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Encyclopedia > Constans II
Constans and his son Constantine.
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Constans and his son Constantine.

Constans Heraclius, known in English as Constans II and called Pogonatus, meaning the Bearded, (November 7, 630September 15, 668) was Byzantine emperor from 641 to 668. Constans II AR Hexagram. ... Constans II AR Hexagram. ... Constantine IV on a contemporary coin Constantine IV (649-685); sometimes incorrectly called Pogonatus, meaning the Bearded, like his father; was Byzantine emperor from 668-685. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... Events Muhammad captures Mecca (January). ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Events Childeric II succeeds Clotaire III as Frankish king Constantine IV becomes Byzantine Emperor, succeeding Constans II Theodore of Tarsus made archbishop of Canterbury. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Events Founding of the city of Fostat, later Cairo, in Egypt. ... Events Childeric II succeeds Clotaire III as Frankish king Constantine IV becomes Byzantine Emperor, succeeding Constans II Theodore of Tarsus made archbishop of Canterbury. ...


Biography

Constans was the son of Constantine III, and due to the rumours that Heraclonas and Martina had poisoned Constantine III he was named co-emperor in 641. Roman coin depicting, on its face, Heraclius and his sons Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas Heraclius Constantine or Constantine III (May 3, 612 - April 20/24 or May 26, 641) was the eldest son of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius and his first wife Eudocia, and ruled as Emperor for four months... Heraclonas (626 - 641?), Byzantine emperor (February - September 641), was the son of Heraclius and Martina. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Under Constans, the Byzantines completely withdrew from Egypt, and the Arabs launched numerous attacks on the islands of the Mediterranean Sea and Aegean Sea. Constans sent a fleet to attack the Arabs at Finike in 655, but was defeated: 500 Byzantine ships were destroyed in the battle, and the emperor himself risked to be killed. The Arabs were preparing to attack Constantinople, but didn't carry out the plan when civil war with the Shiites broke out among them. In 658 he defeated the Slavs on the Danube River, temporarily slowing their advance throughout the Balkans. The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are a large and heterogeneous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... Satellite image The Mediterranean Sea is a part of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. ... The Aegean Sea. ... Events November 15 - Northumbrian king Oswiu defeats the pagan Mercian king Penda in the Battle of Winwaed Empress Saimei ascends to the throne of Japan. ... Constantinople[1] was the name of the modern-day city of Ä°stanbul, Turkey over the centuries that it served as the second capital of the unified Roman Empire, and after its division into East and West, of the Eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantine Empire (from the city... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Events The union of Slavic tribes falls apart after Samos death Births Deaths King Samo of the Slavs Categories: 658 ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg, Germany... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Constans grew increasingly fearful that his younger brother, Theodosius, could oust him from the throne: he therefore obliged him first to take the orders, and later had Theodosius killed. His sons Constantine, Heraclius, and Tiberius were named co-emperors. However, having attracted the hatred of citizens of Constantinople, Constans decided to leave the capital and to move to Syracuse, in east Sicily. From here, in 661, he launched an assault against the Lombard Duchy of Benevento, which then occupied most of southern Italy. Taking advantage of the fact that Lombard king Grimoald I was engaged against the Franks, he disembarked at Taranto and sieged Lucera and Benevento. However, the latter resisted and Constans withdrew to Naples, while part of his army was destroyed by the Beneventani at Forino, between Avellino and Salerno. Map of central Mediterranean Sea, showing location of Syracuse on the island of Sicily. ... Sicilian redirects here. ... Events Caliph Ali Ben Abu Talib is assassinated. ... The Lombards or Longobards or Langobards were the Germanic tribe who gave their name to Lombardy, an administrative entity in Northern Italy. ... The Duchy of Benevento was the southernmost Lombard duchy in medieval Italy, centred on Benevento, a city central in the Mezzogiorno. ... Grimoald I (616-662), called the Elder (in French, Grimaud) was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia from 643 to 656. ... Look up Frank, frank in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Founded 706 BC as Taras () Region Apulia Mayor Rossana Di Bello Area  - City Proper  217 km² Population  - City (2001)  - Density (city proper) 201,349 973/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 40°28 N 17°14 E www. ... Lucera is a town in the Puglia region of Italy. ... Benevento is a town and archiepiscopal see of Campania, Italy, capital of the province of Benevento, 32 miles northeast of Naples. ... Avellino is a town and comune, capital of the Avellino Province, and located in the Campania region of southern Italy. ... Map of Italy showing Salerrno southeast of Naples Salerno is a town and a province capital in Campania, south-western Italy, located on the gulf of the same name on the Tyrrhenian Sea. ...


