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Encyclopedia > Connecticut Western Reserve
Connecticut's land claims in the West
Connecticut's land claims in the West

The Connecticut Western Reserve was land claimed by Connecticut in the Northwest Territory in what is now northeastern Ohio. Image File history File links Ctwestclaims. ... Image File history File links Ctwestclaims. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... The Northwest Territory, also known as the Old Northwest and the Territory North West of the Ohio, was a governmental region within the early United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ...

Contents

History

Map of the Western Reserve in 1826
Map of the Western Reserve in 1826

Although forced to surrender the Pennsylvania portion (Westmoreland County) of its sea-to-sea land grant following the Yankee-Pennamite Wars and the intercession of the federal government, Connecticut held fast to its right to the lands between the 41st and 42nd-and-2-minutes parallels that lay west of the Pennsylvania border. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 774 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (6569 × 5088 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 774 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (6569 × 5088 pixel, file size: 4. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Westmoreland County was a county in Connecticut in the present day area of Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, until it was ceded to Pennsylvania in 1784. ... The Pennamite Wars, fought between 1769 and 1799, were a series of military clashes for control of the Wyoming Valley in northeastern Pennsylvania. ... The 41st parallel of north latitude forms the northern border of the U.S. states of Colorado and part of Utah, and the southern border of Wyoming and the panhandle of Nebraska. ...


Within the state of Ohio, the claim was a 120 mile (190 km) strip between Lake Erie and a line just below Youngstown, Akron, New London, and Willard, about three miles south of the present-day U.S. Highway 224. Beyond Ohio the claim included parts of what would become Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and California. Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the eleventh largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, it is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Location within the state of Ohio Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio Counties Mahoning Founded 1796 Incorporated 1848 (village) - 1867 (city) Government  - Mayor Jay Williams (I) Area  - City  34. ... Nickname: The Rubber Capital of the World Location within the state of Ohio Country United States State Ohio County Summit Founded 1825 Incorporated 1835 (village) - 1865 (city) Government  - Mayor Don Plusquellic (D) Area  - City  62. ... New London is a village located in Huron County, Ohio. ... Willard (A.K.A. The City of Blossoms) is a city in Huron County, Ohio, United States. ... U.S. Highway 224 is a spur of U.S. Highway 24. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,889 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... there is a jungle in nevada by the park This article is about the U. S. state of Nevada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


In its deed of cession (the states gave up their western claims in exchange for federal assumption of their American Revolutionary War debt) dated September 13, 1786, Connecticut retained more than three million acres (12,000 km²) in Ohio. In 1796, Connecticut sold that land to investors, who formed the Connecticut Land Company. However, the Indian title to the reserve had not been extinguished. Clear title was not obtained until the Greenville Treaty in 1795 and the Treaty of Fort Industry in 1805. The west end of the reserve included the 500,000 acre (2,000 km²) Firelands or "Sufferers Lands" reserved for residents of several New England towns destroyed by British-set fires during the Revolutionary War. The state cessions are those areas of the then-western United States that the separate states ceded to the federal goverment in the 1780s (more or less) by the new 13 states of that union—in some cases in exchange for federal assumption of the colonies American Revolutionary War... Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... The Connecticut Land Company was formed in the late eighteenth century to survey and encourage settlement in the Connecticut Western Reserve, part of the Old Northwest Territory. ... The Treaty of Greenville was signed on August 3, 1795 between a coalition of Native Americans (Indians) and the United States following the Native American loss at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. ... The Treaty of Fort Industry was a successor treaty to the Treaty of Greenville, establishing a line running through present-day Toledo, Ohio as the western boundary of the United States. ... The Firelands or Sufferers Lands tract was located at the western end of the Connecticut Western Reserve in what is now the U.S. state of Ohio. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...


The land company arranged for the surveying of the balance of the land into townships five miles square (25 square miles). To this day, the townships of the Western Reserve differ in size from those of most of the rest of the state, which are six miles square (36 square miles). Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... A township in the United States refers to a small geographic area, ranging in size from 6 to 54 square miles (15. ...


The following year, a team from the land company led by Moses Cleaveland traveled to the Reserve to prepare surveys. The group also founded Cleveland, which would become the largest city in the region. (The arbitrary decision to drop the "a" in the name of the community was done by a printer early in the settlement's existence, Cleveland taking less room on a printed page than Cleaveland.) The City of Cleveland, Ohio was named after Moses Cleaveland, a surveyor of the Connecticut Land Company. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Over the next few years, settlers began trickling into the territory. Youngstown was founded in 1796, Warren in 1798, and Ashtabula in 1799. Warren is a city in Trumbull County, Ohio, United States. ... Railyard in the port of Ashtabula Ashtabula is a city located in Ashtabula County, Ohio, and the center of the Ashtabula Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003). ...


In 1800, the Northwest Territory established Trumbull County. Because Warren was made the county seat, the city calls itself "the historical capital of the Western Reserve." Later, several more counties would be carved out of the territory. The Northwest Territory, also known as the Old Northwest and the Territory North West of the Ohio, was a governmental region within the early United States. ... Trumbull County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ...


