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Encyclopedia > Concise List of Roman Emperors

This is the short overview of Roman Emperors: for more detail and explanation, see: list of Roman Emperors and Roman Emperor. This is a list of the Roman Emperors with the dates they ruled the Roman Empire. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

The Principate

Julio-Claudian dynasty

Reign Incumbent Notes
16 January 27 BC to 19 August AD 14 Augustus
19 August 14 to 16 March 37 Tiberius
18 March 37 to 24 January 41 Gaius Caligula Assassinated
24 January 41 to 13 October 54 Claudius Assassinated by poisoning
October 54 to 11 June 68 Nero Committed suicide

The Julio-Claudian Dynasty refers to the first five Roman Emperors: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC 0s 10s 20s 30s Years: 32 BC 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC 25 BC 24 BC 23 BC 22... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... Events March 18 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor. ... Tiberius Caesar Augustus, born Tiberius Claudius Nero (November 16, 42 BC – March 16 AD 37), was the second Roman Emperor, from the death of Augustus in AD 14 until his own death in 37. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... Events March 18 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 24 - Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. ... Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (August 31, 12 – January 24, 41), more commonly known by his nickname Caligula, was the third Roman Emperor and a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from 37 to 41. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 24 - Roman Emperor Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events October 13 - Roman Empire emperor Claudius dies after being poisoned by Agrippina, his wife and niece. ... For other persons named Claudius, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... Events October 13 - Roman Empire emperor Claudius dies after being poisoned by Agrippina, his wife and niece. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... Centuries: 1st century BCE - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s - 60s - 70s 80s 90s 100s 110s Years: 63 64 65 66 67 - 68 - 69 70 71 72 73 Events June 9 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide. ... Nero[1] Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, AD 37 – June 9, AD 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. ...

Year of the Four Emperors

Reign Incumbent Notes
8 June 68 to 15 January 69 Galba Murdered by Otho
15 January 69 to 16 April 69 Otho Committed suicide
2 January 69 to 20 December 69 Vitellius Murdered in the Forum

The Year of the Four Emperors was a year in the history of the Roman Empire, 69, in which four emperors ruled in a remarkable succession. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... Centuries: 1st century BCE - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s - 60s - 70s 80s 90s 100s 110s Years: 63 64 65 66 67 - 68 - 69 70 71 72 73 Events June 9 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius all serve as emperor for a short time each before Vespasian takes over. ... Servius Sulpicius Galba (December 24, 3 BC – January 15, 69) was Roman Emperor from June 8, 68 until his death. ... Emperor Otho. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius all serve as emperor for a short time each before Vespasian takes over. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius all serve as emperor for a short time each before Vespasian takes over. ... Emperor Otho. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius all serve as emperor for a short time each before Vespasian takes over. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius all serve as emperor for a short time each before Vespasian takes over. ... Vitellius, Museo Nazionale della Civiltà Romana, Rome Aulus Vitellius Germanicus (September 24, 15–December 22, 69) was Roman Emperor from April 17 69 to December 22 of the same year, one of the emperors in the Year of the four emperors. He was the son of Lucius Vitellius, who had...

Flavian dynasty

Reign Incumbent Notes
1 July 69 to 24 June 79 Vespasian 70: Pontifex Maximus Pater Patriae
co-emperor;
see: Year of the four emperors
24 June 79 to 13 September 81 Titus
14 September 81 to 18 September 96 Domitian Assassinated

The Flavian dynasty was a series of three Roman Emperors who ruled from 69, the Year of the Four Emperors, to 96, when the last member was assassinated. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... The Year of the four emperors: After Neros death, Galba, Otho and Vitellius all serve as emperor for a short time each before Vespasian takes over. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... AD79 Events June 23 - Titus succeeds his father Vespasian as Roman emperor. ... Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (November 17, 9–June 23, 79), known originally as Titus Flavius Vespasianus and usually referred to in English as Vespasian, was emperor of Rome from 69 to 79. ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s - 70s - 80s 90s 100s 110s 120s Years: 65 66 67 68 69 - 70 - 71 72 73 74 75 Events The building of the Colosseum starts (approximate date). ... The Year of the Four Emperors was a year in the history of the Roman Empire, 69, in which four emperors ruled in a remarkable succession. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... AD79 Events June 23 - Titus succeeds his father Vespasian as Roman emperor. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 0s BC - 0s - 10s - 20s - 30s - 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s - 90s - 100s Years: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 Events Domitian succeeds his brother Titus Flavius as emperor of the Roman Empire. ... For other uses, see Titus (disambiguation). ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 0s BC - 0s - 10s - 20s - 30s - 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s - 90s - 100s Years: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 Events Domitian succeeds his brother Titus Flavius as emperor of the Roman Empire. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... For other uses, see number 96. ... Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman Emperor of the gens Flavia. ...

Nervo-Trajanic Dynasty

Reign Incumbent Notes
18 September 96 to 27 January 98 Nerva  
28 January 98 to 7 August 117 Trajan
11 August 117 to 10 July 138 Hadrian

Also known as the Nervan dynasty, the Ulpian dynasty (after their common gens nomen Ulpius), or combined with the subsequent Antonine dynasty to form the Nervan-Antonian Dynasty. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... For other uses, see number 96. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Roman emperor Nerva succeeded by Trajan Tacitus finished his Germania (approximate date) Births Deaths January 27: Nerva, Roman emperor Apollonius of Tyana, Greek/Roman philosopher and mathematician (b. ... For other uses, see Nerva (disambiguation). ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Roman emperor Nerva succeeded by Trajan Tacitus finished his Germania (approximate date) Births Deaths January 27: Nerva, Roman emperor Apollonius of Tyana, Greek/Roman philosopher and mathematician (b. ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... Trajan subdued a Judean revolt, then fell seriously ill, leaving Hadrian in command of the east. ... This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Trajan subdued a Judean revolt, then fell seriously ill, leaving Hadrian in command of the east. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events February 25 - Roman emperor Hadrian adopted Antoninus Pius on condition that Antonius would adopt Marcus Annius Aurelius Verus. ... Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus (January 24, 76 – July 10, 138), known as Hadrian in English, was apart of Stoicism and Epicureanism. ...

