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Encyclopedia > Confederación Nacional del Trabajo
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This article describes a political philosophy that opposes the state, capitalism, and all forms of social hierarchy. For other uses, see anarchism (disambiguation). Anarchism is a term which encompasses a variety of political philosophies, social movements, and political ideologies that advocate the elimination of all forms of imposed authority, including... Anarchism series.
Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. Start the Anarchy symbol neat.png article. Search for Anarchy symbol neat.png in other articles. Look for Anarchy symbol neat.png in Wiktionary, our sister dictionary project. Look for Anarchy symbol neat.png in the Commons, our repository for...

Schools of Anarchism Anarcho-Communism, or Libertarian Communism, is a political ideology related to Libertarian socialism. However, the terms Anarcho-Communism and Libertarian Communism should not be considered synonyms for libertarian socialism. Anarcho-Communism is a particular branch of libertarian socialism. Anarcho-Communism was first formulated in the Italian section of the First... Anarcho-Communism
Anarcho-syndicalist flag. Anarcho-syndicalism is a branch of anarchism which focuses on the labor movement. Anarcho-syndicalists view labor unions as a potential force for revolutionary social change, replacing capitalism and the state with a new society democratically self-managed by workers. The basic principles of anarcho-syndicalism are... Anarcho-syndicalism
Post-left anarchy is a more recent current in anarchist thought that seeks to distance itself from the traditional Left ( communism, social liberalism, social democracy, etc.) and to escape the confines of ideology in general. It has rapidly developed since the fall of the Soviet Union, which many view as... Post-left anarchy
This article is in need of attention. Please see its listing on Pages needing attention and improve it in any way you see fit. When the issues regarding this page have been resolved, remove this notice and the listing, but please do not remove this notice until the article has... Anarcho-primitivism
Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. These philosophies use anarchy to mean a society based on voluntary cooperation of free individuals. Philosophical anarchist thought does not advocate chaos or anomie — it intends anarchy to... Anarcha-Feminism
In politics, individualist anarchism is a variety of anarchism that emphasises the importance of the individual. Several anarchist thinkers, such as Josiah Warren, Benjamin Tucker, Lysander Spooner, and Ezra Heywood are known as individualist anarchists. Their works argue for the sovereignty of each individual within his or her own life... Individualist anarchism


Anarchism around the world


Anarchism, the political philosophy advocating a libertarian society without hierarchy, based on mutual aid and voluntary cooperation, historically gained the most support and influence in Spain, especially in the seventy or so years before Francisco Francos victory in the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. There were several variants... Anarchism in Spain
African Anarchism This article is about historical and contemporary Anarchist movement in Africa. For broader discussion see Anarchism and African politics. Sam Mbah and I. E. Igariwey in African Anarchism: The History of a Movement make a claim that To a greater or lesser extent, all of [...] traditional African societies... African Anarchism
In English speaking countries, anarchist ideas and practises have developed within the context of liberal political institutions and a Christian society. Anarchist thought was influenced by the rise and fall of the British Empire, participation in the two World Wars, and the development of the frontier societies of North America... English-speaking world
This is a list of past and present anarchist communities. Anarchists since their start have been involved in a wide variety of social, worker, and liberation struggles. While there are only a few examples of large scale anarchies that have come about from anarchist revolutions, there are quite alot of... Past and present anarchist communities


