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Encyclopedia > Conservation status
Conservation status
Risk of extinction
Extinction

Extinct
Extinct in the Wild
For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Diagram of Extinct in the Wild in relation to other IUCN categories. ...

Threatened

Critically Endangered
Endangered
Vulnerable
Threatened
. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... The threatened categories (IUCN Red List) Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, insects, bugs, etc. ...

Lower risk

Conservation Dependent
Near Threatened
Least Concern
Conservation Dependent (LR/cd) was an IUCN category assigned to species or lower taxa which were dependent on conservation efforts to prevent the taxon becoming threatened with extinction. ... Near Threatened (NT) is an conservation status assigned to species or lower taxa which may be considered threatened with extinction in the near future, although it does not currently qualify for the threatened status. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ...

See also

World Conservation Union
IUCN Red List
The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ...

The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species remaining extant either in the present day or the near future. Many factors are taken into account when assessing the conservation status of a species: not simply the number remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates, known threats, and so on. For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... In biology, extant taxon is commonly used in discussions of living and fossil species. ...

Contents

Global systems

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is the best-known worldwide conservation status listing and ranking system. The system divides threatened species into three categories: Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), and Vulnerable (VU). Also listed are extinctions that have occurred since 1500 AD and taxa that are extinct in the wild. Lower risk taxa are also divided into categories. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... An endangered species is a species whose population is so small that it is in danger of becoming extinct. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) aims to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ...


Multi-country systems

In the European Union, the EU Wildlife Trade Regulation[1] is legislation to provide for the implementation of CITES within the EU, and additional measures.[2] A database of species listed under the EU Wildlife Regulation is available.[3] Additionally, there is the EU Habitats Directive[4] and EU Birds Directive.[5] The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: European Union The European Union On-Line Official EU website, europa. ...


NatureServe conservation status focuses on Latin America, USA, Canada and the Caribbean, It has been developed over the past three decades by scientists from NatureServe, The Nature Conservancy, and the network of natural heritage programs and conservation data centers. It is increasingly integrated with the IUCN Red List system. Categories for species including: Presumed Extinct (GX), Possibly Extinct (GH), Critically Imperiled (G1), Imperiled (G2), Vulnerable (G3), Apparently Secure (G4), and Secure (G5).[6] The system also allows ambiguous or uncertain ranks including inexact numeric ranks (eg G2?), and range ranks (e.g G2G3) for when the exact rank is uncertain. NatureServe adds a qualifier for Captive or Cultivated Only (C), which has a similar meaning to the IUCN Red List Extinct in the Wild (EW) status, The NatureServe conservation status system was developed by NatureServe, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and the Natural Heritage Network as a ranking of the relative imperilment of species on global, national and/or regional levels. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... West Indies redirects here. ... NatureServe is a non-profit environmental conservation organization. ... This article is about the US organization called The Nature Conservancy. ...


Red Data Book of the Russian Federation is used within the Russian Federation. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Red book (Russia). ...


National systems

  • Australia. The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) describes lists of threatened species, ecological communities and threatening processes. The categories resemble those of the 1994 IUCN Red List Categories & Criteria (version 2.3). Prior to the EPBC Act, a simpler classification system was used by the Endangered Species Protection Act 1992.
  • Belgium. The Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) publishes an online set of more than 150 nature indicators in Dutch.[7]
  • Canada. COSEWIC (The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada) is a committee of experts that assesses and designates which wild species are in some danger of disappearing from Canada[8] Under the Species at Risk Act (SARA), it is up to the federal government, which is politically accountable, to legally protect species assessed by COSEWIC. See also: British Columbia Red List.
  • China. The State, provinces and some counties have determined their key protected wildlife species. There is the China red data book.
  • Finland. A large number of species are protected under the Nature Conservation Act, and through the EU Habitats Directive and EU Birds Directive.[9]
  • India. Wild Life Protection Act, 1972, Amended 2003 Biological Diversity Act, 2002
  • Japan. The Ministry of Environment publishes a Threatened Wildlife of Japan Red Data Book.[10]
  • The Netherlands. The Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality publishes a list of threatened species, and conservation is enforced by the Nature Conservation Act 1998. Species are also protected through the Wild Birds and Habitats Directives[11][12][13]
  • New Zealand. The Department of Conservation publishes the New Zealand Threat Classification System lists. Under this system threatened species or subspecies are assigned one of seven categories: Nationally Critical, Nationally Endangered, Nationally Vulnerable, Serious Decline, Gradual Decline, Sparse, or Range Restricted. While the classification looks only at a national level, many species are unique to New Zealand, and species which are secure overseas are noted as such.
  • South Africa. The South African National Biodiversity Institute, established under the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004, is responsible for drawing up lists of affected species, and monitoring compliance with CITES decisions. It is envisaged that previously diverse Red lists (e.g. for mammals, birds, and plants) would be more easily kept current, both technically and financially.
  • Ukraine. The Ministry of Environment Protection maintains list of endangered species (divided into 7 categories from "0" - extinct to "VI" - rehabilitated) and publishes it within the Red Book of Ukraine.
  • United States of America. The Endangered Species Act created the Endangered Species List.