Antonines

Reign Incumbent Notes
10 July 138 to 7 March 161 Antoninus Pius
7 March 161 to 17 March 180 Marcus Aurelius
7 March 161 to March 169 Lucius Verus Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius
175 to 175 Avidius Cassius Usurper; proclaimed emperor: ruled in Egypt and Syria; murdered by a centurion
177 to 31 December 192 Commodus Murdered: strangled by a wrestler

The Antonines most often referred to were two successive Roman Emperors who ruled between A.D. 138 and 180: Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, famous for their skilled leadership. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events February 25 - Roman emperor Hadrian adopted Antoninus Pius on condition that Antonius would adopt Marcus Annius Aurelius Verus. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events March 7 - Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. ... Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus Pius (September 19, 86–March 7, 161) was Roman emperor from 138 to 161. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events March 7 - Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in leap years). ... For other uses, see number 180. ... Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121[1] – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (67th in leap years). ... Events March 7 - Roman emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. ... Second Marcomanni War begins. ... Lucius Ceionius Commodus Verus Armeniacus (December 15, 130 – 168), known simply as Lucius Verus, was Roman co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius (161–180), from 161 until his death. ... Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (April 26, 121[1] – March 17, 180) was Roman Emperor from 161 to his death. ... Events Pope Eleuterus succeeds Pope Soter (approximate date) Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats the Marcomanni. ... Events Pope Eleuterus succeeds Pope Soter (approximate date) Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats the Marcomanni. ... Gaius Avidius Cassius (c. ... Events A systematic persecution of Christians begins in Rome under Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Commodus assassinated by a wrestler named Narcissus at the behest of Commodus concubine, chamberlain and Praetorian prefect. ... Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ...

Severan dynasty

Reign Incumbent Notes
1 January 193 to 28 March 193 Pertinax recognized as emperor by Septimius Severus; murdered by soldiers on the Palatine
28 March 193 to 1 June 193 Didius Julianus Sentenced to death by the Senate; murdered on the Palatine
9 April 193 to 4 February 211 Septimius Severus
193 to 194/195 Pescennius Niger Claimant: emperor in Syria
193/195 to 197 Clodius Albinus Claimant: emperor in Britain
198 to 8 April 217 Caracalla
209 to 4 February 211 Geta Murdered by Caracalla
11 April 217 to June 218 Macrinus Executed
May 217 to June 218 Diadumenian Executed
June 218 to 222 Elagabalus Assassinated
13 March 222 to ?March 235 Alexander Severus Pontifex Maximus
Assassinated

This is a family tree of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Publius Helvius Pertinax (August 1, 126 - March 28, 193) was Roman emperor for a short period in 193. ... Lucius Septimius Severus (b. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Didius Julianus Marcus Severus Didius Julianus (133–193) was emperor of the Roman Empire from 28 March until 1 June 193. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 211. ... Lucius Septimius Severus (b. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Events Roman Empire Pescennius Niger, competitor of Septimius Severus for the Roman Empire, is defeated in three successive battles at Battle of Cyzicus, Battle of Nicaea and Battle of Issus, and killed outside Antioch by Severus troops. ... Events Roman Emperor Septimius Severus had the Senate deify Commodus while trying to gain favor with the family of Marcus Aurelius. ... Pescennius Niger as emperor. ... Events June 1 – Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace. ... Events Roman Emperor Septimius Severus had the Senate deify Commodus while trying to gain favor with the family of Marcus Aurelius. ... Events Roman Emperor Septimius Severus sacks Ctesiphon and captures an enormous number of its inhabitants as slaves. ... Clodius Albinus. ... Events Publius Septimius Geta receives the title of Caesar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... Caracalla (April 4, 186 – April 8, 217) was Roman Emperor from 211 – 217. ... Events Publius Septimius Geta receives the titles of Imperator and Augustus from his father, Roman emperor Septimius Severus. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 211. ... Publius Septimius Geta Publius Septimius Geta (March 7, 189–December 211), was a Roman Emperor co-ruling with his father Septimius Severus and his older brother Caracalla from 209 to his death. ... Caracalla (April 4, 186 – April 8, 217) was Roman Emperor from 211 – 217. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... May 16 - Elagabalus is declared Roman Emperor. ... Macrinus on an aureus. ... Events Macrinus becomes Roman Emperor on the death of Caracalla. ... May 16 - Elagabalus is declared Roman Emperor. ... Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus or Diadumenian, Roman Caesar (junior emperor), died 218 A.D. was the son of Emperor Macrinus who served his father briefly as Caesar (junior emperor) from May, 217 to 218 A.D. and as Augustus in 218. ... May 16 - Elagabalus is declared Roman Emperor. ... Events Pope Urban I succeeds Pope Callixtus I Roman Emperor Alexander Severus succeeds Heliogabalus Kingdom of Wu is established in China Sun Quan defeats Liu Bei at the Battle of Yi Ling Deaths March 11 - Roman Emperor Heliogabalus murdered Tertullian, theologian Pope Callixtus I Claudius Aelianus, teacher and rhetorician Ma... A bust depicting Elagabalus. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... Events Pope Urban I succeeds Pope Callixtus I Roman Emperor Alexander Severus succeeds Heliogabalus Kingdom of Wu is established in China Sun Quan defeats Liu Bei at the Battle of Yi Ling Deaths March 11 - Roman Emperor Heliogabalus murdered Tertullian, theologian Pope Callixtus I Claudius Aelianus, teacher and rhetorician Ma... Events Maximinus Thrax becomes Roman Emperor. ... Alexander Severus Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexandrus (October 1, 208- March 18?, 235), commonly called Alexander Severus, Roman emperor from 222 to 235, was born at Arca Caesarea in Palestine. ...

