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Encyclopedia > Console game
This article is about games played on consoles. Video gaming is about this form of gaming in general.

A console game is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment. The game consists of manipulable images (and usually sounds) generated by a video game console, and displayed on a television or similar audio-video system. The game itself is usually controlled and manipulated using a handheld device connected to the console called a controller. The controller generally contains a number of buttons and directional controls (such as analog joysticks) each of which has been assigned a purpose for interacting with and controlling the images on the screen. The display, speakers, console, and controls of a console can also be incorporated into one small object known as a handheld game console. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Game console redirects here. ... A game controller is an input device used to control a video game. ... Joystick elements: 1. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ...


Game multimedia usually comes in the form of a disc, which can be inserted into the game console. Recent advances have allowed games and game demos to be downloaded directly to the console via the Internet. Simpler consoles, however, may only have a fixed selection of built-in games. Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... CD redirects here. ... Demo disc released with a magazine. ...

Contents

Introduction

Video games generally each contain different gameplay, objectives, goals, control-schemes, characters, and other features. Each video game is usually contained on a specifically designed multimedia disc or cartridge, which are generally sold separately from the console and each other. In order to play the specific game, you need the specific console for which it was designed. For example, in order to play the video game Wii Sports, you need to use a Wii. The most popular consoles in the market today (as of May 2007) are the Wii, PlayStation 2, Xbox 360 and the PlayStation 3. Computer and video games redirects here. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A disk or disc is anything that resembles a flattened cylinder in shape. ... Cartridge for the VIC 20 homecomputer In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... Wii Sports ) is a video game produced by Nintendo for the Wii. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... PS2 redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ...


Console and display

Controllers

Main article: Game controller A game controller is an input device used to control a video game. ...


The different consoles each use different controllers. Controllers are input devices used to interact with the game. So, for example, if you had a game in which you must control a character in order to obtain a red apple, you would be able to use an analog stick or directional pad ("D Pad") to move your character towards the apple to collect it. Video games, of course, are usually much more complicated than this. In the game Pikmin for the Nintendo GameCube, the player uses the analog stick to control his character, the "C" analog stick to tell his Pikmin what to do or where to go, and the "A" button to throw the Pikmin. This article is about the fruit. ... It has been suggested that Captain Olimar, Pikmin (species), Wildlife of Pikmin be merged into this article or section. ... A claymade Red Bud Pikmin. ...


Screen

Most video games require a screen of some sort. In the case of normal consoles, a television is the most common form of screen used. The screen is used as a source of visual output. As the player pushes buttons and moves analogs on the controller, the screen responds to the actions and changes take place on the screen, simulating actual movement.


Consoles use a large sized (albeit low-resolution) television as their visual output device: optimal for viewing at a greater distance by a larger audience. As a result, many video games are designed for local multiplayer play, with all players viewing the same TV set, with the screen divided into several sections and each player using a different controller. Online gaming redirects here. ...


Video games have generally had access to less computing power, less flexible computing power, and lower resolution displays. Dedicated consoles were advanced graphically, especially in animation. This is because video game consoles had dedicated graphics hardware, were able to load data instantly from ROM, and a low resolution output would look better on a television because it naturally blurs the pixels. Rom is also the name of a toy and comic book character Rom (Spaceknight). ...


Ratings & Censorship

ESRB

The Entertainment Software Ratings Board or ESRB gives videogames maturity ratings based on their content. For example, a game might be rated T for Teen if the game contained obscene words or violence. If a game contains explicit violence or sexual themes, it is likely to receive a M for Mature rating, which means that no one under 17 should play it. There is a rated "A/O" games for Adults Only" these games have massive violence or nudity. There are no laws that prohibit children from purchasing "M" rated games in the United States. Laws attempting to prohibit minors from purchasing "M" rated games were established in California, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, and Louisiana, but all were overturned on the grounds that the establishment of such laws were in violation of a child's First Amendment rights[citation needed]. However, many stores have opted to not sell such games to children anyway. Of course, video game laws vary from country to country. One of the most controversial games of all time, Manhunt 2 by Rockstar Studios, was denied a rating by the ESRB until Rockstar could make the content more suitable for a mature audience. This has also been a problem with many mods in other games such as Oblivion and Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) is a self-regulatory organization that applies and enforces ratings, advertising guidelines, and online privacy principles for computer and video games in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Video game manufacturers usually exercise tight control over the games that are made available on their systems, so unusual or special-interest games are more likely to appear as PC games. Free, casual, and browser-based games are usually played on available computers, mobile phones, or PDAs. This computer/video game related article needs cleanup. ... Internet games (also known as online games) are games that are played online via the Internet. ... Look up Personal digital assistant in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


PEGI

PEGI (Pan European Game Information) is a system that was developed to standardize the game ratings in all of Europe (NOT just EU, although the majority are EU members), the current members are: all EU members, except Germany and the 10 accession states; Norway; Switzerland. Iceland is expected to join soon, as are the 10 EU accession states. For all PEGI members, they use it as their sole system, with the exception of the UK, where if a game contains certain material, it must be rated by BBFC. The PEGI ratings are, in most parts (but not all) legally binding, and it is a criminal offence to sell a game to someone if it is rated above their age. PEGIs logo Pan European Game Information, or more commonly PEGI, is a European system for rating the content of computer and video games, and other entertainment software. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) is the organisation responsible for film classification (see Motion picture rating systems and History of British Film Certificates) within the United Kingdom. ...


