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Encyclopedia > Congolese franc
Congolese franc
franc congolais (French)
1 franc note (reverse)
1 franc note (reverse)
ISO 4217 Code CDF
User(s) Democratic Republic of Congo
Inflation 9%
Source The World Factbook, 2004 est.
Subunit
1/100 centime
Symbol F
Coins 25, 50 centimes, 1 franc (see article)
Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 centimes, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 francs
Central bank Banque Centrale du Congo
Website www.bcc.cd

The franc is the currency of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is subdivided into 100 centimes. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (825x416, 113 KB) Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 Franc banknote, 1997 (1998), reverse side. ... The Democratic Republic of the Congo, called Zaïre between 1971 and 1997, is a nation in central Africa. ... Centime is French for cent, and is used in English as the name of the fraction currency in several Francophone countries (including Switzerland and formerly France), where it is one hundredth of a franc. ... Headquarters Established 1997 President Jean-Claude Masangu Mulongo Central Bank of Democratic Republic of the Congo Currency Congolese franc ISO 4217 Code CDF Website bcc. ... The Democratic Republic of the Congo, called Zaïre between 1971 and 1997, is a nation in central Africa. ...

Contents

First franc, 1887-1967

During Belgian colonial rule, currency denominated in centimes and francs was issued for use in Congo. These francs were equal in value to the Belgian franc. From 1916, the Congolese franc also circulated in Rwanda and Burundi. From 1952, the currency was issued bearing the names Belgian Congo (either "Congo Belge" or "Belgische Congo") and "Ruanda-Urundi". ISO 4217 Code BEF User(s) Belgium, Luxembourg ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = 40. ...


In 1960, Rwanda and Burundi adopted their own franc, whilst, between 1960 and 1963, Katanga also issued its own franc. Capital Lubumbashi Created June 1960 Dissolved January 1963 Demonym Katangan Currency Katanga franc Katanga is the southern province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, regional capital Lubumbashi (formerly Elizabethville). ...


The franc remained Congo's currency after independence until 1967, when the zaïre was introduced, at a rate of 1 zaïre = 1000 francs. User(s) Zaire Subunit 1/100 likuta 1/10,000 sengi Plural   likuta makuta Coins None for new zaïre Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 50 new makuta, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000, 10 000, 20 000, 50 000, 100 000, 500 000, 1 000 000...


Coins

In 1887, holed, copper coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10 centimes, together with silver coins worth 50 centimes, and 1, 2, and 5 francs. Coins ceased to be minted of silver in 1896. Holed, cupro-nickel 5-, 10- and 20-centime coins were introduced in 1906, with the remaining copper coins (worth 1 and 2 centimes) minted until 1919. Cupro-nickel 50-centime and 1-franc coins were introduced in 1921 and 1920, respectively.


The coinage of Belgian Congo ceased in 1929, only to be resumed in 1936 and 1937 for the issue of nickel-bronze 5-franc coins. In 1943, hexagonal, brass 2-franc coins were introduced, followed by round, brass coins worth 1, 2 and 5 francs, and silver 50-franc coins, between 1944 and 1947.


In 1952, brass 5-franc coins were issued carrying the name "Ruanda-Urundi" for the first time. Aluminium coins worth 50 centimes, 1 and 5 francs followed between 1954 and 1957. In 1965, the only franc-denominated coins of the first Democratic Republic of Congo were issued, aluminium coins worth 10 francs.


As with Belgium's own coins, some types were issued in two distinct versions, one with French legends, the other with Flemish legends. The term Flemish language can designate: the official language of Flanders, which is Dutch with only very small variations; any of the regional dialects of Dutch spoken in Belgium; these are more different from Dutch than the official language of Flanders; one of these dialects, the West Flemish. ...


Banknotes

In 1896 the Independent State of Congo issued 10 and 100 francs notes. In 1912, the Bank of Belgian Congo introduced 20 and 1000 francs, followed by notes of 1, 5 and 100 francs notes in 1914. The 1-franc notes were only printed until 1920, whilst 10 francs notes were introduced in 1937. 500 francs were introduced in the 1940s, with 10,000 francs introduced in 1942. Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ...