Rulers during the Crisis of the Third Century

Reign Incumbent Notes
February/March 235 to March/April 238 Maximinus Thrax Murdered by troops
earlyJanuary/March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian I Committed suicide
earlyJanuary March 238 to lateJanuary/April 238 Gordian II Killed in battle
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Pupienus Murdered by the Praetorians
earlyFebruary 238 to earlyMay 238 Balbinus Murdered by the Praetorians
May 238 to February 244 Gordian III Murdered
240 to 240 Sabinianus Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated in battle
February 244 to September/October 249 Philip the Arab Killed in battle by Decius
248 Pacatianus Proclaimed himself emperor; murdered by his own soldiers
248 to 249 Iotapianus Claimant
248 Silbannacus Usurper
249 to June 251 Decius Killed in battle
249 to 252 Priscus Proclaimed himself emperor in the Eastern provinces
250 to 250 Licinianus Claimant
early251 to 1 July 251 Herennius Etruscus Killed in battle
251 Hostilian Died of the plague
June 251 to August 253 Gallus Murdered by his own soldiers
July 251 to August 253 Volusianus Murdered by his own soldiers
August 253 to October 253 Aemilian Murdered by his own soldiers
253 to June 260 Valerian I Co-emperor with Gallienus; captured by Persians: died in captivity
253 to September 268 Gallienus Co-emperor with Valerian 253 to 260; murdered
260 Saloninus Co-emperor with Gallienus; murdered
258 or June 260 Ingenuus Proclaimed himself emperor
260 Regalianus Proclaimed emperor
260 to 261 Macrianus Major Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Macrianus Minor Proclaimed emperor; defeated and killed in battle
260 to 261 Quietus Claimant
261 to 261 or 262 Mussius Aemilianus Proclaimed emperor
268 to 268 Aureolus Proclaimed himself emperor; surrendered to Claudius II Gothicus

Emperor Maximinus Thrax, ruled 235-238, was the first of the emperors during the Crisis of the Third Century. ... Events Maximinus Thrax becomes Roman Emperor. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Gaius Iulius Verus Maximinus (c. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus ( 159 – April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian I, was Roman Emperor during the year 238. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (around 192 - April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian II, was Roman emperor during the year of 238. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Pupienus. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Pupienus. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... February 11 - Emperor Gordian III is killed by his Praetorian Prefect Philip the Arab after Phillip replaces Timesitheus and then declares himself co-emperor. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius (January 20, 225 - February 11, 244), known in English as Gordian III, was Roman Emperor from 238 to 244. ... For alternate uses, see Number 240. ... For alternate uses, see Number 240. ... Alternate use: Pope Sabinianus Sabinianus was the leader of a revolt against Gordian III in Africa. ... February 11 - Emperor Gordian III is killed by his Praetorian Prefect Philip the Arab after Phillip replaces Timesitheus and then declares himself co-emperor. ... Events Trajan Decius becomes Roman emperor. ... Marcus Iulius Philippus (about 204 - 249), known in English as Philip the Arab after the origin of his family, was a Roman emperor from 244 to 249. ... Bust of Traianus Decius. ... Events Cyprian becomes bishop of Carthage. ... The obverse of this antoninianus celebrates Pacatianus as unconquered, while the reverse celebrates the 1001st birthday of Rome. ... Events Cyprian becomes bishop of Carthage. ... Events Trajan Decius becomes Roman emperor. ... Iotapianus coin. ... Events Cyprian becomes bishop of Carthage. ... Mar. ... Events Trajan Decius becomes Roman emperor. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... Bust of Traianus Decius. ... Events Trajan Decius becomes Roman emperor. ... Events Sun Liang succeeds Sun Quan as king of the Chinese Kingdom of Wu. ... Gaius Iulius Priscus (3rd century) was military man and member of the Praetorian guard in the reign of Gordian III. Priscus was born in the Roman province of Syria, possibly in Damascus, son of a Julius Marinus a local Roman citizen, possibly of some importance. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... Iulius Valens Licinianus was a Roman usurper in 250. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius (c. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... Hostilian celebrating Securitas, the security of the Roman Empire. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Trebonianus Gallus on a coin celebrating Aeternitas. ... Events July 1 – In the Battle of Abrittus, the Goths defeat the Romans; emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Volusianus protrait on a tetradrachm. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Aemilianus celebrating peace-maker Mars god of war. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Publius Licinius Valerianus (Latin: IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS · PIVS FELIX · INVICTVS AVGVSTVS)¹ (ca. ... Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... Publius Licinius Valerianus (Latin: IMPERATOR CAESAR PVBLIVS LICINIVS VALERIANVS · PIVS FELIX · INVICTVS AVGVSTVS)¹ (ca. ... For the book see 253 (book). ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus (242 - 260) was Roman Emperor in 260. ... Gallienus depicted on a lead seal Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus (218-268) ruled the Roman Empire as co-emperor with his father Valerian from 253 to 260, and then as the sole Roman Emperor from 260 to 268. ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Ingenuus held a senior military command in Pannonia when he proclaimed himself Roman Emperor ca. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Regalianus (died 260) had been made general by emperor Valerian and like many others of his rank he was proclaimed Roman emperor in 260 after the capture and execution of Valerian by the Sasanid Persians. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Fulvius Macrianus (died 261), also known as Macrianus Major to distinguish him from his son Macrianus Minor, was disqualified from the imperial office because of his lameness, but with support from Ballista, Roman emperor Valerians praefect, he had his two sons Macrianus Minor and Quietus elevated to the throne. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Roman emperor Titus Fulvius Iunius Macrianus (died 261), also known as Macrianus Minor to distinguish him from his father, was the son of Fulvius Macrianus. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Quietus coin celebrating Eternal Rome. ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... Events Births Deaths Mussius Aemilianus, Roman Emperor Categories: 261 ... // Events Births Deaths Xi Kang, author Other Often associated with the legendary Laurence 262, whos origins are unknown. ... L. Mussius Aemilianus (died 261) was prefect of Egypt till 260, when he was proclaimed Roman emperor after the general upheaval following the capture and death of emperor Valerian and after the usurpation of the Macriani. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Manius Acilius Aureolus (d. ... Claudius Gothicus on a coin celebrating his equity (AEQUITAS AUGUSTI). ...