Germany: BPjM and USK

Stricter game rating laws mean that Germany does not operate within the PEGI. Instead, they adopt their own system of certification which is required by law. The USK (Unterhaltungssoftware Selbstkontrolle or Voluntary Certification of Entertainment Software) checks every game before release and assigns an age rating to it - either none (white), 6 years of age (yellow), 12 years of age (green), 16 years of age (blue) or 18 years of age (red). It is forbidden for anyone, retailers, friends or parents alike, to allow a child access to a game for which he or she is underage. If a game is particularly violent, it may be referred to the BPjM (Bundesprüfstelle für jugendgefährdende Medien - Federal Verification Office for Child-Endangering Media) who may opt to place it on the Index upon which the game may not be sold openly or advertised in the open media. Unofficially, the titles are not "banned" - adult gamers are still technically free to obtain the titles by other means, although it is still considered a felony to supply these titles to a child. ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... This article has been translated, and needs attention from someone approaching dual fluency. ...


Other information

Japanese gaming was overrun in the mid 1980s with the release of the Nintendo Family Computer (Famicom, or Nintendo Entertainment System elsewhere) and Super Mario Bros.. Since then, many of the popular games released in the NES era have had one or more sequels, including games like Mario, Zelda, and Final Fantasy. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... The Nintendo Entertainment System (North America, Europe, and Australia) NES redirects here. ... “NES” redirects here. ... This article is about the Super Mario Brothers video game for the NES. For other uses, see Super Mario Bros. ... Mario ) is a video game character created by Japanese game designer Shigeru Miyamoto and the official mascot of Nintendo. ... The Legend of Zelda series (ゼルダの伝説 シリーズ; often shortened to just Zelda series) is a series of action-adventure video games created by Nintendo and industry legend Shigeru Miyamoto beginning in 1986. ... This article is about the Final Fantasy franchise. ...


Cartridges were previously common storage devices for console game data, but due to technological advances, most video games are now stored on CDs, or higher capacity DVDs, or the Blu-ray used by the Playstation 3. CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit České Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu_ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu_ray Disc Founders (BDF). ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ...


Top video games

2004-2005

Related articles: 2004 in video gaming, 2005 in video gaming

The ten best selling console video games, according to The NPD Group, ranked by total US units sold were: 2004 2004 in games 2003 in video gaming 2005 in video gaming Notable events of 2004 in video gaming. ... 2005 2005 in games 2004 in video gaming 2006 in video gaming Notable events of 2005 in video gaming. ...

Top Grossing Video Games of 2004
Rank Title Platform Publisher
1 Halo 2 Xbox Bungie Studios
2 Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas PS2 Take-Two Interactive
3 Madden NFL 2005 PS2 Electronic Arts
4 ESPN NFL 2K5 PS2 Take Two Interactive
5 Need for Speed: Underground 2 PS2 Electronic Arts
6 Pokémon Fire Red W/ Adapter GBA Nintendo
7 NBA Live 2005 PS2 Electronic Arts
8 Spider-Man: The Movie 2 PS2 Activision
9 Halo: Combat Evolved Xbox Microsoft
10 ESPN NFL 2K5 Xbox Take Two Interactive

This article is about the video game. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... Bungie is an American video game developer founded in May 1991 under the name Bungie Software Products Corporation (more popularly shortened to Bungie Software) by two undergraduate students at the University of Chicago, Alex Seropian and Jason Jones. ... Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is the fifth video game in the Grand Theft Auto series. ... PS2 can mean: PlayStation 2 (Sony PS2), sixth-generation video game console PS/2 (IBM Personal System/2 office PCs, or the interface standard for mice and keyboards that the PS/2 series set) Phantasy Star II, second in the Phantasy Star seiries of video games. ... Take-Two Interactive Software, Inc. ... Madden NFL 2005 is a football video game. ... Electronic Arts (EA) (NASDAQ: ERTS) is an American developer, marketer, publisher, and distributor of computer and video games. ... Box art for ESPN NFL 2K5 on the Xbox. ... Need for Speed: Underground 2 is a PlayStation 2 racing video game published and developed by Electronic Arts. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Pokémon Red and Blue. ... “GBA” redirects here. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... This article is about the video game series. ... Spider-Man 2 is the name of several computer and video games based on the Spider-Man universe and particularly the Spider-Man 2 movie. ... Activision, Inc. ... Halo: Combat Evolved, or simply Halo, is a video game in the first-person shooter (FPS) genre, created by the Microsoft-owned Bungie Studios. ... Box art for ESPN NFL 2K5 on the Xbox. ...