Anarchism in Culture


This article discusses the the anarchist critiques of society and proposed solutions from the anarchist perspective. Conceptions of an anarchist society Many political philosophers justify support of the state as a means of regulating violence, so that the destruction caused by human conflict is minimized and fair relationships are established... Anarchism and Society
Anarchist economics entails theory and praxis relating to economic activity within the ideological outlines of anarchism. Anarchists primarily oppose capitalism because they object to the idea of collecting rent from private property, taking a profit in exchanges, and collecting interest on loans__all of which they consider to be usury. The... Anarchist economics
The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. Please see its entry on Wikipedia:Templates for deletion for comments and voting. This page was created to further explain the anarchist objections to capitalism and is not meant to fairly present two sides of a... Anarchism and Capitalism
Anarchism and Marxism Even communist anarchism and Marxism are two very different political philosophies, although there is some similarity between the methodology and ideology of some anarchists and some Marxists, and the history of the two have often been intertwined. The International Workingmens Association, at its founding, was an... Anarchism and Marxism
Anarchists have traditionally been sceptical towards organized religion. Most organized religions are hierarchical in nature and, more often than not, aligned with contemporary power structures like state and capital. This does not mean that anarchists are in opposition to all religion, only to the authoritarian nature of most organized religions... Anarchism and religion
Like socialism, communism and even fascism, anarchism has a plethora of imagery and has developed an anarchist symbolism which has become associated with a variety of groups and movements, and co-opted (or recuperated) by capitalist industry. The influence of anarchism is not always directly a matter of specific imagery... Anarchism and the arts
The anarchy symbol commonly used by anarcho-punks Anarcho-punk (sometimes known as peace-punk) is a subgenre of the punk rock movement consisting of groups and bands promoting specifically anarchist ideas. Beliefs and origins A surge of popular interest in anarchism occurred during the 1970s in the UK following... Anarcho-punk
This article discusses various anarchist symbols, including the circle-A and the black flag. Circle-A Description The traditional circle-A symbol The anarchy symbol that most people are familiar with is Ⓐ, which consists of the capital letter A surrounded by a circle. The word for anarchy or anarchism... Anarchist symbolism
Anarchist law refers to a concept about the law to use in anarchies, although some people define anarchies as communities without any law. In the hypothesis of such systems, law—it is said—would have to exist in a way that it would be effective without the need... Anarchist law
Christian anarchism is the belief that there is only one source of authority to which Christians are ultimately answerable, the authority of God as embodied in Jesus. Historically, some Christians therefore felt that earthly authority such as government, or indeed the established church does not and should not have power... Christian anarchism
Crypto-anarchism is a philosophy that expounds the use of strong public key cryptography to enforce privacy and therefore individual freedom. Crypto-anarchists aim to create virtual communities where everyone is absolutely anonymous or pseudonymous. In such virtual communities the physical identities of the pseudonyms are almost totally untraceable. Crypto... Crypto-anarchism


Anarchism in history


Destruction of the Vendôme Column during the Paris Commune The term Paris Commune originally referred to the government of Paris during the French Revolution. However, the term more commonly refers to the socialist government that briefly ruled Paris from March 18 (more formally from March 26) to May 28... Paris Commune
On May 1, 1886 (on May Day), labor unions organized a strike for an eight hour work day in Chicago, Illinois, United States. On May 3, a small riot occurred at the McCormick Harvester Plant in which there was a shooting and one fatality when police tangled with the rioters... Haymarket Riot
Red Army troops attack Kronstadt The Kronstadt rebellion was an unsuccessful uprising of Soviet sailors against the government of the early Russian SFSR. It proved to be the last major rebellion against Bolshevik rule. The rebellion took place in the first weeks of March, 1921 in Kronstadt, a naval fortress... Kronstadt rebellion
This article or section should be merged with Narodnik Narodism known as a set of revolutionary tactics once used by the Russian Narodniks, and shortly later the Peoples Will party, which fought for the class position of Russias peasantry. Narodism arose in Russia after the emancipation of the... Narodnichestvo
In Spanish history, there have been several revolutions. This article is about the one which took place in part of the territory under Republican control during the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), and which was predominantly a social revolution. The Spanish Revolution of 1936 began during the outbreak of... Spanish Revolution
May 1968 poster: Be young and keep quiet In May 1968 a general insurrection broke out across France. It quickly began to reach near-revolutionary proportions before being suppressed by the Government and the French Communist Party. Some philosophers and historians have argued that the rebellion was the single most... May 1968
On November 30, 1999, the World Trade Organization convened in Seattle, Washington, USA, for what was to be the launch of a new millennial round of trade negotiations. The negotiations, which were unsuccessful, were quickly overshadowed by massive and controversial street protests outside the hotels and convention center, in what... WTO Meeting of 1999


