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Encyclopedia > Constitution of Ukraine
Ukraine

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Ukraine
Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Politics of Ukraine takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Ukraine is the head of government but shares a lot of these responsibilites with the President of Ukraine, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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The Constitution of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Конституція України) was adopted at the 5th session of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament) of Ukraine, on June 28, 1996. The constitution was passed with 315 ayes out of 450 possible (300 ayes minimum). The Constitution is the fundamental law of the land: laws and other normative legal acts must conform to it. The right to amend the Constitution through a special legislative procedure is vested exclusively with the parliament. The only body that may interpret the Constitution and determine whether legislation conforms to it is the Constitutional Court of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada. ... The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is the speaker of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraines national parliament. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... Cabinet of Ministers The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the highest body in the system of bodies of executive power in Ukraine. ... Alliance of National Unity is the name of the governing coalition of the Party of Regions, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party in Ukraine after the Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006. ... The Prime Minister of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) presides over the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, which is the top body of the executive branch of the Ukrainian government. ... Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) (born on July 9, 1950 in Yenakiieve, Donetsk Oblast) is the Prime Minister of Ukraine. ... The judicial system of Ukraine consists of four levels, as follows: Local courts of general jurisdiction (combining criminal and civil jurisdiction) consisting of: district, urban district and town courts; regional courts; city courts in Kiev and Sevastopol; administrative local courts. ... The Constitutional Court of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is the only body of constitutional jurisdiction in Ukraine. ... The Supreme Court of Ukraine (in Ukrainian, Верховний Суд України) is the highest judicial body in the system of courts of general jurisdiction in Ukraine. ... The Prosecutor General of Ukraine (also Attorney General of Ukraine, Ukrainian: ) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known as the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (Генеральна прокуратура України). The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with: prosecution in court on behalf of the State; representation of the interests... Political parties in Ukraine lists political parties in Ukraine. ... Elections in Ukraine gives information on election and election results in Ukraine. ... Referendums in Ukraine, according to the Ukrainian Constitution, is one of the lawful form of expression of peoples will. ... The presidential election held in November and December 2004 in Ukraine was mostly a political battle between Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and former Prime Minister and opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko. ... The Ukrainian presidential election, 1999 was a presidential election held in 1999 in Ukraine. ... The Ukrainian presidential election, 1994 was a presidential election held in 1994 in Ukraine. ... The Ukrainian presidential election, 1991 was the first presidential election held in Ukraine. ... Early parliamentary elections in Ukraine are scheduled to take place on September 30, 2007. ... Distribution of votes through 225 electoral districts: leading party or bloc Distribution of votes through 225 electoral districts: 2nd best result The Ukrainian parliamentary election took place on March 26, 2006. ... Ukrainian parliamentary election of 2002 took place on March 31. ... The second Ukrainian parliamentary election after the collapse of Soviet Union took place on 29 March 1998. ... The first parliamentary election in independent Ukraine took place in 1994. ... 2000 Ukrainian national referendum (Ukrainian: ) held on April 16, 2000 on the issue of reformation the governing system of Ukraine was formally initiated by President Kuchma and organized by the Central Election Commission on the mass public initiative represented by activist groups across the country. ... The Referendum took place in Ukraine on December 1, 1991. ... Categories: Ukraine-related stubs | Ukrainian government | Elections in Ukraine ... Orange-clad supporters of Viktor Yushchenko gather in Independence Square in Kiev. ... // Western relations Ukraine considers Euro-Atlantic integration its primary foreign policy objective, but in practice balances its relationship with Europe and the United States with strong ties to Russia. ... This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Verkhovna Rada. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The Constitutional Court of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is the only body of constitutional jurisdiction in Ukraine. ...


History of the constitution

Verkhovna Rada deputees sign the constitution on June 28, 1996.
Verkhovna Rada deputees sign the constitution on June 28, 1996.