The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) is an Act of the Parliament of Australia that provides a framework for protection of the Australian environment, including its biodiversity and its natural and culturally significant places. ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC; French: Le Comité sur la situation des espèces en péril au Canada, COSEPAC) is an independent committee of wildlife experts and scientists whose raison d’être is to identify species at risk in Canada. ... The Species at Risk Act (SARA) came into force in June 2003, and is designed to meet one of Canadas key commitments under the International Convention on Biological Diversity. ... The Ministry of the Environment (環境省; Kankyō-shō) of Japan was formed in 2001 from the 1971-established Environmental Agency. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuurbeheer en Voedselkwaliteit; LNV) is the Dutch ministry of agriculture: it is occupied with agricultural policy, fisheries, nature and food. ... The Department of Conservation (In Māori, Te Papa Atawhai), commonly known by its acronym, DOC, is the state sector organisation of New Zealand which deals with the conservation of New Zealand’s natural and historic heritage. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The Endangered Species Act (, et seq. ... This list contains only the bird and mammal species described as endangered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. ...

Consumer guides

Consumer guides for seafood, such as Seafood Watch, generally divide fishes and other sea creatures into three categories, analogous to conservation status categories: Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... Seafood Watch is a program designed to raise consumer awareness about the importance of buying seafood from sustainable sources. ...

  • Red ("say no" or "avoid")
  • Yellow or orange ("think twice", "good alternatives" or "some concerns")
  • Green ("best seafood choices").

The categories do not simply reflect the imperilment of individual species, but also consider the environmental impacts of how and where they are fished, such as through bycatch or ocean bottom trawlers. Often groups of species are assessed rather than individual species (e.g. Bluefin tuna or squid). In fisheries science, by-catch refers to species caught in a fishery intended to target another species, as well as reproductively_immature juveniles of the target species. ... The Celtic Explorer, a research vessel engaged in bottom trawling Bottom trawling (known in the scientific community as Benthic trawling) is a fishing method which involves towing trawl nets along the sea floor, as opposed to pelagic trawling, where a net is towed higher in the water column. ... Bluefin tuna may mean any of several species of tuna: Northern Bluefin Tuna Thunnus thynnus Southern Bluefin Tuna Thunnus maccoyii Pacific Bluefin Tuna Thunnus orientalis This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Squid (disambiguation). ...


The Marine Conservation Society has 5 levels of ratings for seafood species, as displayed on their Fishonline website. The Marine Conservation Society (MCS) is a UK-based NGO dedicated to the protection of the marine environment and its wildlife. ...


See also

Diademed Sifaka, an endangered primate of Madagascar Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) is a an internationally recognized programme addressing threatened species or habitats, which is designed to protect and restore biological systems. ... The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (also known as CMS or the Bonn Covention) aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range. ... NatureServe, in cooperation with other conservation partners, has developed its own conservation status ranking system. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... Conservation status of the Global 200 ecoregions is used to classify ecoregions into one of three broad categories: critical/endangered, vulnerable, or relatively stable/relatively intact. The conservation status of terrestrial ecoregions is noted : CE for critical or endangered, V for vulnerable, and RS for relatively stable or intact. ... The takahe is an example of a Lazarus taxon. ... // Extinct Animals redirects here. ... The Living Planet Index (LPI) is an indicator of the state of global biological diversity, based on trends in vertebrate [1] populations of species from around the world. ... The Red List Index (RLI), based on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, is an indicator of the changing state of global biodiversity. ... A Regional Red List (RRL) is a report of the threatened status of species within a certain country or region. ...

References

  1. ^ EU Wildlife Trade Regulation
  2. ^ UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre
  3. ^ Animal Species - Taxonomic-1st-level-Search
  4. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/nature_conservation/eu_nature_legislation/habitats_directive/index_en.htm
  5. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/nature_conservation/eu_nature_legislation/birds_directive/index_en.htm
  6. ^ InfoNatura: About the Data: Conservation Status
  7. ^ Research Institute for Nature and Forest
  8. ^ Cosewic
  9. ^ www.environment.fi - Protecting species
  10. ^ Threatened Species
  11. ^ MinLNV | Pagina niet gevonden
  12. ^ MinLNV | Pagina niet gevonden
  13. ^ MinLNV | Pagina niet gevonden

  Results from FactBites:
 
NatureServe Conservation Status (2607 words)
The conservation status of a species or community is designated by a number from 1 to 5, preceded by a letter reflecting the appropriate geographic scale of the assessment (G = Global), N = National, and S = Subnational).
The overall status of a species or ecological community is regarded as its "global" status; this range-wide assessment of condition is referred to as its global conservation status rank (G-rank).
Conservation status refers to the aggregating transient population of the species in the nation or state/province.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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