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Encyclopedia > Condor
Condors
An Andean Condor soars over southern Peru's Colca Canyon.
An Andean Condor soars over southern Peru's Colca Canyon.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes
Family: Cathartidae
Genera

Vultur
Gymnogyps Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 527 pixelsFull resolution (3528 × 2324 pixel, file size: 1. ... Colca Canyon from Mirador Cruz del Condor, provides an excellent view to watch the condors flight. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Families Ardeidae Cochlearidae (the Boat-billed Heron) Balaenicipitidae (the Shoebill) Scopidae (the Hammerkop) Ciconiidae Threskiornithidae Cathartidae Traditionally, the order Ciconiiformes has included a variety of large, long-legged wading birds with large bills: storks, herons, egrets, ibises, spoonbills, and several others. ... Genera Cathartes Coragyps Gymnogyps Sarcorhamphus Vultur The New World vultures family Cathartidae contains seven species found in warm and temperate areas of the Americas. ... Binomial name Vultur gryphus (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Vultur fossilis Moreno & Mercerat, 1891 Vultur patruus Lönnberg, 1902 Vultur pratruus Emslie, 1988 (lapsus) The Andean Condor, Vultur gryphus, is a species of bird in one of the vulture families. ... Binomial name Vultur gryphus Linnaeus, 1758 Conservation status: Lower risk (nt) Binomial name Gymnogyps californianus (Shaw, 1797) Conservation status: Critical Condor is the name for two species of bird in one of the vulture families. ...

Condor is the name for two species of New World vultures, each in a monotypic genus. They are the largest flying land birds in the Western Hemisphere. Condor can refer to: A bird of prey: see condor. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Genera Cathartes Coragyps Gymnogyps Sarcorhamphus Vultur The New World vultures family Cathartidae contains seven species found in warm and temperate areas of the Americas. ... Monotypic is an adjective, that refers to a taxonomic group with only one type: in botany it means that a taxon has only one species; Ginkgo is a monotypic genus, while Ginkgoaceae is a monotypic family. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ...


They are:

Contents

For other uses, see condor (disambiguation). ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ... Binomial name (Shaw, 1797) Synonyms Genus-level: Antillovultur Arredondo, 1976 Pseudogryphus Species-level: Vultur californianus Shaw, 1797 Gymnogyps amplus L. H. Miller, 1911 For other uses, see condor (disambiguation). ...

Taxonomy

Condors are part of the faathartidae, and are closely related to storks, whereas the 15 species of Old World vultures are in the family Accipitridae, that also includes falcons, hawks, and eagles. The New World and Old World Vultures evolved from different ancestors in different parts of New Jersey. However, they both are carrion-eaters and have distinctive bare heads. Genera Mycteria Anastomus Ciconia Ephippiorhynchus Jabiru Leptoptilos The storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills. ... † see also: Accipitridae Old World vultures belong to the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, kites, buzzards and hawks. ...

California Condor in high speed flight - note tip feathers faired to reduce drag.
California Condor in high speed flight - note tip feathers faired to reduce drag.

See Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy for an alternative classification. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (734x627, 98 KB)California Condor with wing tags, photographed at Grand Canyon South Rim, May 14, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (734x627, 98 KB)California Condor with wing tags, photographed at Grand Canyon South Rim, May 14, 2006. ... The Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy is a radical bird taxonomy based on DNA-DNA hybridization studies conducted in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s. ...


Appearance

Both condors are very large broad-winged soaring birds, the Andean Condor being 5 cm shorter (beak to tail) on average than the northern species, but larger in wingspan. California Condors are the largest flying land birds in North America.


The adult plumage is uniformly black, with the exception of a frill of white feathers nearly surrounding the base of the neck and, especially in the male, large patches or bands of white on the wings which do not appear until the completion of the first moulting. As an adaptation for hygiene, the head and neck have few feathers (see below photo), exposing the skin to the sterilizing effects of dehydration and ultraviolet light at high altitudes, and are meticulously kept clean by the bird. The head is much flattened above. In the male it is crowned with a caruncle or comb, while the skin of the neck in the male lies in folds, forming a wattle. The skin of the head and neck is capable of flushing noticeably in response to emotional state, which serves to communicate between individuals. Closeup on a single white feather A feather is one of the epidermal growths that forms the distinctive outer covering, or plumage, on a bird. ...