Until June 8, 1995, Ukraine's supreme law was the Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the Ukrainian SSR (adopted in 1978, with numerous later amendments). On June 8, 1995, President Leonid Kuchma and Speaker Oleksandr Moroz (acting on behalf of the parliament) signed the Constitutional Agreement for the period until a new constitution could be drafted.
Present Constitution was adopted at a dramatic overnight parliamentary session of June 27 - June 28, 1996, semi-officially known as "the constitutional night of 1996". The Law No. 254/96-BP ratifying the Constitution, nullifying previous Constitution and the Agreement was ceremonially signed and promulgated in mid-July 1996. However, according to a ruling of the Constitutional Court, current Constitution took force at the moment when the results of the parliamentary vote were announced, i.e., June 28, 1996, at approx. 9 a.m. Kiev time. I kuchar means cook Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1455x1918, 425 KB)June 28, 1996. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1455x1918, 425 KB)June 28, 1996. ... Verkhovna Rada. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Leonid Kuchma Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Ukrainian: Леонід Данилович Кучма; born August 9, 1938) was the second President of Ukraine from July 19, 1994, to January 23, 2005. ... Oleksandr Moroz. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ...


History of the amendments

President Kuchma has signed the amendments on December 8, 2004.
President Kuchma has signed the amendments on December 8, 2004.

On December 8, 2004, the parliament passed the Law No. 2222-IV amending the Constitution. The law was approved with a 90 percent majority (402 ayes, 21 nays, and 19 abstentions; 300 ayes required for passage) simultaneously with other legislative measures aimed at resolving the presidential election crisis. It was signed almost immediately in the parliamentary chamber by the outgoing President Leonid Kuchma and promulgated on the same day. Image File history File links Verkhovna_Rada_Dec8_2004_package. ... Image File history File links Verkhovna_Rada_Dec8_2004_package. ... Leonid Kuchma Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Ukrainian: Леонід Данилович Кучма; born August 9, 1938) was the second President of Ukraine from July 19, 1994, to January 23, 2005. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The presidential election held in November and December 2004 in Ukraine was mostly a political battle between Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and former Prime Minister and opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko. ... Leonid Kuchma Leonid Danylovych Kuchma (Ukrainian: Леонід Данилович Кучма; born August 9, 1938) was the second President of Ukraine from July 19, 1994, to January 23, 2005. ...


Most of the amendments were scheduled to take force on September 1, 2005, conditionally on passing a set of amendments reforming local self-government by that date. Since the reform of the self-government was not implemented, the amendments took force unconditionally on January 1, 2006. The remaining amendments took force on May 25, 2006, when the new parliament assembled after the 2006 elections. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Distribution of votes through 225 electoral districts: leading party or bloc Distribution of votes through 225 electoral districts: 2nd best result The Ukrainian parliamentary election took place on March 26, 2006. ...


Some political parties said that Law No. 2222-IV was passed with the severe procedural infractions. They want to complain to the Constitutional Court of Ukraine. If this law is canceled by the Court then the Constitution will return to its previous edition.


External links

Constitution of Ukraine
Wikisource has several original texts related to:
Constitution of Ukraine
  • Official text of Constitution — site of the parliament (Ukrainian)
  • Constitution of Ukraine (with 2004 amendments) (English). UNHCR (2004-12-08).
  • English translation of Constitution of 1996 — without changes from 2004
  • Amendments (Law No. 2222-IV) — site of the parliament (Ukrainian)
  • Constitution of 1978 — site of the parliament (Ukrainian)
  • Constitutional Agreement of 1995 — site of the parliament (Ukrainian)
  • Declaration on the State Sovereignty of July 16, 1990 — site of the parliament (Ukrainian)
  • Independence Act of August 24, 1991 — site of the parliament (Ukrainian)
Note: The English publication of Ukraine's constitution on the Official Rada and President's web sites are outdated. For a copy of the current version (dated 25 May 2006) see the collection of documents on the Venice Commission's web site copy also available on Wikisource.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Constitution of Ukraine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (783 words)
The Constitution of Ukraine was adopted at the 5th session of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament) of Ukraine, on June 28, 1996 (315 ayes; 300 ayes required for approval).
Until June 8, 1995, Ukraine's supreme law was the Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the Ukrainian SSR (adopted in 1978, with numerous later amendments).
Present Constitution was adopted at a dramatic overnight parliamentary session of June 27 - June 28, 1996, semi-officially known as "the constitutional night of 1996".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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