In 663 Constans visited Rome for 12 days—no emperor having set foot in Rome for two centuries— and was received with great honor by Pope Vitalian (reigned 657-672). Although on friendly terms with Vitalian, he stripped buildings, including the Pantheon, of their ornaments and bronze to be carried back to Constantinople, and declared the Patriarch of Rome to have no jurisdiction over the Patriarch of Ravenna, since that city was the seat of the exarch, his immediate representative. City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... Vitalianus (died January 27, 672) was Pope from 657 - 672. ... The Pantheon, Rome, in front of which stands the obelisk Macuteo, one of fourteen ancient Egyptian obelisks in Rome. ... Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. ... The Exarchate of Ravenna was a center of Byzantine power in Italy, from the end of the 6th century to 751 A.D., when the last Exarch was put to death by the Emperors enemies in Italy, the Lombards. ...


His subsequent moves in Calabria and Sardinia were marked by further strippings and request of tributes that enraged his Italian subjects. Rumours that he was going to move the capital of the empire to Syracuse were probably fatal for Constans. On September 15, 668 he was assassinated in his bath by his chamberlain. Constantine succeeded him as Constantine IV, a brief usurpation in Sicily by Mezezius being quickly suppressed. Calabria, formerly Brutium, is a region in southern Italy which occupies the toe of the Italian peninsula south of Naples. ... Sardinia [[]] (Sardegna in Italian, Sardigna, Sardinna or Sardinnia in the Sardinian language, is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (Sicily is the largest), between Italy, Spain and Tunisia, south of Corsica. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Events Childeric II succeeds Clotaire III as Frankish king Constantine IV becomes Byzantine Emperor, succeeding Constans II Theodore of Tarsus made archbishop of Canterbury. ... For other uses, see Bath (disambiguation). ... A Chamberlain is an officer in charge of managing the household of a sovereign. ... Constantine IV on a contemporary coin Constantine IV (649-685); sometimes incorrectly called Pogonatus, meaning the Bearded, like his father; was Byzantine emperor from 668-685. ... Mezezius also known as Mecetius, Bizantine usurper in Sicily from 668 to 669. ...


Sources

  • Liber Pontificalis
  • Chronology of Italian history
Preceded by:
Heraclonas
Byzantine Emperor Succeeded by:
Constantine IV

  Results from FactBites:
 
Roman Emperors DIR Heraclonas (1142 words)
Constans II, son of Heraclius Constantine and Gregoria, was born in Constantinople on November 7, 630.
Constans' body was eventually returned to Constantinople, perhaps by his son Constantine IV, for burial in the Church of the Holy Apostles.
With the assassination of Constans II at the age of thirty-seven, Constantine IV became emperor.
Constans II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (461 words)
Constans Heraclius, known in English as Constans II and called Pogonatus, meaning the Bearded, (November 7, 630–September 15, 668) was Byzantine emperor from 641 to 668.
Constans was the son of Constantine III, and due to the rumours that Heraclonas and Martina had poisoned Constantine III he was named co-emperor in 641.
Constans sent a fleet to attack the Arabs at Finike in 655, but was defeated: 500 Byzantine ships were destroyed in the battle, and the emperor himself risked to be killed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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