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Encyclopedia > Congress of the CPSU

The Congress of the CPSU was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its predecessors. During the history, the name was changed according to the then current name of the party. The frequency of party congresses also varied with the meetings being annual events in the 1920s while no Congress was held at all between 1939 to 1952. After the death of Joseph Stalin the Congresses were held every five years. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when the Bolsheviks became the All... (help· info) is the form usually used in English for the Russian name of Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin (Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), born with the Georgian name Ioseb Jugashvili (Georgian: ოისებ ჯუღაშილი, Russian: Иосиф Джугашвили); (18 December [O.S. 6 December] 1878[1] – 5 March 1953). ...


The First Congress of RSDLP, was held in 1898, Minsk, Belarus of Imperial Russia. Social Pyramid. Reads top to bottom - We rule you; We fool you; We shoot you; We eat for you; and finally; We work for all - We feed all The Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party, or RSDLP (Росси́йская Социа́л-Демократи́ческая Рабо́чая Па́ртия = РСДРП), also known as the Russian Social-Democratic Workers Party and the Russian Social-Democratic... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Minsk or Miensk (Belarusian: ; Russian: ; Polish: ) is the capital and a major city of Belarus with a population of 1. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start...


The Second Congress, 1903, Belgium, resulted into the party's split into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions which eventually became parties in their own right. 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... The Mensheviks were a faction of the Russian revolutionary movement that emerged in 1903 after a dispute between Vladimir Lenin and Julius Martov, both members of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. ...


Theoretically, the Congress was the supreme ruling body of the entire Party. Between the congresses the party was ruled by the Central Committee, abbreviated as ЦК, "Tseka". The Central Committee, abbreviated in Russian as ЦК, Tseka, was the highest body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). ...


In the course of time it had eventually become an organ of rubberstamping, propaganda, and dissemination of the decisions of the Politburo, known from 1952 to 1966 as the Presidium. U.S. propaganda poster, depicting a Nazi stabbing a Bible. ... The Politburo (in Russian: Политбюро), known as the Presidium from 1952 to 1966, functioned as the central policymaking and governing body of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. ...


See also: Organization of the Communist Party of the USSR General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Became synonymous with leader of the party under Stalin. ...


List of Party Congresses

Number Dates Place Comments
1 1-3 [14-16] Mar 1898 Minsk, Russian Empire RDSLP founding conference
2 17 [30] Jul - 10 [23] Aug 1903 Brussels, Belgium and London, UK RDSLP splits into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions.
3 12-27 April [25 Apr - 10 May] 1905 London, UK Bolsheviks only
4 ("Unification") 10-25 April [23 Apr - 8 May] 1906 Stockholm, Sweden Bolsheviks and Mensheviks re-unite in the same party, but keep their factions
5 ("London") 30 April - 19 May [13 May - 1 June] 1907 London, UK Bolsheviks and Mensheviks together
6 26 July - 3 August [8-16 August] 1917 Petrograd, Russia Held semi-legally in between revolutions, Bolsheviks merge with the Mezhraiontsy, final break with the Mensheviks
7 (Extraordinary) 6-8 March 1918 Moscow, Russian SFSR Party becomes All-Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
8 18-23 March 1919 Moscow, Russian SFSR
9 29 March - 5 April 1920 Moscow, Russian SFSR
10 8-16 March 1921 Moscow, Russian SFSR Internal party factions banned in a secret resolution
11 27 March - 2 April 1922 Moscow, Russian SFSR
12 17-25 April 1923 Moscow, USSR
13 23-31 May 1924 Moscow, USSR First Congress since Lenin's death
14 18-31 December 1925 Moscow, USSR Party becomes All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
15 2-19 December 1927 Moscow, USSR Stalin's power consolidated, Trotskyists expelled
16 26 June - 13 July 1930 Moscow, USSR
17 26 January - 10 February 1934 Moscow, USSR Party becomes Communist Party of Soviet Union (Bolshevik)- vote for Politburo shows Kirov most popular member, Stalin least popular.
18 10-21 March 1939 Moscow, USSR First congress after Great Purge.
19 5-14 October 1952 Moscow, USSR Party becomes Communist Party of the Soviet Union - Stalin's last Congress
20 14-25 February 1956 Moscow, USSR Khrushchev's Secret Speech denouncing Stalin
21 27 January - 5 February 1959 Moscow, USSR
22 17-31 October 1961 Moscow, USSR
23 29 March - 8 April 1966 Moscow, USSR
24 30 March - 9 April 1971 Moscow, USSR
25 24 February - 5 March 1976 Moscow, USSR
26 23 February - 3 March 1981 Moscow, USSR
27 25 February - 6 March 1986 Moscow, USSR
28 2-13 July 1990 Moscow, USSR Party Statute formalizes the end to monopoly on power

  Results from FactBites:
 
Congress of the CPSU - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (357 words)
The Congress of the CPSU was the gathering of the delegates of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and its predecessors.
The frequency of party congresses also varied with the meetings being annual events in the 1920s while no Congress was held at all between 1939 to 1952.
Between the congresses the party was ruled by the Central Committee, abbreviated as ЦК, "Tseka".
20th Congress of the CPSU - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (246 words)
The 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held during February 14—February 26, 1956.
During the morning closed session of the last day of the Congress, Khrushchev, the Communist Party Secretary, took the opportunity to give a stinging rebuke of the policies of Stalin, his late predecessor.
The speech shocked delegates to the congress, as it flew in the face of years of Soviet propaganda, which had claimed that Stalin was a wise, peaceful, and fair leader.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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