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Encyclopedia > Constantius Chlorus
On the reverse of this argenteus struck in Antioch under Constantius Chlorus, the tetrarcs are sacrificing to celebrate a victory against the Sarmatians.
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On the reverse of this argenteus struck in Antioch under Constantius Chlorus, the tetrarcs are sacrificing to celebrate a victory against the Sarmatians.

Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantius (March 31, c. 250July 25, 306) was an emperor of the Western Roman Empire (305306). He was commonly called Chlorus (the Pale)[1], an epithet given to him by Byzantine historians. [2] He was said to have been of Greek origin[3] and the father of Constantine I. Image File history File links Constantius Chlorus, as Caesar (AD 293-305). ... Image File history File links Constantius Chlorus, as Caesar (AD 293-305). ... Argenteus struck under Constantius Chlorus, weighting 3. ... Antioch on the Orontes (Greek: Αντιόχεια η επί Δάφνη, Αντιόχεια ή επί Ορόντου or Αντιόχεια η Μεγάλη; Latin: Antiochia ad Orontem, also Antiochia dei Siri), the Great Antioch or Syrian Antioch was an ancient city located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River about 30 km from the sea and its port, Seleucia of Pieria (Suedia, now Samanda... The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ... Sarmatian horseman Sarmatians, Sarmatae or Sauromatae (the second form is mostly used by the earlier Greek writers, the other by the later Greeks and the Romans) were a people whom Herodotus (4. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... Byzantine Empire (Greek: Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on...

Contents


Life

Origin

Historia Augusta reports him being son of Eutropius and Claudia, daughter of Crispus. Crispus was reportedly a brother to Roman Emperors Claudius II and Quintillus. However, historians suspect this connection to be a genealogical fabrication created by his grandson Constantine, thus connecting his family to two rather highly regarded predecessors. The Augustan History (Lat. ... Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... Claudius Gothicus on a coin celebrating his equity (AEQUITAS AUGUSTI). ... Quintillus picture on a coin. ... Genealogy is the study and tracing of family pedigrees. ... Fabrication may refer to more than one thing: Fabrication (metal) Semiconductor device fabrication Lie Fiction Fable This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Mythical early life

The early years of Constantius' life are sketchy, and mostly based on Geoffrey of Monmouth semi-mythical Historia Regum Britanniae. According to this text, Constantius was a Roman senator early in his career, who forced Spain to submit to Roman rule. He continued throughout his life to increase the power of Rome. Probably around 296, Constantius was sent to Britain to quell the rebellions caused by various tribes. This account comes at odds with the story of King Cole, who was said to have stopped the rebellions before submitting to Rome. It is possible that their two reigns overlapped somewhat, since Cole gave Rome control over the island. Nevertheless, Constantius made peace with the Britons and ruled them throughout the remainder of his life. At this point, a contradiction between the origin of Helena comes into play. Most sources say she was the daughter of an innkeeper from the Mediterranean city of Nicomedia, while Monmouth's mythical history of Britain states she was King Cole's daughter. Geoffrey of Monmouth (c. ... Geoffrey of Monmouths Historia Regum Britanniæ (English: The History of the Kings of Britain) was written around 1136. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Events Galerius conquers Ctesiphon on the Persians; in the following peace settlement he returns it in exchange of Armenia Pope Marcellinus I succeeds Pope Caius Allectus, sucessor by assassination to Britain, is defeated by Constantius Chlorus and Britain is returned to the Roman Empire Births Deaths Pope Caius Categories: 296... For other uses, see King Cole (disambiguation). ... Look up Briton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... st Helena was a great gal she was really great ...


Caesar under Maximian Herculius

Having distinguished himself by his military ability and his able and gentle rule of Dalmatia, Constantius was, on March 1, 293, adopted and appointed Caesar by Maximian, whose step-daughter, Flavia Maximiana Theodora, he had married in 289 after renouncing his wife, Helena. In the distribution of the provinces, Gaul and Britain were allotted to Constantius. Map of Croatia with Dalmatia highlighted Dalmatia is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Caesar (p. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Flavia Maximiana Theodora (known as Theodora) was the daughter or step-daughter of Maximian. ... Events Constantius Chlorus married Flavia Maximiana Theodora, stepdaughter of Maximian after renouncing Helena, his wife and mother of Constantine the Great. ... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (Latin Gallia, Greek Galatia) was the region of Western Europe occupied by present day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ...