Relevant Lists


The following is a list of notable anarchists, ordered by surname. A Jason Adams Alan Albon Ashanti Alston Diego Abad de Santillán Edward Abbey Irving S. Abrahms Pietro Acciarito Ramon Acin Kathy Acker Paul Adam Ernesto Aguilar David Andrade Allen Antliff Emile Armand Peter Arshinov Francisco Ascaso Sherman Austin... Anarchists
This is a list of past and present anarchist communities. Anarchists since their start have been involved in a wide variety of social, worker, and liberation struggles. While there are only a few examples of large scale anarchies that have come about from anarchist revolutions, there are quite alot of... Communities
These are concepts which, although not exclusive to anarchism, are significant in historical and/or modern anarchist circles. (It should be noted that the anarchist mileu is philosophically heterogeneous and contains many factions that disagree over which of these concepts should play a role in anarchism.) Affinity group Anarchist economics... Concepts
Visual Art Freddie Baer André Breton Carlo Carrà Flavio Constantini Mike Flugennock Clifford Harper Jay Kinney (Anarchy Comics) Arthur Moyse Latuff Laura Norder Donald Rooum (Wildcat Comics, see Freedom newspaper) Franklin Rosemont Penelope Rosemont Mark Rothko Winston Smith Seth Tobocman Camille Pissarro Gee Vaucher John Yates Music A Silver Mt... Creative works
The following is a list of notable anarchist musicians. A//Political A Silver Mount Zion Against All Authority Against Me! Amebix Anarchoi Angelic Upstarts Anthrax Antischism Antisect The APF Brigade The Apostles Asian Dub Foundation Aus-Rotten Autumn Poison Axiom Behind Enemy Lines Blatz Blyth Power Born/Dead ...But Alive... Musicians
This list uses the word organization in its loosest sense. It could be argued that some of the following groups would be better catagorized as networks. Active Organizations International AK Press Anarchist Black Cross Federation Anarchist Black Cross Network Animal Liberation Front Black Bridge International Earth Liberation Front Food Not... Organizations


Related Subjects


Anarchy ( New Latin anarchia) is a term that has a number of different but related usages. Specific meanings include Absence of any form of political authority and/or social hierarchy Political disorder and confusion Absence of any cohesive principle, such as a common standard or purpose. The Anarchy is the... Anarchy
Anarcho- is a prefix that refers to anarchy or anarchism; ie. a political situation which is free in all respects, which is to say without hierarchy. The term anarchism refers to the central ideology of anarchy, as having descended from socialist and sometimes communist philosophy that opposed the state-socialist... Anarcho-
Anti-authoritarianism is the belief that communities should have the right to govern themselves and not be ruled by an outside force. They should make the decisions that affect them and not someone else. It rejects or opts out of central control or hierarchical authorities such as mainstream economics, religion... Anti-authoritarian
Anti-capitalism is any and all opposition to capitalism. Since anti-capitalism covers a very wide collection of ideologies (some of which oppose each other more than they oppose capitalism), common objections to capitalism have been collected here, while specific objections are in the articles on specific ideologies. Many different... Anti-Capitalism
Anti-globalization (anti-globalisation) is a political stance of opposition to the perceived negative aspects of globalization. The corresponding movement is widely known as the anti-globalization movement, and is a largely grassroots effort, with support from some intellectual elites. Many regard the term anti-globalization as a misnomer, and... Anti-globalization
The word Antifa is derived from Antifaschismus, Soviet Union sponsored various anti-fascist movements, usually using the name Antifa to describe the groups. In particular, POWs captured by the Soviets during the Great Patriotic War in the 1940s were encouraged to under take Antifa training. Pal Maléter who was... Antifa
The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. Indymedia users, by and large, tend to follow a liberal/leftist or sometimes libertarian political ideology. It was started... Indymedia
Antinomianism in Christian theology is a pejorative term for a heresy that teaches that Christians are under no obligation to obey the laws of ethics or morality. Antinomianism is the polar opposite of legalism, the notion that obedience to a code of religious law is necessary for salvation. It comes... Antinomianism
A black bloc is a group of protesters often dressed in black, who cooperate in small, autonomous police. There may be several black blocs within a particular protest, with different aims and tactics. Black blocs tend to be anarchist-aligned, and may include members of union flying squads, anarchists, situationists... Black Bloc
CrimethInc., also known by other names, such as CWC (CrimethInc. ex-Workers Collective) or Crimethinc, is more a mindset than an organization. It is a profoundly anticapitalist (as well as anticommunist), critical look at culture, politics, life, work, and a radical way of living ones life. It has been... Crimethinc
Eco-anarchism argues that small eco-villages (of no more than a few hundred people) are a scale of human living preferable to civilization, and that infrastructure and political systems should be re-organized to ensure that these are created. In general, eco-anarchists reject the notion of humanity as... Eco-anarchism
Green anarchism is an anarchism that proposes political, social and ecologically sustainable behaviour by the human community. In green anarchist ideology ecological unbalance, and hierarchies in general (such as uneconomic growth, economism, authority-power structures, international injustice, war, racism and centralism) are a direct result of the system of industrial... Green anarchism
Earth First! is a radical environmental defense movement, pioneered in the early 1980s by Arizona desert activists Dave Foreman, Mike Roselle and others. Earth First! advocates direct action to prevent logging, dam building, and other forms of development which may cause destruction of wildlife habitats or the despoilation of wild... Earth First!
This article is in need of attention. Please improve it in any way you see fit. For the art movement, see Primitivism (art movement) Primitivism or anarcho-primitivism is an anti-technological critique of the origins and progress of civilization. Anarcho-primitivists argue anthropology shows that a shift from hunter... Primitivism
Prison abolition movement is a movement which goal is abolition of prison system either as it exists today or complete elimination of all freedom depriving institutions including prisons, jails, immigration detention centers, war camps, etc. One of the first to actually propose prison abolition were Quakers. Today, the Anarchist Black... Prison abolition
Libertarian socialism is a political philosophy dedicated to opposing coercive forms of authority and social hierarchy, in particular the institutions of capitalism and the state. It has gone by various names: libertarian communism, anarcho-communism, left-anarchism, and sometimes simply anarchism. Libertarian socialists believe in the abolition of privately held... Libertarian socialism
The Situationist International (SI), an international political and artistic movement, originated in the Italian village of Cosio dArroscia on 28 July 1957 with the fusion of several extremely small artistic tendencies: the Lettrist International , the International movement for an imaginist Bauhaus, and the London Psychogeographical Association. This fusion traced... Situationists
Zapatistas can refer to two different political movements in Mexico: During the Mexican Revolution, the Zapatistas were a fighting force based in Morelos, led by Emiliano Zapata. In the 1990s, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) publicly emerged in Chiapas to challenge the Mexican government. The EZLN chose the... Zapatistas

