnos = nation and graphe = writing) refers to the qualitative description of human social phenomena, based on months or years of fieldwork. ...


Bibliography

  • Pierre Bourdieu (1979) 'Distinction', Routledge
  • Daniel Miller (1998) 'A Theory of Shopping', Polity
  • Slater (1997) 'Consumer Culture and Modernity'
  • Friedman (1994) 'Consumption and Identity'
  • Mackay (1997) 'Consumption and Everyday Life'
  • Mary Douglas and B. Isherwood (1979) 'The World of Goods', Routledge

Favourite topics include studies of food, new technologies, fashion items, and television. Pierre Bourdieu Pierre Bourdieu (August 1, 1930-January 23, 2002) was a French sociologistwhose work ranged widely from philosophy to anthropology. ... The Normal is the name English film editor Daniel Miller used, in 1978 for his 45rpm single T.V.O.D./Warm Leatherette (which was inspired by J.G. Ballards novel Crash). ... Mary Douglas (nee Tew) (born 1921) is a British anthropologist, known for her writings on human culture and symbolism. ...


See also

Consumption may also refer to tuberculosis (TB). Consumerism is a term used to describe the effects of equating personal happiness with purchasing material possessions and consumption. ... Anthropological theories of value attempt to expand on the traditional theories of value used by economists or ethicists. ... Over-consumption is a concept coined in developing nations to counter the rhetoric of over-population by which developed nations judge them as consuming more than their economy can support. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In Keynesian economics consumption refers to personal consumption expenditure, i. ... Ebenezer Scrooge encounters Ignorance and Want in A Christmas Carol Miser is the term for a person who is reluctant to spend money, usually for the point where he or she forgoes even basic comforts. ... Thrift - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Wealth is an abundance of items of economic value, or the state of controlling or possessing such items, and encompasses money, real estate and personal property. ... World map showing Life expectancy. ... Tuberculosis (commonly shortened to TB) is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (Miliary tuberculosis), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Theory of the Leisure Class: IV (7643 words)
Such consumption as falls to the women is merely incidental to their work; it is a means to their continued labour, and not a consumption directed to their own comfort and fulness of life.
The consumption of luxuries, in the true sense, is a consumption directed to the comfort of the consumer himself, and is, therefore, a mark of the master.
Where leisure and consumption is performed vicariously by henchmen and retainers, imputation of the resulting repute to the patron is effected by their residing near his person so that it may be plain to all men from what source they draw.
WHO | 3. Global and regional food consumption patterns and trends (1277 words)
Despite the relatively low consumption by weight in low-income food-deficit countries, the contribution of fish to total animal protein intake is considerable (nearly 20%).
Recommending the increased consumption of fish is another area where the feasibility of dietary recommendations needs to be balanced against concerns for sustainability of marine stocks and the potential depletion of this important marine source of high quality nutritious food.
Alow consumption of fruits and vegetables in many regions of the developing world is, however, a persistent phenomenon, confirmed by the findings of food consumption surveys.
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