Gallic Empire 260 to 274

Reign Incumbent Notes
260 to 268 Postumus
269 to 269 Laelianus Proclaimed himself emperor of the Gallic Empire
269 to 269 Marius
269 to 271 Victorinus
270 to 271 Domitianus Proclaimed himself emperor of the Gallic Empire
271 to 274 Tetricus I

The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events The Gallic Empire (Gaul and Britain) is reconquered by Roman Emperor Aurelian With the conquests of the Palmyran Empire (272) and the Gallic Empire, the Roman Empire is united again Births Deaths Pope Felix I Cao Fang, emperor of the Kingdom of Wei Categories: 274 ... Events Valerian I captured by the Persian king Shapur I; Gallienus becomes sole Roman emperor. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from AD 259 to 268. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus was a usurper to Postumus, the emperor of the Gallic Empire. ... The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Gaius Marius (Latin: C·MARIVS·C·F·C·N)¹ (157 BC - January 13, 86 BC) was a Roman general and politician elected Consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. ... Events Felix I is elected pope. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Marcus Piav(v)onius Victorinus was emperor of the successionist Gallic Empire from 268 to 270 or 271, following the brief reign of Marius. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Domitianus was a Roman military commander who declared himself emperor of the secessionist Gallic Empire (the provinces of Gaul (France and the Rhineland) and Britain) for a short time in about 271. ... The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Events The Gallic Empire (Gaul and Britain) is reconquered by Roman Emperor Aurelian With the conquests of the Palmyran Empire (272) and the Gallic Empire, the Roman Empire is united again Births Deaths Pope Felix I Cao Fang, emperor of the Kingdom of Wei Categories: 274 ... Tertricus Coin Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was emperor of the Gallic Empire from 270/271 to 273, following the murder of Victorinus. ...

Illyrian Emperors

Reign Incumbent Notes
268 to August 270 Claudius II Gothicus Died of plague
August 270 to September 270 Quintillus Co-emperor with Aurelian; committed suicide
August 270 to 275 Aurelian Co-emperor with Quintillus; murdered by the Praetorian Guard
271 to 271 Septimius Proclaimed emperor in Dalmatia; killed by his own soldiers
November/December 275 to July 276 Tacitus Murdered
July 276 to September 276 Florianus Murdered
July 276 to lateSeptember 282 Probus Murdered by his own soldiers
280 Saturninus Claimant: forced by his soldiers; proclaimed himself emperor; killed by his soldiers
280 Proculus Claimant: acceding to the request of the people of Lugdunum; killed by Probus
280 Bonosus Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated by Probus and committed suicide
September 282 to July/August 283 Carus
spring 283 to summer 285 Carinus Co-emperor with Numerian; Murdered
July/August 283 to November 284 Numerian Co-emperor with Carinus

Several emperors of the Roman Empire were of Illyrian origin, or partly or possibly of Illyrian origin. ... Events The Alamanni invade Italy. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Claudius Gothicus on a coin celebrating his equity (AEQUITAS AUGUSTI). ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Quintillus picture on a coin. ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Eutychian elected pope (probable date) September 25 - Marcus Claudius Tacitus appointed emperor by the senate Births Eusebius of Caesarea (approximate date) Saint George, soldier of the Roman Empire and later Christian martyr (or 280, approximate date). ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... Quintillus picture on a coin. ... The Praetorian Guard of Augustus - 1st century. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Events Goths forced to withdraw across the Danube Roman Emperor Aurelian withdraws troops to the Danube frontier, abandoning Dacia. ... Septimius or Septiminus was proclaimed Roman emperor in 271 in Dalmatia. ... Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, Italian: Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Events Eutychian elected pope (probable date) September 25 - Marcus Claudius Tacitus appointed emperor by the senate Births Eusebius of Caesarea (approximate date) Saint George, soldier of the Roman Empire and later Christian martyr (or 280, approximate date). ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Emperor Tacitus on a coin. ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Hercules crowning Florianus. ... Events Sassanid Shah Bahram II succeeded Bahram I. Probus became Roman Emperor. ... Events Carus becomes Roman emperor A new city was constructed in Fuzhou slightly south of the original city Ye. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... Roman emperor Iulius Saturninus (died 280) was a Gaul by birth (others have him as a Moor) and was a friend of the emperor Probus. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... Proculus derived his origin from the Franks. ... Colonia Copia Claudia Augusta Lugdunum (modern: Lyon) was an important Roman city in Gaul. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Events The Chinese Jin Dynasty under Emperor Wu of Jin China unifies China by conquering the Kingdom of Wu, ending the Period of the Three Kingdoms. ... Gallus Quintus Bonosus was a Roman usurper. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Events Carus becomes Roman emperor A new city was constructed in Fuzhou slightly south of the original city Ye. ... Events December 17 - Pope Gaius succeeds Pope Eutychian December - Numerian was proclaimed Roman emperor by his soldiers. ... Carus on a posthumous coin. ... Events December 17 - Pope Gaius succeeds Pope Eutychian December - Numerian was proclaimed Roman emperor by his soldiers. ... This article is about the year. ... Marcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. ... Numerian, on a coin as caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus (d. ... Events December 17 - Pope Gaius succeeds Pope Eutychian December - Numerian was proclaimed Roman emperor by his soldiers. ... For other uses, see number 284. ... Numerian, on a coin as caesar Marcus Aurelius Numerianus (d. ... Marcus Aurelius Carinus, Roman emperor, 283 - July, 285, was the elder son of the emperor Carus, on whose accession he was appointed governor of the western portion of the empire. ...