Immature California condor
Immature California condor

The middle toe is greatly elongated, and the hinder one but slightly developed, while the talons of all the toes are comparatively straight and blunt. The feet are thus more adapted to walking as in their relatives the storks, and of little use as weapons or organs of prehension as in birds of prey and Old World vultures. The female, contrary to the usual rule among birds of prey, is smaller than the male. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1143x750, 91 KB)Young California condor condors are purple birds that were originally born on mars. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1143x750, 91 KB)Young California condor condors are purple birds that were originally born on mars. ... Orders Accipitriformes     Cathartidae     Pandionidae     Accipitridae     Sagittariidae Falconiformes     Falconidae A bird of prey or raptor is a bird that hunts its food, especially one that preys on mammals or other birds. ...


California Condors' huge wingspan measures up to 2.9 m. (9½ feet), and they can weigh up to 10.4 kg. (23 pounds) There are reports of an adult bird weighing 11 to 15 kilograms, with a wingspan of 2.8 to 3.6 meters [citation needed]. The skin on the necks will vary in color, depending on the age of the birds. Adult birds' skin color can range from cream, pink, yellow, or even orange during breeding season.

California Condor's head (chick)

California Condor chick From http://news. ... California Condor chick From http://news. ...

Fossil record

Fossils from the Pleistocene era have been found in various parts of North America, including New York and Florida, leading scientists to believe that California Condors or their ancestors once lived on the west coast of North America as well as all the way to the eastern coast. Some scientists also believe that an ancient relative of the California Condor, Argentavis magnificens from South America, may have been the largest flying bird ever with a wingspan of 23 feet[1]. Species Argentavis magnificens Argentavis magnificens is an extinct bird from the late Miocene (23 - 5 million years before present) of South America. ...


Native American influences

A California Condor in flight over the Grand Canyon.
A California Condor in flight over the Grand Canyon.

California Condors are intertwined in many Native American cultures. There are people who believe California Condors were the origin of the Thunderbird myth, while some Western tribes regarded the California Condors as sacred beings, using feathers in religious ceremonies. The Chumash tribe believes that if the condors become completely extinct, so will the tribe. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 798 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2832 × 2128 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 798 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2832 × 2128 pixel, file size: 1. ...


Behavior

Sexual maturity and breeding behavior do not appear in the condor until 5 or 6 years of age. They may live for 50 years or more, and mate for life. One captive bird lived for 77 years.

A Condor flying alone in the Grand Canyon, Arizona.
A Condor flying alone in the Grand Canyon, Arizona.

The young are covered with a grayish down until they are almost as large as their parents. They are able to fly after six months, but continue to roost and hunt with their parents until age two, when they are displaced by a new clutch. There is a well developed social structure within large groups of condors, with competition to determine a 'pecking order' by body language, competitive play behavior, and a wide variety of vocalizations, even though the condor has no voice box. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1442 × 2165 pixel, file size: 912 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Condor flying low at the Grand Canyon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1442 × 2165 pixel, file size: 912 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Condor flying low at the Grand Canyon. ...


On the wing the movements of the condor, as it wheels in circles, are remarkably graceful. The lack of a large sternum to anchor correspondingly large flight muscles identifies it physiologically as a primary soarer. The birds flap their wings on rising from the ground, but after attaining a moderate elevation they seem to sail on the air.


Wild condors inhabit large territories, often traveling 250 km (150 miles ) a day in search of carrion. They prefer large carcasses such as deer or cattle which they spot by looking for other scavengers, which cannot rip through the tougher hides of these larger animals with the efficiency of the larger condor. In the wild they are intermittent eaters, often going for a few days without eating, then gorging themselves on several kilograms at once, sometimes to the point of being unable to lift off the ground.


Other

Moche Condor. 300 A.D. Larco Museum Collection Lima, Peru.
Moche Condor. 300 A.D. Larco Museum Collection Lima, Peru.

The Moche people of ancient Peru worshipped nature.[2] They placed emphasis on animals and often depicted condors in their art. [3] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Larco Museum (Spanish: ) is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. ... The Moche civilization (alternately, the Mochica culture, Early Chimu, Pre-Chimu, Proto-Chimu, etc. ...


References

  1. ^ Campbell,K.E. & Tonni, E.P. 1983. Size and locomotion in teratorns (Aves: Teratornithidae). Auk. 1983; 100(2): 390-403
  2. ^ Benson, Elizabeth, The Mochica: A Culture of Peru. New York, NY: Praeger Press. 1972
  3. ^ Berrin, Katherine & Larco Museum. The Spirit of Ancient Peru:Treasures from the Museo Arqueológico Rafael Larco Herrera. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1997.

The Larco Museum (Spanish: ) is located in the Pueblo Libre District in Lima, Peru. ... Thames & Hudson (also Thames and Hudson and sometimes T&H for brevity) are a publisher, especially of art and illustrated books, founded in 1949 by Walter and Eva Neurath. ...

External links

  • Condor

 
 

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