 (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=Template:Anarchism&action=edit)

The Confederación Nacional del Trabajo ("National Confederation of Labour" or "CNT"), founded in For other uses, see Barcelona (disambiguation). Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital of Spain (41º 23 N, 2º 11 E). It is in the comarca of Barcelonès. It is also the largest... Barcelona, The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spain, in 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). Events January-April January - In Greece, the Military League forces parliament and the king to summon National Assembly to revise Constitution. January 15- In the United Kingdom, General Election held in response to House of Lords rejection of... 1910, was at one time that country's largest A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... labor organization. It is the main Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. These philosophies use anarchy to mean a society based on voluntary cooperation of free individuals. Philosophical anarchist thought does not advocate chaos or anomie — it intends anarchy to... Anarchist organization in Spain. It was prominent in combating the A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. It is different from a revolution, which is staged by a larger group and radically changes the political system. The term... coup d'état by Generalísimo Francisco Franco, caudillo de España por la gracia de Dios Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco, was dictator of Spain from 1939 until... General Francisco Franco that led to the Alternative meaning: Spanish Civil War, 1820-1823 A republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in Teruel, east of Madrid. The Spanish Civil War (1936 - 1939) was the result of complex political differences between the Republicans — supporters of the government of the day, the Second Spanish Republic... Spanish Civil War in 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 15 -- The first building to be completely covered in glass is completed in Toledo, Ohio, for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. January 20 - Death of George V of the United Kingdom. His... 1936. It is also the name of Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. Marx drew on Hegels philosophy, the political economy of Adam Smith, Ricardian economics, and 19th century French socialism to develop a critique... Marxist or Syndicalism is a political and economic ideology which advocates giving control of both industry and government to labor union federations. Syndicalisme is a French word meaning trade unionism. This milder version of syndicalism was overshadowed by revolutionary anarcho-syndicalism in the early 20th century, which was most powerful in Spain... Syndicalist labor confederations in countries from The French Republic or France ( French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. France is a democracy organised as a... France to Panama (Spanish: Panamá) is the southernmost country of Central America. It constitutes the last part of a natural land bridge between the North American and South American continents. It borders Costa Rica to the west and Colombia to the east. National motto: n/a Official language Spanish Capital Panama City... Panama.