Britannic Empire 286 to 297

Reign Incumbent Notes
286 to 293 Carausius
293 to 297 Allectus

The characterisation British Emperor (or: British Empress), that is: being British and also being Emperor/Empress can only be applied to very few people, as Britains monarchs were indicated as king or queen (latin: rex/regina) in almost all cases. ... This article is about the year 286. ... Events Narseh of Persia and Diocletian conclude a peace treaty between Persia and Rome. ... This article is about the year 286. ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Carausius coin from Londinium mint. ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Events Narseh of Persia and Diocletian conclude a peace treaty between Persia and Rome. ... Allectus (died 296) was a Roman emperor in Britain (293–296). ...

Dominate

The Dominate was the despotic last of the two phases of government in the ancient Roman Empire between its establishment in 27 BC and the formal date of the collapse of the Western Empire in AD 476. ...

Tetrarchy and Constantinian dynasty

Reign Incumbent Notes
20 November 284 to 1 May 305 Diocletian Co-emperor with Maximian; Abdicated
1 April 286 to 1 May 305 Maximian Co-emperor with Diocletian; forced to abdicate
1 May 305 to 25 July 306 Constantius I Chlorus Co-emperor with Galerius
1 May 305 to May 311 Galerius Co-emperor with Constantius I Chlorus and then Severus II
August 306 to 16 September 307 Severus II Co-emperor with Galerius
307 to 308 Maximian Abdicated
28 October 306 to 28 October 312 Maxentius Defeated in battle by Constantine I
de jure: 307, de facto 312 to 22 May 337 Constantine I Converted to Christianity
308 Domitius Alexander Proclaimed himself emperor
11 November 308 to 18 September 324 Licinius Co-emperor; abdicated; (executed early 325)
1 May 310 to July/August 313 Maximinus Daia Co-emperor; committed suicide
December 316 to 1 March 317 Valerius Valens Co-emperor with Licinius; (executed by Constantine I)
July to 18 September 324 Martinianus Co-emperor with Licinius; abdicated; (executed early 325)
337 to 340 Constantine II Co-emperor; killed in battle
337 to 361 Constantius II Co-emperor
337 to 350 Constans I Co-emperor; killed by Magnentius
January 350 to 11 August 353 Magnentius Usurper; committed suicide
c. 350 Vetranio Proclaimed himself emperor against Magnentius; recognized by Constantius II, abdicated
c. 350 Nepotianus Proclaimed himself emperor against Magnentius, executed
November 361 to June 363 Julian Killed in battle
363 to 17 February 364 Jovian Died accidentally

