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Encyclopedia > Confabulation
Look up confabulation in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Confabulation is the confusion of imagination with memory, and/or the confusion of true memories with false memories. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Imagination is, in general, the power or process of producing mental images and ideas. ... For other uses, see Memory (disambiguation). ... A false memory is a memory of an event that did not happen or is a distortion of an event that did occur as determined by externally corroborated facts. ...


Patients with Korsakoff's syndrome characteristically confabulate by guessing an answer or imagining an event and then mistaking their guess or imagination for an actual memory. An example of this appeared in the fictional Fox Network series House M.D. where a young woman in the emergency room was giving interns different stories as to what happened to her, so naturally the interns thought she was lying. However, Dr. House discovered this was due to the effects of Korsakoff's syndrome when she fabricated a final story involving images on his pen and clipboard. The (fictional) patient wasn't lying, but because of her lack of memory (as said above), she mistook her guesses for reality. Korsakoffs syndrome (a. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ... House, M.D. (commonly promoted as just House) is an American television series aired by the Fox Broadcasting Company. ... Dr. Gregory House Gregory House, M.D. (born June 11, 1959) is a fictional character portrayed by Hugh Laurie, is the protagonist of the television drama House. ...


Confabulation is a function of the brain's chemistry. It is a mapping of the activation of neurons to brain activity. [1]


Confabulation can also occur as a result of damage to the Anterior communicating artery (ACoA), in the Circle of Willis. The arterial circle and arteries of the brain. ... The circle of Willis (also called the cerebral arterial circle or arterial circle of Willis) is a circle of arteries that supply the brain. ...


Confabulation also appears to be a common occurrence in normal individuals under experimental circumstances, as shown by research on choice blindness. [1] In psychology, choice blindness is a phenomenon in which subjects fail to detect conspicuous mismatches between their intended (and expected) choice and the actual outcome. ...


Some military agents, such as BZ, and deliriant drugs such as those found in datura, noticeably scopolamine and atropine, may also cause confabulation. Chemical warfare is warfare (and associated military operations) using the toxic properties of chemical substances to kill, injure or incapacitate an enemy. ... Diagram of a BZ molecule 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB), empirical formula C21H23NO3, full chemical name 1-azabicyclo[2. ... Species See text below Datura is a genus of 12-15 species of flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae. ... Scopolamine, also known as hyoscine, is a tropane alkaloid drug obtained from plants of the family Solanaceae (nightshades), such as henbane or jimson weed (Datura species). ... Atropine is a tropane alkaloid extracted from the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) and other plants of the family Solanaceae. ...


References

  1. ^ "Mind fiction: Why your brain tells tall tales", New Scientist, 07 October 2006iction-why-your-brain-tells-tall-tales.html
  • Hirstein, William (2004). Brain Fiction: Self-Deception and the Riddle of Confabulation. Th e MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-58271-1. 
  • Kalat, J. W., (2002). Biological Psychology (8th ed). Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Thomson Wadsworth.
  • Stedman, T. L. (2000, January 15). Stedman's Medical Dictionary (27th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lipp incott Williams & Wilkins.

New Scientist is a weekly international science magazine covering recent developments in science and technology for a general English-speaking audience. ...

See also

รณ = A false memory is a memory of an event that did not happen or is a distortion of an event that did occur as determined by externally corroborated facts. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
BrainMind.com - Confabulation & Delusional Denial (4922 words)
In that all other attempts to elicit confabulation from this patient was unsuccessfully, it appears that in the single instance of confabulatory responding, once"consciousness"returned and events again began to e recorded in memory, the patient was faced with the remnants of behavior (i.e., the hat in his hands), which he then attempted to explain.
Confabulation is not a unitary syndrome and does not appear to result from a specific type of lesion or in conjunction with a particular constellation of disorders.
Confabulation also often results from a tendency to engage in gap filling, which, in turn, may be secondary to memory loss or intra/inter-cerebral disconnection.
Memory Loss & the Brain (417 words)
Confabulation is a memory disorder that may occur in patients who have sustained damage to both the basal forebrain and the frontal lobes, as after an aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery.
Confabulation is defined as the spontaneous production of false memories: either memories for events which never occurred, or memories of actual events which are displaced in space or time.
Neither should confabulation be confused with false memory syndrome, the phenomenon whereby otherwise normal individuals suddenly "remember" supposedly-repressed incidents of childhood abuse or other trauma.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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