In 1952, the Central Bank of Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi introduced notes for 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 francs, with 500 and 1000 francs added in 1953. Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1961, the National Bank of Congo introduced notes for 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 francs, some of which were issued until 1964. In 1962, the Monetary Council of the Republic of Congo introduced 1000 francs notes, which were notes of the Central Bank of Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi overprinted with the Monetary Council's name. In 1963, the Monetary Council issued regular type 100 and 5000 francs notes. Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


Second franc, 1997-

The franc was re-established in 1997, replacing the new zaïre at a rate of 1 franc = 100,000 new zaïres. For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Coins

There are numerous designs of 25-centime, 50-centime and 1-franc coins made of non-precious metal. However, since the reestablishment of the Congolese franc, the use of coins has been discontinued.

100 francs (1997)
100 francs (1997)

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 372 pixelsFull resolution (1756 × 816 pixel, file size: 774 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)100 Congolese Francs (DRC), Source: French Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 372 pixelsFull resolution (1756 × 816 pixel, file size: 774 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)100 Congolese Francs (DRC), Source: French Wikipedia. ...

Banknotes

In 1997, banknotes were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 centimes, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 francs. 200-franc notes were introduced in 2000, followed by 500-franc notes in 2002.

Current CDF exchange rates
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See also

Sparsely populated in relation to its area, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to a vast potential of natural resources and mineral wealth, yet the economy of the DROC has declined drastically since the mid-1980s. ...

References

  • Krause, Chester L. and Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801-1991, 18th ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-150-1. 
  • Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues, Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors), 7th ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9. 

The Standard Catalog of World Coins is a series of numismatic catalogues that is commonly known as the Krause catalogues in the numismatic trade. ... The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money is a very well-known catalogue of banknotes that is published by Krause Publications in three volumes. ...

