Constanţa (old names: Kustendji, Kustendja, Köstence, Constantza) is a seaport on the Black Sea and the capital of Constanţa county, Romania.
In the vicinity there are mineral springs, and the sea-bathing also attracts many visitors in summer. The chief local industries are tanning and the manufacture of petroleum drums. The opening, in 1895, of the railway to Bucharest, which crosses the Danube by a bridge at Cernavodă, brought Constanţa a considerable transit trade in grain and petroleum, which are largely exported; coal and coke head the list of imports, followed by machinery, iron goods, and cotton and woollen fabrics.
The harbour, protected by breakwaters, with a lighthouse at the entrance, is well defended from the North winds, but those from the South, South-East, and South-West prove sometimes highly dangerous. The Black Sea squadron of the Romanian fleet is stationed here.
Mamaia is a beach resort immediately to the north.
Constanţa is the Constantiana which was founded in honour of Constantia, sister of Constantine the Great (274-337). It lies at the seaward end of the Great Wall of Trajan, and has evidently been surrounded by fortifications of its own. In spite of damage done by railway contractors there are considerable remains of ancient masonry walls, pillars, etc. An impressive public building, thought to have originally been a port building, has been excavated, and contains the substantial remains of one of the longest mosaic pavements in the world.
A number of inscriptions found in the town and its vicinity show that Constanţa lies where once Tomis stood. The Roman poet Ovid (43 BC-17) spent here his last eight years in exile. A statue of Ovid stands in the Ovid Square (Piaţa Ovidiu) of Constanţa, in front of the History Museum (the former City Hall).
In 2002, the population of Constanţa city proper was 310,471. The urban area around Constanţa, however, includes the town of Năvodari, with a population of 32,400, increasing the total population of the Constanţa urban area to 342,926.
Panoramic view of Constanta
Sulmona (Italy), Turku (Finland), Yokohama (Japan), Brest (France), Istanbul (Turkey), Rotterdam (Holland), Odessa (Ukraine), Boulogne-sur-Mer (France), Thessaloniki (Greece), Mobile (USA), Trapani (Italy), Saida (Lebanon), Latakia (Syria), Dobrich (Bulgaria), Heraklion (Greece), Izmir (Turkey), Novorossiysk (Russia), Alexandria (Egypt), Santos (Brazil), Havana (Cuba), Perugia (Italy), Shanghai (China)
- Official administration site (http://www.primaria-constanta.ro/PrimariaConstanta/Default.aspx)
- Map (http://harti.rogis.ro/cta/)
- Map (http://www.hartionline.ro/ct/harta/0.html)
- Constanta Online (http://www.constantaonline.ro)
- Constanta Online Forum (http://www.constantaonline.ro/forum)
- Constanta Online (http://www.cta.ro)