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Encyclopedia > Congressional Research Service

The Congressional Research Service is the public policy research arm of the United States Congress. As a legislative branch agency within the Library of Congress, CRS works exclusively and directly for Members of Congress, their Committees and staff on a confidential, nonpartisan basis. In fiscal year 2003, CRS had a budget of $86,386,812 funded mostly by taxpayer dollars.1 CRS reports are not made directly available to members of the public. Instead, the public must request individual reports from their Senators and Representatives in Congress, or purchase them from private vendors such as Penny Hill Press.2 A limited number of reports have been made freely available on the web by federal agencies, Members of Congress, educational institutions, and nongovernmental organizations.3 This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ...

Contents


History and mission

Congress created CRS in order to have its own source of nonpartisan, objective analysis and research on all legislative issues. Indeed, the sole mission of CRS is to serve the United States Congress. CRS has been carrying out this mission since 1914, when it was first established as the Legislative Reference Service. Renamed the Congressional Research Service by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, CRS is committed to providing the Congress, throughout the legislative process, comprehensive and reliable analysis, research and information services that are timely, objective, nonpartisan, and confidential, thereby contributing to an informed national legislature. 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Copyright status and availability

As products of the federal government, reports prepared by the Congressional Research Service are in the public domain. While CRS itself does not make reports directly available to the public, many reports have been posted on the internet through the cooperation of members of Congress. Open CRS serves as a portal to many posted reports. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

Notes

  1. Congressional Research Service FY2003 Annual Report p. 38. Congressional Research Service Home Page. 21 April 2005 <http://www.loc.gov/crsinfo/CRS03_AnnRpt.pdf>.
  2. "About CRS Reports." Penny Hill Press Home Page. 21 April 2005 <http://www.pennyhill.com/aboutcrs.php>.
  3. See the list of external links above for selected sources.

  Results from FactBites:
 
What is the Congressional Research Service (696 words)
The Congressional Research Service is the public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
Renamed the Congressional Research Service by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, CRS is committed to providing the Congress, throughout the legislative process, comprehensive and reliable analysis, research and information services that are timely, objective, nonpartisan, and confidential, thereby contributing to an informed national legislature.
The work of the CRS research divisions is supported by seven infrastructure offices:Congressional Affairs and Counselor to the Director; Finance and Administration; Legislative Information; Research; Technology; Workforce Development; and Office of the Director, which includes the Office of Communications.
FORCES - THE EVIDENCE - The Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report on Secondhand Smoke (18825 words)
Researchers have concluded (1) that many of the potentially harmful compounds in SS are also present in ETS, and (2) that these ETS contaminants are found above background levels in a wide range of indoor environments in which smoking occurs.
Researchers calculated total daily exposure to nicotine in each indoor environment by multiplying the average nicotine concentration by duration of exposure and breathing rate.
In order to estimate ETS lung cancer risk using cigarette equivalents researchers assume that there is a linear relationship between exposure (number of cigarettes smoked a day) and cancer risk that extends from the relatively intense exposures typical of active smoking down to the much lower exposures associated with passive smoking.
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