Architecture

Architecture in the Western Reserve mimicked that of the New England towns where settlers came from. Many of the buildings were designed in the Georgian, Federal and Greek Revival style. Towns such as Aurora, Canfield, Gates Mills, Hudson, Milan, Norwalk, and Painesville exemplify the mixture of these styles and traditional New England town planning. Federal style architecture occurred in the United States between 1780 and 1830, particularly from 1785 to 1815. ... Personal residence of Catherine the Great Greek Revival was a style of classical architecture which became fashionable in Europe in the 18th century, and in the United Kingdom and United States in the early 19th century. ... Location in Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Portage Government  - Mayor Lynn E. McGill Area  - City 24. ... Canfield is a city in Mahoning County, Ohio, at the intersection of U.S. Highway 224 and State Route 46 about ten miles southwest of Youngstown. ... Gates Mills is a village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. ... Location in Ohio Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Summit Settled 1799 Village incorporation 1837 City 1994 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor William A. Currin  - City Manager Anthony J. Bales Area  - City  25 sq mi (67. ... Milan is a village located in Erie and Huron counties in Ohio. ... Norwalk is a city in Huron County, Ohio, United States. ... Painesville is a city located in Lake County, Ohio. ...


Culture

Early settlers called the territory "New Connecticut," but that name was later discarded in favor of "Western Reserve." Western Reserve College (founded 1826 in Hudson), which merged with the Case Institute of Technology (founded 1880) in 1967 to form Case Western Reserve University, is an example of that tie to the past. (The Hudson campus became home to the preparatory school, Western Reserve Academy.) The Western Reserve Historical Society works to preserve history and historical items relevant to the area. Location in Ohio Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio County Summit Settled 1799 Village incorporation 1837 City 1994 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor William A. Currin  - City Manager Anthony J. Bales Area  - City  25 sq mi (67. ... Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, with some residence halls on the south end of campus located in Cleveland Heights. ... The Chapel The gates at Chapel Street Sidewalk along Brick Row A lacrosse tournament held at the school Western Reserve Academy (also known as WRA or Reserve) is a private, mid-sized, coeducational boarding and day college preparatory school located in Hudson, Ohio. ... The Western Reserve Historical Society (WRHS) is located in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Its mission is to promote and preserve the history of the Western Reserve region of northeast Ohio. ...


Sources

  • Hatcher, Harlan, Western Reserve: The Story of New Connecticut in Ohio, Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1949. (2nd edition, Cleveland: World Publishing, 1966). (2nd edition paperback, Kent State University Press, 1991, ISBN 0-87338-449-0).
  • Taylor Upton, Harriet, History of the Western Reserve, New York: Lewis Publishing Co., 1910.
  • Ohio Historical Society -- Connecticut Western Reserve

See also

A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies. ... The Firelands or Sufferers Lands tract was located at the western end of the Connecticut Western Reserve in what is now the U.S. state of Ohio. ... NASA image of Greater Cleveland and Lake Erie Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ... Greater Cleveland and Northeast Ohio are nicknames for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ... The Ohio Lands were the myriad grants, tracts, districts and cessions which make up what is now the U.S. state of Ohio. ...

External links

H2G2 is also an acronym for the The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ...

References

The following publications are in the collection of the Connecticut State Library (CSL):

  • The Public Records of the State of Connecticut [HistRef ConnDoc G25 1776-]. This multi-volume set contains the record of transactions of the Connecticut General Assembly. Each volume covers a given time period and has an index. Researchers interested in the Western Lands should consult these volumes to gain knowledge of the legislative actions and petitions granted by the Connecticut General Assembly.
  • Burke, Thomas Aquinas. Ohio Lands: A Short History. [Columbus, OH]: Auditor of State, c1997 [CSL call number HistRef HD 243 .O3 B87 1997].
  • Cherry, Peter Peterson. The Western Reserve and Early Ohio. Akron, OH: R. L. Fouse, 1921 [CSL call number F 495 .C52].
  • Fedor, Ferenz. The Yankee Migration to the Firelands. s.l.: Fedor, 1976? [CSL call number F 497 .W5 F43 1976].
  • Mathews, Alfred. Ohio and Her Western Reserve, With a Story of Three States Leading to the Latter, From Connecticut, by Way of Wyoming, Its Indian Wars and Massacre. New York: D. Appleton, 1902 [CSL call number F 491 .M42].
  • Mills, William Stowell. The Story of the Western Reserve of Connecticut. New York: Printed for the author by Brown & Wilson Press [ca. 1900] [CSL call number F 497 .W5 M6].
  • Peters, William E. Ohio Lands and Their Subdivision. Athens, OH: W. E. Peters, 1918 [CSL call number F 497 .W5 P47 1918].
  • Rice, Harvey. Pioneers of the Western Reserve. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1883 [CSL call number: F 497 .W5 R5 1883].
  • Upton, Harriet Taylor. History of the Western Reserve. Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1910 [CSL call number: F 497 .W5 U7].
  • Wickham, Gertrude Van Rensselaer. Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve. [s.l.]: Whipporwill, [197- ] [CSL call number F 497 .W5 W63 1970z].

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chapter 7 of Ohio Land Subdivisions (2230 words)
Connecticut's southernmost point today is very nearly on the forty-first parallel of latitude north of the equator.
By the King Charles charter of 1662 she was to have a strip from sea to sea bounded on the north by Massachusetts and on the south approximately by the forty-first parallel as suggested in Plate 3.
Connecticut's first deed of cession to Congress in which the Reserve was kept by the State was executed September 13, 1786, and accepted by Congress next day.
Visiting Case: Case Western Reserve University (251 words)
In 1662, Charles II of England deeded to the Colony of Connecticut a strip of land running from the Narragansett Bay to the Pacific.
The area was known as the Connecticut Western Reserve, or simply, "The Western Reserve." Thus originated the Western Reserve, an area whose inhabitants were destined to play important parts in the political, social, industrial and educational history of the United States.
Connecticut retained sovereignty over this area until 1800 when it was ceded to the territorial government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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