Contents

History

The CNT was born with the objective of creating an outstanding force in opposition to the majority union, the socialist General Union of Workers (UGT). Its initial foundation found it in the Catalan Anarcho-syndicalist flag. Anarcho-syndicalism is a branch of anarchism which focuses on the labor movement. Anarcho-syndicalists view labor unions as a potential force for revolutionary social change, replacing capitalism and the state with a new society democratically self-managed by workers. The basic principles of anarcho-syndicalism are... anarcho-syndicalism of Labor Solidarity, born in 1908. In the I Congress of the CNT (taken place in 1911, year in which the union received its name officially) a A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. In the late 19th century, the growing international labour movements advocated general strikes for industrial or political purposes. General strikes were frequent in Spain during the early twentieth century, where revolutionary anarcho... general strike, reason for the one was already summoned which the union was declared illegal up to 1914. From 1916, the Confederation changed its performance strategy regarding the UGT: it began relationships with this union and both reached the agreement of summoning the general strike of 1917 jointly. The bonds among both organizations were narrowed and, in the II Congress of the CNT (1919), the possibility was formulated of unifying the two unions to propitiate the cohesion of the proletariat. In this congress the provisional linking was approved from the CNT to Third International but, after the visit of the directing Ángel Lash to the Federated Soviet Socialist Republic of Russia (the territorial nucleus of where in 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics would arise), this dissuaded the incorporation, and in 1922 the CNT moved definitively away from that organization.


The significant invigoration of the anarchist union took place starting from 1918, moment in that the crisis of the Catalan industry impelled to workers' thousands to affiliate to the organization. With the purpose of counteracting the force acquired by the organized labor mass, the bosses financed pistolerismo ("gunfighterism"), who attacked unions. In 1923, after the installation of the dictatorship of general Spanish dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja (Jerez, January 8, 1870 - Paris, March 16, 1930) was a Spanish military official who ruled Spain as a dictator from 1923 to 1930, ending the turno system of alternating parties. Born into a wealthy family, he... Miguel Primo de Rivera, the CNT entered in the secrecy. Divided internally because of the pressure exercised by the radical wing of the The Federación Anarquista Ibérica (Iberian Anarchist Federation) was an organisation of Anarchist militants active within the CNT. It was founded in 1927 to help keep the CNT true to its anarchist aims and ideals by challenging the bureaucracy of CNT which had grew to become a mediating link... Iberian Anarchist Federation (FAI), constituted in 1927 to increase the anarchist control on the union, its activity during that period was marked by the participation in several combines directed to finish with the régime.


After the Spanish transition to democracy, the CNT became legal again, but wasn't as prominent as before the war. CNT refused to participate in the system of elections for workers' representatives. This refusal caused a faction of the CNT to split from the CNT creating the Confederación General del Trabajo.


Objectives

To develop in the workers the association spirit, to practice the mutual support and the solidarity among the workers, to represent, to defend and to promote the economic, social interests, professionals and cultural of the members, as well as to program the necessary actions to get the social and economic improvements, as much for the members as for the workers in general.


Symbols

Enlarge
The CNT-FAI's version of the red-and-black flag

The CNT flag has a diagonal dividing it in one red and one black halves. It is interesting to note that many authoritarian left wing and right wing movements have made a point of appropriating the colors of anarcho-syndicalists in particular in order to try to lessen or re-direct their popularity and impact at crucial times in history.


See also

  • Anarchism, the political philosophy advocating a libertarian society without hierarchy, based on mutual aid and voluntary cooperation, historically gained the most support and influence in Spain, especially in the seventy or so years before Francisco Francos victory in the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939. There were several variants... Anarchism in Spain
  • Anarcho-syndicalist flag. Anarcho-syndicalism is a branch of anarchism which focuses on the labor movement. Anarcho-syndicalists view labor unions as a potential force for revolutionary social change, replacing capitalism and the state with a new society democratically self-managed by workers. The basic principles of anarcho-syndicalism are... anarcho-syndicalism.

External link

  • CNT Official Website  (http://www.cnt.es)

 
 

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