External links

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The franc (ISO 4217 code is BIF) is the currency of Burundi. ... now. ... ISO 4217 Code XAF User(s) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Pegged with euro = CFA655. ... The West African CFA franc (XOF) is just known in French as the Franc CFA, where CFA stands for Communauté financière dAfrique (Financial Community of Africa). It is issued by the BCEAO (Banque Centrale des États de lAfrique de lOuest, i. ... ISO 4217 Code XPF User(s) New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna Inflation 2. ... The franc is the currency of New Caledonia and Wallis and Futuna. ... The franc is the currency of French Polynesia. ... ISO 4217 Code KMF User(s) Comoros Inflation rate 3% Source CIA World Fact Book, 2005 est. ... The franc (Arabic: فرنك) is the official currency of the African nation of Djibouti. ... The Guinean franc (French: franc guinéen) is the currency used in the African nation of Guinea. ... The frank has been the currency of Liechtenstein since 1920. ... The Rwandan franc is a currency used in the African nation of Rwanda. ... ISO 4217 Code CHF User(s) Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Campione dItalia Inflation 1. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Aargau between 1798 and 1850. ... An Algerian 5 franc note issued in 1939. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden between 1798 and 1850. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Basel between 1798 and 1850. ... ISO 4217 Code BEF User(s) Belgium, Luxembourg ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = 40. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Berne between 1798 and 1850. ... The franc was the currency of Cambodia between 1875 and 1885. ... The franco was a currency introduced in the Dominican Republic in 1891. ... The franc was the currency of French Cameroun. ... The franc was the currency of French Guiana until 2002. ... ISO 4217 Code FRF User(s) Monaco, Andorra, France except New Caledonia, French Polynesia, and Wallis and Futuna ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = 6. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Fribourg between 1798 and 1850. ... The franc was the currency of the Swiss canton of Geneva between 1839 and 1850. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Glarus between 1798 and 1850. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Graubünden between 1798 and 1850. ... The franc was the currency of Guadeloupe until 2002. ... The franc (also franc katangais) was the separate currency of Katanga between 1960 and 1962. ... The frange (Albanian) or franc (French) was the currency of Korçë (also written Koritza on the currency) between 1917 and 1921. ... The franco was the currency of Lucca, issued between 1805 and 1808. ... The franc was the currency of Luxembourg from 1854 until 2002. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Luzern between 1798 and 1850. ... The Malagasy franc is the defunct currency of Madagascar. ... The franc was the independent currency of Mali between 1962 and 1984. ... The franc was the currency of Martinique until 2002. ... The Monégasque franc was one of the official currencies of the Principality of Monaco until 2002, when it changed to the Euro. ... The franc became the currency of French Morocco in 1921. ... The franc was the currency of the Anglo-French Condominium of the Pacific island group of the New Hebrides (which became Vanuatu in 1980). ... The franc was the currency of Réunion until 2002. ... The franc was a currency issued for the two Belgian Mandate Territories of Rwanda and Burundi between 1960 and 1964. ... The franc or Frank was the currency of Saar between 1918 and 1935, during the French League of Nations mandate, and again between 1954 and 1957 in the Saar protectorate. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of St. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen between 1798 and 1850. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Schwyz between 1798 and 1850. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Solothurn between 1798 and 1850. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Thurgau between 1798 and 1850. ... The franco (plural: franchi) was the currency of the Swiss canton of Ticino between 1813 and 1850. ... The franc was the currency of Tunisia between 1891 and 1960. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Unterwalden between 1798 and 1850. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Uri between 1798 and 1850. ... A 10-franc US occupation banknote. ... The franc was the currency of the Swiss canton of Vaud between 1798 and 1850. ... The frank was the currency of Vlorë, issued in 1924. ... The Frank was a currency of the Kingdom of Westphalia between 1808 and 1813. ... The Frank was the currency of the Swiss canton of Zürich between 1798 and 1850. ... The UIC Franc is a currency unit used by the Union Internationale de Chemins des fer (in English, the International Union of Railways). ... The Gold Franc was the unit of account for the Bank for International Settlements from 1930 until April 1, 2003. ... Ural francs The Ural franc (Уральский франк) was a scrip issued in Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) in Russia in 1996 during the financial crisis affecting local and regional governments in the Russian Federation. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | North Africa ... The dinar is the currency of Algeria. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... The Plazas de Soberanía. ... ISO 4217 Code EGP User(s) Egypt Inflation 6. ... ISO 4217 Code LYD User(s) Libya Inflation rate -1% Source The World Factbook, 2005 est. ... 