The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ... Category: ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see number 284. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus ( 245– 312), born Diocles (Greek Διοκλής) and known in English as Diocletian,[1] was Roman Emperor from November 20, 284 to May 1, 305. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 286. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus ( 245– 312), born Diocles (Greek Διοκλής) and known in English as Diocletian,[1] was Roman Emperor from November 20, 284 to May 1, 305. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantius (March 31, 250–July 25, 306) was an emperor of the Western Roman Empire (305–306). ... Galerius Maximianus ( 250–5 May 311), formally Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus was Roman Emperor from 305 to 311. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ... Galerius Maximianus ( 250–5 May 311), formally Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus was Roman Emperor from 305 to 311. ... Gaius Flavius Valerius Constantius (March 31, 250–July 25, 306) was an emperor of the Western Roman Empire (305–306). ... Flavius Valerius Severus, of Illyrian stock, was a friend of emperor Galerius. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Emperor Maximian. ... Flavius Valerius Severus, of Illyrian stock, was a friend of emperor Galerius. ... Galerius Maximianus ( 250–5 May 311), formally Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus was Roman Emperor from 305 to 311. ... March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Emperor Maximian. ... Events November 11 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius Augustus, and rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar (junior emperor of Britain and Gaul) Births Deaths Categories: 308 ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Events July 25 - Constantine I proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Events October 28 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine defeats Maxentius in the fight to become emperor of Rome. ... Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius ( 278-28 October 312) was Western Roman Emperor from 306 to 312. ... Bronze statue of Constantine I in York, England, near the spot where he was proclaimed Emperor in 306 For other uses, see Constantine I (disambiguation). ... March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Emperor Maximian. ... Events October 28 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine defeats Maxentius in the fight to become emperor of Rome. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Bronze statue of Constantine I in York, England, near the spot where he was proclaimed Emperor in 306 For other uses, see Constantine I (disambiguation). ... Events November 11 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius Augustus, and rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar (junior emperor of Britain and Gaul) Births Deaths Categories: 308 ... Domitius Alexander on a follis. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events November 11 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius Augustus, and rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar (junior emperor of Britain and Gaul) Births Deaths Categories: 308 ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Events Constantine becomes the sole emperor of the Roman Empire. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius (on the obverse). ... Events May 20 - First Council of Nicaea - first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church: The Nicene Creed is formulated, the date of Easter is discussed. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events While Constantine was campaigning against the Bructeri, Maximian attempted to make himself emperor at Arles. ... February - Wtf is up mah cracka??. Constantine issues the Edict of Milan, ending all persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire. ... This article deals with 4th century Roman Emperor. ... Events Huns sack Changan, capital of the Chinese Western Jin Dynasty. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Events Jin Yuan Di succeeds Jin Min Di; end of the western and beginning of the eastern Jin Dynasty King Marian II of Iberia declares Christianity the official state religion Births February _ Constantine II, Roman Emperor Deaths Categories: 317 ... Aurelius Valerius Valens (? - 317) was Roman emperor from December 316 to March 1, 317. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius (on the obverse). ... Bronze statue of Constantine I in York, England, near the spot where he was proclaimed Emperor in 306 For other uses, see Constantine I (disambiguation). ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... Events Constantine becomes the sole emperor of the Roman Empire. ... Sextus Marcius(?) Martinianus (? - 325) was Roman emperor from July to September 18, 324. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius (on the obverse). ... Events May 20 - First Council of Nicaea - first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church: The Nicene Creed is formulated, the date of Easter is discussed. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Events Constantine II attacks his brother Constans near Aquileia, aiming for sole control of the western half of the Roman Empire, but is defeated. ... Constantine II as caesar. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Events Emperor Ai succeeds Emperor Mu as emperor of China. ... Flavius Iulius Constantius, known in English as Constantius II, (7 August 317 - 3 November 361) was a Roman Emperor (337 - 361) of the Constantinian dynasty. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Constans Flavius Julius Constans (AD 320 - January 18, 350), was a Roman emperor who ruled from 337 to 350. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Battle of Mons Seleucus - Constantius II defeats the usurper Magnentius. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... Vetranio (d. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Flavius Iulius Constantius, known in English as Constantius II, (7 August 317 - 3 November 361) was a Roman Emperor (337 - 361) of the Constantinian dynasty. ... Events January 18 - Magnentius proclaimed Emperor by the army in Autun. ... Nepotianus Flavius Iulius Popilius Nepotianus Constantinus was the son of Eutropia, the half-sister of emperor Constantine I, and grandson of emperor Constantius Chlorus and Flavia Maximiana Theodora. ... Magnentius (ruled AD January 18, 350–August 11, 353), was a Roman usurper. ... Events Emperor Ai succeeds Emperor Mu as emperor of China. ... Events Perisapora is destroyed by Emperor Julian. ... Flavius Claudius Iulianus (331–June 26, 363), was a Roman Emperor (361–363) of the Constantinian dynasty. ... Events Perisapora is destroyed by Emperor Julian. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 28 - Valentinian I is elected Roman emperor by the army. ... This siliqua of Jovian, ca 363, celebrates his fifth year of reign, as a good omen. ...

Valentinian dynasty

Reign Incumbent Notes
26 February 364 to 17 November 375 Valentinian I Emperor in the west
28 March 365 to 9 August 378 Valens Emperor in the east
September 365 to 27 May 366 Procopius Usurper; executed by Valens
24 August 367 to 383 Gratian Assassinated
375 to 392 Valentinian II Deposed; died in suspicious circumstances
383 to 388 Magnus Maximus Rival in the west; once recognized by Theodosius I, then deposed and executed
c.386 to 388 Flavius Victor Son of Magnus Maximus, murdered on order of Theodosius I
392 to 394 Eugenius Usurper in the west; killed in battle

The Valentinian Dynasty, consisting of four emperors, ruled the West Roman Empire from 364 to 392 and the East Roman Empire from 364 to 378. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 28 - Valentinian I is elected Roman emperor by the army. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Events The Huns invade Europe. ... Flavius Valentinianus, known in English as Valentinian I, (321 - November 17, 375) was a Roman Emperor (364-375). ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (88th in leap years). ... Events Emperor Fei succeeds Emperor Ai as emperor of China. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... Events Mid-February: Lentienses cross frozen Rhine, invading Roman Empire. ... Solidus minted by Valens in 376. ... Events Emperor Fei succeeds Emperor Ai as emperor of China. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... Events January 2, Alamanni cross frozen Rhine in large numbers, invading Roman Empire October 1 - Pope Damasus I becomes Bishop of Rome. ... Procopius (326 - May 27, 366), was a Roman usurper against Valentinian I, and member of the Constantinian dynasty. ... Solidus minted by Valens in 376. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... Events First Listing of the New Testament by St Athanasius of Alexandria. ... Events By Place Roman Empire January 19 - Arcadius is elevated to Emperor. ... A coin of Gratian. ... Events The Huns invade Europe. ... Events August 22 - Arbogast elevates Eugenius as Roman Emperor. ... A marble statue of Emperor Valentinian II, Aphrodisias Geyre (Aydin, Anatolia), 387–390. ... Events By Place Roman Empire January 19 - Arcadius is elevated to Emperor. ... // Events Bahram IV becomes king of Persia. ... Magnus Maximus. ... An engraving depicting what Theodosius may have looked like, ca. ... Theodosius I concludes peace with Persia, dividing Armenia between them. ... // Events Bahram IV becomes king of Persia. ... Flavius Victor was the infant son of Magnus Maximus by his wife Helen, allegedly the daughter of Octavius. ... An engraving depicting what Theodosius may have looked like, ca. ... Events August 22 - Arbogast elevates Eugenius as Roman Emperor. ... Events September 6 - Battle of the Frigidus: The christian Roman Emperor Theodosius I defeats and kills the pagan usurper Eugenius and his Frankish magister militum Arbogast. ... Eugenius wearing imperial insigna, on a coin celebrateing the VIRTVS ROMANORVM, the (military) value of the Romans. Flavius Eugenius (d. ...

