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Encyclopedia > Constitution of Hawaii

The Constitution of Hawaii refers to various legal documents throughout the history of the Hawaiian Islands that defined the fundamental principles of authority and governance within its sphere of jurisdiction. Numerous constitutions have been promulgated for the Kingdom of Hawaii, Republic of Hawaii, Territory of Hawaii and State of Hawaii. The first constitution was drafted by Kamehameha III. A few constitutions have become historically infamous like the Bayonet Constitution of 1887 which stripped native Hawaiians of their rights in favor of American plantation owners and the constitution of 1893 that was never officially promulgated but instead inflamed businessmen to accelerate their plans for the overthrow of the monarchy. Other documents became famous for more positive reasons such as the constitution of 1978 that created the Office of Hawaiian Affairs and declared the Hawaiian language to be one of the official languages of the state. The premier authority of enforcement of the Constitution of Hawaii has been historically given to the various supreme courts that had reigned over the Hawaiian Islands. Currently, that duty rests in the hands of the Hawaii State Supreme Court. Map of the Hawaiian Islands, a chain of islands that stretches 2,400 km in a northwesterly direction from the southern tip of the Island of Hawai‘i. ... Princess Victoria Ka‘iulani, a member of the Kalakaua Dynasty, was in line to become Queen of Hawai‘i when her kingdom was overthrown by local American businessmen with the aid of the United States Marine Corps The Kingdom of Hawai‘i was established in 1810 upon the unification of... United States Marines stormed ‘Iolani Palace as the Provisional Government of Hawai‘i was proclaimed across the street at Ali‘iolani Hale, the opening salvo in the establishment of the Republic of Hawai‘i. ... On August 12, 1898, the flag of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i over ‘Iolani Palace was lowered to raise the United States flag to signify annexation. ... For the 1959 novel and 1966 movie, see Hawaii (novel). ... Categories: Stub | 1814 births | 1854 deaths | Royal Family of Hawaii ... Queen Liliuokalanis protest of the Bayonet Constitution, that her brother was forced to promulgate at gunpoint, led to the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii by a committee of American citizens. ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... -1... A plantation is an area of perennial crops such as trees, cotton, sugar-cane, tea, etc. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... The Office of Hawaiian Affairs, also popularly known by its acronym OHA, is a semi-autonomous entity of the state of Hawaii charged with the administration of 1. ... Hawaiian is the ancestral language of the indigenous people of the Hawaiian Islands, the Hawaiians, a Polynesian people. ... Aliiolani Hale in downtown Honolulu is the home of the Hawaii State Supreme Court. ...


List of constitutions

The 1840 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii was the first official body of written law in the Hawaiian Islands, primarily for the sovereign state known as the Kingdom of Hawaii. ... The Constitution of 1852 was written in 1852 for the Hawaiian Kingdom. ... The Constitution of 1864 of the Kingdom of Hawaii was a rewrite of the 1852 constitution issued by King Kamehameha V. It dramatically changed the way Hawaiis government worked by increasing the power of the king and changing the way the kingdoms legislature worked. ... Queen Liliuokalanis protest of the Bayonet Constitution, that her brother was forced to promulgate at gunpoint, led to the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii by a committee of American citizens. ... Queen Liliuokalani wrote the draft 1893 constitution. ... The 1894 Constitution of Hawaii. ... The 1950 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention was where Hawaiis state constitution was first made. ... The 1969 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention was where Hawaiis state constitution was first changed. ... The 1978 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention launched the careers of over a dozen politicians who would become legends in modern Hawaiian history. ...

Preamble

The current version of the Constitution of Hawaii features a preamble that states, "We, the people of the State of Hawaii, grateful for Divine Guidance, and mindful of our Hawaiian heritage, reaffirm our belief in a government of the people, by the people and for the people, and with an understanding heart toward all peoples of the earth do hereby ordain and establish this constitution for the State of Hawaii." The preamble (Med. ...


Bill of Rights

The preamble is followed by a bill of rights of which there are twenty: A bill of rights is a statement of certain rights that citizens and/or residents of a free and democratic society have (or ought to have) under the laws of that society. ...

  1. All political power of this State is inherent in the people; and the responsibility for the exercise thereof rests with the people. All government is founded on this authority.
  2. All persons are free by nature and are equal in their inherent and inalienable rights. Among these rights are the enjoyment of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, and the acquiring and possessing property. These rights cannot endure unless the people recognize their corresponding obligations and responsibilities.
  3. No law shall be enacted respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
  4. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor be denied the equal protection of the laws, nor be denied the enjoyment of his civil rights or be discriminated against in the exercise thereof because of race, religion, sex or ancestry.
  5. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches, seizures, and invasions of privacy shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized or the communications sought to be intercepted.
  6. No citizen shall be disfranchised, or deprived of any of the rights or privileges secured to other citizens, unless by the law of the land.
  7. No citizen shall be denied enlistment in any military organization of this State nor be segregated therein because of race, religious principles or ancestry.
  8. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the armed forces when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy; nor shall any person be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself.
  9. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment inflicted. The court may dispense with bail if reasonably satisfied that the defendant or witness will appear when directed, except for a defendant charged with an offense punishable by life imprisonment.
  10. In suits at common law where the value in controversy shall exceed one hundred dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved. The legislature may provide for a verdict by not less than three-fourths of the members of the jury.
  11. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, or of such other district to which the prosecution may be removed with the consent of the accused; to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; to have the assistance of counsel for his defense. The State shall provide counsel for an indigent defendant charged with an offense punishable by imprisonment for more than sixty days.
  12. No person shall be disqualified to serve as a juror because of sex.
  13. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. The power of suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, and the laws or the execution thereof, shall never be exercised except by the legislature, or by authority derived from it to be exercised in such particular cases only as the legislature shall expressly prescribe.
  14. The military shall be held in strict subordination to the civil power.
  15. A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.
  16. No soldier or member of the militia shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner or occupant, nor in time of war, except in a manner prescribed by law.
  17. There shall be no imprisonment for debt.
  18. Private property shall not be taken or damaged for public use without just compensation.
  19. The power of the State to act in the general welfare shall never be impaired by the making of any irrevocable grant of special privileges or immunities.
  20. The enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the people.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Constitution of Hawaii - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (780 words)
The Constitution of Hawaii refers to various legal documents throughout the history of the Hawaiian Islands that defined the fundamental principles of authority and governance within its sphere of jurisdiction.
Numerous constitutions have been promulgated for the Kingdom of Hawaii, Republic of Hawaii, Territory of Hawaii and State of Hawaii.
A few constitutions have become historically infamous like the Bayonet Constitution of 1887 which stripped native Hawaiians of their rights in favor of American plantation owners and the constitution of 1893 that was never officially promulgated but instead inflamed businessmen to accelerate their plans for the overthrow of the monarchy.
Constitution of Vermont - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (317 words)
The Constitution of the State of Vermont is the fundamental body of law of the U.S. state of Vermont.
It is the first constitution in the new world to prohibit slavery, guarantee universal manhood suffrage regardless of property ownership, and universal free education, a mandate for public funding of primary and secondary education available to all citizens.
The constitution's Declaration of Rights of the Inhabitants of the State of Vermont anticipates the United States Bill of Rights by a dozen years and was a model for France's D├ęclaration universelle sur des droits de l'homme (Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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