2000 MRO issued in 2004 The ouguiya (Arabic: أوقية; ISO 4217: MRO) is the currency of Mauritania. ... The dirham (Arabic: درهم, plural: درهمان , دراهم or درهما) is the currency of Morocco. ... The Sudanese pound (Arabic: ) is the currency of Sudan. ... ISO 4217 Code TND User(s) Tunisia Inflation 2. ...  Central Africa  Middle Africa (UN subregion)  Central African Federation (defunct) Central Africa is a core region of the African continent often considered to include: Burundi Central African Republic Chad Democratic Republic of the Congo Rwanda Middle Africa (as used by the United Nations when categorising geographic subregions) is an analogous... ISO 4217 Code AOA User(s) Angola Inflation 13. ... The franc (ISO 4217 code is BIF) is the currency of Burundi. ... ISO 4217 Code XAF User(s) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Pegged with euro = CFA655. ... The Rwandan franc is a currency used in the African nation of Rwanda. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... The Cape Verdean Escudo is the currency of Cape Verde. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... Anthem: Arrorró Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... For other uses, see Madeira (disambiguation). ... The Dalasi is the currency of The Gambia. ... The cedi is the unit of currency of Ghana. ... The Guinean franc (French: franc guinéen) is the currency used in the African nation of Guinea. ... The dollar (currency code LRD) has been the currency of Liberia since 1943. ... naira sign The naira is the currency of Nigeria. ... The São Tomé and Príncipe Dobra is a currency used in the African nation of São Tomé and Príncipe. ... This article is about the currency. ... The West African CFA franc (XOF) is just known in French as the Franc CFA, where CFA stands for Communauté financière dAfrique (Financial Community of Africa). It is issued by the BCEAO (Banque Centrale des États de lAfrique de lOuest, i. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  Geographic East Africa, including the UN subregion and East African Community East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... ISO 4217 Code KMF User(s) Comoros Inflation rate 3% Source CIA World Fact Book, 2005 est. ... The franc (Arabic: فرنك) is the official currency of the African nation of Djibouti. ... The nakfa is the currency of Eritrea, divided into 100 cents. ... For other uses, see Birr (disambiguation). ... ISO 4217 Code KES User(s) Kenya Inflation 10. ... ISO 4217 Code SCR User(s) Seychelles Inflation 4. ... The Somali shilling (shilin soomaali) is the currency used in the African nation of Somalia. ... ISO 4217 Code None User(s) Somaliland Symbol Sl. ... The current curency used in Tanzania, althought the wide spread use of U.S. Dollars is accepted. ... The Ugandan shilling is the currency of Uganda. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ... ISO 4217 Code BWP User(s) Botswana Inflation 10. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... The Loti (pl. ... ISO 4217 Code MWK User(s) Malawi Inflation 15. ... The Malagasy ariary (currency code MGA) is the currency of Madagascar. ... ISO 4217 Code MUR User(s) Mauritius Inflation 8. ... The metical (plural: meticais) is the currency of Mozambique. ... The Namibian dollar (abbreviated N$ or NAD) is the national currency of Namibia, adopted in 1993. ... Front and back of a St Helena £5 note. ... ISO 4217 Code ZAR User(s) Common Monetary Area: Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland Inflation 5. ... The lilangeni (plural: emalangeni) is the national currency of Swaziland and is subdivided into 100 cents. ... The Zambian kwacha has been the official currency of Zambia since 1968. ... ISO 4217 Code ZWD (initially ZWN) User(s) Zimbabwe Inflation est. ... Despite President Laurent-Désiré Kabilas claims that his was a transitional government leading to a new constitution and full elections by April 1999, these elections have not as of 2004 been held, and a 1998 draft constitution has not been finalized. ... The Constitutional Council (Conseil Constitutionnel) was established by the Constitution of the Third Republic on 18 February 2006. ... Elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or Congo (Kinshasa) gives information on election and election results in Congo (Kinshasa). ... Flag ratio: 2:3, since 2006. ... Its location in the center of Africa has made DROC a key player in the region since independence. ... // Centre Nationale de Documentation (CND) (National Documentation Center) - 1969-early 1980s Agence Nationale de Documentation (AND) (National Documentation Agency) - Early 1980s-August 1990 Service National dIntelligence et de Protection (SNIP) (National Service for Intelligence and Protection) - August 1990 - May 1997[1] Détection Militaire des Activités Anti-Patrie... Composition of the National Assembly This politics-related article is a stub. ... This article details the various political parties in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... i frted #REDIRECT [[ The President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: , Swahili: , Lingala: ) , is Congos elected Head of State, and the ex officio Supreme Commander (Commander-in-Chief) of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC). ... The Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: , Swahili: , Lingala: ) , is Congos Head of Government. ... ... Early history Migration & states Colonization Stanley (1867–1885) Congo Free State Leopold II (1885–1908) Belgian Congo (1908–1960) Congo Crisis First Republic (1960–1965) Zaire Mobutu regime (1965–1996) First Congo War Kabilas rise (1996–1998) Second Congo War Africas Great War (1998–2003) Transitional government Towards... Early Congolese History starts with waves of Bantu