2003

Related article: 2003 in video gaming

The ten best selling console video games, according to The NPD Group, ranked by total US units sold (annual 2003) were [1]: 2003 2003 in games 2002 in video gaming 2004 in video gaming Notable events of 2003 in video gaming. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Top Grossing Video Games of 2003
Rank Title Platform Publisher
1 Madden NFL 2004 PS2 Electronic Arts
2 Pokémon Ruby GBA Nintendo
3 Pokémon Sapphire GBA Nintendo
4 Need for Speed: Underground PS2 Electronic Arts
5 The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker GameCube Nintendo
6 Grand Theft Auto: Vice City PS2 Rockstar Games
7 Mario Kart: Double Dash!! GameCube Nintendo
8 Tony Hawk's Underground PS2 Activision
9 Enter the Matrix PS2 Atari
10 Medal of Honor: Rising Sun PS2 Electronic Arts

Madden NFL 2004 is the 14th installment of the Madden NFL series. ... PS2 redirects here. ... Electronic Arts (EA) (NASDAQ: ERTS) is an American developer, marketer, publisher, and distributor of computer and video games. ... Pokémon Ruby (screenshot) Pokémon Ruby and Pokémon Sapphire are the third group of Pokémon handheld games to be released in the United States, Japan, Europe, the United Kingdom, and Australia. ... “GBA” redirects here. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... Pokémon Ruby (screenshot) Pokémon Ruby and Pokémon Sapphire are the third group of Pokémon handheld games to be released in the United States, Japan, Europe, the United Kingdom, and Australia. ... “GBA” redirects here. ... Need for Speed: Underground is a racing video game, developed and published by Electronic Arts in 2003. ... PS2 redirects here. ... The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker (or Zeruda no Densetsu: Kaze no Takuto in Japan) is the ninth game in the well-known The Legend of Zelda series of video games. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (released in October 2002) is the fourth video game in the hit Grand Theft Auto series. ... PS2 redirects here. ... R* redirects here. ... Mario Kart: Double Dash!! is a video game developed and published by Nintendo for the GameCube video game console. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... Tony Hawks Underground, also called THUG, is a skateboarding video game available for the PlayStation 2, GameCube, Game Boy Advance and Xbox platforms released in 2003. ... PS2 redirects here. ... Activision, Inc. ... Enter the Matrix is the first video game based on the Matrix series. ... PS2 redirects here. ... This article is about a corporate game company. ... Medal of Honor: Rising Sun is a computer game, released by Electronic Arts in November 2003. ... PS2 redirects here. ...

Critics of video games

See also: Video game controversy

From time to time, video games have been criticized by parents' groups, psychologists, politicians, and some religious organizations for allegedly glorifying violence, cruelty, and crime and exposing children to these elements. It is particularly disturbing to some adults that some video games allow children to act out crimes (for example, the Grand Theft Auto series), and reward them for doing so. Concerns that children who play violent video games may have a tendency to act more aggressively on the playground have led to voluntary rating systems adopted by the industry, such as the ESRB rating system in the United States and the PEGI rating system in Europe(see above), that are aimed at educating parents about the types of games their children should or should not be playing (or are begging to play). Computer and video games have been the subject of controversy and censorship, due to the depiction of graphic violence, sex themes, consumption of illegal drugs, consumption of alcohol or tobacco, or profanity in some games. ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... Look up cruelty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a video game series created and primarily developed by Scottish developer Rockstar North (formerly DMA Design), published by Rockstar Games and debuted in 1998. ... The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) is a self-regulatory organization that applies and enforces ratings, advertising guidelines, and online privacy principles for computer and video games in the United States. ... PEGIs logo Pan European Game Information, or more commonly PEGI, is a European system for rating the content of computer and video games, and other entertainment software. ...


Most studies, however, reach the conclusion that violence in video games is not causally linked with aggressive tendencies. This was the conclusion of a 1999 study by the U.S. government, prompting Surgeon General David Satcher to say, “...we clearly associate media violence to aggressive behavior, but the impact was very small compared to other things. Some may not be happy with that, but that’s where the science is.” This was also the conclusion of a meta-analysis by psychologist Johnathan Freedman, who reviewed over 200 published studies and found that the majority did not find a causal link. Surgeon General can have several different meanings. ... David Satcher David Satcher (b. ... A meta-analysis is a statistical practice of combining the results of a number of studies. ... A psychologist is a person who studies psychology, the systematic investigation of the human mind, including behavior, cognition, and affect. ...


Critics of movies, television, and books as a group look down on video games as an inferior form of entertainment[citation needed]. This is probably because of the observation that most video games have very little plot and even less character development[citation needed], which may or may not be true. A frequent counterargument is that this is like complaining that a game of football does not contain much plot or character development, and that although video games include a narrative, they are really about acting in and against a virtual world, which is not primarily based upon passively seeing and hearing. Another point of view compares video games to the movies which during the silent era were also considered mere entertainment. Look up plot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the simulation technology. ...


See also

v  d  e
Computer and video game industry
Activities Jobs Types of video games Companies
Game design
Game development
Game programming
Game testing
Journalism
Level design
Game producer
Game designer
Game programmer
Game artist
Game tester
Level designer
Arcade game
Computer game
Console game
Handheld game
Video game developer
Video game publisher
List of video game companies
List of publishers
Lists of video games
List of video game industry people

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