In 293, Constantius defeated Carausius, who had been revolted against Maximian in 286, near Bononia. Carausius was killed by his rationalis Allectus, who claimed the purple and ruled over Britain thanks to his fleet. Also Allectus, however, was defeated, in 296, after Constantius invaded Britain. Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Carausius coin from Londinium mint. ... Boulogne-sur-Mer is a city and commune in northern France, in the Pas-de-Calais département of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Rationalis was the Roman Empires chief financial minister prior to the reforms of Emperor Diocletian and the Late Empire. ... Allectus (died 296) was a Roman emperor in Britain (293–296). ... Events Galerius conquers Ctesiphon on the Persians; in the following peace settlement he returns it in exchange of Armenia Pope Marcellinus I succeeds Pope Caius Allectus, sucessor by assassination to Britain, is defeated by Constantius Chlorus and Britain is returned to the Roman Empire Births Deaths Pope Caius Categories: 296...


In 298, Constantius overthrew the Alamanni in the territory of the Lingones (Langres), and again at Vindonissa, thus strengthening the defenses of the Rhine frontier. During the persecution of the Christians in 303, he behaved with great humanity. Events Constantius Chlorus overthrows the Alamanni in the territory of the Lingones (Langres) and strengthened the Rhine frontier Christians are expelled from the Roman army Baths of Diocletian built in Rome Births Athanasius of Alexandria, bishop and opponent of Arianism Deaths Diophantus, mathematician (approximate date) King Chaekgye of Baekje Categories... The Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni were an alliance of warbands formed from Germanic tribes, first mentioned by Dio Cassius when they fought Caracalla in 213. ... The Battle of Lingones was fought in 298 between Rome and the Alemanni. ... The Battle of Vindonissa was fought in 298 between the Romans, led by Constantius Chlorus and the Alemanni. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... Many Christians have experienced persecution from both non-Christians and from other Christians during the history of Christianity. ... Events Diocletian launched the last major persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire; Hierocles was said to have been the instigator of the fierce persecution of the Christians under February 24 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire. ...


Augustus

Constantius obtained the title of Augustus on May 1, 305, and died the following year in Eboracum (York) during an expedition against the Picts and Scots[4]. Augustus (plural augusti) is Latin for majestic or venerable. The feminine form is Augusta. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... The Pictish Strathpeffer eagle stone, Highland, Scotland. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Constantius was succeeded by his son Constantine in the rule of Britain and Galerius in the rule of Rome. Galerius on a coin Galerius Maximianus (c. ...


Notes

  1. ^ From the Greek pale/yellow-greenish
  2. ^ [[1], an epithet given to him by Byzantine
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ Constantius was one of two Roman Emperors, Septimius Severus being the other, to die a natural death in Britain.

Byzantine Empire (Greek: Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Lucius Septimius Severus, (April 11, 146-February 4, 211) was Roman emperor from April 9, 193 to 211. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Constantius Chlorus
Preceded by:
Maximian (with Diocletian in the east)
Roman Emperor
Co-emperor with Galerius in the east
305
(Caesar from 293)-306
Succeeded by:
Flavius Valerius Severus (with Galerius in the east)
Preceded by:
Coel
Legendary British Kings
305-306
Succeeded by:
Constantine

  Results from FactBites:
 
GERRYMANDERING AN EMPIRE (1603 words)
Diocletian established his court in Nicomedia, Galerius at Sirmium, Maximian at Milan and Constantius Chlorus at Trier.
Constantius Chlorus died in office during a British campaign.
Constantius' soldiers proclaimed Constantine the new western Augustus subverting Diocletian's whole scheme.
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Constantius Chlorus (217 words)
Having distinguished himself by his military ability and his able and gentle rule of Dalmatia, he was, on March 1, 293, adopted and appointed Caesar by Maximian, whose step-daughter, Flavia Maximiana Theodora[?], he had married in 289 after renouncing his wife Helena (the mother of Constantine).
In the distribution of the provinces, Gaul and Britain were allotted to Constantius.
In 298 Constantius overthrew the Alamanni in the territory of the Lingones (Langres) and strengthened the Rhine frontier.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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