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Encyclopedia > Constitution of Singapore
Politics - Politics portal

Singapore
Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ...



This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Singapore
Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The politics of Singapore is based on a unitary state with some aspects modelled on the Westminster system of parliamentary government. ...

Constitution

Legislative A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ...

Executive Flag of the President of Singapore Presidential Crest The President of Singapore is the head of state. ... Sellapan Ramanathan (born July 3, 1924 in Singapore) is the sixth and current President of Singapore. ... The politics of Singapore is based on a unitary state with a Westminister system of parliamentary government. ... The Group Representative Constituency (GRC) system in Singapore is a formal system of social and political committees representing the interests of both the majority and minority social groups within each local island community. ... Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) are members of the opposition parties who were appointed as members of the Parliament of Singapore even though they had lost in the parliamentary election. ... Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs) are non-elected MPs in the Parliament of Singapore. ... Political parties in Singapore lists political parties in Singapore. ...

Judiciary The government of Singapore consists of several departments, known as ministries and statutory boards in Singapore. ... The Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... Lee Hsien Loong (Hanzi: 李显龙/李顯龍; pinyin: Lǐ Xiǎnlóng; born February 10, 1952) is the third Prime Minister of Singapore. ... The cabinet of Singapore forms the executive and it is headed by the prime minister, who is the head of government. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of the system of courts of law for the administration of justice and to its principals, the justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ...

Elections Judicial power in Singapore is vested in the Supreme Court as well as surbodinate courts by the constitution. ... There are currently two types of Elections in Singapore in Singapore: parliamentary; and (since 1993) presidential. ...

The Singapore national referendum of 1962, or also commonly refered to as the Merger Referendum of Singapore was held in Singapore on September 1, 1962, which called for people to vote on the terms of merger with Malaysia. ... The Parliamentary elections in Singapore began with the independence of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia on 9 August 1965, thus renaming the Singapore State Governments Legislative Assembly as the Parliament of Singapore. ... Presidential elections in Singapore were first held in 1991 when constitutional admendments allowed Singaporeans to elect the President of Singapore by popular vote. ... Women in Singapore traditionally played a small role in the politics of Singapore and Singapores public life. ...

The Constitution of Singapore is the supreme law of Singapore [1] and it is a codified constitution. For the entry on the naval ship U.S.S. Constitution, see: USS Constitution. ...


The constitution cannot be amended without the support of more than two-thirds of the members of parliament on the second and third readings [2]. The president may seek opinion on constitutional issues from a tribunal consisting of not less than three judges of the Supreme Court. Singaporean courts, like the courts in Australia, cannot offer advisory opinion on the constitutionality of laws [3]. The politics of Singapore is based on a unitary state with a Westminister system of parliamentary government. ... An advisory opinion, in civil procedure, is an opinion issued by a court that does not have the effect of resolving a specific legal case, but merely advises on the constitutionality or interpretation of a law. ...


Fundamental liberties

Part IV of the constitution guarantees the following [4]:

  1. liberty of a person
  2. prohibition of slavery and forced labour
  3. protection against retrospective criminal laws and repeated trials
  4. equal protection
  5. prohibition of banishment and freedom of movement
  6. freedom of speech, assembly and association
  7. freedom of religion
  8. right to education

Part XII of the constitution allows the Parliament of Singapore to enact legislation designed to stop or prevent subversion. Such legislation is valid even if it is inconsistent with Part IV of the constitution. The politics of Singapore is based on a unitary state with a Westminister system of parliamentary government. ... Subversion is an overturning or uprooting. ...


History timeline

  • 1946, following the end of the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, the Straits Settlements was dissolved and Singapore became a separate Crown Colony. A new Colonial Constitution was passed.
  • 1958, after Lim Yew Hock's successful negotiation with the British government, the British Parliament passed a State of Singapore Act and Singapore's status was changed from a colony to a state. The Singapore (Constitution) Order-in-Council was enacted and it created the position of a Yang di-Pertuan Negara as the constitutional head of state, a prime minister and a 51-elected member Legislative Assembly.
  • 1963, Singapore joined the Federation of Malaysia. The Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore (State Constitutions) Order-in-Council was enacted.
  • 1965, Singapore was separated from Malaysia, effected by three documents: The Constitution of Malaysia (Singapore Amendment) Act, the Constitution of Singapore (Amendment) Act and the Republic of Singapore Independence Act of 1965.
  • 1970, to safeguard the rights of the racial, linguistic and religious minorities, the Presidential Council was established and later renamed the Presidential Council for Minority Rights in 1973.
  • 1984, a constitutional amendment was passed to provide for non-constituency members of Parliament.
  • 1988, a constitutional amendment was passed to introduce group representation constituencies (GRCs). At least one member of the GRC must be from a minority race.
  • 1988, the constitution was amended to provide for nominated members of Parliament.
  • 1991, the constitution was amended to provide for a popularly elected president.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Japanese Occupation of Singapore was to become a major turning point in the history of several nations, including that of the Japanese, who rampaged down the Malay Peninsula with the singular intent of occupying Singapore to gain greater control over her war-time resource gathering efforts, the British, with... The Straits Settlements were a collection of territories of the British East India Company in Southeast Asia, which were given collective administration in 1826. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lim Yew Hock the loser (1914-1984) was Singapore’s second Chief Minister from 1956 to 1959. ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... The Yang di-Pertuan Negara or Head of State of Singapore replaced the British colonial Governor under the constitution of 1959 which granted Singapore limited self-government. ... The Prime Minister of Singapore is the head of government of the Republic of Singapore (and prior to 9 August 1965, the State of Singapore). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Presidential Council for Minority Rights is a govenment body in Singapore. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Non-Constituency Members of Parliament (NCMPs) are members of the opposition parties who were appointed as members of the Parliament of Singapore even though they had lost in the parliamentary election. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Group Representative Constituency (GRC) system in Singapore is a formal system of social and political committees representing the interests of both the majority and minority social groups within each local island community. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nominated Members of Parliament (NMPs) are non-elected MPs in the Parliament of Singapore. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the President of Singapore Presidential Crest The President of Singapore is the head of state. ...

References

Wikisource has the full text of the Constitution of Singapore.
  1. ^  Fundamental Liberties. Attorney-General's Chambers of Singapore website. URL accessed on January 29, 2005.
  2. ^  The Republic and the Constitution. Attorney-General's Chambers of Singapore website. URL accessed on January 29, 2005.
  3. ^  The Republic and the Constitution. Attorney-General's Chambers of Singapore website. URL accessed on January 29, 2005.
  4. ^  The Judiciary. Attorney-General's Chambers of Singapore website. URL accessed on January 29, 2005.

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