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Encyclopedia > Confederate Army of Tennessee
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The Army of Tennessee was formed in November 1862. It was the principal Confederate Army in the western United States during the American Civil War. It is named after the State of Tennessee, and it is not to be confused with the Army of the Tennessee, which was a Union Army, named for the Tennessee River. Jump to: navigation, search 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-three mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right... Jump to: navigation, search The Army of the Tennessee was a Union army in the American Civil War, named for the Tennessee River. ... A riverboat passing under the Gay Street Bridge on the Tennessee River The river viewed from the top of Neyland Stadium. ...


From its creation, the army was commanded by General Braxton Bragg, who fought Union Major General William Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland to a draw at the Battle of Murfreesboro on December 31, 1862. He was, however, forced to withdraw from Murfreesboro and fall back on Tullahoma. Braxton Bragg Braxton Bragg (March 22, 1817 – September 27, 1876) was a career U.S. Army officer and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... Jump to: navigation, search William Rosecrans William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819 – March 11, 1898), nicknamed Old Rosy, was an inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer. ... Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ... The Battle of Stones River or Second Battle of Murfreesboro (in the South, simply the Battle of Murfreesboro), was fought from December 31, 1862, to January 3, 1863, in central Tennessee, as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the American Civil War. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Murfreesboro is a city located in Rutherford County, Tennessee. ... Tullahoma is a city located in Coffee County, Tennessee, in the south-central part of the state. ...


In the summer of 1863, an offensive by Rosecrans was begun, which is generally known as the Tullahoma Campaign, after the Confederate headquarters. Union forces gradually forced Bragg to fall back into northern Georgia, abandoning the important railroad hub of Chattanooga. However, reinforced by James Longstreet's corps from the Army of Northern Virginia, the Army of Tennessee was able to inflict a significant defeat on Rosecrans at Chickamauga in September 1863, advancing to besiege Chattanooga. The Army of the Cumberland was, however, reinforced by the troops of Grant's Army of the Tennessee, which combined with the Army of the Cumberland to inflict a significant defeat on Bragg at the Battle of Missionary Ridge on November 25, forcing Bragg to abandon the siege of Chattanooga and withdraw again into northern Georgia. 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Battle of Hoovers Gap Conflict American Civil War Date June 24– 26, 1862 Place Bedford County, Tennessee and Rutherford County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Hoovers Gap was the principal battle fought in the Tullahoma Campaign of the American Civil War. ... Jump to: navigation, search City nickname: Scenic City (official), River City, Chatty, ChatTown, Chattavegas Location Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee Government Cities in Tennessee Tennessee Mayor Ron Littlefield Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 370. ... James Longstreet James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War, and later enjoyed a successful post-war career working for the government of his former enemies, as a diplomat and administrator. ... A corps (a word that immigrated from the French language, pronounced like English core, but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body; plural same as singular) is either a large military unit or formation, a administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery... The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... The Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 18–20, 1863, marked the end of a Union offensive in south-central Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign. ... September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with 30 days. ... 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was a Union general in the American Civil War and the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... Jump to: navigation, search The Army of the Tennessee was a Union army in the American Civil War, named for the Tennessee River. ... The Battle of Missionary Ridge was a major battle of the American Civil War fought on November 25, 1863 in Chattanooga, Tennessee as part of the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign. ... Jump to: navigation, search November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Shortly thereafter, Bragg was dismissed and replaced as commander of the Army by Joseph E. Johnston, who was much better liked by both troops and high level subordinates than the sour Bragg. In the 1864 campaign, Johnston faced the combined northern armies of William T. Sherman, whose task was to advance on Atlanta. Johnston, who felt the continued existence of his army was more important than protecting territory, tended to avoid battle with Sherman, executing a skillful withdrawal which caused impatience among the Confederate leadership in Richmond, particularly President Jefferson Davis, who had never gotten on well with Johnston. Following Sherman's outflanking of Johnston at the Chattahoochee River, forcing Johnston back on Atlanta itself, Johnston was replaced by General John Bell Hood. Joseph E. Johnston Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career U.S. Army officer and one of the most senior generals in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. ... Jump to: navigation, search Atlanta is the capital and largest city of Georgia, a state of the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American soldier and politician. ... The Chattahoochee River runs from the Chattahoochee Spring in the mountains of northeast Georgia, southwestward by Atlanta and through its suburbs, then turns southward to form the southern half of the Georgia/Alabama state line. ... John Bell Hood John Bell Hood (June 1, 1831 – August 30, 1879) was a Confederate general during the American Civil War. ...


Hood's tenure as commander proved disastrous. After several unsuccessful attempts to force Sherman's withdrawal from Atlanta, the city fell to union troops on September 2, 1864. Hood now, instead of continuing to parry against Sherman's forces, turned west and headed back north into Tennessee, allowing Sherman to turn south unopposed for the March to the Sea. In the meanwhile, Hood was faced in Tennessee by the army's old enemy, the Army of the Cumberland, under George H. Thomas, as well as the Army of the Ohio under John Schofield. On November 30, 1864, Hood was mauled in an attack on Schofield's smaller army at the Battle of Franklin, losing almost a quarter of his troops, but continued to advance north into central Tennessee, where he attempted to besiege Nashville. On December 15, Thomas's troops launched their attack, almost completely annihilating the Army of Tennessee in the most decisive tactical engagement of the war. September 2 is the 245th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (246th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Major General William T. Sherman. ... General George Henry Thomas (July 31, 1816 - March 28, 1870), Northern general during the American Civil War, was born in Southampton County, Virginia. ... The Army of the Ohio was the name of two Union armies in the Civil War. ... Jump to: navigation, search November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining, as the final day of November. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Battle of Franklin II Conflict American Civil War Date November 30, 1864 Place Williamson County, Tennessee Result Union victory The Battle of Franklin was a major engagement of the American Civil War fought at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Nashville skyline Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Thereafter, the Army of Tennessee ceased to be an effective fighting force, although its remnants were sent to the Carolinas to provide some opposition to Sherman's continuing advance in that area.


Major Battles and Campaigns

Battle of Stones River / Battle of Murfreesboro II Conflict American Civil War Date December 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863 Place Murfreesboro, Tennessee Result Both sides claim victory, but the Confederate Army withdraws The Battle of Stones River or Murfreesboro II, was a battle fought in the American Civil War. ... The Battle of Chattanooga may refer to several American Civil War Battles: Battle of Chattanooga I Battle of Chattanooga II Battle of Chattanooga III (1863) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Union General William T. Sherman and his staff in the trenches outside of Atlanta The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought throughout northeast Georgia and the area around Atlanta, Georgia, during the summer of 1864, leading to the eventual fall of Atlanta and hastening the end of the...

External links

  • Braxton Bragg and the Army of Tennessee

  Results from FactBites:
 
Army of Tennessee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (597 words)
However, reinforced by James Longstreet's corps from the Army of Northern Virginia, the Army of Tennessee was able to inflict a significant defeat on Rosecrans at Chickamauga in September 1863, advancing to besiege Chattanooga.
The Army of the Cumberland was, however, reinforced by the troops of Grant's Army of the Tennessee, along with two corps from the Army of the Potomac under Maj. Gen.
In the meanwhile, Hood was faced in Tennessee by the army's old enemy, the Army of the Cumberland, under George H. Thomas, as well as the Army of the Ohio under John Schofield.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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