Theodosian dynasty

Reign Incumbent Notes
388 to 17 January 395 Theodosius I the Great Co-emperor; emperor in the east from 379
383 to January 395 Arcadius Becoming emperor in the east January 395
23 January 393 to 395 Honorius Becoming emperor in the west

The Theodosian dynasty was a Roman family that rose to eminence in the waning days of the Roman Empire. ... // Events Bahram IV becomes king of Persia. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... An engraving depicting what Theodosius may have looked like, ca. ... January 19 - Theodosius I is elevated as Roman Emperor at Sirmium. ... Events By Place Roman Empire January 19 - Arcadius is elevated to Emperor. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... Idealising bust of Arcadius in the Theodosian style combines elements of classicism with the new hieratic style (Istanbul Archaeology Museum) Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Arcadius For the Greek grammarian, see Arcadius of Antioch. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Gao Zu succeeds Tai Zu as Emperor of the Later Qin Empire in China. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ...

Western Empire

Reign Incumbent Notes
395 to 15 August 423 Honorius Co-emperor with Constantius III (421)
407 to 411 Constantine III Claimant
409 to 411 Constans II Claimant, co-ruler with Constantine III
409 to 410 Priscus Attalus Claimant
409 to 411 Maximus Claimant in Spain
411 to 413 Jovinus Claimant
412 to 413 Sebastianus Claimant, co-ruler with Jovinus
414 to 415 Priscus Attalus Claimant
421 to 421 Constantius III Co-emperor with Honorius
423 to 425 Joannes Claimant
425 to 16 March 455 Valentinian III
17 March 455 to 31 May 455 Petronius Maximus
June 455 to 17 October 456 Avitus
457 to 2 August 461 Majorian Abdicated & murdered
461 to 465 Libius Severus
12 April 467 to 11 July 472 Anthemius Executed
July 472 to 2 November 472 Olybrius
5 March 473 to June 474 Glycerius Abdicated
June 474 to 25 April 480 Julius Nepos Emperor in the West until 475, deposed by Orestes; fled; From 476 recognised by Odoacer; murdered 480
31 October 475 to 4 September 476 Romulus Augustus
(Romulus Augustulus)
Deposed by Odoacer; fate unknown
Further information: Barbarian kings of Italy

