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Encyclopedia > Consultant

A consultant (from the Latin consultare means "to discuss" from which we also derive words such as consul and counsel) is a professional who provides advice in a particular area of expertise such as accountancy, the environment, technology, law, human resources, marketing, medicine, finance, economics, public affairs, communication, engineering, sound system design, graphic design, or waste management. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Consultant may refer to one of the following: Consultant, the practice of professional advice Consultant (medicine), the United Kingdom counterpart to an Attending physician in the United States Consultation, the 1835 Texas meeting of colonists on a proposed rebellion against the Republic of Mexico Consultation (doctor), a formal meeting with... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... This article is about people called professionals. ... Accountancy (profession)[1] or accounting (methodology) is the measurement, statement or provision of assurance about financial information primarily used by managers, investors, tax authorities and other decision makers to make resource allocation decisions within companies, organizations, and public agencies. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... This article is about human resources as it applies to business, labor, and economies. ... Next big thing redirects here. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... The field of finance refers to the concepts of time, money and risk and how they are interelated. ... Public Administration can be broadly described as the development, implementation and study of government policy. ... For other uses, see Communication (disambiguation). ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... Audio engineering is a part of audio science dealing with the recording and reproduction of sound through mechanical and electronic means. ... Graphics are often utilitarian and anonymous,[1] as these pictographs from the US National Park Service illustrate. ... For the company, see Waste Management, Inc. ...


A consultant is usually an expert or a professional in a specific field and has a wide knowledge of the subject matter. A consultant usually works for a consultancy firm or is self-employed, and engages with multiple and changing clients. Thus, clients have access to deeper levels of expertise than would be feasible for them to retain in-house, and to purchase only as much service from the outside consultant as desired. It is generally accepted good corporate governance to hire consultants as a check to the Principal-Agent problem.[citation needed] In economics, the principal-agent problem treats the difficulties that arise under conditions of incomplete and asymmetric information when a principal hires an agent. ...


'Consultant' is also the term used to denote the most senior medical position in the United Kingdom, Australia and Ireland (e.g., a consultant surgeon). “Surgeon” redirects here. ...


Ways in which consultants work

Often a consultant provides expertise to clients who require a particular type of knowledge or service for a specific period of time, thus providing an economy to the client. In other situations, companies implementing a major project may need additional experienced staff to assist with increased work during that period.


More recently the term is also used euphemistically for temporary staff. That resource is only temporarily employed by a company to augment the company's core set of employees without providing any unique expertise. This usually indicates that the consultant could be expended when demand for that particular skill diminishes, though this expendability is sometimes recompensed with higher pay.[citation needed] In this usage, the consultant is usually employed through a limited company which they themselves own, or through an umbrella company. Consulting has come under some criticism because of staff augmentation and the high amount of jargon consultants use, also known as consultantese.[citation needed] A euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or less offensive expression in place of one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener;[1] or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... A permatemp is an employee whose status is somewhere between a temporary employee and a permanent employee. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Limited liability company. ... In the United Kingdom, an umbrella company is a company that contractors can use when working freelance or self employed. Both recruitment agencies and direct clients usually require a legal form of trading to be used to ensure they are not exposed to tax and employment liabilities. ...


Sometimes a consultant is not an independent agent but is a partner or an employee of a consultancy, that is a company that provides consultants to clients on a larger scale or in multiple, though usually related, skill areas. This has advantages both to the client and to the consultant by:[citation needed]

  • Providing a pool of talent that can be quickly mobilized as required
  • Reassuring the client about the quality of the consultants supplied
  • Giving the client access to the experience and methodologies of the whole consultancy rather than an individual
  • Introducing the consultant to new experiences and techniques which may, eventually, permeate through the consultancy as a whole

A consultant giving career advice and training to an individual or a team is often termed a coach, and a consultant assisting an organization to develop a new strategy or solve a particular problem is sometimes referred to as a facilitator. Coaching is a method of directing, instructing and training a person or group of people, with the aim to achieve some goal or develop specific skills. ... A facilitator is someone who skillfully helps a group of people understand their common objectives and plan to achieve them without personally taking any side of the argument. ...


Strategy consultants are common in upper management in many industries. There are also independent consultants who act as interim executives with decision-making power under corporate policies or statutes. They may sit on specially constituted boards or committees.


See also

Management consultant redirects here. ... Information technology consulting (IT consulting or business and technology services) is a field that focuses on advising businesses on how best to use information technology to meet their business objectives. ... Foreclosure consultant means any person who makes any solicitation, representation, or offer to any owner to perform for compensation or who, for compensation, performs any service which the person in any manner represents will in any manner do any of the following: (1) Stop or postpone the foreclosure sale. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Management Consulting. ... Public consultation, or simply consultation, is a process by which the publics input on projects is sought. ... In the United Kingdom, an umbrella company is a company that contractors can use when working freelance or self employed. Both recruitment agencies and direct clients usually require a legal form of trading to be used to ensure they are not exposed to tax and employment liabilities. ... Certified Management Consultant (CMC) is an international certification for consultants. ... Political consulting is the business which has grown up around advising and assisting political campaigns, primarily in the United States. ... In the United Kingdom, a consultant is the name of a senior doctor who has completed all of his or her specialist training and entered the General Medical Councils specialist register in their chosen speciality. ... An independent contractor is a person or business which provides goods or services to another entity under terms specified in a contract. ... The Contingent Workforce can be defined as a non-traditional or provisional group of workers, also known as freelancers, independent professionals, temporary contract workers, independent contractors or consultants. ... IRS Reclassification occurs where persons claimed as (or claiming to be) independent contractors are recategorized by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), or by state tax authorities, as W-2 employees. ... A permatemp is an employee whose status is somewhere between a temporary employee and a permanent employee. ...

External links

Look up consulting in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
IT and Business Consulting Services, IT Solutions and Support : FUJITSU UK (265 words)
Our IT Consulting services will define a way forward for your IT to help your organisation improve customer satisfaction, enhance productivity, enable agility, with greater security and less cost.
Fujitsu's consulting services helps you tailor IT strategies that support your broader business goals and ensure the best possible return on investment.
Our consultants use their vast experience and world-class analytical tools to guide you through the complexity of choices and increase your productivity.
Information technology consulting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (319 words)
Information technology consulting (IT consulting or business and technology services) is a field that focuses on advising businesses on how best to use information technology to meet their business objectives.
Independent consultants, who function as contractors (also known as "1099"), employees of staffing firms (also known as "W-2"), or as subcontractors in their own right (also known as "Corp-to-corp").
There are sometimes overlaps between the two fields, but IT consultants often have degrees in computer science or management of information systems while management consultants often have degrees in accounting, economics, or finance.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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