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Encyclopedia > Congresso Nacional
Brazil

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Brazil
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Brazil. ... Brazil is a federal republic with 26 states and a federal district (see: States of Brazil). ...



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Brazil's bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of a Senate (the upper house) and a Chamber of Deputies (the lower house). Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ... The Chamber of Deputies of Brazil (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. ... Brazilian Presidential Standard The first president of Brazil was Deodoro da Fonseca, who proclaimed the republic in a military coup detât against the Emperor Dom Pedro II. Since then, Brazil had six constitutions, two dictatorships and three democratic periods. ... Category: ... The Supreme Federal Tribunal (in Portuguese Supremo Tribunal Federal, or simply STF) is the highest court of law of the Federative Republic of Brazil. ... This article lists political parties in Brazil. ... Brazil elects on the national level a head of state – the president – and a legislature. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In 2006, Brazil held general elections in two rounds. ... Brazil is divided into 26 estados (states, singular: estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Brazilian Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... This is a list of the current governors of the States of Brazil. ... There are serious issues in regard to abuses of human rights in Brazil. ... Traditionally, Brazil has been a leader in the inter-American community and has played an important role in collective security efforts, as well as in economic cooperation in the Western Hemisphere. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... Chamber of Deputies is the name given to a legislative body, which may either be the lower house of a bicameral legislature, or the name of a unicameral one. ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ...

  • The Federal Senate (Senado Federal) contains 81 seats: three senators from each state and three from the Federal District, elected on a majority basis to serve eight-year terms. Elections are staggered so that two-thirds of the upper house is up for election at one time and the remaining one-third four years later.
  • The Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados) comprises 513 deputies (members of congress), who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. Elections are based on a complex system of proportional representation by states. The seats are allotted proportionally according to each state's population, but each state is eligible for a minimum of eight seats and a maximum of 70 seats. The result is a system weighted in favour of smaller states.

Both houses of Congress meet in a purpose-built legislative palace in the centre of Brasília. Fifteen political parties are currently represented in Congress. Since it is common for politicians to switch parties, the proportion of congressional seats held by particular parties changes regularly. Brazils bicameral National Congress (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional) consists of the Federal Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Brazil is divided into 26 estados (states, singular: estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Brazilian Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... The Brazilian Federal District (in Portuguese, Distrito Federal) is set apart for Brasília, the capital of Brazil. ... The Chamber of Deputies of Brazil (Portuguese: Câmara dos Deputados) is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. ... Brasilia is the national capital of Brazil. ...


The building

National Congress building
National Congress building

Since the 1960s, the National Congress has its seat in Brasilia. As most of the official buildings in the city, it was designed by Oscar Niemeyer following the style of the Brazilian modern architecture. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 517 KB) Brasilia: The National Congress , a creation of the architect Oscar Niemayer, in a empty morning Sunday. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 517 KB) Brasilia: The National Congress , a creation of the architect Oscar Niemayer, in a empty morning Sunday. ... Bras lia is the capital city of Brazil and is located in the center of the country in a federal district created in the state of Goi s. ... Oscar Niemeyer Oscar Niemeyer Soares Filho (born December 15, 1907) is a Brazilian architect who is considered one of the most important names in international modern architecture. ...


The semisphere to the left is the seat of the Senate, and the semisphere to the right is the seat of the Chamber of the Deputies. Between them there are two towers of offices. The Congess also occupies other surrounding buildings, some of them interconnected by a tunnel.


The building is located in the middle of the Monumental axis, the city main street. In front of it there's a large lawn, where demonstrations take place. At the back of it, there are the Praça dos Três Poderes, where the Palácio do Planalto and the Palace of Justice lie.
The Monumental Axis, as viewed from the TV Tower. ... Palácio do Planalto is the seat of the Brazilian Government. ...


Latest election

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 1 October 2006 National Congress of Brazil election results
Parties Chamber of Deputies Federal Senate
Votes % Seats Votes % Total seats elected in 2006
Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores) 13,989,859 15.0 83 16,222,159 19.2 11 2
Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro) 13,580,517 14.6 89 10,148,024 12.0 15 4
Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social-Democracia Brasileira) 12,691,043 13.6 65 10,547,778 12.5 15 5
Liberal Front Party (Partido da Frente Liberal) 10,182,308 10.9 65 21,653,812 25.7 18 6
Progressive Party (Partido Progresista) 6,662,309 7.1 42 4,228,431 5.0 1 1
Brazilian Socialist Party (Partido Socialista Brasileiro) 5,732,464 6.2 27 2,143,355 2.5 3 1
Democratic Labour Party (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) 4,854,017 5.2 24 5,023,041 6.0 5 1
Brazilian Labour Party (Partito Trabalhista Brasileiro) 4,397,743 4.7 22 2,676,469 3.2 4 3
Liberal Party (Partido Liberal) 4,074,618 4.4 23 696,501 0.8 3 1
Socialist People's Party (Partido Popular Socialista) 3,630,462 3.9 21 1,232,571 1.5 1 1
Green Party (Partido Verde) 3,368,561 3.6 13 1,425,765 1.7 0 0
Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil) 1,982,323 2.1 13 6,364,019 7.5 2 1
Christian Social Party (Partido Social Cristão) 1,747,863 1.9 9 131,548 0.2 0 0
Socialism and Freedom Party (Partido Socialismo e Libertade) 1,149,619 1.2 3 351,527 0.4 0 0
Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order (Partido de Reedificação da Ordem Nacional) 907,494 1.0 2 69,640 0.1 0 0
Party of National Mobilization (Partido da Mobilização Nacional) 875,686 0.9 3 12,925 0.0 0 0
Christian Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista Cristão) 806,662 0.9 4 39,690 0.0 0 0
Humanist Party of Solidarity (Partido Humanista da Solidariedade) 435,328 0.5 2 24,940 0.0 0 0
Christian Social Democratic Party (Partido Social Democrata Cristão) 354,217 0.4 0 53,025 0.1 0 0
Labour Party of Brazil (Partido Trabalhista do Brasil) 311,833 0.3 1 69,923 0.1 0 0
Party of the Nation's Retirees (Partido dos Aposentados da Nação) 264,682 0.3 1 2,969 0.0 0 0
Brazilian Republican Party (Partido Republicano Brasileiro) 244,059 0.3 1 264,155 0.3 2 0
Republican Progressive Party (Partido Republicano Progresista) 233,497 0.3 0 12,954 0.0 0 0
Social Liberal Party (Partido Social Liberal) 190,793 0.2 0 46,542 0.0 0 0
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro) 171,908 0.2 0 644,111 0.8 1 1
National Labour Party (Partido Trabalhista) 149,809 0.2 0 11,063 0.0 0 0
United Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado) 101,307 0.1 0 196,636 0.2 0 0
Brazilian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Brasileiro) 64,766 0.1 0 62,756 0.1 0 0
Workers Cause Party (Partido da Causa Operária) 29,083 0.0 0 27,476 0.0 0 0
Total (turnout 83.3) 93,184,830 100 513 84,383,805 100 81 27
Source: Election Resources on the Internet: Federal Elections in Brazil, Official Federal Senate website for continuing senators.

 
 

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