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Encyclopedia > Constance, Duchess of Brittany

Constance of Brittany (1161September 5, 1201) was Duchess of Brittany between 1186 and 1196. Constance was the only child of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, by his wife Margaret of Scotland, countess of Hereford (granddaughter of king David II). Events Bartholomew Iscanus becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Events The town of Riga was chartered as a city. ... The Duke of Brittany (French: Duc de Bretagne) governed Brittany, a region with strong traditions of independence, including a language and culture all its own. ... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events Spring, London, popular uprising of the poor against the rich led by William Fitz Osbern. ... Conan IV (1138 – February 20, 1171) was duke of Brittany, from 1156 to his death. ... The title of Earl of Richmond was created many times in the Peerage of England. ... David I, known as the Saint, (1084 - May 24, 1153), king of Scotland, the youngest son of Malcolm Canmore and of Saint Margaret (sister of Edgar Ætheling), was born in 1084. ...


In 1181, Constance married Geoffrey Plantagenet, the fourth son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and had two children by him: Eleanor, Fair Maid of Brittany (1184-1241) and Arthur. Geoffrey assumed the title of Duke of Brittany and became the effective ruler of the duchy since the date. However, he died in 1186, stamped by a horse during a tournament. Constance then became ruler of Brittany until 1196, when she abdicated in favour of Arthur. Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... Geoffrey Plantagenet (September 23, 1158 – August 19, 1186) was Duke of Brittany between 1181 and 1186, through his marriage with the heiress Constance. ... Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ... Eleanor of Aquitaine Eleanor of Aquitaine (Bordeaux, France, 1124 – March 31, 1204 in Fontevrault, Anjou) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Europe during the Middle Ages. ... Eleanor the Fair Maid of Brittany ( 1184–1241) was the daughter of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany. ... Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187 – 1203), was the posthumous son of Geoffrey Plantagenet and Constance, Duchess of Brittany, and designated heir to the throne of England, originally intended to succeed Richard I. While Richard was away on crusade, Constance took more independence for Brittany, and in 1194 had the... Events John the Chanter becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... This is a list of people and fictional characters who had severe injuries, or died from accidents related with horses. ... A tournament is an organized competition in which many participants play each other in individual games. ...


After her son's rebellion was quashed, Arthur disappeared into one of King John's castles, never to be seen again, and Eleanor was imprisoned for the rest of her days. King Henry had arranged for Constance to marry Ranulph de Meschines, 4th Earl of Chester in 1188, but this marriage was not successful, and Ranulph imprisoned his wife in 1196, an act that sparked a rebellion in her native Brittany. Finally in 1198 she was released, and had her marriage to Ranulph annulled. Constance then took Guy of Thouars as her husband, and by him was mother of Alix of Thouars, who married Peter de Dreux, first Breton ruler of the House of Dreux. Guy of Thouars was Duke of Brittany between 1203 and 1206, succeeding his stepson Arthur I. He was the second husband of duchess Constance. ... Alix of Thouars (1201 - October 21, 1221) was the nominal Duchess of Brittany between 1206 to her death. ... Pierre I, Duke of Brittany (~1190 - 1251), also known as Peter of Dreux, was duke of Brittany (in right of his wife) from 1213-1221, then regent of the duchy (for his minor son) from 1221-1237. ...


Constance lived out the last few years of her life quite peacefully, then died of leprosy in 1201, and was buried at the Villeneuve Abbey Church.


She has several very eloquent speeches on grief and death in Shakespeare's play King John. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... King John is one of the so-called Shakespearean histories, plays written by William Shakespeare and based on the history of England. ...


See also: Dukes of Brittany family tree This is a family tree of the Dukes of Brittany, from the 9th century, to the annexation by France in 1514. ...

Preceded by:
Geoffrey II
Duchess of Brittany Succeeded by:
Arthur I

  Results from FactBites:
 
Constance, Duchess of Brittany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (312 words)
Constance of Brittany (1161 September 5, 1201) was Duchess of Brittany between 1186 and 1196.
Constance was the only child of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, by his wife Margaret of Scotland, countess of Hereford (granddaughter of king David II).
Constance then took Guy of Thouars as her husband, and by him was mother of Alix of Thouars, who married Peter de Dreux, first Breton ruler of the House of Dreux.
Alix of Thouars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (141 words)
Alix of Thouars (1201 – October 21, 1221) was the nominal Duchess of Brittany between 1206 to her death.
She was the daughter of Constance, Duchess of Brittany and Guy of Thouars.
In 1206, king Philip II of France withdrew Brittany from her father and became himself the regent of the duchy in Alix’s name.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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