FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Conciliar movement

In the history of Christianity, the Conciliar movement or "Conciliarism" was a reform movement in the 14th and 15th century Catholic Church that held that final authority in spiritual matters resided with a general church council, not with the pope. The movement emerged in response to the Avignon papacy— the popes removed from Rome and subject to pressures from the kings of France— and the ensuing schism that inspired the summoning of the Council of Constance (1414-1418). The eventual victor in the conflict was the institution of the Papacy, confirmed by the condemnation of conciliarism at the Fifth Lateran Council, 1512-17. The final gesture however, the doctrine of Papal Infallibility, was not promulgated until 1870.


Within a century the Roman Catholic Church split over irreconcilable differences, such as the relative stress placed on Scripture and Authority where they appear to conflict and other divisive issues raised by the Conciliar movement, which is condemned in retrospect by traditionalist Roman Catholics, who support the Papacy in issues of authority.


The word "Conciliarism" is used when subtexts of heterodoxy or heresy are to be subtly emphasized, and aspects of structural reform within the Roman church are to be downplayed. Secular historians tend to use the more neutral expression "Conciliar movement," which offers no such inherent connotations of being an ideologically driven "-ism".


While not involved in the Conciliar movement of the 14th and 15th centuries, the Eastern Orthodox Church generally agrees with the conciliarists that final authority resides with the church councils rather than with the pope. This was one of the issues that led to the schism between Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism that was finalized in 1054.


  Results from FactBites:
 
The conciliar nature of the Orthodox Church: definition and implications (10597 words)
Conciliarity is not, as is sometimes assumed, an attribute of the episcopacy.
Conciliarity is, of course, historically normative for the Church.
Conciliarity is an expression of Truth, not a determiner of it.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Conciliar movement (515 words)
In the history of Christianity, the Conciliar movement or "Conciliarism" was a reform movement in the 14th and 15th century Catholic Church that held that final authority in spiritual matters resided with a general church council, not with the pope.
The movement emerged in response to the Avignon papacy—; the popes removed from Rome and subject to pressures from the kings of France— and the ensuing schism that inspired the summoning of the Council of Constance (1414-1418).
While not involved in the Conciliar movement of the 14th and 15th centuries, the Eastern Orthodox Church generally agrees with the conciliarists that final authority resides with the church councils rather than with the pope.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m