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Encyclopedia > Constanta

Constanţa (old names: Kustendji, Kustendja, Köstence, Constantza) is a seaport on the Black Sea and the capital of Constanţa county, Romania.

Constanţa
Coat of Arms
Map of Romania showing Constanta
Area 1,121.66 km2
Population (2002) 310.471
Mayor Radu Ştefan Mazăre
Time zone Eastern Europe: GMT+2
Latitude

Longitude

44° 10' N

28° 09' E

Contents

Geography

In the vicinity there are mineral springs, and the sea-bathing also attracts many visitors in summer. The chief local industries are tanning and the manufacture of petroleum drums. The opening, in 1895, of the railway to Bucharest, which crosses the Danube by a bridge at Cernavodă, brought Constanţa a considerable transit trade in grain and petroleum, which are largely exported; coal and coke head the list of imports, followed by machinery, iron goods, and cotton and woollen fabrics.


The harbour, protected by breakwaters, with a lighthouse at the entrance, is well defended from the North winds, but those from the South, South-East, and South-West prove sometimes highly dangerous. The Black Sea squadron of the Romanian fleet is stationed here.

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Constanta shipyard

Mamaia is a beach resort immediately to the north.


History

Constanţa is the Constantiana which was founded in honour of Constantia, sister of Constantine the Great (274-337). It lies at the seaward end of the Great Wall of Trajan, and has evidently been surrounded by fortifications of its own. In spite of damage done by railway contractors there are considerable remains of ancient masonry walls, pillars, etc. An impressive public building, thought to have originally been a port building, has been excavated, and contains the substantial remains of one of the longest mosaic pavements in the world.

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Constanta casino

A number of inscriptions found in the town and its vicinity show that Constanţa lies where once Tomis stood. The Roman poet Ovid (43 BC-17) spent here his last eight years in exile. A statue of Ovid stands in the Ovid Square (Piaţa Ovidiu) of Constanţa, in front of the History Museum (the former City Hall).


Population

In 2002, the population of Constanţa city proper was 310,471. The urban area around Constanţa, however, includes the town of Năvodari, with a population of 32,400, increasing the total population of the Constanţa urban area to 342,926.

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Panoramic view of Constanta

Historical population

Twin cities

Sulmona (Italy), Turku (Finland), Yokohama (Japan), Brest (France), Istanbul (Turkey), Rotterdam (Holland), Odessa (Ukraine), Boulogne-sur-Mer (France), Thessaloniki (Greece), Mobile (USA), Trapani (Italy), Saida (Lebanon), Latakia (Syria), Dobrich (Bulgaria), Heraklion (Greece), Izmir (Turkey), Novorossiysk (Russia), Alexandria (Egypt), Santos (Brazil), Havana (Cuba), Perugia (Italy), Shanghai (China)


External links

  • Official administration site (http://www.primaria-constanta.ro/PrimariaConstanta/Default.aspx)
  • Map (http://harti.rogis.ro/cta/)
  • Map (http://www.hartionline.ro/ct/harta/0.html)
  • Constanta Online (http://www.constantaonline.ro)
  • Constanta Online Forum (http://www.constantaonline.ro/forum)
  • Constanta Online (http://www.cta.ro)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Constanta History (900 words)
Constanta, due to the harbor, was the "lung of the Romania" as the first Romanian king, Carol I, said.
Constanta made 70% from the total maritime traffic of the country.
The communist regime maintained Constanta as the first maritime harbor of the country and accorded it the necessary importance from this point of view.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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