The Western Roman Empire is the western half of the Roman Empire after its division by Diocletian in 286. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Events On the death of Honorius, the primicerius notariorum Joannes seizes the throne of the Western Roman Empire, and is declared emperor. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Costantius on a solidus. ... Events February 8 - Constantius III becomes Co_Emperor of the Western Roman Empire June 7 - Roman Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia, formerly known as Athenais. ... // Events Gunderic becomes king of the Vandals and the Alans after the death of his father Godgisel Gratianus of Britain is assassinated and Constantine III takes his place at the head of the mutinous Roman garrison in Britain. ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Roman coin, with Constantine III portrayed on its face Constantine III (died 411 by September 18) was a Roman general who declared himself Western Roman Emperor in 407, abdicating in 411 (and being killed soon after). ... For the cleaning product 409®, see butoxyethanol. ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Constans was the eldest son of the Roman usurper Constantine III and was appointed co-emperor by him from 409 to 411. ... For the cleaning product 409®, see butoxyethanol. ... Events Alaric I deposes Priscus Attalus as Roman Emperor. ... Priscus Attalus was an important senator in Rome (serving as Urban Prefect in 409). ... For the cleaning product 409®, see butoxyethanol. ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Maximus was Roman usurper (409 - 411) in Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula - modern Portugal and Spain). ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Events May 8 - Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the provinces of Italy that have been plundered by the Visigoths. ... Jovinus Jovinus was a Gallo-senator and claimed to be Roman Emperor (411 - 413). ... Events The Visigoths move into Gaul, led by Alarics brother Ataulf. ... Events May 8 - Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the provinces of Italy that have been plundered by the Visigoths. ... Sebastianus, a brother of Jovinus, was an aristocrat of southern Gaul. ... Events Ataulf, king of the Visigoths, marries Galla Placidia, the sister of Roman Emperor Honorius. ... Events The Visigoths leave Gallia Narbonensis and relocate in Spain Wallia becomes king of the Visigoths. ... Priscus Attalus was an important senator in Rome (serving as Urban Prefect in 409). ... Events February 8 - Constantius III becomes Co_Emperor of the Western Roman Empire June 7 - Roman Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia, formerly known as Athenais. ... Events February 8 - Constantius III becomes Co_Emperor of the Western Roman Empire June 7 - Roman Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia, formerly known as Athenais. ... Costantius on a solidus. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Events On the death of Honorius, the primicerius notariorum Joannes seizes the throne of the Western Roman Empire, and is declared emperor. ... Events October 23 -Valentinian III becomes western Roman emperor. ... Joannes, Roman Emperor (423 - 425) On the death of the Emperor Honorius (August 27, 423), Theodosius II, the remaining ruler of the House of Theodosius hesitated for some time in announcing his uncles death and in the interregum Honorius patrician at the time of his death, Castinus, elevated Joannes... Events October 23 -Valentinian III becomes western Roman emperor. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... March 16 - Valentinian III is murdered by former soldiers of Aëtius in revenge for Valentinians killing of Aëtius the previous year. ... Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in leap years). ... March 16 - Valentinian III is murdered by former soldiers of Aëtius in revenge for Valentinians killing of Aëtius the previous year. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... March 16 - Valentinian III is murdered by former soldiers of Aëtius in revenge for Valentinians killing of Aëtius the previous year. ... Petronius Maximus on a coin. ... March 16 - Valentinian III is murdered by former soldiers of Aëtius in revenge for Valentinians killing of Aëtius the previous year. ... October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Emperor Marcian quells disturbances on the Armenian frontier. ... Avitus on a tremissis. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... Majorian on an bronze coin. ... Events August 2 - Majorian resigns as Western Roman Emperor; shortly afterwards Libius Severus is declared western Roman emperor by Ricimer November 19 - Hilarius succeeds Leo as Pope Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a Christian missionary. ... Events Song Qian Fei Di, then Song Ming Di become ruler of the Song Dynasty in China. ... Libius Severus was a Western Roman Emperor. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... Events April 12 - Anthemius elevated to Western Roman Emperor Births Leo II, Byzantine emperor Cerdic of Wessex (approximate date). ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... Events Relations between the Roman Emperor Anthemius and the general Ricimer deteriorate completely. ... Procopius Anthemius (c. ... Events Relations between the Roman Emperor Anthemius and the general Ricimer deteriorate completely. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events Relations between the Roman Emperor Anthemius and the general Ricimer deteriorate completely. ... Anicius Olybrius, Western Roman Emperor (July 11 - October 23, 472), was a member of a noble family and a native of Rome. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (65th in leap years). ... Events Glycerius is named Western Roman Emperor. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Glycerius (c. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (116th in leap years). ... Events Odoacer defeats an attempt by Julius Nepos to recapture Italy, and has Julius killed; Odoacer also captured Dalmatia. ... Julius Nepos on a coin. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... See also 475 (number) Events Orestes forces western Roman emperor Julius Nepos to flee and declares his son Romulus Augustus to be emperor. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The following is a list of barbarian kings of Italy: Maximinus Thrax (235-238) Odoacer (476-493) Ostrogothic Kings of Italy Theoderic (493-526) Athalaric (526-534) Theodahad (534-536) Witiges (536-540) Heldebadus (540-541) Totila (541-552) Teias (552) Teias was killed by the Byzantine general Narses, and...

Eastern Roman Empire

Reign Incumbent Notes
395 to 408 Arcadius
408 to 450 Theodosius II
450 to 457 Marcian
457 to 474 Leo I
474 to 474 Leo II
474 to 491 Zeno
475 to 476 Basiliscus

Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... Events Theodosius II succeeds his father Arcadius as Emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman Empire In the summer of this year, the usurper Constantine III captures Spain, destroying the loyalist forces defending it. ... Idealising bust of Arcadius in the Theodosian style combines elements of classicism with the new hieratic style (Istanbul Archaeology Museum) Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Arcadius For the Greek grammarian, see Arcadius of Antioch. ... Events Theodosius II succeeds his father Arcadius as Emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman Empire In the summer of this year, the usurper Constantine III captures Spain, destroying the loyalist forces defending it. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... Another but lesser Marcian was a son-in-law of Byzantine Emperor Leo I and his queen Verina. ... Events February 7 - Leo I becomes East Roman emperor. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Imperator Caesar Flavius Valerius Leo Augustus or Leo I of the Byzantine Empire (401 - 474, reigned 457 - 474), sometimes known as Leo the Thracian, was the last of a series of emperors placed on the throne by Aspar, the Alan serving as commander-in-chief of the army. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Imperator Caesar Flavius Leo Augustus or Leo II (467- November 17, 474) served as Eastern Roman Emperor from January 18 to November 17, 474. ... Events January 18 - Leo II briefly becomes Byzantine emperor. ... Ælle sieges and conquers the fortified town of Anderida in England. ... Flavius Zeno (c. ... See also 475 (number) Events Orestes forces western Roman emperor Julius Nepos to flee and declares his son Romulus Augustus to be emperor. ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... Flavius Basiliscus was a rival Byzantine Emperor 475 _ 476. ...

See also

This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... The Gallic Empire (in Latin, imperium Galliarum) is the modern name for the independent realm that lived a brief existence during the Roman Empires Crisis of the Third Century, from 260 to 274. ... Usurpers were a common feature of the late Roman Empire, especially from the so-called crisis of the third century onwards, when political instability became the rule. ...

External links

  • There are good biographies of most of the Roman Emperors in De Imperatoribus Romanis.
  • The complete list of the Roman Empire Emperors

  Results from FactBites:
 
Roman Empire - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (8602 words)
Roman Empire is also used as translation of the expression Imperium Romanum, probably the best known Latin expression where the word "imperium" is used in the meaning of a territory, the "Roman Empire", as that part of the world where Rome ruled.
Roman titles of power were adopted by successor states and other entities with imperial pretensions, including the Frankish kingdom, the Holy Roman Empire, the first and second Bulgarian empires, the Russian/Kiev dynasties, and the German Empire.
The Holy Roman Empire, an attempt to resurrect the Empire in the West, was established in 800 when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Roman Emperor on Christmas Day, though the empire and the imperial office did not become formalized for some decades.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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