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Encyclopedia > Comte de Rochambeau

Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (July 1, 1725May 10, 1807), French soldier, was born at Vendôme (Loir-et-Cher). Look up Count in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is still a countess (for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The town lies on the Loir river Vendôme is a commune of north-central France. ... Loir-et-Cher is a département in north-central France named after its two principal rivers. ...

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Military life

Rochambeau was originally destined for the church and was brought up at the Jesuit college at Blois. However, after the death of his elder brother he entered a cavalry regiment, and served in Bohemia and Bavaria and on the Rhine. By 1747 he had attained the rank of colonel. He took part in the siege of Maestricht in 1748 and became governor of Vendôme in 1749. After distinguishing himself in 1756 in the Minorca expedition, he was promoted to brigadier of infantry. In 1758 he fought in Germany, notably at Crefeld. He also received several wounds in the battle of Clostercamp (1760). In 1761 he was appointed maréchal de camp and inspector of cavalry. In this position, he and was frequently consulted by the ministers on technical points. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Blois is a city in France, the préfecture (capital) city of the Loir-et-Cher département, situated on the banks of the lower river Loire between Orléans and Tours. ... Italian cavalry officers practice their horsemanship in 1904 outside Rome. ... Bohemia This article is about the historical region in central Europe; for other uses, see Bohemia (disambiguation). ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... It has been suggested that polkovnik be merged into this article or section. ... Maastricht (Limburgish and city dialect: Mestreech; French: Maestricht) is a municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg. ... Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Flag of Minorca Minorca (Menorca both in Catalan and Spanish and increasingly in English usage; from Latin insula minor, later Minorica minor island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name, Islas Baleares in Spanish), located in the Mediterranean Sea, and belonging to Spain. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Krefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


American revolution

In 1780 he was given the rank of Lieutenant General in command of 6,000 French troops, and was sent to help the American colonists under George Washington against the English. He landed at Newport, Rhode Island, on July 10, but was held here inactive for a year, owing to his reluctance to abandon the French fleet, which was blockaded by the British in Narragansett Bay. At last, in July 1781, Rochambeau's force was able to leave Rhode Island and, marching across Connecticut, joined Washington on the Hudson. Then followed the celebrated march of the combined forces to Yorktown, where on September 22 they formed a junction with the troops of Lafayette; as a result Cornwallis was forced to surrender on October 19. Throughout, Rochambeau had displayed an admirable spirit, placing himself entirely under Washington's command and handling his troops as part of the American army. In recognition of his services, Congress thanked him and his troops and presented him with two cannons taken from the English. These guns, with which Rochambeau returned to Vendôme, were requisitioned in 1792. 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the successful Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and later became the first President of the United States, an office to which he was elected twice (1789-1797). ... A side street in Newport, Rhode Island, showing the historic buildings near the waterfront Newport is a city located in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Narragansett Bay, shown in pink Narragansett Bay is a fjord on the north side of Rhode Island Sound, forming an expansive natural harbor as well as a small archipelago. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: The Constitution State Other U.S. States Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Governor M. Jodi Rell (R) Senators Chris Dodd (D) Joe Lieberman (D) Official language(s) English Area 14,371 km² (48th)  - Land 12,559 km²  - Water 1,809 km² (12. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Marie-Joseph-Paul-Roch-Yves-Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (September 6, 1757–May 20, 1834), was a French aristocrat most famous for his participation in the American Revolutionary War and early French Revolution. ... Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738 – October 5, 1805) was a British general and colonial governor. ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Return to France

Upon his return to France he was honored by Louis XVI and was made governor of Picardy. During the Revolution he commanded the Army of the North in 1790, but resigned in 1792. He was arrested during the Reign of Terror, and narrowly escaped the guillotine. He was subsequently pensioned by Napoleon Bonaparte, and died at Thoré-la-Rochette (Loir-et-Cher) in 1807. Louis XVI (August 9, 1754, Versailles – January 21, 1793, Paris) was King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then King of the French in 1791-1793. ... Coat of arms of Picardy Picardy (French: Picardie) is an historical province of France, in the north of France. ... During the French Revolution (1789-1799) democracy and republicanism replaced the absolute monarchy in France, and the French sector of the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Reign of Terror (June 1793 – July 1794) was a period in the French Revolution characterized by brutal repression. ... Public guillotining in Lons-le-Saunier, 1897 Guillotine from Baden (reconstruction) The Maiden, an older Scottish design Portrait of Dr. Guillotin The guillotine is a machine used for the mechanized application of capital punishment by decapitation. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... Loir-et-Cher is a département in north-central France named after its two principal rivers. ...


Honors

A statue of Rochambeau by Ferdinand Hamar, was unveiled in Lafayette Square, by President Roosevelt on May 24, 1902, as a gift from France to the United States. The ceremony was made the occasion of a great demonstration of friendship between the two nations. France was represented by her ambassador, M. Cambon, Admiral Fournier and General Brugère, as well as a detachment of sailors and marines from the battleship Gaulois. Representatives of the Lafayette and Rochambeau families also attended. A "Rochambeau fête" was held simultaneously in Paris. Presidents Park is a unit of the National Park Service, located in Washington, D.C., USA at 38° 53′ 42″ N 77° 02′ 11″ W. It includes the White House, a visitor center, Lafeyette Square, and the Ellipse. ... Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was the 26th (1901–09) President of the United States. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Memoirs

Rochambeau's memoirs, Mémoires militaires, historiques et politiques, de Rochambeau were published by Luce de Lancival in 1809. Of the first volume a part, translated into English by MWE Wright, was published in 1838 under the title of Memoirs of the Marshal Count de R. relative to the War of Independence in the United States. Rochambeau's correspondence during the American campaign is published in H Doniol, Hist. de la participation de la France en l'établissement des Etats Unis d'Amérique, vol. v. (Paris, 1892). See Duchesne, "Autour de Rochambeau" in the Revue des faculté's catholiques de l'ouest (1898-1900); E Gachot, 'Rochambeau in the Nouvelle Revue (1902); H de Ganniers, "La Dernière Campagne du maréchal de Rochambeau" in the Revue des questions historiques (1901). 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Abbé Louis Marie Olivier Duchesne (September 13, 1843 - April 21, 1922) was a French priest, philologist, teacher and a critical historian of Christianity and Roman Catholic liturgy and institutions. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Reference

Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ...

Miscellaneous

Rochambeau's son, Donatien-Marie-Joseph de Vimeur was an important figure in the Haitian Revolution. Donatien-Marie-Joseph de Vimeur, vicomte de Rochambeau (1755 – October 16, 1813), French soldier. ... The Haitian Revolution was the first successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere and established Haiti as a free, black republic, the first of its kind. ...


Rochambeau Middle School in Southbury, CT is named for Comte de Rochambeau, as is the Rochambeau Bridge which carries Interstate 84 and U.S. Highway 6 between Southbury and Newtown, CT. Rochambeau's army marched through the area during the American Revolutionary War. Southbury is a town located in western New Haven County, Connecticut, north of Oxford and Newtown and east of Brookfield. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST I-81 PA 0 I-380 PA 4 I-86 NY 19 (4) I-87 NY 36 (7) I-684 NY 68 (20) I-691 CT 41 (27) I-91 CT 62 (51&52) I-384 CT 66 (59) I-291 CT 68 (61) I-90... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST California US-395 INY 0. ... Newtown is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut. ...


A bridge over the Potomac River in Washington, DC, is also named for Rochambeau. The northbound bridge (Arland D. Williams Jr. ... The Potomac River at Great Falls, MD from Olmstead Island, water relatively low The Potomac River flows into Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


 
 

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