migrations from 2000 BC to 500 AD moving into the area now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Early history Migration & states Colonization Stanley (1867–1885) Congo Free State Leopold II (1885–1908) Belgian Congo (1908–1960) Congo Crisis First Republic (1960–1965) Zaire Mobutu regime (1965–1996) Shaba I (1977) Shaba II (1978) First Congo War Kabilas rise (1996–1998) Second Congo War Africas Great... Capital Boma Government Monarchy Ruler and owner Leopold II of Belgium Historical era New Imperialism  - Established 1885  - Annexation by Belgium 15 November, 1908 The Congo Free State was a corporate state privately controlled by Leopold II, King of the Belgians through a dummy non-governmental organization, the Association Internationale Africaine. ... Motto: Travail et Progres (Work and Progress) The Belgian Congo Capital Léopoldville/Leopoldstad Political structure Colony Governor  - 1908-1910 Baron Wahis  - 1946-1951 Eugène Jacques Pierre Louis Jungers  - 1958-1960 Henri Arthur Adolf Marie Christopher Cornelis History  - Established 15 November, 1908  - Congolese independence 30 June, 1960 The Belgian... Combatants Congo ONUC Cuba Belgium Katanga South Kasai CIA Commanders Patrice Lumumba Pierre Mulele Laurent-Désiré Kabila Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi Che Guevara Moise Tshombe Joseph Mobutu Mike Hoare Charles Laurent Albert Kalonji Early history Migration & states Colonization Stanley (1867–1885) Congo Free State Leopold II (1885–1908) Belgian Congo... Combatants AFDL, Uganda, Rwanda Zaire Commanders Laurent-Désiré Kabila Mobutu Sésé Seko Casualties Civilians killed: 200,000+ The First Congo War was a conflict from late 1996 to 1997 in which Zairean President Mobutu Sésé Seko was overthrown by rebel forces backed by foreign powers such as... Combatants Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Chad, Mai-Mai, Hutu-aligned forces Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Movement for the Liberation of Congo Congolese Rally for Democracy Tutsi-aligned forces Commanders Laurent-Désiré Kabila (Congo), Joseph Kabila (Congo), Sam Nujoma Robert Mugabe José Eduardo dos Santos Idriss D... Early history Migration & states Colonization Stanley (1867–1885) Congo Free State Leopold II (1885–1908) Belgian Congo (1908–1960) Congo Crisis First Republic (1960–1965) Zaire Mobutu regime (1965–1996) Shaba I (1977) Shaba II (1978) First Congo War Kabilas rise (1996–1998) Second Congo War Africas Great... Boma Bukavu Butembo Goma Kananga Kikwit Kinshasa Kisangani Kolwezi Likasi Lubumbashi Matadi Mbandaka Mbuji-Mayi Mwene Tshikapa Uvira Categories: Lists of cities ... The Congo River (for a time known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Western Central Africa. ... Main article: Subdivisions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo The 2005 Congolese Constitution (article 2) - which came into effect in February 2006 - creates 25 new provinces, alongside the city/province of Kinshasa, which remains the capital city; this new territorial organization is to take effect within 36 months of... Territories of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Main article: Subdivisions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo The provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo are divided into 129 territories (fr. ... This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... African Bush Elephant African Buffalo Bwindi Gorilla Congo Peafowl Hippopotamus Wildlife of the Democratic Republic of the Congo includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 20,000 (2000), 36,000 (1995) Telephones - mobile cellular: 15,000 (2000), 10,000 (1995) Telephone system: general assessment: poor domestic: barely adequate wire and microwave radio relay service in and between urban areas; domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations international: satellite earth station... The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a nation full of complexity and seeming contradictions. ... The culture of the Democratic Republic of the Congo reflects the diversity of its hundreds of ethnic groups and their differing ways of life throughout the country—from the mouth of the River Congo on the coast, upriver through the rainforest and savanna in its centre, to the more densely... The cuisine of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa or DRC) varies widely, representing the food of indigenous people. ... Demographics of Democratic Republic of the Congo, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ...  â€¢  â€¢  Public holidays in Africa Algeria â€¢ Angola â€¢ Benin â€¢ Botswana â€¢ Burkina Faso â€¢ Burundi â€¢ Cameroon â€¢ Cape Verde â€¢ Central African Republic â€¢ Chad â€¢ Comoros â€¢ Democratic Republic of the Congo â€¢ Republic of the Congo â€¢ Côte dIvoire (Ivory Coast) â€¢ Djibouti â€¢ Egypt â€¢ Equatorial Guinea â€¢ Eritrea â€¢ Ethiopia â€¢ Gabon â€¢ The Gambia â€¢ Ghana â€¢ Guinea â€¢ Guinea-Bissau â€¢ Kenya â€¢ Lesotho â€¢ Liberia... Describing the music of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is difficult, due to vagaries surrounding the meanings of various terms. ...

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Franc - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (783 words)
The franc was originally a French gold coin of 3.87 g minted in 1360 on the occasion of the release of King John II ("the good"), held by the English since his capture at the Battle of Poitiers four years earlier.
The French franc was the national currency of France from 1360 until 1641, and from 1795 until 2002.
The Congolese franc is used in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
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